2016 届高三南京市六校联考调研测试 英语试卷
命题人：高曙光、 郁小燕、钦锋；审核人：钦锋 注意事项： 1、本试卷共分两部分，第Ⅰ卷为选择题，第Ⅱ卷为非选择题。 2、所有试题的答案均填写在答题纸上，答案写在试卷上的无效。 第I卷 （三部分，共 85 分） 2015.12
第一部分 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分)
第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Who is the man? A. A student. B. A salesman. C. A policeman. 2. What does the woman want to do? A. Cancel the meeting. B. Change the time of the meeting. C. Skip the meeting. 3. What do we know about the man? A. He has never been across the ocean. B. He does not understand what the woman means. C. He likes mathematics a lot. 4. What kind of job would the woman prefer? A. Any job with a high salary. B. An average job with a nice salary. C. An exciting job with an average salary. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. The weather. B. What happened last night. C. Sleeping problems. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。
6. What is special about the meal? A. The amount of food. B. The price of food. C. The kind of food. 7. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Try a dessert. B. Try his favorite meat. C. Eat as much as possible. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What did the man ask the woman to do? A. Take a break. B. Take more pictures. C. Show him the photos. 9. Why did the man complain? A. The beach was dirty. B. There were no pictures of him. C. The weather was bad. 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The woman is very selfish. B. The man will copy his pictures into his PC. C. The speakers are on vacation. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Why does the man wish to break up with his girlfriend? A. She is not as pretty as she once was. B. They don’t get along well. C. He will move soon. 12. What does the woman think of the matter? A. The man should not take the job. B. The man might be reasonable. C. The man should maintain this relationship. 13. How does the man think his girlfriend will feel at his decision? A. Sad. B. Calm. C. Happy. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What is the woman looking for? A. Some saucepans. B. Some frying pans. C. Some plates. 15. When did she first see them? A. This morning. B. Yesterday. C. Some days ago. 16. What did the man ask the woman to do?
A. Have a look at the window display. B. Check all the kitchenware in stock. C. Describe the item she wanted. 17. How might the woman feel in the end? A. Disappointed. B. Excited. C. Surprised. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What happened to the elderly gentleman? A. He got stuck in the doors of the train. B. He missed the train. C. He was seriously injured on the train. 19. What do we know about the gentleman’s wife? A. She was in great panic. B. She cried for help. C. She remained calm. 20. Who offered to help solve the problem? A. The speaker and two other men. B. The conductor. C. Nobody. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C 及 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. Jack Ma, the founder and chairman of China’s Alibaba Group, has a $28.6 billion fortune, ______making him the richest person in China. A. it B. one C. that D. which 22. There’s something in what you said, but nothing can _______ your speaking ill of him behind his back. A. confirm B. identify C. justify D. prove 23. Nancy isn’t gifted at music in a sense, yet her diligence has more than ______ her lack of gift. A. accounted for B. compensated for C. catered for D. bid for 24. —So Jack failed to be admitted by his dream university and is feeling quite depressed these day. —It serves him right. I __________ him more than once to take his study seriously. A. reminded B. have reminded C. had reminded D. have been reminding 25. As hard as the answer might be ________, the iPhone in your pocket uses more electricity than the refrigerator in your kitchen. A. believing B. believed C. to believe D. to be believed 26. To be honest, I am not the person deserving the honor; it should be given to _____ we think has made the greatest contribution. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 27. Eventually, Vardy fulfilled his dream of becoming a professional soccer player, ______ he
aimed to be at an early age. A. where B. which C. who D. what 28. At the summit, Xi Jin-ping points out that the Sino-US relations are bound to enjoy a bright future _______ the two influential powers make joint efforts. A. given that B. considered that C. provided that D. supposed that 29. — What surprised me was that she ________ have told him our confidential plan. — I think she didn’t mean to; perhaps it just slipped out. A. must B. should C. might D. could 30. I'm _________ to hear that Bob's asked Susan to marry him. They're both my good friends and I've always thought they were made for each other. I know they'll be very happy together. A. green with envy B. feeling blue C. tickled pink D. white as a sheet 31. The new product is beyond all praise and has quickly taken over the market _________ its superior quality. A. it terms of B. by virtue of C. on behalf of D. on top of 32. In this example, we will use the most ________ method of all -- writing our object reference to a file that will be picked up by our client. A. abrupt B. ambiguous C. straightforward D. arbitrary 33. _____ that no effort can be spared to deal with it, or it will be too late. A. Such gravity is the problem B. Such grave problem is it C. So grave a problem it is D. Such is the gravity of the problem 34． The marking strategy ______ the old, though well organized, turn out to be a complete failure. A. targeting at B. targeted at C. having targeted D. to target 35. —Do you mind if I use your bike? —Of course not．