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unit19lesson1-English-Learning(ppt)-- (1)



Unit19 lesson1
Language learning

Warm-up:

1. How long have you been learning English? 2. Is it easy to learn English well? By what ways can you improve your Englis

h? 3. Why do we learn English? Is it important for us to learn English?

We can improve our English by :

New words:

Albert Einstein Theory of Relativity 相对论 theory 理论

Australia is surrounded by oceans. 环绕,围绕

语文Chinese 数学math 英语English 物理physics 化学chemistry 生物biology 历史history 地理geography 政治politics 体育PE 计算机computer

curriculum
课程

The car is running faster. It is accelerating.

accelerate v.

加速;加快;促进

You should aim at the target. 靶子;目标

First reading
Find the main idea of each part.

Part 1: para 1 Part 2: para___ 2-3
4-5 Part 3: para ___

reasons ____________ ways

____________

suggestions/ recommendations

Carefulreading Careful- reading
1. Learning English as a foreign language has become a trend _____ A. because it has become the global language
B. because of the growth of international companies

C. because of the great advances in
communications

D. because of all the above

2. Learning English as a foreign language is very difficult because ______. A. we don’t have enough time B. we don’t have a native language environment C. we don’t have the opportunity to live in an English-speaking country D. all of us can only learn at school

3. Language input includes ______. A. reading and writing B. reading and listening C. listening and speaking D. listening and writing

4. Experts advise us to do the following extra work outside of classroom except ______. A. enlarge our vocabulary by 10 new words every day B. watch the news in our own language and then read the news in English C. study with friends D. read English novels

5. Putting extra 15 minutes a day in English takes the following except _______. A. effort B. time C. money D. dedication

6.Find the correct order of the text:
①. Learning environment is important.
②. What the students should do after class.

③. What the teachers should do in class.
④. English has become a global language. A. ④ ① ③ ② C. ③ ② ④ ① B. ① ③ ② ④ D. ② ③ ① ④

Careful- reading: T or F
1. Experts recommend doing 2 hours of extra work once a week. F 2. Listening to an English song several times can help you revise new vocabulary. F 3. There is no point reading the news in English if you have already watched it in your own F language. 4. Watching your favorite DVD in English will improve your listening skills. T

Summary :
predicted in the 1700s that English Many people 1.___________ would be the global languages one day, which2. ______ provedto be the case. And the fact is that speaking more than one language stand out/outstanding make you 3.____________________. People have realized that in the 4. _______ absence of the native language environment, people can not learn it well. In surrounded by the language. other words, you have to be 5.__________

Sadly, most of the English learners can not live in the native country, which means we can only depend on our school resources. guarantee rich language input, So teachers have to 6._________ conveyed to students through various which can be 7.________ mediums. Since extra-curricula work may 8._________ accelerate language learning, here are some suggestions to English learners: targets listening English songs; Setting workable 9._______; watching English DVD; Studying with your friends; and rewarding yourself. Please remember to keep dedicated 10._________.

Post- reading:
08年高考英语作文全国卷II

假定你是李华, 你的英国朋友Peter来信向你咨询如何才能学好中文. 请你根据下列 要点写回信. 要点: 1. 参加中文学习班; 2. 看中文书刊、电视; 3. 学唱中文歌曲; 4. 交中国朋友。 注意: 1.词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 开头语已为你写好。
Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Best wishes! Li Hua

Dear Peter, I’m glad to receive your letter asking for my advice on how to learn Chinese well. Here are a few suggestions. First, it is important to take a Chinese course, as you’ll be able to learn from the teacher and practice with your fellow students. Then, it also helps to watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines in Chinese whenever possible. Besides, it should be a good idea to learn and sing Chinese songs, because by doing so you’ll learn and remember Chinese words more easily. You can also make more Chinese friends. They will tell you a lot about China and help you learn Chinese. Try and write me in Chinese next time. Best wishes! Li Hua

Grammar--- Noun Clauses
It was predicted as early as the 1700s that English would one day be the global

language.

subject clause.

