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江苏省南京市2014-2015学年度高一第一学期期末学情调研英语试卷(有答案)


南京市 2014-2015 学年度第一学期期末学情调研试卷 高 一 英 语
2015.01 本试卷共 10 页,包含选择题(第 1 题~第 55 题,共 55 题) 、非选择题(第 56 题~第 76 题,共 21 题)两部分。本卷满分为 100 分,考试时间为 100 分钟。
注意事项: 答题前考生务必将学校、姓名、班级、学号写在答题纸的密封线内。每题答案均写在答题 纸上对应题目的答案空格里,不写在试卷上。考试结束,请将答题纸交回。

第一部分

听力 (共两节,满分 15 分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有 1 分半钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题纸上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where are the two speakers? A. In a bookstore. B. In a classroom. C. In a hospital. 2. What might be the woman? A. A student. B. A teacher. C. A researcher. 3. What does the man think the woman should do? A. Relax herself. B. Ask for help. C. Start studying now. 4. What does David want to do in the future? A. He wants to design cars like his father. B. He wants to be as successful as his father. C. He wants to have the same job as his father. 5. Why didn’t the woman attend the party? A. The man forgot to invite her. B. The woman has lost her email address. C. The woman didn’t receive the invitation. 第二节(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does Harry do with his computer? A. Watch films. B. Play guitar. C. Take photos.
高一英语试卷 第 1 页(共 10 页)

7. What is the man’s sister interested in? A. Blog. B. Clothes. C. Video games. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. How to feed different kinds of animals. B. How to escape from dangerous animals. C. Experiences about being chased by animals. 9. Why did the bulls start jumping? A. The man kicked them. B. The man wore something red. C. The man shouted at them. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题 10.What’s wrong with the woman’s car? A. The engine needs to be replaced. B. The wheels need to be replaced. C. The brakes need to be replaced. 11.Why can’t the man get the car back to the woman this afternoon? A. He wants to see a show. B. He has to work on other cars first. C. He doesn’t have the parts he needs. 12. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Take the bus. B. Drive her car carefully. C. Bring her car back tomorrow morning. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。 13.What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. The likes and dislikes of school-age children. B. What happens when kids start school at a later time. C. How food affects children’s thinking. 14.Who carried out the study? A. The speaker. B. The Children’s Research Center. C. The Children’s Sleep Disorders Clinic. 15.What won’t happen to well-rested students? A. They will be happier at school. B. They will learn better in class. C. They will buy more energy drinks.

高一英语试卷 第 2 页(共 10 页)

第二部分

英语知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题 纸上将该项涂黑。 16. The film “Interstellar” describes a team of explorers travelling through a wormhole in order to find a suitable planet A. which B. that ▲ human beings may live in the future. C. when D. where ▲ cultural

17. Foreigners coming to China may have some surprises or embarrassment differences. A. along with B. except for ▲ C. due to

D. in spite of

18. The new project came into effect in 2004, witnessed great changes. A. when B. during which ▲

the education system of China has

C. since then

D. since when

19. It is suggested that when a person careful to have a healthy diet. A. is B. be

under great pressure, he should be especially

C. were

D. was

20. — I have an important meeting this afternoon. I’m afraid I can’t drive you to the airport. — ▲ . Karen said she was available as a back-up. B. No big deal ▲ C. Don’t mention it D. No way

A. What a shame

21. She took John’s address with her A. though B. in case

she had time to see him when she was in London. C. even if D. unless ▲

22. We’re trying to deal with young teenagers who behave badly by channeling their into sport rather than crime. A. force 23. It never 24. ▲ ▲ A. happened B. energy B. appeared C. power C. occurred

D. strength D. seemed

to me that an excellent student like Michael could one day fail in the exam.

on a series of interviews with people about how they discovered their talents, this

new book is fascinating. A. Based B. Basing C. Being based D. To be based

25. The Internet leader is said to have come back from Wuzhen, an ancient town of Zhejiang Province, where he A. would attend ▲ the three-day World Internet Conference. B. is attending C. attends D. had attended

高一英语试卷 第 3 页(共 10 页)

26. ▲

that Ebola virus has caused most serious deaths from EDV (Ebola virus disease),

especially in West Africa. A. As you see B. It is known to all ▲ C. As is known to all D. As is seen

27. We consider it foolish of you to A. carry out

her secret because it will harm your friendship. C. put out D. let out

B. try out

28. — Mike bought a new iPhone 6 yesterday. — ▲ ? That’s the third one he ▲ in the last three months. B. Did he; has bought D. Has he; has bought