_______________. A．Sounds great B．Never mind C．Forget it D．Be my guest 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I looked at my beautiful Christmas tree and sighed. The New Year was a week old and my tree 36 stood in the corner of our room with its collection of memories proudly 37 in a shower of colorful lights. I’d 38 long enough. I got up, went to the 39 and dragged the boxes into the room. The garland (花环) was the first to 40 . I took the large ornaments (装饰物) off next. They 41 a large pile on our bed. An hour later, our bed was covered with Christmas memories. I prepared the boxes and 42 placed ornaments in their protective packaging, pausing every few minutes to 43 a favorite. “Hey, little Santa!” I held the Santa from my childhood. “Thanks for being my friend for almost fifty years.” He was a little 44 but still gives me a flood of wonderful memories. There was a collection of handmade ones my children made in their first years of school more than twenty years ago. They are 45 perfect in design, but every year they go on my memory tree. A few hours after I started, the 46 boxes were back in the garage, the room was 47 and I sat staring at the corner. It took me two days of work to 48 my tree, but only a few hours
to take it apart. My tree is a good marriage or a great friendship. 49 the tree, they take a long time to decorate with memories, but can be torn down 50 .What once stood proudly in the glow of love comes tumbling down and all it 51 is an unkind word or a thoughtless act. Every year I have to put my tree away, but not my marriage or friendships. They get to glow in the corner of my life for 52 I live. I get to analyze my tree and find memories for a few weeks every year. I can do the same with the loves in my life every day. When I held the Santa, a flood of wonderful memories 53 . The same happens when I hold my wife or see the smile of a friend across the room. 54 your friendships and your marriage. Once they come down, they aren’t as easy to put back together as a Christmas tree, if 55 . Stand them in that special spot in the corner of your heart and admire their glow. 36. A. already B. even C. still D. yet 37. A. maintained B. displayed C. collected D. located 38. A. complained B. suffered C. postponed D. missed 39. A. courtyard B. basement C. storehouse D. garage 40. A. come down B. break up C. fade away D. stand out 41. A. covered B. made C.lay D. occupied 42. A. cautiously B. casually C. randomly D. desperately 43. A. spot B. witness C. evaluate D. admire 44. A. ragged B. ugly C. dull D. rigid 45. A. free of B. far from C. away from D. close to 46. A. abandoned B. aged C. filled D. increased 47. A. clean B. empty C.orderly D. quiet 48. A. choose B. equip C. decorate D. furnish 49. A. As for B. Similar to C. Contrary to D. Along with 50. A. quickly B. carelessly C. directly D. suddenly 51. A. proves B. lacks C. means D. takes 52. A. as far as B. as long as C. as soon as D. as much as 53. A. recovered B. returned C. remained D. repeated 54. A. Share B. Preserve C. Cherish D. Pursue 55. A. in all B. above all C. at all D. after all 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It’s often interesting to take a look at some of the lists that arrive toward the end of the year such as top devices, best gadgets, most desirable high-tech gift and more. Apart from cell phones and tablets, and Apple and Samsung products, this year many other gadgets made it on the most wanted list from Yahoo Tech and the most searched list from Bing. com. Read on to find out what they are. Wireless headphone Portable Bluetooth headphones represent the next evolution in headphone technology. If you have a compatible smartphone with Bluetooth, the obvious benefit is that you can get rid of the wires
