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2016届宁夏银川市第二中学高三5月适应性训练(考前模拟)英语试题



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银川二中 2016 届高三年级适应性训练





本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡 上,在本试卷上答题无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 注意事项: 1、答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上,认真核对条形码上 的姓名、准考证号,并将条形码粘贴在答题卡的指定位置上。 2、 选择题答案使用 2B 铅笔填涂, 如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后, 再选涂其他答案的标号; 非选择题答案使用 0.5 毫米的黑色中性(签字)笔或碳素笔书写,字体工整、笔迹清楚。 3、请按照题号在各题的答题区域(黑色线框)内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效。 4、保持卡面清洁,不折叠,不破损。

第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力 (共两节, 满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.Where does the dialogue probably take place? A. At the man’s home. B. At the dining hall. C. At the restaurant.

2.How will the man probably get to the Children’s Hospital? A . By car. B. By taxi. C. A By bus.

3.Why does the woman want to travel with her mother to Beijing? A. Because her mother hasn’t been there recently . B. Because her mother is ill. C. Because her mother hasn’t visited Beijing. 4.At what time will the film begin? A.7:20 B. 7:15
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C. 7:00

5. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A . Their friend Jane. programme. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.Where does this conversation take place? A. At an airport. 7. How soon will the man get on board? A. In about 10 minutes. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What is the woman invited to do this Saturday? A. Do some shopping. dinner. 9. What does the woman want to know? A. When to come back. wear. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What can we learn about the man? A. He does well in his study. B. He wants some learning methods. C. He likes discussing with his classmates.. 11. Why does the man think discussing is a good method ? A. It helps him gain confidence. B. It helps him influence his classmates. C. It helps him form a good learning habit. 12. Why does the man think his grades are suffering ?
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B. A weekend trip.

C. A radio

B. At a seaport.

C. At a railway station.

B. In about 20 minutes.

C. In about 30 minutes.

B. Enjoy some art.

C. Have

B. How to get there.

C. What to

A. He is not hard-working . B. He doesn’t like reading very much. C. He is likely to be influenced by others. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What do we know about the woman? A. She lives close to the coffee. B. She is new to the company. C. She likes the big kitchen. 14. How does the man go to work? A. On foot. 15. Why was Susan late for work? A. She missed the bus. down. 16. What will the man do the next day? A. Go to work by train. earlier. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Which is not provided for the pets in America? A. Exercise. B. Education. C. Medical care. B. Visit Lily in her flat. C. Leave home B. Her train was late. C. Her car broke B. By bus. C. By car.

18. Why do some owners dress their pets in pretty clothes? A. To entertain them. fashion. 19. Which is the unusual pet in the US? A. Monkeys. B. Fish. C. Birds. B. To keep them warm. C. To keep them in

20. Which pets can be trained to help disabled persons? A. Dogs and cats. monkeys. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分 ) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 B. Birds and dogs. C. Dogs and

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题卡上将该项涂黑。 A When I was little, I’d see tons of bats flying around streetlights at night in my neighborhood in upstate New York. But I’ll never forget the first time when I saw a bat up close. By the time I turned 7, though, I noticed something strange: All the bats in my neighborhood had disappeared, and I wondered why. Then, three years ago, when I was 11 and visiting the state fair, I learned what had happened to my town’s bats. A disease called “white nose syndrome” had killed 93 percent of New York State’s bats. I was horrified. Then I wrote a letter to the host of an environmental program on the local radio station, asking if they could do a show on bats. They did! But I still wanted to find a way to educate people face to face. I reached out to a teacher I had in elementary school and asked if I could make a presentation to her class. I described how bats help farmers by eating crop-damaging insects. It went over so well that other teachers started requesting me. Over the past three years, I’ve talked in front of everyone from 5 -year-olds to senior citizens! Many people think that bats are blind, and that they always carry diseases, but none of that is true. The more I present, the more I notice that I am changing minds. And while getting people to respect bats is pretty hard, getting them to respect me has been difficult too. When I first applied to host a booth (摊位) at a local street fair, the managers thought I was too young. But I refused to take “no” for an answer. I continued to make my case, and they finally said yes! The best part is, I impressed them so much — 100 visitors on my first day — that they now invite me back every year. 21. All the bats in the neighborhood disappeared because they A. were killed by a disease C. were hunted by other animals B. moved to another habitat D. hid in a place where people couldn’t find them . .

