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中考英语专题讲练: 中考英语专题讲练:情态动词
情态动词概述: 情态动词概述: 概述 情态动词有:can,may, will, shall, must, ought to,need,should,dare,be able to, 和 have to 等。情态动词表示说话人对某种动作和状态的看法,但情态动词不能单独作谓语,一 般只能和动词连用构成谓语。 情态动词的语法特征: 情态动词的语法特征: 1) 情态动词不能表示正在发生或已经发生的事情,只表示期待或估计某事的发生。 2) 情态动词后面只能接不带 to 的不定式。 3) 情态动词没有人称,数的变化,即情态动词第三人称单数不加-s。 4) 情态动词没有非谓语形式,即没有不定式,分词,等形式。 常见情态动词的用法: 常见情态动词的用法: 1. can: 能,会,表示能力,相当于 be able to(适用于任何时态)。 可以,表示许可,相当于 may。 Can’t be 不可能。 2. may: 可以,可能,或许。 May be 可能是,作谓语, 请区别 maybe 副词 ,可能。 3. must: 必须,表示肯定的猜测。 Must be 准是,一定是。 Mustn’t 用于否定句表示“禁止,不准”等 4. could: 比 can 语气更委婉,客气,并不表示过去时。 5. need: 需要。 可作情态动词,也可作行为动词(有人称和数变化,后接带 to 的动词不定式) 。 He need make a plan. He needs to make a plan. 6. 注意回答形式: May I…? Yes, you may. No, you can’t (mustn’t)。 Must I …? Yes, you must. No, you needn’t。 7. must 表示说话人的主观看法,have to 表示外界客观愿望, 不得不。 Her mother is ill. She has to stay at home and take care of her. You must look after your clothes.

8. should 表示”应当,应该”,与疑问词连用表意外,惊奇。 What should I do? 我该怎么办呢? 9. will, would 在交际用语中,would 更客气,表邀请。 Will you…? Would you…? …好吗?

一、选择适当的情态动词填空。 选择适当的情态动词填空。 ( ) 1. John______ come to see us tonight, but he isn't very sure yet. A. may ( ( ( ( ( A. can be able to B. can B. be able to C. has to C. can able to D. must D. are able to ) 2 .They ______ do well in the exam. ) 3. —May I take this book out? —No, you______. A. can't B. may not C. needn't D. aren't ) 4. You______ go and see a doctor at once because you've got a fever. A. can B. must C. dare D. would ) 5. —Can you speak Japanese? —No, I_______. A. mustn't B. can't C. needn't D. may no ) 6. — He_______ be in the classroom, I think. — No, he _______ be in the classroom. I saw him go home a minute ago. A. can; may not B. must; may not C. may; can't D. may; mustn't ( ) 7. —Shall I get one more cake for you, Dad? —Thanks, but you______, I've had enough. A. may not B. must not C. can't D. needn't ) 8 .Even the top students in our class can't work out this problem, so it _______ be very difficult. A. may B. must C. can D. need ) 9 .He isn't at school. I think he _______ be ill. A. can B. shall C. must ) 10. _______ I take this one? D. has to

( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

A. May B. Will C. Are D. Do ) 11. The children_______ play football on the road. A. can't A. mustn't B. can B. needn't C. mustn't C. don't have to D. must D. don't need to ) 12 .You _______ be late for school again next time. ) 13. —Must I do my homework at once? —No, you________. A. needn't B. mustn't C. can't D. may not ) 14. His arm is all right. He________ go and see the doctor. A. has not to B. don't have to C. haven't to ) 15. He had to give up the plan, ________ he?