snaking from your backpack or pocket. Many of the wireless headphones in the market also have a built-in microphone for taking calls hands-free. Product to buy: Beats Studio Wireless Features: Signature look, and powerful audio performance with intense bass and high-mid boosting, plus plenty of accessories. Price: 1898 yuan Smartwatch The primary advantage of a smartwatch over traditional watches is that they reduce how often you have to pull your phone out of your pocket. With it, the information on your smartphone goes straight to your wrist, and you can decide first if they are worth dealing with. Product to buy: Pebble smartwatch Features: Understated design, with easy setup and instant information, and customizable watch faces, plus synes（同步）with Android or IOS. Price: $99 (about 612 yuan) Portable Bluetooth speaker Bluetooth speakers are steadily growing in popularity because they let you take the party anywhere. They can be paired with your music device, and they are able to withstand incidental bumps. Though small in size, Bluetooth speakers provide a steady soundtrack for even the lengthiest bacchanalia (狂欢)。 Product to buy: Logitech UE Boom Features: Water and stain resistant, 360-degree sound, 15 hour battery life, with a variety of color patterns. Price: 1499 yuan Fitness band Basically, fitness bands are smartwatches without the watch. They keep track of your exercise progress and, at the same time, allow you to monitor vitals such as your heart rate, calories burned and amount of time spent exercising. Some even monitor your sleep patterns. Product to buy: Fitbit Flex Features: Long battery life (five days), with silent vibrating alarm, and wireless syncing to smartphones. Price: 898 yuan 56. How much money is he likely to spend on some of the products if a man is an enthusiastic musical fan? A. 2510 yuan B. 3397 yuan C. 2397 yuan D. 1510 yuan 57. Which of the following statements is Not True according to the passage? A. Tablets are on the most wanted list of high-tech products of this year B. Beats Studio Wireless features plenty of accessories. C. Smartwatch and Fitness band are similar products to some extent. D. All the products can sync with Android or IOS B Learning to read and write is a complex process, which can be disrupted in various ways, leading to disorders known as dyslexia and dysgraphia （读写障碍） . Two new studies, published in a recent special issue of Elsevier's Cortex provide evidence of this variety, suggesting that
effective treatment needs to take it into account. A group of researchers from the Universities of Bari and Rome in Italy studied the reading and writing abilities of 33 Italian dyslexic children, comparing their performance with that of children with normal reading ability. Italian is an "orthographically transparent" language, meaning that letters tend to correspond to the same sounds, whereas many letters in the English alphabet change their sound from word to word (like the "c" in car and city). However, the new study showed that even in Italian, in which it is relatively straightforward to convert sounds into letters, children still have difficulty in spelling. Younger children with dyslexia generally performed worse than proficient readers; however, the older ones showed a more selective impairment when spelling words, suggesting that knowledge of vocabulary may be more important in spelling than previously thought. The other study, from Tel Aviv University, Israel, provided the first systematic description of a type of reading disorder called "attentional dyslexia" in which children identify letters correctly, but the letters jump between words on the page, e.g., "kind wing" is read as "wind king". Teachers and neuron-psychologists often notice that children substitute letters when reading, but in this type of dyslexia the substitutions are not caused by inability to identify letters or convert them into sounds; they result from migrations of letters between words. The findings showed that letters would mostly migrate to the same position in another word, so the first letter of one word would switch places with the first letter of another word. Awareness to the existence of this type of dyslexia is important, because it suggests a straightforward way to assist these children in reading —— by presenting a single word at a time, e.g., with the help of a word-sized window cut in a piece of cardboard. 58. We know from the first new study that __________. A. Italian is easier to learn in comparison with English B. knowledge of vocabulary has a close link with spelling C. in Italian each letter has only one correspondent sound D. children with normal reading ability have no trouble in converting letters into sounds 59. As is inferred from the passage, ___________. A. many people cannot distinguish learning to read and learning to write B. converting letters into sounds is more difficult than the other way round C. younger children usually have a poorer knowledge of vocabulary D. in the past not enough attention is paid to knowledge of vocabulary 60. In “attentional dyslexia”, children ___________. A. do not pay enough attention to the meaning of each word B. are not capable of telling letters apart C. can not change letters into sounds accordingly D. tend to transfer the first letter from one word to another C Marc had worked in the city hall’s engineering department for so long that the city was laid out in his mind like a map， full of names and places． And then something happened that filled him with shock． One August afternoon，he discovered a card saying GREEN BOTTLE STREET at the back of the drawer．He checked the listed details．It was not there．It was a lost，a forgotten street，
