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中央广播电视大学2010-2011学年度第一学期


试卷代号 :1027

中央广播电视大学 2010-2011 学年度第一学期"开鼓本科"期末考试

高级英语写作试题
2011 年 1 月

注意事项
一、将你的学号、姓名及分校〈工作站〉名称填写在答题兢的规定糕

内。考试结束后,把试卷如答题纸放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得带 出考场。

二、仔细闰读题目的说明,并按题目要求答题。答案一定要写在苓
题纸指定的位置上,写在试卷上的答案无效。 二、周蓝、黑璃球笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题无效。

Information for the Examinees!
丁 his

examination consists of three parts. These are:
I之 eading

Part 1:

and Summary (35 po?nts)

Part 2: Writing a Letter (25 points) Part 3: Writing (40 points) The total marks for this examination are 100 points. Time allowed for completing this examination is 90 minutes.

200

Part 1:

Readir量g

and Summary (35 points)

tas扎 (10 po始制


Questio显s

1… 5 are based on the foJJowing

Sequencing:
The following sentences go together to form a paragraph , but they are in the wrong order. Read
the sentences carefully and put them in the
ri拉t

order. Write the correct letter of your choice


(A-E) in the proper box and then transfer your answers to the Answer Sheet.
A. To make matters worse , 1 habitually forget to pay them on time , which is a bad thing as there is a tendency for the courts to pass heavíer fines on those who m paymg. B. They
haγe ar哇 late

the irritating habit of turning up just when you are not expecting them.

C. Most motorists , like myself , tend to dislike traffic wardens. D. As
在 result

1 continue to collect parking tickets on my car.

E. You have to be constantly on the lookout for them if , like me , you have got into the habit of leaving your car outside a shop while you just pop in for a moment , even though it is in a no-parking zone.
AW-nM M

冉 一 川

ω m A M

nu-AC--M

1

2

3
3

4

57hu

川W



m一

2
t

4





Questions 6-9 are based on the following task. (1 0 points)

Identifyi孤寂 the

topic sentences:
of culture and customs of
Ch栅se
wester巢军ountries.

Read the

followin第 description

The topic sentence
from the


for each paragraph is omitted.

the

correct 协pic

sentence

for 帕格 paragraph

list of A-E provided. Put your answer in the proper box and then transfer your answers to the

Ans¥ver

Sheet.
6 Thanksgiving Day has a
speciε1

significance for Americans because it is traced
th告 New

back to that group of people who were among the first to come to freedom.

World in search of

201

7τoday ,

in U. S. A. Thanksgiving

D也y

is celebrated by rnany Arnericans

whose roots do not stern forrn Britain. People speak

to

one another of the things for which

they are thankfu l. Young people who are at college or live away frorn their farnilies usually corne horne for this dinner. If the parents are elderly , their adult children or sorne relatives will prepare the dinner. 8 Basically , the dinner rnenu rernains as it was in early tirnes: roast turkey ,
s在 uc巴, oth盯

stuffing , cranberry

sweet potatoes , rnashed white potatoes , and purnpkin. Purnpkin
Indies. 丁hey

had been raised by the Indians centuries before Colurnbus reached the West

had

baked it wìth honey. As a part of the first thanksgiving dinner , purnpkin has now endless recipes of cooking. And generally , roast turkey rernains central to the rnea l. They use it because it ?s like chìcken and will feed a large nurnber of
people. 丁 hose

born in the United

States vary in custorn but rnost have turkey and the Arnerican bread.
9
rur址,

But as a unit , this rnenu is thought by the people who eat it to be very
bett盯,

0峙,

and very natura l. lt is like Plyrnouth in 1621 , only

sirnpler , and sornehow

rnore Arnerican. Few Arnericans , of course , would or could put these feelings into words. They sirnply eat and cornplirnent the housewife and tradition for setting such a good table.
丁 hey

understand that Thanksgiving is a kind of secular ,

n在 tionalistic

"rnass" where people

eat syrnbols of their folk history , thereby regaining sorne of the qualities they believe their ancestors
poss告 ssed.

A. What we should specially rnention
B. 丁hanksgiving

h母 re

are the purnpkin pie and turkey.

is Arnerica' s national holiday for giving thanks to God.

