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高考英语特殊句式强调句,倒装句,省略句



高考英语语法突破------特殊句式 强调句考点归纳
一、考查强调句的陈述句形式 1.It was in New Zealand ___ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. A. that B. how C. which D. when 2.It was along the Mississippi River ___ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. A. how B. which C. that D. where 3.It was not until midnight they reached the camp site. A. that B. when C. while D. as 4.—Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ______ we worked. A. that B. there C. which D. where 5. David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature __ he chose the course. A. that B. what C. why D. how 二、考查强调句的特殊疑问句形式 比较:Jim told us the news.(非强调句) →It was Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的陈述句形式) →Was it Jim that told us the news.(强调句型的一般疑问句形式) →Who was it that told us the news.(强调句型的特殊疑问句形式) 1. I just wonder ______ that makes him so excited. A. why it does B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is 2.— _____ that he manage to get the information? —Oh, a friend of his helped him. A. Where was it B. What was it C. How was it D. Why was it 3. Why! I have nothing to confess. _____ you want me to say? A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is that 三、考查被强调成分为从句的情形 如:It was after he got married that he got to know Mary. It was not what he said but how he behaved that made us angry. 1. It is not who is right but what is right ______ is of importance. A. which B. it C. that D. this 2. I don’t mind her criticizing me, but __ is how she does it that I object to. A. it B.that C. this D. which 3. It was after he got what he had desired __ he realized it was not so important. A. that B. when C. since D. as 4. It is what you do rather than what you say ______ matters A. that B. what C. which D. this

四、考查 not...until 句式的强调结构 其基本形式为 It is (was) not until…that… 1. It ___ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks ____ I found we had a lot in common.A. was until; when B. was until; that C. wasn’t until; whenD. wasn’t until; that 2. It was not until she got home _______ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys. A. when B that C. where D. before 3. It wasn’t until nearly a month later ____ I received the manager’s reply. A. since B. when C. as D. that 五、对比式命题 1.与名词性从句对比:___ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to stronger, more prosperous economy.A. As B. That C. This D. It 2.与状语从句对比--- How long do you think it will be ___ China sends a manned spaceship to the moon? --- Perhaps two or three years.A. when B. until C. that D. before 3.与定语从句对比 It was in the school ________ Mr. Smith taught that we studied. A. where B. that C. when D. what

倒装句考点归纳
英语中的倒装句指的是主语、谓语位置颠倒的情况,根据其倒装形式又可分为部分 倒装和全部倒装两种形式。 一 作状语的介词短语放于句首时引起的句子要全部倒装。 有时为了强调将作状语的 介词短语放在句首,而将主语放到句末;或者当句子中主语较长时,为了使句子平 衡,常以作状语的介词短语开头。 1 At the foot of the mountain____. A. a village lie B. lies a village C. does a village lie D. lying a village 2 Just in front of our house____ with a history of 1,000 years. (06 年上海) A. does a tall tree stand B. stands a tall tree C. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands 二. 强调否定状语的倒装句。即将含有否定意义的副词或连词置于句首引起的部分 倒装结构。这类状语有:never, seldom, rarely, little, few, at no time, by no means, no longer, hardly/scarcely….when…, no sooner…than…, not only…but also, not until, nowhere, neither…nor 等。 1. Not until the motorbike looked almost new repairing and cleaning it. A. he stopped B. did he stop C. stopped he D. he did stop 2 I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means____ with my progress. A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied 3.──Did Linda see the traffic accident? ──No, no sooner____ than it happened. A. had she gong B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she has gone
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4.Maybe you have been to many countries, but nowhere else_______such a beautiful palace. A. can you find B. you could find C. you can find D. could you find 5.The old couples have been married for 40 years and never once __ with each other. A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled 6. Not only___ interested in football but ___ beginning to show an interest in it. A. the teacher himself is; all his students are B. the teacher himself is; are all his students C. is the teacher himself; are all his students D. is the teacher himself; all his students are 三. Only+状语/状语从句置于句首时,主句要进行部分倒装。 1. Only when I left my parents for Italy________how much I loved them. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize 2. It was announced that only when the fire was under control ___ to return to their homes. A. the residents would be permitted B. had the residents been permitted C. would be residents be permitted D. the residents had been permitted 3. ______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will 4.Only then____ how much damage had been caused? A. she realized B. she had realized C. had she realized D. did she realize 四. so/such…that 结构中 so, such 连同它所修饰的成分位于句首表示强调时, 主句要 进行部分倒装。 1. So much of interest ___ that most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all. A. offers Beijing B. Beijing offers C. does Beijing offer D. Beijing does offers 2. — No, so quickly ______ that I couldn’t get a good look at his face. A. did the car speed by B. the car sped by C. does the car speed by D. the car speeds by. 五. so/neither/nor 表示前面所说的情况也适合于后者时用倒装结构 1.. Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A. I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 2.If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, _________. A. he will either B. neither will he C. he neither will D. either he will 3.──It’s burning hot today, isn’t it? ──Yes. ____ yesterday. A. So was it B. So it was C. So it is D. So is it 4. —I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible.— ____. A. Nor am I B. Neither would I C. Same with me D. So do I 但是,如果 so 表示强调, 即强调前面所说的情况的真实性时,其结构则是“so+主 语+助动词/系动词/情态动词”的形式, 这里的主语同前一个句子的主语指的是同

