惠安高级中学 2016 级高二（上）英语周练八
完成时间：40 分钟 满分：70+10 分 By Zhang Jinfeng 2017/12/10
一：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） As is known to all, plants normally grow in soil. However, soil is not always 1 . To solve the problem, people grow plants using a liquid nutrient solution (营养液) instead of soil. This 2 is called hydroponics (水栽法). Today, hydroponics is becoming more popular all over the world. But the idea is not 3 . People have been growing plants in water for thousands of years. 4 , the ancient Aztecs made floating islands to grow crops. Egyptians also have historical records of growing plants in 5 . Modern hydroponics can be both simple and complex. There is a good chance you practice hydroponics without even 6 it. Have you ever taken a cutting of a plant and stuck it in a glass of water 7 roots grew? People in some countries often 8 hydroponic vegetables. Large hot house businesses use advanced hydroponic techniques to9 vegetables for the market. The basic ideas are the same: growing plants without the use of 10 . Hydroponics has several 11 . First, larger amounts of crops can be produced. Over the years, farmers have found that it can help 12 the production of crops. Another 13 thing is that hydroponics uses much less water than traditional methods. Some people also say that hydroponic vegetables are of higher quality. But the system’s disadvantages do 14 . For a farm, hydroponic systems are generally 15 . Farmers will spend a lot of money setting up a new system. To keep the systems 16 , they have to spend more. 17 , plants are more likely to get sick. 18 move quickly since the plants share nutrient solutions. Another 19 of hydroponics is that the energy costs are high. 20 growing systems use the sun’s energy, but hydroponic plants use oil-based energy. 1. A. cheapB. commonC. available D. important 2. A. method B. idea C. situation D. truth
3. A. simple B. new C. clear D. old 4. A. Of course B. In addition C. As a result D. For example 5. A. sand B. waterC. space D. land 6. A. seeing B. dreaming C. realizing D. doubting 7. A. till B. sinceC. when D. if 8. A. store B. orderC. importD. buy 9. A. sell B. provideC. find D. choose 10. A. soil B. liquid C. light D. air 11. A. aspects B. advantagesC. stepsD. purposes 12. A. changeB. guide C. keep D. improve 13. A. well-known B. surprisingC. good D. obvious 14. A. vary B. spreadC. stay D. exist 15. A. difficult B. ordinaryC. helpful D. expensive 16. A. running B. developing C. moving D. driving 17. A. However B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Besides 18. A. Deaths B. Mistakes C. Diseases D. Accidents 19. A. result B. shortcomingC. question D. difference 20. A. Scientific B. Previous C. Traditional D. Perfect 二. 单句语法填空。（15 分） 1. I left the meeting feeling anxious, and ________ (certain) about what to do next. 2. The girl went further into the room, drawn by the ________ (warm) of the fire. 3. Let’s take a walk in the garden. The air there is filled with the ________ (sweet) of roses. 4. War has made life almost ________ (bear) for those remaining in the capital. 5. My parents thought it ________ (normal) for a boy to be interested in ballet. 6. They failed to appreciate the true ________ (significant) of these discoveries. 7. The police did a(n) ________ (admire) job in keeping the fans calm. 8. He refused to talk about his family’s ________ (suffer) during the war.
9. Everyone has to go to the movie, you _____ (include). 10. _____ (gradual)， the children began to understand. 11. Our holiday plans are still _____ (certain). What about yours? 12. _____ (walk) along the street, she ran across her old friend. 13. That white building _____ (build) last year is a museum. 14. The rules were seen as a restriction ________ personal freedom. 15. I know he feels upset, and I can relate ________ that.
惠安高级中学 2017 年高二（上）英语周练三答题卡
Class_____________ Name___________ NO.___________ Score___________ 一、 (30 分） 1-5______________________ 11-15_____________________ 二（15 分） 1____________ ２_____________ ３___________ ４ ___________ ５____________ ６_____________７_____________８_____________ ９_____________１０____________、11____________ 1３___________ 1４ ___________ 1５__________ 1２_____________ 6-10__________________ 16-20_________________
三：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
This afternoon my school held an English-spoken contest named “Challenging the Future”. The students who is excellent at English take part in the contest. I just went there as listener. I got a lot of from their speeches. From their speeches, I learned all of them had made fully use of the present time and conditions to prepare for the future and used known factors (因素) to challenge unknown one. From this I realized that we shouldn’t waste our present time and shouldn’t put off that can be done today until tomorrow. So I will no long waste my present time. I am going to study hard and making good preparations for my future.
四. 根据括号内的提示翻译下面句子。（15 分） 1. 很明显，他不愿意回答那个问题。 1. It _______ ______ that he_______________ answer the question.
2. 他们在治疗癌症方面取得了重大突破。 They_______________________________ in the treatment of cancer. 3. 彼得渴望见见史密斯先生。 Peter _____ _______ ______ _____Mr.Smith.
4. 既然约翰来了，我们就可以开始了。 _________ _________ John’s arrived, we can begin. 五 选做题 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
Though great progress has made in science these years, there are still many people lived in poor conditions. They make their living by collecting and selling used thing. Their children cannot go to school because they have no enough money to send their children to there. Why you think so many people still suffer from poverty now? The answer lies on the population explosion. A president of a developing country once said: “It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we used to produce child without limit.” Although these few words sound simple enough, but they have clear pointed out one of the causes of the population explosion.
41-45 CABDB 46-50 CADBA 51-55 BDCDD 56-60 ADCBC 短文改错： 71. ... English-spoken contest ... English-spoken → English-speaking 72. ... who is excellent ... is → are 73. ... take part in ... take → took 74. ... as listener. listener 前加 a 75. ... got a lot of ... 去掉 of 76. ... made fully use of ... fully → full 77. ... unknown one. one → ones 78. ... that can be done ... that → what 79. ... will no long ... long → longer 80. ... making good preparations ... making → make
was apparentwas unwilling to have made a great breakthrough is eager to meet Now that
【参考答案】2. Though great progress has∧ made in science these years, there been are still many people lived in poor conditions. They make their living living by collecting and selling used thing. Their children cannot go to school things because they have not enough money to send their children tothere.
Why∧ you think so many people still suffer from poverty now? do The answer lieson the population explosion. A president of a developing
in country once said: “It isus who are to blame for the poverty because we used to we producechild without limit.” Although these few words sound simple enough, children but they have clear pointed out one of the causes of the population explosion.