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短文改错 专题一 第1课时 练习



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Passage 1 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出

修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2016· 全 国 卷 Ⅰ )My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live.Though not very big,but the Restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times.Some People even had to wait outside.My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest.Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking.My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time.Instead,he hopes that our business will grow steady. 答案 that My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to where I live.Though not very big, the Restaurant is popular in our area.It is always crowded with customers

had at meal times.Some people even have to wait outside.My uncle tells me that the key honest or to his success is honesty.Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables and high using quality oil are used for cooking.My uncle says that he never dreams the our becoming rich in a short period of time.Instead,he hopes that his business will steady grow steadily.

1.that→where [考查宾语从句的连词用法。由句子结构可知,介词 to 之后为宾 语从句。从句谓语是不及物动词 live。故用 where 引导。] 2.去掉 but 用。] 3.had→ have 在时。] 4.honest→ honesty 当用名词形式。] 5.or→and 关系。] 6.using→used [考查固定短语的用法。be used for“用来做”,为固定短语。] 7.在 dreams 之后加上 of 或 about [考查短语动词。固定短语 dream of/about [考查并列连词的用法。根据句意可知二者之间为并列关系而非选择 [考查名词作表语。由句意“他成功的关键是诚信”可知应 [考查语境中的时态运用。根据上下文语境可知此处要用一般现 [考查从属连词与并列连词。从属连词 though 不可与并列连词 but 连

(doing) sth.的意思是“梦想做某事”。] 8.the→a [考查代词的用法。in a short period of time 为固定词组,意思是“短时 间内”。] 9.our→his [考查冠词的用法。短文介绍了 my uncle 诚信经营餐馆的事情,故将

our 改为 his。] 10.steady→steadily [考查副词的用法。修饰谓语动词用副词。] Passage 2 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2015· 全国卷Ⅰ)When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I think I would be happy there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside.There

the air is clean or the mountains are green.Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization,the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem.The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Much rare animals are dying out.We must found ways to protect your environment.If we fail to do so,we’ll live to regret it. 答案 When I was a child,I hoped to live in the city.I

think I would be happy thought

there.Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in air is clean

countryside.There the

or on the mountains are green.Unfortunately, the development of and with

industrialization,the environment has been polluted.Lots of studies have shown that global warming has already become a very
seriously airs problem.The serious air

we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.

Much rare animals are dying out.We must Many

found your ways to protect environment.If we fail to do so,we’ll live to find our / the

regret it. 题组二 尝试模拟

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下 作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Passage 1 (2016· 河北唐山模拟)It was a year ago when Joshua got a bike for Christmas, but he rode it every day.One morning,he suddenly found the bike gone.Ran to his front yard,he saw a man loading it into his car.He shouted,but the man drive off.As a devoted Christian,he told his dad he real forgave the thief.What’s more,he wanted the thief know he was forgiven.So the next day,he posted the message on a poster-board and put it in the front yard.“To the person who stole my bike:You hurt my feeling.But I am a Christian and I forgive him!” When he left for home the next morning,at the end of the driveway,the bike was back with new brakes. 答案 It was a year ago
when but Joshua got a bike for Christmas, he rode it and that

every day.One morning,he suddenly found the bike gone.

Ran to his front Running
drive off.As a drove

yard,he saw a man loading it into his car.He shouted,but the man

devoted Christian,he told his dad he

real forgave the thief.What’s more,he really
the a

wanted the thief

know he was forgiven.So the next day , he posted

message on a poster-board and put it in the front yard.“To the person who stole my bike:You hurt my left

feeling him .But I am a Christian and I forgive !” When he feelings you

home the next morning,at the end of the driveway,the bike was back

with new brakes. Passage 2 (2016· 黑龙江哈三中测试) Dear Li Hua, I’m familiar to your situation.As computers become more and more popular,

