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定语从句与名词性从句的区别


定语从句与名词性从句的区别
湖南科技大学 李婵

区别一.
? 名词性从句中的主语从句、表语从句和宾语从句没有先行词

·同位语从句有先行词词性但在从句中不做成分 hope,answer,fact,belief,News,idea,information,order,conclusion,sugges tion,plan,Truth,thought,doubt,promise,feeling等名词

例句: (1)This is the boy who we are looking for yesterday.

定语从句

(2)The news that they told me excited me.

同位语从句

区别二.
? 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词从句的 功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、 介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能。

·定语从句是由关系代词和关系副词引导的从句,其作用是作定语修饰主 句的某个名词性成分,定语从句分为限定性和非限定性从句两种。

(1)He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man.

定语从句

(2)I remember what you said.

名词性从句

区别三.
? 定语从句和名词性从句的主要区别就在what、that、how、 whether、 if 这几个词中。定语从句中不会用到what、how、whether、if这几个词。 ? 并且that虽然在定语从句中作成分,但在名词性从句中却不作成分只起连 接作用。

练习题
1).I hate people _______ talk much but do little.

A. whose

B. whom C. which

D. who

2). He just does _______ he pleases and never thinks about anyone else.

A. that

B. what

C. which

D. how

3). It shocked me to see ________ my neighbors treated their children. A. why B. whether C. how D. since

4). At that time I had no idea ________ I could hand it to him without being seen.

A. if

B. how

C. which

D. that how

5).She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. A. that B. whether C. if D. when

6). Can you point out ________ two radios are the best
A. which B. what C. that D. whether

THANKS


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