一人或物。如:──Well,I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. ──_____. A. So it is B. So is it C. So does it D. So it does 六. As/though 引导的让步状语从句要用倒装结构。 即 as / though 引导的让步从句中 必须将表语或状语提前(形容词、副词、分词、实义动词提前) ,构成“形容词/副词 /名词/动词/分词+as/though+主语+谓语的其它部分”的形式。 1.______, he talks a lot about his favorites singers after class. A. A quiet student as he may be B. Quiet student as he may be C. Be a quiet student as he may be D.Quiet as he may be a student 2. ______, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as John. A. As long as I have traveled B.Now that I have traveled so much C.Much as I have traveled D.As I have traveled so much 使用 as/though 进行倒装时需要注意的是: ①句首有名词时,名词不能带任何冠词。 ②句首是实义动词时,其他助动 词则放在主语之后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语,则宾语和状语随实义动词一起放 在主语之前。如:Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. 七. 非真实条件句中的倒装。 即在非真实条件句中含有 were, had, should 等助动 词时,可以将 if 省略,把助动词放在非真实条件句的句首的倒装形式。 1.__ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. A. Would you be B. Should you be C. Could you be D. Might you be 2. ______ for the free ticket, I would not have gone to see the film. A. If it is not B. Were it not C. Had it not been D. If they were not

省略句考点归纳
一 在含有状语从句的复合句中的省略 在下列含有状语从句的复合句中,若从句的主句是 it 或与主句的主语相同,且在谓 语中含有 be 时, 常省略从句的主语和 be: 由 when, while, as soon as, once, whenever 引导的时间状语从句;if,unless 引导的条件状语从句;though,although,even if, even though 引导的让步状语从句; as though, as if, as 引导的方式状语从句; because 引导的原因状语从句;wherever 引导的地点状语从句。 例如: Look out for cars when (you are) crossing the street. Drop in on me if (it is) possible. 1. -----Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? ----- Yes, _____, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. A. If ever B. If busy C. If anything D. If possible 2. When______different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without
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noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared 3.When_______help, one often says “Thank you.” or “It’s kind of you”. A. offering B. to offer C. to be offered D. offered 4. When first_______to the market, these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced 5.It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when_____at the meeting by my boss. A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned 6. The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if_____whether he was going in the right direction. A. seeing B. having seen C. to have seen D. to see 7. Generally speaking, ___according to the directions, the drug has no side effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken 8. When_______, the museum will be open to the public next year. A. completed B. completing C. being completed D. to be completed 9. Though_______money, his parents managed to send him to university. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 10. The research is so designed that once_______nothing can be done to change it. 11. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 二在限制性定语从句中的省略 在限制性定语从句中作宾语的关系代词 that、 which、 whom 可以省略; 在以 the same.. as 和 such ... as 引导的定语从句中,可以省略与主句相同的部分;the way 后面的定 语从句中,可以省略 that 或 in which。 1. What surprised me was not what he said but_______he said it. 2. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which 2. It is easy to do the repair. _______you need is a hammer and some nails. A. Something B. All C. Both D. Everything 4.—You are always working. Come on, let’s go shopping. —_______you ever want to do is going shopping A. Anything B. Something C. All D. That 三、 省略 to 与保留 to 的现象 (1) 在 see,watch,hear,feel, 。等感官动词或短语及 make,have,let 等使 役动词之后的“宾语+不定式作宾语补足语”结构中,不定式前不能加 to。例如: I watched him disappear in the distance. 1.In the dream Peter saw himself____by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly with a start. A. chased B. to be chased C. be chased D. having been chased

