仁爱版八年级上册英语导学案 Unit2 Topic3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu? Section A 备课人 饶桂香 一、 Aims and Demands 学习目标 1．学习情态动词 must 和 have to 表示劝告和需要的用法 2．谈论如何预防流感。 二、 How to study 学法指导 1、 预习 Unit2 T
opic3 SectionＡ，并对语言点、难点做出标记； 2、 学习学案，并完成学案上的练习题。 三、学习重点 1.能够使用情态动词 must 进行劝告和需要。 2.重 点 短 语、句式 A.Must I ask you some questions ,Dr .Li ? B.We should exercise often to build us up . C.We should keep our rooms clean and the air fresh all the time . D.We should wash our hands and change our clothes often . E.We had better not go to crowded places . 3.语法及主要知识点 情态动词 must /must not 的 用 法 四、学习难点 根据所学知识写一篇预防流感的短文。 五、 自主预习 Preparation (Practicing before class) Ⅰ.英汉互译下列单词并标上词性。 1.crowded ____________( ) 2. 流感 ___________( ) 3.最后，终于__________( ) 4. 新鲜,清新 ___________( ) 5. 预防 ___________( ) 6.问题____________( ) 7. 更换 ____________( ) 8. journalist _____________( ) Ⅱ. 在课本中找出下列短语划在书上并翻译 1.build us up ___________________ 2. 勤换衣服 ___________________ 3.继续, 说吧________________________ 4. 吃健康的饮食________________ 5. 立即， 马上_____________________ 6. 远离人多的地方_______________ 7.take one’s advice____________ 8. Prevent the flu______________ 9. 勤洗手________________________ 10. 一直, 总是 _________________ Ⅲ. 翻译并熟记下列句子. 1.- 我 能 问 你 几 个 问 题 吗 , 李 医 生 ? __________________________________________? -当然可以, 问吧. _______________________________ 2. 我们应该怎样预防流感呢? ________________________________ 3. 我们应该经常锻炼身体以增强体质. ______________________________ 4. 第 二 , 我 们 应 该 保 持 房 间 一 直 整 洁 和 通 风 . ____________________________ 5. 最后我们最好不要去人多的地方. _________________________________ 6. –我们必须锻炼身体来预防流感吗? _________________________________
-是的, 必须../ 不, 我们不必要. _________________________________ 7. 我们将采纳你的建议_________________________________ 六、课堂导练：(Practicing in class) 1、选词填空，并注意其正确形式。 question， prevent， build， final， crowd 1) The road is . He must drive his car slowly. 2) We should drink lots of boiled water to the flu. 3) Can you answer my , Lucy? 4) Jane plays sports often to her up. 5) , you should have a good rest. 2、单项选择。 ( ) 1.--- Must I do my homework at once, mom? --- No, you ____. A. must not B. may not C. needn’t D. haven’t ( ) 2. Reading _________ is good for you. A. too much B. much too C. too many D. many too ( ) 3.You’d better ____ late for class. A. not are B. are C. not be D. not is （ ）4.—May I use your pen, Mr. Li?----Sure, ____. A. come on B. go away C. go ahead D. come here ( ) 5.-Must I finish my homework today? -No, you ___
A. Mustn’t B. needn’t C. don’t have to D. Both B and C
( )6. Tom, come here. I want to _____ you. OK, I’m coming. A. talk with B. talk about C. speak with D. shout at 七、复习自测 ：句型转换 1. You should drink more water. (改为否定问) You ________ ________ more water. 2. We should eat healthy food to prevent the flu. (就划线部分提问) ________ ________ we ________ to prevent the flu? 3. Must we clean the floor every day? （作否定回答） No，we _______ _______ _______. 4. You’d better lie down now.（改为否定句） You’d better _______ _______ down now. 5. We must open the windows every day.（同义句转换） We must _______ the windows _______ every day. 教学反思：
仁爱版八年级上册英语导学案 Unit2 Topic3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu? Section B 备课人 饶桂香 一、话题导学： （学习目标 Aims and Demands） 1. Learn some new words and expressions: themselves, ring up, leave a message, give a talk, do some cleaning 2. Go on learning how to make a telephone call. 3. Learn how to write a telephone message. The main activities are 1a and 2.