D. doesn't have to

A. did (

B. didn't

C. does

D. doesn't

) 16. --- Could I use your dictionary? --- Yes, you . A. will B. could C. can ) 17. He had better stay here, ________ he? A. didn't B. don't C. hadn't ) 18 .You'd better _______ late next time. D. must D. isn't

( ( ( (

A. not to be B. not be C. won't be D. don't be ) 19. You'd better _______ your hair _______ once a month. A. had; cut B. had; cutted C. have; cut D. have; cutted ) 20. You________ ask that man over there. Maybe he knows the way. A. had better not to C. had better B. had not better D. had better not


) 21.---Shall we go and visit the History Museum next Sunday? --- _________ A. Here you are B. Sorry, I can't C. Yes, please D. Let me try ) 22 .---Why don't you ask Mike to go with us? ---Thanks, ________. A. I will B. I won't C. lean D. I may ) 23. —________ I take the newspaper away? —No, you mustn't. You _______read it only here. A. Must; can B. May; can C. Need; must D. Must; must

( (

( ( ( ( ( (

) 24. Excuse me. ________ you please pass me that cup? A. Do B. Should C. Would D. Must ) 25. _______ you like to have another try? A. Could B. Will C. Would ) 26. —Would you like to go boating with us? A. I'd like B. I want C. I'd like to D. Do —Yes, _______. D. I do

) 27. You________ worry about your son. He will get well soon. A. needn't B. can't C. mustn't D. have to ) 28. The poor man needs our help, ________ he? A. need B. needn't C. does ) 29. —Must we do our homework first? —No, you_______. You may have a rest first. A. mustn't B. needn't C. may not )30. It’s nearly seven o’clock. Jack A. must B. need D. doesn't

D. can't

be here at any moment. C. should D. can

年全国各省市中考情态动词题例。 二、2006 年全国各省市中考情态动词题例。 ( )1. —May I put my bike here?

( ( (

— No, you ________. You should put it over there. A. couldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t )2. We ________ keep the new traffic law and learn how to protect ourselves. A. may B. should C. can D. need )3. — Must I write all the words down now? — No. you ________ . A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t )4. You _______ to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do . A. needn’t to come C. don’t need coming B. don’t need come D. needn’t come

( ( ( ( ( (

)5. Excuse me. Read the text louder, please. I ________ hear you. A. can’t B. wouldn’t C. needn’t D. may not )6. Li Lei can’t go hiking with us today, because he ________ take care of his sick mother. A. has to B. may C. mustn’t D. needn’t )7. ________ you get me some paper, please? A. Shall B. May C. Need D. Will )8. — Must I come at four o’clock? — Oh, no, you ________ . A. mustn’t B. don’t C. can’t D. don’t have to )9. The computer doesn’t work. I’m afraid you ________ use it today. A. may B. can’t C. needn’t D. must )10. — Can you stay her for dinner? — Sorry, I ________. I have something important to do. A. don’t B. didn’t C. needn’t D. can’t )11. — I was told to be here before eight. — Oh, you ________. I’m sorry for not telling you that we have changed the plan. A. must B. can’t C. may D. needn’t


( (

)12. Boys, you ________ be sitting in this room. It is for your teachers only. A. shouldn’t B. don’t have to C. won’t D. needn’t )13.— Listen! Helen is singing in the next room. — It ________ be Helen. She has gone to Beijing. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. may D. should )14. There’s an old saying: The cleverest housewife ________ cook a meal without rice. A. may B. mustn’t )15. -- Where is the umbrella? C. needn’t D. can’t

( (

-- It’s fine today. You _______ take an umbrella with you. A. can’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t ( ( )16. I hear you’ve got some new Australian coins. ________ I have a look? A. Do B. May C. Shall D. Should )17. --- Will you please give her a message when you see her? --- Yes, I .

A. shall ( ( )18. --A. Do you need )19. --- Look, it --- No, it (

B. will B. Need you

C. would

D. should D. Need you to

climb that tall tree? C. Do need you to be Tom. be him, for he has gone to Shanghai. D. can; may not

A. may ; mustn’t B. must; may C. must; can’t )20. --- Would you come back later next time? --- No, I A. shan’t . B. shouldn’t C. won’t

D. mustn’t

情态动词专项练习答案: 情态动词专项练习答案: 一、 1-5 A D A B B 6-10 C D B C A 26-30 C A D B C 二、 1-5 C B D D A

11-15 C A A D B

16-20 C C B C C 21-25 B A B C C 16-20 B BB C C

6-10 A D D B D 11-15 D A A D B



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