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第44届美国总统奥巴马就职演说——中英文版


奥巴马就职演说
中文版: 我的同胞们, 今天我站在这里,看到眼前面临的重大任务,深感卑微。我感谢 你们对我的信任,也知道先辈们为了这个国家所作的牺牲。我要感谢 布什总统为国家做出的贡献, 以及感谢他在两届政府过渡期间给与的 慷慨协作。 迄今为止,已经有 44 个美国总统宣誓就职。总统的宣誓有时面 对的是国家的和平繁荣,但通常面临的是乌云密布的紧张形势。在紧 张的形势中,支持美国前进的不仅仅是领导人的能力和远见,也在于 美国人民对国家先驱者理想的信仰,以及对美国立国文件的忠诚。 前辈们如此,我们这一代美国人也要如此。 现在我们都深知,我们身处危机之中。我们的国家在战斗,对手 是影响深远的暴力和憎恨;国家的经济也受到严重的削弱,原因虽有 一些人的贪婪和不负责任, 但更为重要的是我们作为一个整体在一些 重大问题上决策失误,同时也未能做好应对新时代的准备。 我们的人民正在失去家园,失去工作,很多且要倒闭。社会的医 疗过于昂贵、 学校教育让许多人失望, 而且每天都会有新的证据显示,

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我们利用能源的方式助长了我们的敌对势力, 同时也威胁着我们的星 球。 统计数据的指标传达着危机的消息。危机难以测量,但更难以测 量的是其对美国人国家自信的侵蚀——现在一种认为美国衰落不可 避免,我们的下一代必须低调的言论正在吞噬着人们的自信。 今天我要说,我们的确面临着很多严峻的挑战,而且在短期内不 大可能轻易解决。但是我们要相信,我们一定会度过难关。 今天,我们在这里齐聚一堂,因为我们战胜恐惧选择了希望,摒 弃了冲突和矛盾而选择了团结。 今天,我们宣布要为无谓的摩擦、不实的承诺和指责画上句号, 我们要打破牵制美国政治发展的若干陈旧教条。 美国仍是一个年轻的国家,借用《圣经》的话说,放弃幼稚的时 代已经到来了。重拾坚韧精神的时代已经到来,我们要为历史作出更 好的选择,我们要秉承历史赋予的宝贵权利,秉承那种代代相传的高 贵理念:上帝赋予我们每个人以平等和自由,以及每个人尽全力去追 求幸福的机会。 在重申我们国家伟大之处的同时, 我们深知伟大从来不是上天赐 予的,伟大需要努力赢得。(我们的民族一路走来),这旅途之中从未 有过捷径或者妥协,这旅途也不适合胆怯之人、或者爱安逸胜过爱工 作之人、或者单单追求名利之人。这条路是勇于承担风险者之路,是
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实干家、创造者之路。这其中有一些人名留青史,但是更多的人却在 默默无闻地工作着。正是这些人带领我们走过了漫长崎岖的旅行,带 领我们走向富强和自由。 为了我们,先辈们带着微薄的细软,横渡大洋,寻找新生活;为 了我们,先辈们忍辱负重,用血汗浇铸工厂;为了我们,先辈们在荒 芜的西部大地辛勤耕作,定居他乡;为了我们,先辈们奔赴(独立战 争中的)康科德城和葛底斯堡、(二战中的)诺曼底、(越战中的)Khe Sahn,他们征战、死去。 一次又一次,我们的先辈们战斗着、牺牲着、操劳着,只为了我 们可以生活得更好。 在他们看来, 美国的强盛与伟大超越了个人雄心, 也超越了个人的出身、贫富和派别差异。 今天我们继续先辈们的旅途。美国依然是地球上最富裕、最强大 的国家。同危机初露端倪之时相比,美国人民的生产力依然旺盛;与 上周、上个月或者去年相比,我们的头脑依然富于创造力,我们的商 品和服务依然很有市场, 我们的实力不曾削弱。 但是, 可以肯定的是, 轻歌曼舞的时代、 保护狭隘利益的时代以及对艰难决定犹豫不决的时 代已经过去了。从今天开始,我们必须跌倒后爬起来,拍拍身上的泥 土,重新开始工作,重塑美国。 我目之所及,都有工作有待完成。国家的经济情况要求我们采取 大胆且快速的行动,我们的确是要行动,不仅是要创造就业,更要为 (下一轮经济)增长打下新的基础。我们将造桥铺路,为企业铺设电网
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和数字线路,将我们联系在一起。我们将回归科学,运用科技的奇迹 提高医疗质量,降低医疗费用。我们将利用风能、太阳能和土壤驱动 车辆,为工厂提供能源。我们将改革中小学以及大专院校,以适应新 时代的要求。这一切,我们都能做到,而且我们都将会做到。 现在,有一些人开始质疑我们的野心是不是太大了,他们认为我 们的体制承载不了太多的宏伟计划。他们是健忘了。他们已经忘了这 个国家已经取得的成就; 他们已经忘了当创造力与共同目标以及必要 的勇气结合起来时,自由的美国人民所能发挥的能量。 这些怀疑论者的错误在于, 他们没有意识到政治现实已经发生了 变化,长期以来耗掉我们太多精力的陈腐政治论争已经不再适用。今 天,我们的问题不在于政府的大小,而在于政府能否起作用,政府能 否帮助家庭找到薪水合适的工作、 给他们可以负担得起的医疗保障并 让他们体面地退休。哪个方案能给与肯定的答案,我们就推进哪个方 案。哪个方案的答案是否定的,我们就选择终止。而掌管纳税人税金 的人应当承担起责任,合理支出,摒弃陋习,磊落做事,这有这样才 能在政府和人民之间重建至关重要的相互信任。 我们面临的问题也不是市场好坏的问题。市场创造财富、拓展自由的 能力无可匹敌,但是这场危机提醒我们,如果没有监管,市场很可能 就会失去控制,而且偏袒富人国家的繁荣无法持久。国家经济的成败 不仅仅取决于国内生产总值的大小,而且取决于繁荣的覆盖面,取决