which existed in the heart of Montreal，not half a mile from city hall，and no one had known．He put the card in his pocket and the next day he went looking for the street with beating heart． At his first glance，Marc realized how it had gotten its unusual name．It was exactly like a bottle in shape．With the sun shining on the garden plots，and the blue sky overhead，the street gave him a sense of peace．A woman some sixty years of age was watering roses in the garden of the first house to his right． He announced，“I'm from the city engineering department，madam．” The woman recovered herself and set her watering can down． “So you have found out at last,” she said． “We paid our taxes and made out a lot of forms and answered the questions of various officials．Then，after a while, we were sent no notices，so we paid no more taxes．No one bothered us at all．It was a long time before we understood that in some way they’d forgotten about us．” Marc nodded．Of course，if Green Bottle Street had been ignored by the city hall，no inspectors would go there，no tax collectors．All would pass merrily by． “For several years，the tenants(租户) here had lived in harmony with each other and the landlord． The owner became so attached to them that he gave them all he had when he died． I have lived here for more than twenty years．I hope to end my days here as well．” She smiled pleasantly at him，apparently forgetting for the moment that he carried in his pocket a bomb that could blow their little world to pieces． “You remind me of my nephew,” she said suddenly．“He was a dear boy．I was heart broken when he died．I’m the last of my family, you know．” Marc thought of his noisy and violent landlady and neighbors．He could not recall when he had been spoken to with such simple goodwill．His heart warmed to this old lady．“I wonder, ”he said slowly, “I am a good tenant，and I wonder…” “Oh yes，”she leaned forward eagerly, “you could have the top floor of my house．I'm sure it would suit you．” Marc took the card out of his pocket and tore it across and dropped the pieces in the watering can．As far as he was concerned，Green Bottle Street would remain mislaid forever． 61. The underlined sentence “So you’ve found out at last” shows that the woman was . A. disappointed B. puzzled C. curious D. excited 62. It can be inferred that Marc . A. carried a bomb in his pocket B. hated inspectors and tax collectors C. looked for the long-lost street happily D. would probably move to Green Bottle Street 63. Marc tore the card into pieces mainly because . A. he fell in love with the woman B. Green Bottle Street got mislaid C. it presented the wrong information D. he treasured the peace in Green Bottle Street 64. From the passage we may know that . A. the woman’s nephew resembled Marc a lot B. the woman was attached to where she lived C. tenants in Green Bottle Street often had conflicts
D. Marc’s landlord gave away what he had when he died D The word tolerance is widely used in liberal democracies. It indicates a positive meaning. Politicians urge us to be tolerant towards minorities. Educators teach us to be tolerant towards the other. The press is full of references to the need to display tolerance when faced with individuals or groups espousing a different view or holding a different religious belief. A tolerant society is an objective sought after by anyone who believes in the values of democracy. A tolerant individual is attributed with virtuous qualities. The question we must ask is whether we have been using the word tolerance fully aware of its meaning and whether we have applied it correctly to reflect what we really wish to convey? The word tolerance means to bear, or to bear with. If I tolerate something or someone, I basically say that I am ready to bear it or him. I can tolerate a bad smell or a noisy neighbour. The act of toleration forces me to desist from conveying my objection to the existence of a phenomenon, which I find difficult to bear. A bad smell or a noisy neighbour is considered by me to be an objectionable phenomenon. By tolerating either of them, I am not transforming the bad smell or the noisy neighbour into positive phenomena. Let's be honest: I don't have a different taste when it comes to bad smells. I simply dislike it and wish that it disappears. I don't respect the noisy neighbour. I would rather have him stop at once the noise he is making so I can live in peace. To try to remove the bad smell or take reasonable action in order for the noisy neighbour to stop bothering me would most probably not be considered an intolerant act by most people. Now, let's try to apply the word tolerance in reference to a person who is law-abiding and holds a legally acceptable different view from my own. I may have a strong view, which is opposed to his. Quite frankly, I may decide to tolerate his view. By so doing, I would be attributing to it a negative characteristic. I would apply the same attitude to his view as to the bad smell or noisy neighbour. Thus, to try to take action in order to make his view disappear would be considered an intolerant act. To tolerate his view the way