22. The author wrote a letter to the host in order to ask them to A. donate some money to save bats C. announce new findings about bats 23. How did the author save bats? A. By building a new home for them. B. By volunteering to work in the wild. C. By improving their living environment. D. By educating people that they are beneficial.

B. make a radio program about bats D. finish some questionnaires about the fair

24. What does the underlined phrase “make my case” in the last paragraph mean? A. make an impressive persuasion. B. look into the matter.

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C. quarrel with them

D. stick to the facts. B

Square dancing is a form of entertainment and physical exercise, which is a good thing. However, a group of senior Chinese ladies dancing in New York’s Sunset Park were recently faced with noise complaints from nearby residents. The local court even served a summons (传票) related to a certain Ms. Wang. The news soon caused heated discussion across China, with many believing the incident to involve a cultural conflict between the East and West, while others view it as a form of discrimination against Chinese in the United States. The United States is a diverse society, and in many cases, Chinese dancers are tolerated and even appreciated. Meanwhile, the United States is a society based on the rule of law, and due to cultural differences, local regulations seem to be very different from those in China. As a result, some old Chinese ladies dancing in New York’s Sunset Park found themselves caught in an embarrassing situation. Locals and immigrants from other nations view such noise as a violation of their right to enjoy tranquility (宁静). Calling the police is regarded as the most efficient way to solve such a problem. Before, these ladies probably did not understand local customs and rules. However, since the incident took place, they should perhaps know a little better next time and keep the noise to a minimum. People from different nations are often supposed to reach compromises, respecting and tolerating each other. Whatever your choice of entertainment, it is important not to affect other people’s lives. Square dancing is only one of many activities during which people should mind their behavior. As for U.S. police practice, there might still be some room for improvement. Some were said to be rather rude, leading to the so-called “racial discrimination,” which is a sensitive topic in U.S. society. If the involved parties could be more tolerant, and solve such problems without involving the court, perhaps immigrants would mix more. 25. The writer mentions the incident in Paragraph 1 to __________. A. make complaints C. criticize the local police B. show his opinion D. bring up the topic

26. What will the senior Chinese ladies most probably do after the incident? A. Ask America to change its law. B. Keep the noise lower.
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C. Go back to China.

D. Fight for their right.

27. Where could this passage most likely be taken from? A. a story book B. a brochure C. a complaint letter C A innovative floating dam that traps plastic bags, bottles and other pieces polluting the world’s oceans will be used in the North Sea for the first time in 2016. The Ocean Cleanup plans to install this revolutionary 328-foot-long barrier in the summer, off the coast of the Netherlands. Compared to other clean up methods, Ocean Cleanup’s barrier uses currents to passively ensnare(诱导) waves of garbage, while allowing fish and other sea creatures through, according to a news release. Researchers have tested the floating dams using extensive computer modeling and scale model in controlled environments. Since they have proved successful, engineers believe it is time to move the barrier to the next stage of development: open waters. Each arm of floating dam has a screen that hangs 10 feet below the water ’s surface, blocking waste and directing it to a central point where it can be collected for recycling. Cameras and sensors will regularly monitor the motions of the barrier and the loads on the system. That way researchers can better assess if their design can be used to clean up the world’s oceanic garbage patches. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch spans waters from the West Coast of North America to Japan. Strong currents draw large amounts of plastic debris(废弃物) to this area. Researchers hope to make a 62 mile-long V-shaped barrier in this area in 2020. “Taking care of the world’s ocean garbage problem is one of the largest environmental challenges mankind faces today.” Dutch innovator Boyan Slat said. “Not only will this first cleanup task contribute to cleaner waters and coasts but it is an essential step towards our goal of cleaning up the Great Pacific garbage patch.” 28. We can learn from the passage that the floating dam from this text? A. It is a 62 mile-long V-shaped barrier. C. It can protect many sea animals.
[来源:]