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于我们是否有能力让所有有意愿的人都有机会走向富裕。 我们这样做 不是慈善,而是因为这是确保实现共同利益的途径。 就共同防御而言, 我们认为国家安全与国家理想的只能选其一的 排他选择是错的。面对我们几乎无法想像的危险,我们的先辈们起草 了确保法治和个人权利的宪章。一代代人民的鲜血夯实了这一宪章。 宪章中的理想依然照亮着世界,我们不能以经验之谈放弃这些理想。 因此我想对正在观看这一仪式的其他国家的人民和政府说, 不论他们 现在各国伟大的首府还是在如同我父亲出生地一般的小村落, 我想让 他们知道:对于每个追求和平和自尊的国家和个人而言,美国都是朋 友,我们愿意再次领导大家踏上追寻之旅。 回想先辈们在抵抗法西斯主义之时, 他们不仅依靠手中的导弹或 坦克,他们还依靠稳固的联盟和坚定的信仰。他们深知单凭自己的力 量我们无法保护自己, 他们也深知我们强大并不足以使我们有权利为 所欲为。他们明白,正是因为使用谨慎,我们的实力才不断增强;正 是因为我们的事业是公正的、我们为世界树立了榜样,因为我们的谦 卑和节制,我们才安全。 我们继承了这些遗产。在这些原则的再次领导下,我们有能力应 对新的威胁,我们需要付出更多的努力、进行国家间更广泛的合作以 及增进国家间的理解。首先,我们将以负责任的态度,将伊拉克交还 给伊拉克人民,同时巩固阿富汗来之不易的和平。对于老朋友和老对 手, 我们将继续努力, 不遗余力, 削弱核威胁, 遏制全球变暖的幽灵。
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我们不会为我们的生活方式感到报歉, 我们会不动摇地捍卫我们的生 活方式。对于那些企图通过恐怖主义或屠杀无辜平民达成目标的人, 我们要对他们说:我们的信仰更加坚定,不可动摇,你们不可能拖垮 我们,我们定将战胜你们。 因为我们知道,我们的多元化遗产是一个优势,而非劣势。我们 国家里有基督徒也有穆斯林,有犹太教徒也有印度教徒,同时也有非 宗教信徒。我们民族的成长受到许多语言和文化的影响,我们吸取了 这个星球上任何一个角落的有益成分。 正是因为我们民族曾亲尝过内 战和种族隔离的苦酒, 并且在经历了这些黑色的篇章之后变得更加强 大更加团结,因此我们不由自主,只能相信一切仇恨终有一天都会成 为过去,种族的划分不久就会消失,而且随着世界变得越来越小,我 们相信终有一天人类共有的人性品德将会自动显现。 在迎接新的和平 时代到来的过程中,美国需要发挥自己的作用。 思索前方的路, 我们无时无刻不在铭记那些远征沙漠和偏远山区 的英勇美国战士,对他们充满了感激之情,他们和那些安息在阿灵顿 国家公墓之下的战争英雄们一样,给与我们启示。 我们尊敬他们,不仅因为他们是自由的守护者,还因为他们代表 的是为国家服务的精神,他们自愿追寻比自身的价值更伟大的意义 (美国国家之伟大)。此时此刻,在这个要塑造一代人的时刻,我们需 要的正是这样一种精神。