To chances that we will all have the

opportunity to live in an Englishspeaking country are small.

appositive clause

What this means is that they make sure
there is an adequate amount of input in English.

predicative clause

Experts say that just 15 minutes of extra-curricula study a day can really accelerate foreign language learning.

object clause

1.Subject clause

Noun clause

2.Object clause

3.Appositive clause
4.Predicative clause

名词性从句包括: 主语从句、宾语从句、 表语从句、同位语从句, 多由连词that, wh-疑问词或由whatever等关系代词引 导, 其中同位语从句最常见。

主语从句
主语从句在句子中充当主语, 句子的谓 语动词用第三人称单数。 Why he refused to work with you is still a mystery. Whoever comes is welcome. That he is still alive is surprising. Who will win the match is still unknown.

What he wants to tell us is not clear. Where the party will be held has not yet been announced. Whoever breaks the rules will be punished.

主语从句前的that不能省略, 仅起连
接作用, 有时为了保持句子平衡, that从

句后置, 而由it作形式主语。

That he became a lawyer may have been due to his mother’s influence. It is not true that he has moved to New York.

其他类似句型还有: It + be +important/ necessary/ obvious + that从句 It + be +reported/believed/thought/has been decided + that从句 It + be +a pity/a shame/a fact/a surprise/ common knowledge+ that从句 It + happens/occurs/seems/appears + that 从句

宾语从句
宾语从句在句子中充当宾语, 从句用 陈述句语序,一般放在及物动词或介词 之后。 I don’t know where the sound came from. Don't be satisfied with what you have achieved.

He has told me (that) he will go to
Shanghai tomorrow.

He told me (that) he was ill and that
he couldn’t come.

command, order, suggest, advise, insist, desire, demand, beg, require, request等动词如果后面加上宾语从句的 话, 从句谓语部分必须用should do。 I insist that she (should) do her work alone. The commander ordered that troops (should) set off at once.

It 形式宾语
it +从句

介词+ it +从句
it +adj. +从句 主语+谓语

it + 介词短语 +从句
it+ n.+从句 it +过去分词+从句

I hate it when people speak with their mouths full. I’ll see to (保证) it that everything is ready in time. He made it clear that he would leave office soon. We must bear it in mind that we are Chinese.

We thought it a pity that he failed again. I heard it said that he had gone home.

当从句放在系动词be, look, remain, seem等后即构成表语从句。 其基本结构为: 主语 + 系动词 + that 从句。 The trouble is that I have lost his address. It seemed that the night would never end.

The fact is that we have lost the game. That’s just what I want. This is where our problem lies.

That is why he didn’t come to the
meeting.

It looks as if it is going to rain.

同位语从句
同位语从句是对与之同位的名词中心

词作进一步解释, 能接同位语从句的常
见名词有: idea, fact, news, belief, hope,

evidence, opinion, problem, truth,
answer, proposal, theory, decision,

discovery, problem, thought,
understanding 等。

The news that we won the game is exciting. I have no idea when he will come back home. Word came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. They are investigating the question whether the man is trustworthy.

The fact that we talked about is very

important. (定语从句)
The fact that he succeeded in the

experiment pleased everybody.
(同位语从句)

whether与 if在名词性从句中的用法区

别 if 一般只用于引导宾语从句,而
whether可引导包括宾语从句在内的其

他名词性从句。
连词whether 引导主语从句、表语从

句时不能用if 来替换。

Whether he will attend the meeting is uncertain. The question is whether he will come. 宾语从句中, whether常与 or not搭配, 可以说whether or not, 而不说if or not.

I don' t care whether or not she will
attend the meeting.

whether可用在介词后, 或带to不定

式前, if则不可。
She doesn’t know whether to get

married now or wait.
I haven’t settled the question of whether I’11 go back home.

某些动词后面(如discuss) 只能用
whether, 不用if。 We discussed whether we should go on climbing.

Exercises
1. It now appears ___ they are in need of
help.

A. that

B. which

C. what D. how

2. It is good news ___ they will arrive in a few days. A. which B. what C. that D. how

3. It _____ Joe drives badly. A. thought that B. thinks that

C. is thought that D. is thought that
4. My advice is that he ____ regular

house.
A. keep B. would keep

C. keeps

D. kept

5. ____ knows the truth will tell you
about it. A. Who that B. Whoever C. Whom that D. That who 6. This is ______ she was born. A. where B. which C. that D. what

7. The question is ___ we can’t go there today. A. that B. what C. which D. when 8. The question is ____ it is worth doing.

A. if

B. whether C. which D. what

9. The reason is __ he has never wasted
his time.

A. because B. why C. that D. what
10. His proposal is that the dam __ at the foot of the mountain. A. build C. be built B. will build D. will be built



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