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英语四六级单词



care about 计较 care for 关心,喜欢 in care of* 由……转交 carry off * 夺去(生命) ,夺得(奖牌) cast light upon* 使人们明白,使真相大白 catch on 理解,受欢迎 catch up 赶上(with) ,把……卷入 cling to* 坚持,依附,粘者 coincide with 与……相符 come off* 发生,举得,成功,脱落 come out 出现,出版,发表,结果是 come round* 苏醒,复员,顺便拜访 come through 经历……仍活着,脱险 come up to 达到,符合 come up with 赶上,提出 consist in 在于 contrary to 与……相反 cope with 处理 count on 依靠,指望 cut sb. short 打断某人 D: deficient in* 缺乏

depend on 依靠,指望 devote to 致力于 do away with * 去掉,废除 drive up * 抬高 1.某些动词后要接不定式 1.某些动词后要接不定式 某些及物动词后只能接不定式作宾语, 其中最常用的动词有 agree, afford, arrange, appear, ask, attempt, care, choose, continue, decide, demand, desire, determine, expect, fail, fear, forget, hate, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, like, love, manage, mean, neglect, offer, plan, prefer, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, regret, remember, seek, tend, try, volunteer, want, wish 等。 What do you plan to do tomorrow? She hated to move from such a nice village. In class teachers should try to get feedback from their students 2.不定式的被动式 2.不定式的被动式

不定式有被动式, 当不定式的逻辑主语是这个不定式所表示的动作的承受者, 不定式要 用被动式,在句中可作主语,宾语,定语,状语,复合宾语等。作定语时,通常表示在谓语 动作后将要发生的动作。

The last question to be discussed today is how to do the job more efficiently.

She preferred to be given more difficult work to do.

3.不定式的完成式 3.不定式的完成式

当不定式的动作发生在谓语动词的动作之前,不定式要用完成式,在句中可作宾语,状 语以及构成复合宾语,复合谓语。

She seemed to have heard about the news already.

He was believed to have been a very rich man.

4.不定式的完成被动式 4.不定式的完成被动式

当不定式的逻辑主语是这个不定式所表示的动作的承受者, 且不定式的动作发生在谓语 动词的动作之前,不定式要用完成被动式,在句中可作主语,宾语或构成复合宾语,复合谓 语。

The forest fire is reported to have been put out last night.

It is supposed to have been finished without referring to any reference books.

5.带逻辑主语的不定式短语 5.带逻辑主语的不定式短语

不定式可以有逻辑主语,其构成形式为“for +代词的宾格(或名词) +不定式”。 带逻 辑主语的不定式短语可在句子中作主语、宾语、表语或状语等。

It is not easy for you to catch up with them in a short time.

I think it better for you to see the doctor.

What we want is for you to understand the matter clearly.

I sent him some pictures for him to see what Paris is like.

6.带疑问词的不定式短语 6.带疑问词的不定式短语

不定式前可以加某些疑问代词,如 who、what、which,或疑问副词,如 when、where、 how、why 等,构成一种特殊的不定式短语,可在句子中作主语、宾语、表语或状语等。

How to improve English is often discussed among the students.

We haven’t decided when to visit the place.

The most difficult thing in learning English is how to speak the language well.

You haven’t answered my question where to get these books.

7.某些动词后的不定式作宾语补足语时,不定式不带 to,这些动词是 feel, have, to, 7.某些动词后的不定式作宾语补足语时, 某些动词后的不定式作宾语补足语时 hear, let, make, notice, see, watch 等。

Suddenly I felt the atmosphere in the room become tense.

I often hear them sing this song.

一,A person needs to wear two things to look great: confidence and a smile. 随身带着这两样东西的人看起来都会很棒:自信和微笑。

二,If you get tired one day,you will see my smile as long as you turn around. 如果有一天,你累了,你疲倦了,只要你一回头,我的笑容就在你面前。

三,I catch myself smiling for no reason, then I realize I was thinking about

you. 我莫名其妙地笑了,原来只因为想到了你。 四,Don't go for looks;they can deceive. Don't go for wealth; even that fades away. Find the one that makes your heart smile. 不要只追求漂亮的外表,它会欺骗你的眼睛;不要只追求财富,那只不过是过眼云烟;追寻 那个让你内心微笑的人。

五,To love someone,it is not because of the convenience he or she provides,but the visible growth of yourself in him or her. 喜欢一个人,不是因为他或她能提供哪些方便,而是在他或她身上,可以看见自己的成长。

六,Whatever you do,remember that you do it for yourself,then you will not complain. 无论做什么,记得是为自己而做,那就毫无怨言。



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