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因为无论美国政府能做多少,必须做多少,美国国家的立国之本 最终还是美国人的决心和信念。 于防洪堤坝决堤之时收留陌生受难者 的善意, 于在经济不景气的时候宁愿减少自己工时也不肯看着朋友失 业的无私,正是他们支撑我们走过黑暗的时刻。消防队员冲入满是浓 烟的楼梯抢救生命的勇气,父母养育孩子的坚持,正是这些决定了我 们的命运。 我们面临的挑战也许是新的,我们应对挑战的措施也许也是新 的,但那些长期以来指导我们成功的价值观——勤奋、诚实、勇气、 公平竞争、包容以及对世界保持好奇心,还有对国家的忠诚和爱国主 义——却是历久弥新,这些价值观是可靠的。他们是创造美国历史的 无声力量。我们现在需要的就是回归这些古老的价值观。我们需要一 个新的负责任的时代,一个觉醒的时代,每个国人都应意识到即我们 对自己、 对国家和世界负有责任, 我们不应该不情愿地接受这些责任, 而应该快乐地承担起这些责任。我们应该坚定这一认识,即没有什么 比全身心投入一项艰巨的工作更能锻炼我们的性格, 更能获得精神上 的满足。 这是公民应尽的义务,应做出的承诺。 我们自信源于对上帝的信仰,上帝号召我们要掌握自己的命运。 这就是我们自由和信仰的意义, 这也是为何不同种族、 不同信仰、 不同性别和年龄的人可以同聚一堂在此欢庆的原因, 也是我今天能站

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在这里庄严宣誓的原因,而在 50 多年前我的父亲甚至都不能成为地 方餐馆的服务生。 所以,让我们铭记自己的身份,镌刻自己的足迹。在美国诞生的 时代,那最寒冷的岁月里,一群勇敢的爱国人士围着篝火在冰封的河 边取暖。首都被占领,敌人在挺进,冬天的雪被鲜血染成了红色。在 美国大革命最受质疑的时刻,我们的国父们这样说: “我们要让未来的世界知道……在深冬的严寒里, 唯有希望和勇 气才能让我们存活……面对共同的危险时, 我们的城市和国家要勇敢 地上前去面对。” 今天的美国也在严峻的寒冬中面对共同的挑战, 让我们记住国父 们不朽的语言。带着希望和勇气,让我们再一次勇敢地面对寒流,迎 接可能会发生的风暴。我们要让我们的子孙后代记住,在面临挑战的 时候,我们没有屈服,我们没有逃避也没有犹豫,我们脚踏实地、心 怀信仰,秉承了宝贵的自由权利并将其安全地交到了下一代的手中。

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英文版: My fellow citizens: I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors. I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition. Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace. Yet, every so often the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and raging storms. At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill or vision of those in high office, but because We the People have remained faithful to the ideals of our forbearers, and true to our founding documents. So it has been. So it must be with this generation of Americans. That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age. Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our health care is too costly; our schools fail too
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many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics. Less measurable but no less profound is a sapping of confidence across our land - a nagging fear that America’s decline is inevitable, and that the next generation must lower its sights. Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time. But know this, America - they will be met. On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear, unity of purpose over conflict and discord. On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn out dogmas, that for far too long have strangled our politics. We remain a young nation, but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit; to choose our better history; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble idea, passed on from generation to generation: the God-given promise that all are equal, all are free, and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness.
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In reaffirming the greatness of our nation, we understand that greatness is never a given. It must be earned. Our journey has never been one of short-cuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted - for those who prefer leisure over work, or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame. Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of things - some celebrated but more often men and women obscure in their labor, who have carried us up the long, rugged path towards prosperity and freedom. For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across oceans in search of a new life. For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West; endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth. For us, they fought and died, in places like Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sanh. Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and worked till their hands were raw so that we might live a better life. They saw America as bigger than the sum of our individual ambitions; greater than all the differences of birth or wealth or faction. This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous, powerful nation on Earth. Our workers are no less productive
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than when this crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last year. Our capacity remains undiminished. But our time of standing pat, of protecting narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions - that time has surely passed. Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the work of remaking America. For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act - not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feed our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology’s wonders to raise health care’s quality and lower its cost. We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. And all this we will do. Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions - who suggest that our system cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their memories are short. For they have forgotten what this country has already done; what free men and women can achieve when imagination is joined to common purpose, and necessity to courage.