C. The story of the thanksgiving feast is well known arnong Arnericans.

D. Now it is rnarked by farnilies gathering together to enjoy a traditional dinner for roast
turkey.

丑 1t

arouses strong nostalgic feelings and a longing for the good "folk" life.
Question
6
7

8 3

9

Paragraph
Corr巴 ct

1

2

4

Answer

202

Question 10: Writing a summary (1 5 points) Summarize
the 怜。ve

passage (i. e. , the passage
words. 叭'rite

如 Questions

6-9) in your own words. Your

summary should be 70 to 80

your summary on the Answer Sheet.

Part 2: Writing a Le tter (25 points) Question 11: Writing a Letter of Invitation You are Li Qing , Chairman of the English Department at Shanghai University of Foreign
Lang础ges.

You want to invite Professor Coster of Pittsburgh State University English
Shakespear.母 in

Department to attend the National Seminar on invitation
let轮 r

your department. Write an

to him. Base your letter on the following notes:

l) date: between October 11 and 17.


2)place: on the campus of Shanghai University of Foreign Languages.

3) ask Professor Coster to give a speech and promise to cover his traveling and other

号 xpenses.

的 Professor

Coster has given the

teach但s

a

lectur桔 on

British

Dram在 at

Shanghai

University of Languages Note ,

befor号 and

has been liked by

the 生 eachers

since then.

l) Write a correctly laid out letter , which might in c1 ude 出e letterhead ,出te , name and
在 ddress

of recipient , salutation , body of the

1号 tter ,

complementary close , signature ,
failin驳 to

and sender' s printed name as well as job titlc. 5 points wiU be deducted for follow the letter format properly. 2) You should
writ告 about

120 words.


3) Write the answer on your Answer Sheet.


Part 3: Writing an Argument (40 Question 12:

Write 棚 argumentative

po协ts)


essay on the following topic: People Should Ride a Bi cycle for Short


Distance Trips. You should write four paragraphs:
1)an introduction to the topic 203

2)arguments FOR 3)arguments AGAINST 4)conclusion (your own opiníon) Here are some points that you can use in your essay , but you are free to use your own ideas. You should write 150…… 200 words. Write the answer on your Answer Sheet.

???
u m H M


hMnMhMγ w yfzd V咒

F 刷 ·-en 一 -i … 叫 … …ob … 一 ivd· 叫 …-AVSoo i --1 陀 ρ gu n mmetshME O EE nrm w i1i

一 山 町



n

d h v g d

L W

2 1

--s

Against
.丁00

slow.

O V A

. U 4



n由u

制M

. m

?

Not comfortable as drivíng a car.

204

试卷代号 :1027

座位号仁口

中央广播电视大学 2010-2011 学年度第一学串"开放本科"摆末考试

高毅英语写作试题答题纸
2011 年 1 月

|得分|评卷入 i

|
1.

Part 1: Reading and Snmmary [35 points]

Qnestions 1-5: 10 points. 2 points each.

2.

3.

4.

J.




Qnestions 6 - 9: 10 points. 2. 5 points each.


6.
Qnestion 10: 15 points.
? ?

7

8帚

9.


Check that the main points of the original passage are inclnded. (1 0 Check that the information is organized logicaIJy. (2 points)

point的

-Check that the langnage nsed is appropriate and accnrate. (3 points) Snmmary

205

Part 2:

,布riting

a LeUer

points]

Question 11:
? ? ? Cbeck tbat tbe content of tbe letter is Check tbat tbe language used is
relev眼t

and appropriate. (1 0

poinω

appropl如徐 and

accurate. (1 0 points)
paragrap拙,桦树e ,

Cbeck tbat the layout of the letter is appropriate: the use of opening and c1 0sing expressions , etc. (5 points)

position of

?

Botb Britisb and American spellings are acceptable. Special attention formality of the language. A Letter

强制IId

be paid to the

Part 3: Writing an Argument [40 points]

Question 12:
People Sbould
I是ide

a Bicycle for Short Distance Trips

206

试卷代号 :1027
中央 f 播电视大学 2010…2011 学年度第一学期"开放本斜"期来考试

高级英语写作

试题答案及评分标准

〈供参考)
2011 年 l 月 Part 1: Reading and Surnrnary (35 points) Questions 1-5: 10 points , 2 points each.

1. C
Questions 6-9: 10

2. B
poin岭,

3. E
2. 5 points each.


4. D

5.A


6.B
♀时stion

7. D

8.A

9. E


10: 15 points.


? ? ?