(2) 有时为了避免重复,常省略与上文表达相同意思的不定式 to 之后的内容,而 保留 to。 不定式在 tell,ask,advise,wish,permit,force 等动词后面作宾语补足语或主 语补足语时,可以省略,但要保留不定式符号 to。 不定式在 happy,glad,eager,ready,willing 等形容词后面作状语时,可以省略, 但要保留不定式符号 to。 例如: —I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat? —Not at all, I’d be happy to. 1. —You should have thanked her before you left. —I meant_______, but when I was leaving, I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing to 2.—Does your brother intend to study German? —Yes, he intends_______. A. / B. to C. so D. that 3. —Would you like to go to the Grand Theatre with me tonight? —_______. A. Yes, I’d like to go to the Grand Theatre B. I’d like to, but I have an exam tomorrow C. No, I won’t D. That’s right 四、 替代词 so / not 的替代现象 替代词 so / not 用于避免重复前面所说过的内容。 它可与动词 believe, do, expect, fear, guess, hope, say, speak, suppose, think 等及 I’m afraid 连用。 肯定时: 以上动词都可与 so 搭配;表示否定时: hope 只用 I hope not.不说 I don’t hope so;think, believe, suppose 等词可有两种否定形式,即:I think not.或 I don’t think so. 例—Is he going to study abroad? —I believe so. (so = he is going to study abroad.) 1. Much of the power of the trade unions has been lost. ___, their political influence should be very great. A. As a result B. As usual C. Even so D. So far 2. —You haven’t lost the ticket, have you? —_______. I know it’s not easy to get another one at the moment. A. I hope not B. Yes, I have C. I hope so D. Yes, I’m afraid so 3. —The boys are not doing a good job at all,are they? —_______. A. I guess not so B. I don’t guess C. I don’t guess so D. I guess not 4. —I believe we’ve met somewhere before. —No, _______. A. it isn’t the same B. it can’t be true C. I don’t think so D. I’d rather not 五、 在 if 引导的虚拟条件句中 在 if 引导的虚拟条件句中含有 had,were,should 时,可以把 had,were,should 放在句首且省略 if。 例如: Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge.
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1. ____fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. A. Would you be B. Should you be C. Could you be D. Might you be 2. _______for the free tickets, I would not have gone to the films so often. A. If it is not B. Were C. Had it not been D. If they were not

祈使句知识点归纳
一、不带主语的祈使句 Be careful next time!___________ whenever it is convenient to you.(来看我) 二、带主语的祈使句 _________________—everybody else stay where you are. (老师对学生们说) 玛丽过 来,其他人都别动。 三、(条件)祈使句+and/ or+ (结果)简单句 Work hard and you will succeed. 试比较:__________, you will succeed.(条件状语) 或:__________, you will succeed.(非谓语) 注意:有时前面的祈使句可简化成一个名词短语,如: _______________and you will succeed.(多努点力) = Make a bit more effort and you will succeed.= If you make a bit more effort, you will succeed. 四、祈使句+附加信息;附加信息常表示发出祈使动作的原因 Put on your coat, please---it’s very cold outside. __________________---the baby is asleep in the room.(把电视机音量关小点) 五、祈使句的附加疑问句; Post the letter for me,______? Don’t forget, ______? Let’s go there at once, ______? (包括对方在内) Let us go there, _______? (不包括对方在内) 六、祈使句的否定形式; 1.否定形式常在动词原形前加 don’t/do not 或 never,以示忠告或警告 如:Never speak to me like that again! Don’t bring textbooks into the examination room. 2.也可使用 No+ v-ing/n.形式, 如:No parking/smoking/admission! 3.Let’s 或 let us 的否定形式是在其后加 not; Let’ s not talk about that matter. Let us not do it again. 4.注意与代词主语连用时的否定祈使句的语序,如: Don’t you believe it. 你可不能相信那个。比较:You don’t believe it. 你不相信