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What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted beneath them - that the stale political arguments that have consumed us for so long no longer apply. The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works - whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs will end. And those of us who manage the public’s dollars will be held to account - to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day - because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government. Nor is the question before us whether the market is a force for good or ill. Its power to generate wealth and expand freedom is unmatched, but this crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out of control - and that a nation cannot prosper long when it favors only the prosperous. The success of our economy has always depended not just on the size of our Gross Domestic Product, but on the reach of our prosperity; on our ability to extend opportunity to every willing heart - not out of charity, but because it is the surest route to our common good. As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety and our ideals. Our Founding Fathers, faced with perils we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to assure the rule of law and the rights

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of man, a charter expanded by the blood of generations. Those ideals still light the world, and we will not give them up for expedience’s sake. And so to all other peoples and governments who are watching today, from the grandest capitals to the small village where my father was born: know that America is a friend of each nation and every man, woman, and child who seeks a future of peace and dignity, and that we are ready to lead once more. Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism not just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead, they knew that our power grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint. We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more, we can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and former foes, we will work tirelessly to lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of a warming planet. We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we

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waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is stronger and cannot be broken; you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you. For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a weakness. We are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve; that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal itself; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of peace. To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek to sow conflict, or blame their society’s ills on the West - know that your people will judge you on what you can build, not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong side of history; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist.

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To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to suffering outside our borders; nor can we consume the world’s resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it. As we consider the road that unfolds before us, we remember with humble gratitude those brave Americans who, at this very hour, patrol far-off deserts and distant mountains. They have something to tell us today, just as the fallen heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through the ages. We honor them not only because they are guardians of our liberty, but because they embody the spirit of service; a willingness to find meaning in something greater than themselves. And yet, at this moment a moment that will define a generation - it is precisely this spirit that must inhabit us all. For as much as government can do and must do, it is ultimately the faith and determination of the American people upon which this nation relies. It is the kindness to take in a stranger when the levees break, the selflessness of workers who would rather cut their hours than see a friend lose their job which sees us through our darkest hours. It is the

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firefighter’s courage to storm a stairway filled with smoke, but also a parent’s willingness to nurture a child, that finally decides our fate. Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them may be new. But those values upon which our success depends hard work and honesty, courage and fair play, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and patriotism - these things are old. These things are true. They have been the quiet force of progress throughout our history. What is demanded then is a return to these truths. What is required of us now is a new era of responsibility - a recognition, on the part of every American, that we have duties to ourselves, our nation, and the world, duties that we do not grudgingly accept but rather seize gladly, firm in the knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining of our character, than giving our all to a difficult task. This is the price and the promise of citizenship. This is the source of our confidence - the knowledge that God calls on us to shape an uncertain destiny. This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed - why men and women and children of every race and every faith can join in celebration across this magnificent mall, and why a man whose father less than sixty

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years ago might not have been served at a local restaurant can now stand before you to take a most sacred oath. So let us mark this day with remembrance, of who we are and how far we have traveled. In the year of America’s birth, in the coldest of months, a small band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the shores of an icy river. The capital was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained with blood. At a moment when the outcome of our revolution was most in doubt, the father of our nation ordered these words be read to the people: "Let it be told to the future world...that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive...that the city and the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet [it]." America. In the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our hardship, let us remember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let us brave once more the icy currents, and endure what storms may come. Let it be said by our children’s children that when we were tested we refused to let this journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we falter; and with eyes fixed on the horizon and God’s grace upon us, we carried forth that great gift of freedom and delivered it safely to future generations.

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