A. Had he; bought C. Does he; bought 29. ▲

difficult problems we may come across, we’ll help one another to solve them. B. Whenever C. Wherever ▲ D. Whatever very carefully. D. exam

A. However

30. When the police arrived, they had the scene of the crime A. examing B. examined

C. to examine

第二节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 They will be here in a minute, surely. I’ll just 31 my shoes a little while longer to pass the time. Wish I’d brought a book. Hang on, though, what if I’ve got the wrong day? The wrong place? Have the clocks gone back? No. I’m 32 home. Whoever I’m waiting for clearly lives in a different time zone from me.? I am always 10 minutes early, so if you’re 10 minutes late, I’ve been foot-tapping for 20 minutes. I know it’s not fair to hold the first 10 against you, but I just can’t 33 myself. I 34 wait more than 20 minutes beyond the meeting time we decided upon, not for anyone, ever. OK, that’s not strictly true. I have, on occasion, hung around anxiously and heartbrokenly for up to an hour, but the 35 that follows is never a pretty sight. If you’ve made me wait that long, you will wish you hadn’t bothered 36 at all. 37 some people are always late and some are always on time? If I can manage to be punctual (守时的), why can’t you? Because I 38 a hot cup of coffee at home while you sat down to roll another cigarette. Because I spilled jam on my pants and quickly 39 it off while you took time to change your whole outfit (整套服装). Because I switched off midway through a TV series, but you had to ride out the end, didn’t you? And don’t even think about blaming the 40 . How do you think I got here? By flying carpet? Only 41 or arrogance (傲慢) can 42 a habit of lateness. Some people are always late because they can’t make realistic calculations about how long it takes to do things. There are 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour. Just deal with it.
高一英语试卷 第 4 页(共 10 页)

Painful as it may be, you have to 43 that, as you’ve agreed to meet at eight and it’s now a quarter to, you don’t have time to phone your girlfriend.? Much 44 , though, are those with big egos (自我). Being late is just rude. Being late 45 really means that you hate the person you are meeting. Of course, there are some perfectly lovely latecomers out there. I just never wait long enough to find out. 31. A. clean up B. stare at C. take off D. put on 32. A. back B. at C. off D. from 33. A. support B. keep C. avoid D. help 34. A. always B. never C. often D. seldom 35. A. anger B. sorrow C. disappointment D. feeling 36. A. turning out B. bringing up C. turning up D. bringing out 37. A. What if B. How come C. Whether D. How 38. A. left B. finished C. made D. bought 39. A. took B. dried C. wiped D. washed 40. A. appointment B. clock C. weather D. traffic 41. A. patience B. carelessness C. confidence D. tolerance 42. A. form B. have C. explain D. break 43. A. accept B. receive C. approve D. suffer 44. A. better B. worse C. unhappy D. lucky 45. A. on occasion B. by chance C. on purpose D. by accident

第三部分

阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)

请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并 在答题纸上将该项涂黑。

A

A Dangerous Journey On July 2, 1937, Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan left New Guinea for Howland Island in the Pacific. This was the longest and most dangerous part of their trip around the world. Earhart had trouble shortly after takeoff. The weather was stormy, so she had to fly at 3,000 meters (10,000 feet).
高一英语试卷 第 5 页(共 10 页)

Going this high, the plane used gas quickly. After about twenty hours, Earhart and Noonan approached Howland Island. The island was only about 105 kilometers (65 miles) away, but the bright sun was shining in their faces so they couldn’t see it. Near Howland, a ship, the Itasca, was waiting. Earhart contacted the ship: “Gas is low,” she said. The Itasca tried to maintain contact with her but got no response. Finally, the Itasca called for help. People searched for Earhart and Noonan for days. Despite the searchers’ efforts, they found nothing. Missing! What happened to Amelia Earhart? No one knows for sure. During the flight, she probably headed in the wrong direction because the sun was bright and it was hard to see. So she got lost; soon after, her plane ran out of gas, and she died at sea. Another idea is that she survived the plane crash, swam to an uninhabited (无人居住的) island, and later died there. Still others think she survived the crash and secretly returned to the U.S. with a new identity. Although the first theory seems most likely, none of these ideas has been proven. Today, people are still looking into Earhart’s and Noonan’s disappearance. (Noonan’s body has also never been found.) Whatever happened, Amelia probably died as she wished. “When I go,” she said, “I’d like best to go in my plane.” 46. Why was flying to Howland Island difficult? A. Earhart was sick after takeoff. B. The sun was too bright and shining. C. Their plane was damaged. D. It was very far from New Guinea. 47. Which statement would the writer most probably agree with? A. Amelia’s plane probably ran out of gas and she died at sea. B. It is possible that Fred Noonan killed Amelia Earhart. C. Amelia Earhart probably died on an island in the Pacific. D. Fred Noonan might still be alive today. 48. What does the underlined word “go” in the last paragraph mean? A. fly B. leave C. die D. travel B You’ve seen restaurant reviews in newspapers, or perhaps in magazines or on the Internet. You’ve read those reviews when you wanted to know about the quality and price of the food at a new restaurant. Or maybe you were looking for a restaurant with a certain atmosphere—dark and romantic, bright and cheerful, or modern. But who writes the articles? Who gets paid to eat? Those lucky people are food critics. Food critics are journalists who eat at restaurants and write reviews that give readers the feeling that they have visited the restaurant themselves. The articles almost always include a description of the restaurant, for example, whether it is nicely decorated or has a beautiful view of the ocean. The menu, prices, and service are generally described as well, but a food critic’s main task is to write about the food.
高一英语试卷 第 6 页(共 10 页)