1. 在含有 must 的一般疑问句中，肯定回答用 must，否定回答不用 mustn't，而 用 needn't , don't have to. 本课重点活动是 1a 和 2。 2. Go on learning the modal verbs “should” and “must”: 3. Master Verb phrase “have to”, “don’t have to” and “had better” 三、预习导纲：Preparation (Practicing before class) 1、单词互译与记忆 1) 他们自己 2) 放松 3) 忘记 2、短语互译与记忆 1) give sb a message 2) give a talk 3）with the help of 4）帮助某人干某事 5）告诉某人不要做某事 6）留口信__________ 7）right now ____________ 8）ring sb up ____________ 9) go ahead______________ 10) take one’s advice __________ 11) 忘记做某事____________ 12) 准时 ___________ 3、句子理解与熟读 1) Could I speak to Dr. Li Yuping? 2) Can I leave a message? 3) Please tell my father not to forget the talk tomorrow afternoon. 四、课堂导练：(Practicing in class) 1、选词填空,并注意其正确形式。 busy，they，forget，clean，speak 1) I must do some on Sunday. 2) Don’t to close the door before you leave the classroom. 3) Hello! This is Helen . 4) The workers work day and night. They are very . 5) The poor girls have no teachers. So they have to teach . 2、单项选择。 ( ) 1. Please tell him _____ go out at night.
A. not (
B. not to
C. to not
) 2.Playing computer games too much ______ your eyes. A. are bad for B. is bad for C. do bad for D. is good for ( ) 3. Can you help me ____ my math, Li Lei? A. in B. of C. with D. On ( )4. —Hello! May I speak to Mary? —_______ A.I’m Mary. B.Mary is me.C.This is Mary speaking. D.I’m speaking. ( )5. My mother asked you _______ when you come back. A.ring up her B.ring her up C.to ring up her D.to ring her up ( )6.—May I ask you some questions, Dr. Wang? — _______ A.You’re welcome. B.Sure, go ahead.C.No, I’m busy. D.Yes,you must. ( )7.—Must I take part in the activity? —No, you _______. You’re too young. You should look after yourself. A. mustn’t B.don’t C.can’t D.don’t have to 五、复习自测：从方框中选择适当的选项补全对话。 A: Hello! Green Shop. B: Hello! This is Mary speaking. 1 A: Yes. This is Tom’s mother. B: Hello, Mrs. White. 2 A: I’m afraid not. He isn’t in the shop now. B: Oh. 3 A: Yes, please. B: Tom asks me to his party tomorrow evening.But I’m afraid I can’t come. A: It’s a pity (遗憾). 4 B: My mother is ill in hospital. I have to take care of her. A: 5 . I hope your mother will be better soon. B: Thank you, Mrs. Smith. Goodbye. A: Bye. A. How is she now? B. Can I leave a message? C. I’m sorry to hear that. D. Is that Mrs. Smith speaking? E. Could I speak to Tom, please? F. Who’s that speaking? G. What’s the matter? 教学反思:
仁爱版八年级上册英语导学案 Unit2 Topic3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu? Section C 备课人 饶桂香 一、话题导学： （学习目标 Aims and Demands）
Teaching aims and demands 教学目标
1.Learn some useful words and expressions: happy, unhappy, happiness, habit, fat, happen need to do sth. , 形 容 词 --- 使 某 人 , (well) .stay away from ... say no to... make sb. + It’s necessary to...take (good) care of …= look after …
2.Go on learning how to keep healthy. 3.Learn reflexive pronouns: 4.重点难点：掌握反身代词的用法。 5. Improve the students’ ability of reading. 二、预习导纲：Preparation (Practicing before class) 1、英汉互译与记忆 1)tomato 3) illness (复数形式) 2) potato________(复数形式) 4)energy 5)yourselves _________ 11）不开心
6)healthy_________7)unhealthy__________8)happy__________ 9)happiness_________10) 你们自己 12) 习惯 2、短语互译与记忆 1) give sb a message 4）另一方面 3、句子理解与熟读 1) It’s necessary for you to learn about first aid. 2) Be happy to be healthy. 3) You should say no to smoking and drinking. 三、课堂导练：(Practicing in class) 1、用所给词的恰当形式填空。 1) The sad news made her_________. (happy) 2) Help (eat) 4) Students should stay away from_________ games in the net bar. (play) to some fish, my friends. (you) 3) You should have a good_________ habit if you want to keep healthy. 2) keep fit 5）拒绝?,对?说不 3）stay safe 6）急救____ 13）发生
7)stay away from sth.__________________________
5) Smoking is bad for your _________. (healthy)
与反身代词相关的词组 1.自学：_______________ 3.伤着自己：________________ 2.过得愉快：____________________ 4.照料自己：_________________