七、祈使句的强调形式; Do tell me where to buy the tickets for the concert. ______________________!下次务必小心 练习 1.—Sorry,Joe.I didn’t mean to...—Don’t call me“Joe”.I’m Mr Parker to you, and______you forget it!A.do B.didn’t C.did D.don’t 2.Turn on the television or open a magazine and you ____advertisements showing happy families. A.will often see B.often see C.are often seeing D.have often seen 3.Stand over there,______ you’ll be able to see it better.A. or B. while C. but D. and 4.—English has a large vocabulary,hasn’t it? —Yes.__ more words and expressions and you will find it easier to read and communicate. A. Know B.Knowing C.To know D.Knew 5.Lose one hour in the morning,______you will be looking for it the rest of the day. A.but B.and C.or D.so 6.—It’ll take me at least 2 hours to do this!—Oh,______!I could do it in 30 minutes. A.come on B.pardon me C.you are right D.don’t mention it 7.—Oh dear!I’ve just broken a window. —______.It can’t be helped. A.Never mind B.All right C.That’s fine D.Not at all 8.Start out right away,______you will miss the first train. A.and B.but C.or D.while 9.—I’m sorry I’m late.I got held up in the traffic on my way here. —______. A.Don’t be late next time B.You should be blamed C.It doesn’t matter.I’m also late D.Never mind.Come and sit down 10.______,and I’ll get the work finished. A.Have one more hour B.One more hour C.Given one more hour D.If l have one more hour 11.We forget to bring our tickets,but please let us enter,______? A.do you B.can we C.will you D.shall we 12.Mary,______ here—everybody else,stay where you are. A.come B.comes C.to come D.coming 13.—______for the glass! —It’s OK.I’m wearing shoes. A.Look out B.Walk out C.Go out D.Set out 14.—I’d like to take a week’s holiday. —______,we’re too busy. A.Don’t worry B.Don’t mention it C.Forget it
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特殊句式高考真题
1.It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village the hostess cooked such a nice dinner.A. where B. that C. when D. which 2John’s success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work ___has made him what he is today. A. why B. when C. when D.that .3.. ---Is everyone here?---Not yet. Look, there_______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 4.. Not until he left his home to know how important the family was for him. A. did he begin B. had he begun C. he began D. he has began 5.. John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl 6.. If you have a job, yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed. A. do devote B. don't devote C. devoting D. not devoting 7. At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and Jialing River , one of the largest cities in China.A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie

C. teachers’ energy was saved D. was saved teachers’ energy 9.So sudden ________that the enemy had no time to escape. A. did the attack B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was 10. He must be helping the old man to water the flowers, ? A. is he B. isn’t he C. must he D. mustn’t he 11.Little about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. A. did Rose care B. Rose did care C. Rose does care D. does Rose care 12.Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went 13.--- What’s the matter with Della? --- Well, her parents wouldn't allow her to go to the party, but she still __ A. hopes to B. hopes so C. hopes not D. hopes for

特殊句式高考真题
1 Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away _____. A. fleeing the thief B. was fleeing the thief C. the thief was fleeing D. fled the thief 2.For a moment nothing happened Then all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 3.Every evening after dinner, if not from work, I will spend some time walking my dog. A. being tired B. tiring C. tired D. to be tired 4.You and I could hardly work together, ? A. could you B. couldn’t I C. couldn’t we D. could we 5.Unsatisfied ____with the payment ,he took the job just to get some work experience. A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though 6. It was ___ he came back from Africa ____ he met the girl he would like to marry. A. when; then B. not; until C. not until; that D. only; when 7.Some of you may have finished unit one. _____ , you can go on to unit two. A. If you may B. If you do C. If not D. If so 8. The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only , but students became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers’ energy B. was teachers’ energy saved
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