For “foodies”—people who love and study food and cooking—dining is a feast for the senses, not just for the stomach. Food critics may tell readers about the colors of fresh vegetables, the silky texture of a soup, or the rich aroma (芳香) of a perfectly cooked chicken. They will mention whether they were listening to soft music while they ate, or the noises of pots and pans being washed in the restaurant’s kitchen. And most importantly, they will describe the taste of every dish on the table, starting with the appetizer and ending with the dessert. All of this may sound easy enough, but food critics do face some challenges. First, food critics must be excellent writers. Their job is to give accurate information in an entertaining way because newspapers and other publications want the restaurant review to be an enjoyable feature. It is also important for food critics to be very observant (注意观察的) by nature, and to have an excellent memory since taking notes at the table is not something most diners do. And looking like a typical customer is essential for remaining anonymous (匿名的), perhaps the most difficult challenge. Former food critic Ruth Reichl, now editor in chief of Gourmet magazine, used to go to restaurants wearing disguises so that she received the same food and service as any other diner. Despite the challenges, a career as a food critic appeals to many people. Anyone who is thinking about becoming a food critic should start by developing strong writing skills and learning as much about food and cooking as possible. 49. Which of the following would probably NOT be included in a restaurant review? A. A description of a restaurant’s atmosphere. B. Information about a restaurant’s diners. C. Information about a restaurant’s prices. D. A description of a restaurant’s food. 50. Why does the writer mention soft music and the noises of pots and pans washed? A. Because food critics must listen carefully to the waiters. B. Because it’s important for restaurants to use clean dishes. C. Because food critics generally focus on the background music. D. Because the sense of hearing is part of the dining experience. 51. According to the article, why do food critics need to have good memories? A. They don’t want to take notes at the table. B. They have to be very observant. C. They like having a challenging job. D. They don’t like to repeat themselves. 52. Why did Ruth Reichl go to restaurants wearing disguises? A. She wanted to get special food and service. B. She didn’t want others to know she was a food critic. C. She didn’t want to be a typical customer. D. She used an entertaining way to do her job. C When you think of the cinema, the phrase “watching a movie” probably comes to mind, and, in fact, moviemakers work very hard to make their films interesting visually (视觉上). But movies also
高一英语试卷 第 7 页(共 10 页)

contain stories, dialogues, music, and sound effects—things that people don’t need to see in order to enjoy. Movie reviewer Marty Klein has created a website called Blindspots to help visually impaired (损 坏的) people choose movies that they can follow without the help of an assistant to explain what is happening on the screen. Klein gives movies a rating from 1 to 10 based on several factors. A movie receives a high rating if there are only a few main characters whose voices are easy to recognize. Klein also likes an interesting story without too many changes in time and place. A large amount of dialogue between the characters is better than long silences or noisy action scenes. Of course, blind or visually impaired people can enjoy many films with help from a friend who doesn’t mind explaining the parts of a movie that can only be seen. But that means that someone is talking during the movie, which could annoy some audience members. It also means that blind people cannot go to the movies independently. To solve these problems, some movie theaters have begun to offer recorded audio descriptions of the movements, scenery, and special effects that other audience members can see on the screen. Blind moviegoers receive a wireless headset to wear during the movie. This allows them to listen to the narration while still hearing a movie’s music and other sounds that surround them in the theater. Another blind movie reviewer, Jay Forry, writes movie reviews that are published on his website, Blindside Reviews. He also writes for newspapers and is a guest on radio shows. Forry gives movies one of five ratings, including, “So good, blind people will like it” and “I’m glad I couldn’t see it.” Forry became a writer after going blind at the age of 28 and deciding to go to college. His first articles appeared in the college newspaper, and Forry’s writing skills and sense of humor are what keep people reading his reviews or listening to them on the radio. After “watching” The Sixth Sense, Forry commented that he thought the movie was excellent, but that he envied the boy who was the main character: “He had six senses, and I only have four.” 53. What is the main idea of the article? A. Marty Klein and Jay Forry write movie reviews for blind people and help them. B. There are several problems about blind people bringing assistants to the movies. C. Many blind people do not enjoy going to movies for their impaired vision. D. Movie reviews and new technology are making it easier for blind people to enjoy movies. 54. Which movie might receive a good rating from Marty Klein? A. An action film with many fighting scenes. B. A drama that often changes between the past and the present. C. A comedy with four main characters and lots of conversation. D. A space adventure with many explosions and special effects. 55. Why does the writer include this quotation: “He had six senses, and I only have four.”? A. To show Forry’s sense of humor. B. To compare Forry to the boy in the movie. C. To present Forry’s envy of the boy in the movie. D. To recommend the movie The Sixth Sense to readers.