有很多动词和反身代词在一起表达固定的含义 1.)teach oneself… = learn…by oneself 自学 2.)enjoy oneself = _____________ / ________________ 玩得开心 3.)help oneself (to ) … 随便吃… (餐桌用语) 4.) by oneself 独自地… a. She is teaching ____________ Japanese. = ___________________________ b. They enjoyed ____________ at the party yesterday evening. c. Ann will enjoy ________ during the winter holidays. d. Please _________ __________ _____ some fish, kids. e. Please _________ __________ _____ some milk , Tommy. f. Jim is young, but he can lift the box _____ _________. g. We must do our homework _____ ______________. 3、单项选择。 ( )1、—Who taught _______ Japanese? —I learned it by _______. A.you; myself B.your; myself C.yourself; me D.yourself; myself ( )2. Mr. Wang teaches ___________ English this year. A. our B. us C. ourselves D. ours ( )3.—_______ to keep our classroom clean and tidy. —You are right. A.That’s our duty B.This is our duty C.It’s our duty D.The duty is ( )4.We should take ____ active part in the battle against illness. A. a B.an C. the ( )5. ---Must I take the medicine every day? ---No, you ____. A. mustn’t B. needn’t C. don’t have to ( )6. Mike and John, did you enjoy ____ on Children’s Day? A. myself B. yourselves C. yourself D. ourselves ( )7. We should keep away ________ the fire because it is dangerous for us. A. from B. with C. for D. to ( )8. The teacher tells us __________ her carefully in her class. A. to listen to B. listening to C. listen to 四、用所给词的适当形式填空。(Homework) 1.We’re doctors, so it’s our _______ (duty) to save patients. 2.The road is _______ (crowd). Mr. Wang drives his car slowly. 3.What causes the _______ (ill)? 4.Did they enjoy _______ (they) in the party yesterday? 5.—Where is your mother, Beibei? —She is busy _______ (answer) the telephone. 教学反思:
仁爱版八年级上册英语导学案 Unit2 Topic3 Must we do exercise to prevent the flu? Section D 备课人 饶桂香 一. Teaching aims and demands 教学目标 1. Summarize the grammar focus and useful expressions in topic 3. 2. Master important sentences: We’d better not go to crowded places. —Must we keep the window open all the time? —Yes, we must. / No, we don’t have to./ No, we needn’t. 3.Master reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, ourselves, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, themselves.1. 4.Learn some new words:stretch, equipment, instead, choose, energy 5,. Summarize the grammar---model verbs “have to” and “must” and reflexive pronouns. 6. Improve the listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. 7. Talking about health and exercise. 二、预习导纲：Preparation (Practicing before class) 1、单词互译与记忆 1) 选择 2) 精力 3) 伸展 4) 设备，器材 2、短语互译与记忆 1) stay healthy 2) warm up 3）need to do 4）代替 5）停止做?. 3、句子理解与熟读 1) The more exercise, the better. 2) It’s important before you exercise. 三、课堂导练：(Practicing in class) 1、选词填空,并注意其正确形式。 spend, we, need, choose, stretch 1) There are many books here. You can 2) Don’t your head out, Li Lei. one you like.
3) Betty an hour doing her homework every day. 4) I’m very tired. I to have a good rest. 5) We had a party yesterday and enjoyed . 2、单项选择。 ( ) 1. My mother is ill. I _______ take care of her. A. can B. may C. shouldn’t D. have to ( ) 2. --- Must I finish my homework before I go home? --- No, you ____. But you ____ finish it before two o’clock.
A.mustn’t, must B.must, mustn’t C.needn’t, must D.needn’t, mustn’t ( ) 3. The teacher is coming. Please stop______. A. to talk B. talking C. is talking D. to say ( ) 4.Bob’s parents have no time. He washes his clothes by______. A. him B. his C. himself D. yourself ( ) 5. Lucy is ill. I will take part in the sports meet _____ her. A. instead ( ( ( ( ( A. It, read A. enough old B. instead with B. This, to read B. enough young C. instead on D. instead of ) 6. ____ is necessary for us ____ good books. C. That, reading D. It, to read C. old enough C. say no to D. no D. young enough D. say yes to ) 7. The boy is only three years old. He isn’t _____ to go to school ) 8. As a student, we should _____ throwing litter around. A. say thanks to A. with B. say hello to C. have ) 9. I can’t finish the work ______ the help of my classmates. B. without ) 10. Vegetables and fruit can make us ______.
A. health B. unhealthy C. healthy D. happiness 四、选择方框中的句子完成对话，其中有两项多余。 A: You look pale, Dr. Li. 11 B: I only feel a little tired. A: It looks more serious than being tired. 12 B: No, thanks. Nothing serious, I think. A: 13 But you have worked for thirty-six hours without having a rest. B: I’m a doctor. 14 A: 15 A.I have to save the patients. B.I know SARS is spreading. C.So you should care for yourself first. D.And it’s my duty to save the patients. E.You must be tired. F.What’s the matter with you? G.May I take you to the office?