1．告别 考点：See you. Take care. 难点：See you.告别时用语，同 Good-bye。但有别于 You see，你知道。 如：You see, everything has two sides.而 Take care 也是道别是用语，但表示“多保重”。 真题：—It’s getting late. I’m afraid I must be going now. —OK.____. A. Take it easy B. Go slowly C. Stay longer D. See you 2．介绍 考点：Nice/ Pleased/ Glad to see/meet you. Nice meeting you 难点：Nice to meet you.初次见面时的礼貌语。Nice meeting you.初次见面后的告别语。 真题：—Let me introduce myself. I’m Albert. —___. A. What a pleasure B. It’s my pleasure C. Pleased to meet you D. I’m very pleased 3．感谢和应答 感谢：Thank you. Thanks. It’s very kind /nice of you. 回答：Not at all. It’s/That’s all right. You’re welcome. It’s a pleasure. My pleasure. That’s OK. Don’t mention it. 难点：My pleasure 同 It’s a pleasure 是感谢应答语，译作“不用谢”。而 With pleasure 是请 求应答语，译作“乐意效劳，非常愿意” 真题：—It’s been a wonderful evening. —Thank you. ____. A. My pleasure B. I’m glad to hear that C. No, thanks D. It’s OK 4．道歉、遗憾和应答 道歉：What a pity/shame. I’m sorry. 应答：It’s /That’s all right. It doesn’tmatter. Never mind. Forget it. That’s OK. 难点：“Forget it.”共有三种意义： ①休想，不可能。You expect Tom to come earlier.Forget it, he always comes late. ②没关系，别在意。I’m terribly sorry for having broken your mirror.Forget it. ③别提它了，表不原重复所说之话。What were you saying just now? I didn’t hear. Oh, nothing, forget it. Get it. 明白了 Make it. 干成，做成 Take it. 拿去吧 真题：—I’m sorry I’m calling you so late. —___Okay. A.This is B.You’re C.That’s D. I’m 5．请求、允许和应答 请求：May /Can /Could I…? Would /Do You mind…? 应答： （肯定） Yes/Sure/Certainly. Yes,please. Of course(not), you may/can. Take your time. Yes, help yourself. Go ahead, please. Not at all. That’s OK /all right. Not in the least. Not a bit. （否定）I’d rather you didn’t. You’d better not. I’m sorry you can’t. 难点：①Take it easy.安慰对方不要生气、紧张不安。②Take your time.同 no hurry，安慰
对方不要急， 慢慢来。 ③Sure, go ahead.当然可以， 干吧、 做吧、 说吧等。 ④Yes, help yourself. 同意对方使用， 让对方自己动手取。 ⑤Not in the least.一点也不， —I hope you don’t mind 如： my turning on the radio. —Not in the least. 真题：— Can I look at the menu for a few more minutes before I decide? —Of course. ______, sir. A. Make yourself at home B. Enjoy yourself C. It doesn’t matter .D. Take your time 6．祝愿、祝贺和应答 祝愿：Good luck! Enjoy yourself! Have fun! Congratulations. 应答：Thank you. The same to you. You, too. 难点：①Well done!干得好，真棒！用以赞扬对方做得好。②Congratulations！祝贺对方已 取得成功。③Good luck!祝愿对方交好运，反语为 Bad luck!或 Just my luck!④Have fun!祝 愿对方玩得开心，同 Enjoy yourself. 7．打电话 考点：Is that … speaking? Hold on,please. Just a minute, please. Hello, who is it/that (speaking)? Hello, this is … speaking. There’s no Pippa here. Speaking. 难点：指对方时用指示代词 that/it。指说话者本人时用指示代词 this。打电话用语还有： Are you there?你还在接听吗？Suppose you ring me up.你给我打电话好吗？ 真题：—Good morning ,Grand Hotel. —Hello, I’d like to book a room for the nights of the 18th and 19th. —_____. A. What can I do for you? B. Just a minute, please C. What’s the matter? .D. At your service 8．就餐 考点：Help yourself to some… I’m full, thank you. Just a little, please. Yes, I’d like a drink. Yes, sir? 难点：Yes，sir?是应答语，用于应答呼唤或表示在关注倾听对方，不必作出回答，可译 作语气词”哎”。而 What?则表对方介绍一种情况，说话者觉得难已置信，希望对方重复部 分内容，译作”啥”. 真题：—Waiter! —_____. —I can’t eat this. It’s too salty. A. Yes, sir? B. What? C. All right ? D. Pardon? 9．提醒注意 考点：Mind your step/ head! Wet floor!、Look out!、Be careful!、Don’t touch!、Take care! 难点：Look out!警告对方有危险。Take care 警告对方做事要小心，还可作道别时用语， 译为“请多保重”。与 look 相关的交际用语还有：Just have a look.随便看看 Look what you’ve done!看看你干了些什么！ 真题：—____for the glass! —It’s OK. I’m wearing shoes. A. Look out B. Walk out C. Go out D. Set out 10．请求和应答 请求：Can/Could/ Would you please…?