some students cannot help play online games and chatting.It is not only a problem of wasting time,but serious problem for their future!What you should do at first is to find out what make her addicted to computer games.Lack of love from parents?Poor score?Then having a heart-to-heart talk with her.Secondly,you should help herself with her study to build up her confidence and make her interesting in it.Thirdly,find something else for her to do instead computer games.Your efforts will surely help change her life. Yours, Jack 答案 Dear Li Hua, I’m familiar
to with

your situation.As computers become more and more

popular,some students cannot help

play online games and chatting.It is not playing

only a problem of wasting time,but you should do

serious problem for their future!What
make her addicted to computer makes

first is to find out what

games.Lack of love from parents?Poor

score having ?Then a heart-to-heart scores have herself with her study to build up her her

talk with her.Secondly,you should help

confidence and make her

interesting in it.Thirdly,find something else for her to do interested

instead

computer games.Your efforts will surely help change her life. Yours, Jack Passage 3

(2016· 吉林长春调研)Mr.Zhang is sixty years old and had retired.He taught our biology when we were in Grade One.He taught very good.He tried his best to make his classes lively.He usually made good preparations for the lessons and was strict in us.Each time when we made mistakes in our homework,he would ask us to correct it.I was poor in biology.He often helps me with my study patiently.With his help I made great progresses.He was very kind to his students.As experienced teacher,he was respected or loved by all the students. 答案 Mr.Zhang is sixty years old and
had our retired.He taught biology when we has us good .He tried his best to make his classes well in with

were in Grade One.He taught very

lively.He usually made good preparations for the lessons and was strict

us.Each time correct

we made mistakes in our homework,he would ask us to me with my study

it helps .I was poor in biology.He often them helped

patiently.With his help I made great

progresses .He was very kind to his students.As progress
or loved by all the students. and

experienced teacher,he was respected

Passage 4 (2016· 宁夏银川一中月考) Dear Peter, I’m very glad to receive your e-mail asking for information about the host family we have arranged you to stay with. Locating in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood,the house was big enough to enable you to have a room of your own.Apart from the convenient public transportation,our private car will make your visits difficult.Because all the family

members can speak fluently English and have outgoing personalities,I’m sure you will have no trouble to communicating with them.Above all , they hosted the American student last year,through that they gained lots of experience.In addition, the hostess cooking will guarantee you a wonderful chance of tasting delicious Chinese food. Hope you enjoy your stay here. Yours, Li Hua 答案 Dear Peter, I’m very glad to receive your e-mail asking for information about the host

family we have arranged

you to stay with.

Locating was in a beautiful and quiet neighborhood,the house big enough located is

to enable you to have a room of your own.Apart from the convenient public transportation,
our difficult private car will make your visits .Because all the their easy
fluently English and have outgoing personalities,I’m fluent

family members can speak

sure you will have no trouble

communicating with them.Above all,they hosted

the that American student last year,through they gained lots of experience.In which an

addition,the delicious Chinese food.

cooking will guarantee you a wonderful chance of tasting

Hope you enjoy your stay here. Yours, Li Hua

Passage 5 (2016· 陕西五校一模) Dear Friend, As you got up this morning,I watched you and hoped you would talk to me, asked my opinion or thanking me something good that happened in your life yesterday.But I noticed you were too busily.I waited again.When you ran around the house getting ready I knew it would be a few minutes for you to stop and say a hello,but you were too busy.At one point you have to wait fifteen minutes with nothing to do except sitting in a chair.Then I saw you jump to your foot.I thought you wanted to talk to me and you ran to the phone and calling a friend. Love always. Your Friend, Jesus 答案 Dear Friend, As you got up this morning,I watched you and hoped you would talk to me,

asked my opinion or thanking me asking
yesterday.But I noticed you were too

something good that happened in your life

busily .I waited again.When you ran around the busy

house getting ready I knew

it would be a few minutes for you to stop and say there

hello,but you were too busy.At one point you

have to wait fifteen minutes had

with nothing to do except

sitting foot in a chair.Then I saw you jump to your .I sit feet and calling you ran to the phone and a friend. but called

thought you wanted to talk to me Love always.

Your Friend, Jesus



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