D. a newspaper

B. It began working in the ocean. D. It will be put into use in 2016.

29. How does the Ocean Cleanup’s barrier function? A. By collecting and recycling waste.

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B. By using currents to passively trap waves of garbage. C. By blocking plastic bags, bottles and other pieces polluting the oceans. D. By providing sea animals with much cleaner water. 30. The screen hanging 10 feet below the water ’s surface aims to A. move the barrier to the next stage B. regularly monitor the motions of the barrier C. give researchers a better assessment D. help to send the waste to a proper place 31. What is Boyan Slat’s attitude towards the floating dam? A. Casual. B. Critical. D In a society such as the United States or Canada, which has many national, religious and cultural differences, people highly value individualism—the differences among people. Teachers place a lot of importance on the qualities that make each student special. The educational systems in these countries show these values. Students do not memorize all possible basic knowledge. Instead, they work individually and find answers by themselves. There is often discussion in the classroom. At an early age, students learn to form their own ideas and opinions. In most Asia societies, by contrast, the people have the same language, history and culture. Perhaps for this reason, the educational system in much of the orient reflects society's belief in group goals and purposes rather than individualism. Children in China, Japan and Korea often work together and help one another on assignments. There are advantages and disadvantages of both systems of education. For example, one advantage of the system in Japan is that students there learn much more about maths, physics, biology and chemistry than American students by the end of high school. They also study more hours each day and more days each year than North Americans do. The system is difficult, but it prepares students for a society that values discipline and self-control. There is, however, a disadvantage. Memorization is an important learning method in Japanese schools, yet many students say that after an exam, they forget much of the information that they have memorized. The advantage of the educational system in North America, on the other hand, is that students
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.

C. positive.

D. Passive.

learn to think for themselves. The system prepares them for a society that values creative ideas. There is, however, a disadvantage. When students graduate from school, they haven't memorized as many basic rules and facts as students in other countries have. 32. The writer's purpose of writing this passage is________. A. to share his idea with others in a new way B. to introduce two different systems of education through contrast C. to criticize the society that values memorization D. to prepare students for society 33. Which is NOT true according to the passage? A. The system of education in the West is more creative than that in the East. B. Japanese students learn much more about science than American students. C. Canadian students are more individual than Korean students. D. Students in North America are not as friendly as those in Asia. 34. From the facts, we can infer that________. A. Asian students are more likely to do better in teamwork than American students B. Chinese students are more hardworking in their studies than Mexican students C. the Western educational system is much better than the Eastern educational system D. the Eastern educational system is as difficult as the Western educational system 35. What is the best title of the passage? A. Advantages and disadvantages of educational system B. The value of individualism C. Educational system—an obvious difference between the East and the West D. Memorization—an important learning method 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中的两项为多余选 项。 Before applying for colleges, many students wonder what’s the point of it all? 36__

College is a huge investment, not only of money, but also of many years of your life. No one should attend college without a very good reason.
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Some people go to college to earn more money. On average, people who obtain a Bachelor’s degree will earn 1 million dollars over the course of their lifetime more than people who don’t attend college. 37 Holders of these degrees are suited to many high paying jobs while those

without degrees are not. Some go for the experiences. 38 Students not only receive a traditional classroom

education, but also learn a large amount about the ways of the world. For many students, college is the first time they live away from home. This creates a great opportunity to meet different types of people and have many brand new experiences that make you a much wiser and worldly person. 39__ For many people college is a great way to start the next step towards achieving a dream. It can help you break into a new career path or achieve expert status in your chosen field.
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However, there are also some people going to college because “my parents and family expect me to” or “I don’t know what I want to do with my life”. 40 If you go without a true

purpose, you can end up finding what you spend on it might never be worth it. A. Some others seek after a dream. B. College life is very meaningful for everyone. C. This is an important question to ask yourself. D. College is an amazing life experience. E. College students will be offered a large reward for their hard work at college. F. Those who have Master’s, Doctor’s, and professional degrees do even better. G. If your reason for going to college is one of these, you should reconsider your motivations seriously.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文。从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I joined the armed forces when I was 19 years old. I wanted to do something different to everyone else. 41 of my friends were doing anything like active service, so it seemed like a 42 , I served in the Royal Logistics Corps for

good option for me. During my spare time in the

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three years. I also 43

time in Afghanistan.

For the most part, my time in the army was 44. I felt like I was part of a family and had happy 45 of my time spent together with my comrades. But I did see things that left me shocked. As a result, I 46 a very short temper. I left the forces because my 47 was becoming a problem. There isn’t any 48 in the army for that kind of problem. 49 I first got back home, everything was fine. I had a solid support network consisting 50 family and friends. I felt that I had people to 51 if I needed them. I didn’t struggle to find work, though I didn’t have a solid , 52 income. One day, I saw a banner promoting the services of a charity. The 53 said the