Check that the rnain points of the originaI passage are incI uded. (1 0 points) Check that the inforrnation is organized logicaIIy. (2 points) Check that the
lar墨家uage

used is appropriate and

acωrate. 门 poi挝的

An exarnple: Summary
Thanksgiγing

Day is specíal to Americans since it has such a long tradition back to


162 1. Thanksgiving Day is n01 only a holiday for giving thanks to God , bu1 also a family

gathering. People can enjoy a tradi1ional dinner for roast turkey , and members. Pumpkin
拉 nd

sp也 k

to family


1urkey are

ar以 ong

1he basic

men 认

1、 hese

foods arouse strong


feel?ngs for t he good old days.
Part 2:
飞离Iriting

a Letter (25 points)


Question 11:
? ? ? Check that the content of the Ietter is relevant and appropriate. (10 Check that the Ianguage used is appropriate
and 往ccurate. point引

(10

point引

Check that the layout of the lettεr is appropri挝e: the use of paragraphs , space , positioll of
。pening

and

closi双 g

expressions , etc.

points)

?

?oth ?ritish and Arnerican spellings are acceptable. SpeciaI attention should be paid to the formality of the Ianguage. 207

An example: English Department Shanghai University of Foreígn Languages Shanghai , P. August Professor Coster English Department Pittsburgh State University Pittsburgh , U. S. A. Dear Professor Coster , A Il our English teachers who have attended your lectures on British Drama in Shanghai
飞Jniversity
30 白,

1迁.

C.

2009

of Foreign Languages are deeply impressed by your thorough knowledge and

profound understanding of the subject. We are very fond of your teaching method with great humor. We would like to know if you could come , as our guest of honor , to the National Seminar on
Shakespea时,

which is to be held on our campus between October 11 and

口,

and

deliver a speech on whatever subject that ?nterests you. You would , of course , recei ve our standard expenses. Please let us know as soon as possible if yOu can come and tell us when you can make the trip. Sincerely yours , Li Qing
Chairm在 n honor在 rium

to cover traveling and other

English Department
208


Part 3: Writing an Argument (40 points)
Q极配stion

12:
Marking Goidelines Reasonably from 盯rors , substantial length , well~ constructed , relevant ideas , all the mam arguments presented with adequatc examples , good u 树 of complex sentence forms , appropriate choice of words and structures. A few 盯rors , but not too intrusive to reader' s I understanding , reasonable length , relevant ideas , main … nts 叫 but 川ly somemZBPIes or| information missing , few errors in complex sentence forms , few errors in control of structure and words. Reader can follow the argument , but a little interference from errors of structure and choice of words , few 盯rors in 口10st subject/ verb agreement , of mam argum 配到 ts presented , a little irrelevant information or lack of relevant examples , control of simple sentence structure , but errors in complex sentences. ldeas can be followed without too much dìfficulty on the part of t he reader , arg江ment lacks some coherence ,在 few errors of structure and choice of words are intrusive , control only of simple sentence f机 ms , errors in subject/verb agreemen t. |Dlffimit to follow ideas , argm errors even in simple sentence formation , errors in structure and vocabulary are many and are somewh剖 intrusive. !EEFFOES m structure and vocabul 在 ry prevent rnuch |mEiefstaMing of tk mtssap , sezio时 errors in sentence formation , arguments not well presented.

36 一 40

Excellent

I

32-35

飞J告ry

good

25-31

Good

24

Pass

16… 23

Weak

。 -15

Very poor

Here is a sample essay:
P仰ple

Shoold Ride a Bicycle for Short Distance Trips
pl在C贮 to 在 nother

Nowadays , bicycling is a great way to move from one distances. 1 believe you should well as your health.
use 在 bicycle

in short

for short distances to protect the environment as

The first reason to use a bicycle for short distances is that you can cause a decrease of pollution. Many people us巳 their cars to move short distances , they ?ncrease the rates of pollution cau主ing more pollution problems to our environrnent. That is why the use of a bicycle for short distances is a re在 lly good idea to help lower the rates of pollution.

209

Secondly , the most important

机 nefit

of riding a bicycle on short trips is that it
usεyour

c在 n

help

you have good health. When you ride a hicycle , you
exercl剖 IS 挂在robic

legs to move , and this physical

which means that your heart is pumping blood throughout your body , so

it fortifies your heart , lungs. and other important parts of your body. A bicycle can gain us more exerci 悦 and also decre丘se the rate of pollution. That is why

if we

us号 a

bicycle , it can improve the quality of life of the person who owns it.

说理:当总分描 E见 0.5 分时,在总分上加 I 分恶整。

210


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