高一英语试卷 第 8 页(共 10 页)

第四部分

词汇检测(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

请根据所给的中文或首字母,在空格处写出一个形式上和语义上均符合要求的单词,并 把该词的完整形式写在答题纸上相应题号的横线处。 56. He was given a gold watch as a r ▲ for his contributions to the company.

57. Nowadays, more and more Chinese people can afford to travel abroad, and France is becoming one of the major d ▲ 58. What a c ▲ for many Chinese tourists.

that she and her best friend were born on the same day in the same month. for national

59. With the help of the natives, almost 6000 square kilometers have been r ▲ forests and parks.

60. He finally gave up literature since he thinks the study of literature is quite s ▲ from real life. 61. Don’t worry! We have ▲ (安排)for a car to pick you up at the airport. ▲ (投入) more time to national news and

62. In the past year, our late-night news program has less time to weather and local news. 63. Although we usually make mistakes, we also have things exactly right. 64. He is unpopular with his classmates because he is so affairs. 65. The captain remained strongly

▲ (鼓舞人的)moments when we get

▲ (好奇的)about other people’s

▲ (乐观的)about the launch of the new ship.

第五部分

课文填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

请根据课文内容及首字母提示,在空格处写出一个形式上和语义上均符合要求的单词,并 把该词的完整形式写在答题纸上相应题号的横线处。 Text 1 Experts suggest that teenagers spend at least 30 minutes e (66) , five times a week. That is easy to do! Walking and riding your bike c (67) , and so do school sports. Often, teenagers give up sport, saying they have no time l (68) after their studies.

Text 2
Three mountains, Meili, Baimang and Haba, which are covered with snow, t (69) over the land. Their snowy mountaintops f (70) a beautiful picture that will leave you at a l (71) for words. Below the mountains, the sunshine reflects on the many lakes, making them shine like diamonds a (72) the rich countryside.
高一英语试卷 第 9 页(共 10 页)

Text 3
We’ll be travelling by camel with local guides, c(73) in tents and sleeping on the ground. I’ve heard that, in the Sahara, there is no s (74) during the day, and the stars seem especially b(75) on clear nights.

第六部分 书面表达(共 1 题,满分 15 分) 76. 请阅读下列两幅图表:

In 2012, Chinese people each read 4.39 books. 11 8 8

Chinese people spent 15 minutes a day reading.

7 4

15min 100min 45min

China

US

France Japan S. Korea

请你根据以上信息,用英语写一篇短文。你的文章应包括以下内容: 1. 简要描述图表所反映的情况。 2. 根据图表内容发表你的看法(至少两点) 。 注意: 1. 不要逐字翻译,可适当发挥。 2. 词数 120 左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。 3. 文中不得提及你所在的学校和你的姓名。 From the charts above we have found ▲ ▲ ▲ ▲

高一英语试卷 第 10 页(共 10 页)

From the charts above we have found that we Chinese read an average of 4.39 books in 2012, falling far behind people in some developed countries. We spent only 15 minutes a day reading, nearly 100 minutes watching TV and about 45 minutes surfing the Internet. To some degree, the change of our lifestyle has resulted in our poor reading habit. However, Francis Bacon once said “Reading makes a full man”, so a good habit and a healthy atmosphere of reading are of great importance for the development of a person and a nation as well. Therefore, public awareness of reading should be increased. Meanwhile, more libraries should be built and more suitable books should be provided for different people. (113words)

高一英语试卷 第 11 页(共 10 页)


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