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2015全国卷新课标



\第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分)
第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) A Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. They end around 21:00. November 7th The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”. December 5th Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s ice trade grew. February 6th An Update on the Cotswold Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play. March 6th Eyots and Aits-Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest. Online bookings:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book More info:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson London Canal Museum 12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT www.canalmuseum.org.uk Tel:020 7713 0836 21.When is the talk on James Brindley? A. November 7th. B. March 6th. C. February 6th. D. December 5th. www.canalmuseum.mobi

22. What is the topic of the talk in February? A. The Canal Pioneers. C. Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands B. Ice for the Metropolis D. An Update on the Cotswold Canals

23. Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames? A. Chris Lewis B. Malcolm Tucker C. Miranda Vickers D. Liz Payne

B The freezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packed before you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素 C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part-particularly to my taste, dulled by months of cold-weather root vegetables-was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call. The market, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7 am to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes. Disappointed by many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused to buy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncertainty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’s stand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real deal- and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t be experiencing again for months. Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight, my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of the suppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota Ritz Carlton, where-luckily for me-I was planning to have dinner that very night. Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it. 24. What did the author think of her winter life in New York? A. Exciting. B. Boring. C. Relaxing. D. Annoying.

25. What made the author’s getting up early worthwhile? A. Having a swim. C. Walking in the morning sun. B. Breathing in fresh air. D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.

26. What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter? A. They are soft. B. They look nice. C. They taste great. D. They are juicy.

27. What was the author going to do that evening? A. Eat in a restaurant. B. Check into a hotel. C. Go to a farm. D. Buy fresh vegetables.

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Building Trust in a Relationship Again Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences, 36 . Trust is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.

Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been stolen from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore, 37. It’s understandable, but if you’re

willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there. ● 38 Having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being. ●39 If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim

and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated. You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. 40 through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness. A. Learn to really trust yourself. B. It is putting confidence in someone. C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim. D. Remember that you can expect the best in return. E. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened. F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships. G. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __41___ my job. Family to Feed.” At this store, a __42___ like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and made a __43____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___44____ in the cold wind. In the store, I asked each of my kids to __45___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___46___. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested giving him a ___47____. I thought about it. We were ___48__ on cash ourselves, but… well, sometimes __49___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___50__ what we need to do! All the kids __51____ something they could do away with for the week. When we handed him the bag of __52__, he lit up and thanked us with ___53__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for __54____his family might need, he burst into tears. This has been a wonderful ___55__ for our family. For days the kids have been looking for others we can __56___! Things would have played out so __57____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don’t have ___58___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __59___, it also gave my kids the __60____ taste of helping others. It’ll go a long way with them. Instead, it’s a healthy way to work

41. A. Quit 42. A condition 43. A. suggestion 44. A. by 45. A. draw 46. A. appreciate 47. A. dollar 48. A. easy 49. A. giving 50. A. yet 51. A. declared 52. A. food 53. A. sleepy 54. A. whoever 55. A. message 56. A. rely on 57. A. suddenly 58. A. time 59. A. need 60. A. strong

B. Changed B. place B. comment B. proudly B. say B. supply B. job B. low B. saving B. even B. shared B. medicine B. watery B. whatever B. example B. respect B. vividly B. power B. love B. sweet

C. Lost C. sight C. decision C. outside C. arrange C. order C. hot meal C. soft C. spending C. still C. ignored C. toys C. curious C. whichever C. experience C. learn from C. differently C. patience C. fear C. strange

D. Finished D. show D. call D. angrily D. pick D. discover D. gift card D. loose D. begging D. just D. expected D. clothes D. sharp D. whenever D. adventure D. help D. perfectly D. money D. memory D. simple

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每 句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it .

第二节 书面表达 假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登介绍美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼 得写信约稿,要点如下: 1.栏目介绍; 2.稿件内容; 3.稿件长度:约 400 词; 4.交稿日期:6 月 28 日前。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好。 Dear Peter, I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语试题答案
第一部分 1.A 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.C 6.B 7.A 8.B 9.C 10.B

11.A 12.B 13.C 14.A 15.B 第二部分 21.A 31.C 22.D 32.D 23.C 33.C 24. B 34.A

16.C 17.B 18.A 19.A 20.C

25.D 35.B

26.B 36.B.

27. A 37. G

28.B 38.A

29.A 39.C

30.D 40.E

第三部分 41.C 51.A 42.C 52.A 43.B 53.B 44.C 54.B 45.D 55.C 46.A 56.D 47.D 57.C 48.B 58.D 49.A 59.A 50.D 60.B

A、B 卷非选择题答案 第三部分: 61.arrived 67.is 62.before/earlier 63.its 68.conducted 64.that/which 70.living 65.paintings 66.by

69.regularly

第四部分: 第一节: When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. thought Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in∧countryside. There the air is clean the or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, and with

the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global

warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is serious air

getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must found Many find

ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so,we’ll live to regret it . our/the

三、One Possible Version Dear Peter, I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper. The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write something about the culture in your part of the United States? And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative. 400 words would be fine. Could we have your article before June 28? I’m looking forward to hearing from you. Yours, Li Hua



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