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Unit



Unit 4

Earthquakes
Reading (Period 2)

1

Difficult sentences
1. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. 2. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 3. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.

Difficult sentences
4. It seemed as if the world was at an end! 5. The number of people who were killed or seriously injured reached more than 400,000. 6. All hope was not lost.

1. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. 农夫们注意到,水井的井壁上有深深地裂缝。 (句型:notice that… 接宾语从句,“注意…” 之意)
e.g. 观众们注意到,孙杨的眼里有幸福的泪水。 The audience noticed that Sun Yang had ______________________________________ happy tears in his eyes. ______________________________________

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2. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 农家大院里的鸡,甚至猪都紧张得不想进食。 (句型:too… too…,“太…而不…”之意)
e.g. 高考前,学生们甚至家长都紧张得不想说 话。 Before the College Entrance Exam, the ______________________________________ students and even their parents were too ______________________________________ nervous to say a word. _____________________________

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3. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night. 但是唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些 情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。
Who thought little of these events是由 who 引导的非限定性定语从句,用来说明先 ______ 行词 the one million people of the city,就其 意义来说,在句中相当于一个并列句。
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4. It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日! (句型:It seems as if/as though that, ―似 乎,好像…‖之意)
e.g. 看来中国队好像要赢得比赛了 It seems as if Chinese team will win the ______________________________________ game. ______________________________________

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5. The number of people who were killed or

seriously injured reached more than 400,000.

死伤的人数达到了40多万。 (句型: the number of,“…的数量”之意,谓语 动词用单数;who were killed or seriously injured ,定语从句,修饰people; reach, “达到” 之意)

e.g. 想要参加露营的人数达到了一百。 The number of people who want to go ______________________________________ camping reaches 100. ______________________________________
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5. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 (句型:all…not = not all…并非都……,all, both, always, every及every的合成词与not 连用是表部分否定)
e.g. 不是所有发光的都会是金子。 All that shines will not gold. /Not all ______________________________________ that shines will be gold. ______________________________________

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Language points
1.摇晃 2.马上 3.上升 4.发臭的 5.爆发 6.事件 7.似乎 8.结束

shake right away rise smelly burst event as if at an end

9.成废墟 10.受伤 11.震惊 12.大量 13.囚困 14.想知道 15.挖掘 16.埋葬

in ruins injury shock a number of trap wonder dig out bury

1. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away.
? shake [vi/vt] (shook, shaken) shake hands with sb. shake one’s head over/at sth. e.g. 特朗普和希拉里握手。 Trump shook hands with Hilarie. _____________________________________ e.g. 然而,希拉里摇头否定特朗普的观点。 However,Hilarie shook her head over _____________________________________ Trump’s ideas. _____________________________________
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2. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away.
? right away: at once; immediately ? right now: at this very moment e.g. 你应该马上送他到医院去。 You should send him to the hospital right away ____________. 此刻你得去叠被子。 right now Make up your bed _________.
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3. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell.
? rise: 升起;上升[不能用于被动语态] (rose, risen) ? raise: 举起;使升起;提高[可用于被动语态] rose from his chair when the e.g. He _____ door bell rang. raising chickens. Her job is _______ rising Her temperature is still ______. has risen in rank recently. She ________
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4. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. ? smelly (adj.) 发臭的 smell+y=adj. wind— windy dream— dreamy ice— icy health— healthy wealth– wealthy ? smell [n./v.] 发臭 (smelt/smelled) e.g. They were all hungry and the food smelt good. ______ smelly fish away. Please throw the _______

5. …the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. ? burst: to come open or fly apart suddenly burst into+ n. burst out+ doing burst e.g. The balloon suddenly ________. burst into that house. Some robbers __________

? burst: to come open or fly apart suddenly burst into+ n. burst out+ doing burst out e.g. They __________ laughing. burst into laughter. =They __________ Hearing the news that her son died in burst into tears. the quake, she __________ Hearing the news that her son died in burst out the quake, she __________ crying.

6. event (n.) 重要的,不同寻常的事件; 事先安排好的演出,赛事,聚会 e.g. 离开家是他人生中一件非同寻常的大事。 Leaving home was a major event in his life. _______ The county sports meeting was an event important _______.