应答：No/ Less noise, please. What for? 难点：与 what 相关的交际应语： What for?相当于 Why?表“为什么”，还可表示“为何”。 Guess what!表示“你猜猜发生了什么事?”，用于说出令人感到惊讶的事情前。 What’s up?表示“What’s happening?”译作：有啥事？ So what?表示“是……又怎么样”、”那有什么了不起”、“与我有什么关系”。 What’s wrong?表焦虑。 What a shame!表遗憾。 What is it?表示“是什么”。 What about…?表劝告或建议。 What a surprise!表惊讶。 真题：—Susan, will you please go and empty that drawer? —______. A. What for B. What is it C. How is it D. How come 11．同意和不同意 同意：Certainly/Sure/Of course/Exactly. No problem. Yes, please. Yes, I think so. All right/OK. It’s a good idea. Sounds good. I couldn’t agree more. I will. With pleasure. Sure, go ahead. Yes, help yourself. I dare say. I should think so. If you like, Why not? So it is. 不同意：No. I don’t think so. I’m afraid not. No way. Far from it. Forget it. No chance. 难点：①No way.没门儿。②No chance.决不可能，即说话者确信某事不可能发生。③I couldn’t agree more.我非常赞成或我再同意不过了。 比较级用于否定句中表最高级。 又如： It can’t be better/worse. ④Far from it.远不是， 差得远呢， 表远非达到某种程度。 如： —Do you think he is a good worker? —Far from it.⑤I will.表允诺、 同意， 译作“我会的”。 —Do 如： you remember me to your wife? —I will.⑥I should think so.表强烈赞成，译作“当然”。⑦I should think not.与之相反，译作“当然不”。如：—I’m not going out tonight. —I should think not, you’re always busy. 真题：—I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her. —______. It was her fault. A. No way B. Not possible C. No chance D. Not at all 12．肯定和不肯定 考点：Perhaps/Maybe. It’s hard to say. I have no idea. It depends. It’s up to you. No chance. Not as far as I know. That’s right. 难点：①It depends.视情况而定，表目前尚不确定，待情况发展而定。I have no idea.不清 楚、 不知道， 表说话者对此事不曾知晓。 如： —Has Bob finished his homework? —I have no idea.②It’s up to you.你看着办吧， 表说话者无所谓或无权作出决定， 靠对方自己作出决定。 真题：—How often do you eat out? —_____, but usually once a week. A.Have no idea B.It depends C.As usual D.Generally speaking 13．意愿和预见 考点：I hope so /not. I would rather not tell you. I believe so /not. I guess so/ not.
难点：I (don’t) guess/believe/think/suppose so/not.但不可说 I don’t hope so. 真题：—You haven’t lost the ticket, have you? —_____.I know it’s not easy to get another one at the moment. A. I hope not B. Yes ,I have C. I hope so D. Yes ,I’m afraid so 14．表扬和鼓励 考点：Well done/Good work! Come on! You can do it! You’re doing fine! 难点：Come on!有多种意义：①表敦促，译作“快点”。②表鼓励、煽动，译作“加油，打 呀，高兴点”等。③了解对方所说的不是事实，译作“别逗了，算了吧”。如：Oh, come on, nobody will believe you. 真题：—Now, where is my purse? —____!We’ll be late for the picnic. A. Take your time B. Don’t worry C. Come on D. Take it easy 15．高兴 考点：That’s nice/wonderful/great/lovely! How nice/wonderful! I’m glad/pleased /happy to… 难点：I’m glad to hear that.此句是考查热点，表高兴或喜悦。如：—I had a really good weekend at my uncle’s. —Oh, I’m glad to hear that. 真题：—Guess what! I came across an old friend at the party last night. —_____.I’m sure you had a wonderful time. A. Sounds good! B.Very well. . C. How nice! .D.All right 16．惊奇 考点：Really? Guess what! Oh dear! How come? what? What a surprise! No wonder. 难点：①Guess what!“你猜猜发生了什么事！”用于说出令人感到惊讶的事情前。②What? 则表对方介绍一种情况，说话者觉得难以置信，希望对方重复部分内容。③No wonder. 表因果，前一原因导致后来结果，译作“难怪，不足为奇”。④How come ?“怎么会呢？” 表惊讶。 如：—How come you are still here? —I thought you had left. ⑤How’s that?询问对 方是否满意，译作“怎么样？”。如：Come up! How’s that? Can you see it clearer now?还表 示“那是怎么回事？”。如：I’m sorry I can’t go with you. How’s that? Haven’t we fixed it? 真题：—Brand was Jane’s brother! —_____he reminded me so much of Jane! A.No doubt B.Above all C. No wonder D.Of course