6. event (n.) 重要的,不同寻常的事件; 事先安排好的演出,赛事,聚会

in any/either event = at all events 不管怎样, 无论如何; in the event 结果, 到头来; in the event of sth/in the event that … 万一, 假如发生??的情况; field event 田赛项目 track event 径赛项目 three-day event 三日马术赛。如:

7. It seemed as if the world was at an end.

? as if
① 在表语从句中相当于 that : e.g. 看起来会议没完没了。 It seemed as if the meeting would never __________________________________ end. _____ It seemed that the meeting would never =__________________________________ end. ____

7. It seemed as if the world was at an end.

? as if
② 似乎,好像= as though: e.g. 她和我说话的神情,好像她早就认识我似 的。 She spoke to me as if she knew me. __________________________________

8. It seemed as if the world was at an end.

? at an end 结束
e.g. 战争结束了。 The war was at an end. ______________________________ 我必须告知你,我的洪荒之力用完了。 I must tell you that my fantastic ______________________________ power is at an end. ______________________________

8. It seemed as if the world was at an end.
? at the end of 在…的末尾 ? by the end of 到…为止 ? in the end 最后,终于 ? come to an end 完结

The cold weather at last stopped at the end of March. ____________ Our hunt for a cheaper but larger house at an end is at last ________. If you go on with work, you’ll succeed in the end _________. How many English words had you learned by the end of last term? ____________

9. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. ? ruin (n.)废墟; (v.)毁坏,毁掉 ruined (adj.) 毁坏的,破败不堪的 in ruins 成废墟,垮掉 e.g. This earthquake left the whole town in ruins ________. ruined his life. This illness has ________ When we got there, we saw a ruined castle. _______

辨析: damage, ruin, destroy
①damage指部分‖损坏‖、‖损害‖、‖破坏‖或指使 用价值有所降低。它可以用作动词, 也可以用作 名词, 用作名词时常与to something连用。如: The accident did a lot of damage to his car. ②destroy只能用作动词,指彻底破坏, 以致不可 能修复,常作‖破坏‖、‖毁灭‖解,也可以指希望、 计划等打破。 The earthquake destroyed almost the whole town. 24

③ ruin则表示破坏严重,以致不能修复,但 这种破坏不像destroy那样毁灭某物,而是强 调致使该物的使用价值发生了问题。用作动 词时,它作 ―使毁灭‖、 ―使崩溃‖、 ―弄糟‖ 解;用作名词时,它表示 ―毁灭‖、 ―瓦解‖、 ―废墟‖等抽象概念。 The fire ruined the castle. The house has fallen into ruin. The company is facing ruin.
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10. Two-thirds of the people died or were injured during the earthquake. ? injure (v.) 损害,伤害 injury (n.) 受伤 injured (adj.) 受伤的 the injured 伤者,伤员 e.g. He suffered serious _______ injuries to the arms and legs. injured are still in a Many of the _______ serious condition.

11. People were shocked.

? shock (n.) 打击,震惊 (v.) 使震惊 shocking (adj.) 使人震惊的
e.g. The news of his wife’s death was a shock terrible _______ to him. shocked by his rudeness. I was _______ His failure in the exam was _______ shocking to his parents.

12. Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping. ? a number of 几个,若干 a great/good number of 许多,大量 the number of ……的数量

A number of students are planting e.g. ___________ trees on the hill.
A great number of to his parents. ________________ The number of trees planted in our _____________ village is never under 200 every year.

13. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins.
? trap (v.) 困住,使陷于困境;诱骗 trap sb. into doing sth. 诱拐某人做某 (n.) 圈套,陷阱;计谋 set a trap 设置陷阱

e.g. I was trapped into ______ telling a lie.
trap to catch the The police set a ______ thief.

trap the sun’s heat? How can you ______

14. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last. ? wonder (v.) 想知道 It is no wonder (that)= No wonder (that) 难怪…… e.g. –Tom often works deep into the night every day. No wonder he always gets first in - ___________ the examinations.

15. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. ? bury (v.) 埋葬;沉浸 bury oneself in = be buried in devote oneself to = be devoted to e.g. The dog _________ the bone in the buried ground. buried in my studies. I _________ myself ____

Exercise (Page 28) It was a frightening night. The dam cracked and then _____ burst under the weight of the water. The water went all over the fields destroyed quite a few villages along and _________ ruins the river. Some buildings were in ______ trapped at the and some farmers were _________ top of their houses. The water filled the wells Dead bodies and canals and the _____. injured animals were seen everywhere. _______ shocked but they had to People were _______, bury ______ the dead bodies for health reasons. It was a very sad time.

Thank you



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