I would a bad smell or a noisy neighbour, could hardly be considered virtuous. The subject tolerating is by nature not equal to the object being tolerated. If I tolerate you, I essentially say that I am above you and am prepared, although unwillingly, to bear with your presence or with your practices or opinions. That may be true in the case of an individual who is ready to tolerate the other. However, this attitude by such an individual, though empirically true, is hardly a virtue. Certainly, the fact that an individual, in reality, may merely tolerate the other or his opinion does not justify a government or any official authority promoting tolerance as a virtue. One cannot tolerate an equal being. True equality involves respect, not toleration. To respect the other as a distinctive person is hardly to tolerate him. This is the true meaning of equality: diversity existing in a mutually-respectful socio-legal setting. The danger with tolerance is that it can lead to the acceptance of individuals or groups bent on destroying the foundations of democratic systems. We have seen such cases with regard to political parties or destructive religious groups that have been treated in a liberal manner under the guise of tolerance. A tolerant attitude involves the grant of a favour, not a right. The question we should ask ourselves is whether we would ever wish a parliament to make laws according to us, as
individuals and as part of a collective entity or a permission to pursue certain actions interpreted as a favour rather than a right? Indeed, would we ever wish anyone to listen to our views and accept us the way we are simply because he is kind enough to tolerate us? 65. The first two paragraphs are mainly intended to show that __________. A. tolerance is a symbol of liberal democracies B. democratic society always advocates tolerance C. people’s understanding of tolerance is one-sided D. tolerance can be applied to many situations 66. The underlined part “desist from” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by “________’. A. deny B. dislike C. stop D. keep 67. The example of a bad smell and a noisy neighbour is raised to indicate that _________. A. the writer are fed up with them B. most people find them hard to tolerate C. the writer isn’t prejudiced against them D. tolerating them isn’t a virtuous act 68. The main idea of Paragraph 6 is that _________. A. tolerance has nothing to do with respect B. most people promote tolerance as a virtue C. people should show respect for each other D. tolerance shows an unequal relationship 69. Which of the following will the writer probably agree with? A. Too much tolerance will endanger the foundations of democratic systems. B. By tolerating people can transform something negative into the opposite. C. People tolerating others are likely to consider them as their equals. D. Being tolerant should be regarded as a right instead of a favour 70. The best title for this passage should be “___________”. A. Tolerance and respect B. What is to be tolerated? C. Is Tolerance a Virtue? D. Should people be tolerant?
第 II 卷（两部分；共 35 分） 第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Chronic disorganization （慢性失序症）occurs when one has a habit of being disorganized over a long period, which means the person is constantly unsystematic in how he conducts life and business. One suffering from this problem may find relief in the fact that it isn’t actually a disease or even an “ official” disorder. It’s the continued lack of organization in one’s life. Someone may become addicted to collecting a certain thing yet never organize the collection as it grows out of control. This can especially be a problem for those with a lot of time and money at hand, yet the problem can be serious for any type of person in a wide variety of situation. One’s personal attitude can often be a big part of why the chronic disorganization exists. Once the attitude of acceptance about being a “slob” is in someone’s head, it’s hard to remove. If someone tells himself that he is a slob, he will likely live up to that self-image created by him or
by those around him. One first receives true awareness of the disorder of chronic disorganization when it starts to negatively affect relationships with friends and family members. Everybody becomes affected by this situation, especially those sharing living places with the one involved. The National Study Group for Chronic Disorganization (HSGCD) recommends that one get help through a professional organizer. The study found that all of the subjects in the study had problems with making decisions. There were varied reasons given for this problem of decision-making. Among them were fears and prioritizing issues. Research is ongoing for the link between problems in decision-making and chronic disorganization. Chronic disorganization often begins with situational disorganization, something most people experience at some point. Someone who has lost someone significant to him may start to be troubled by disorganization after a divorce. Someone who experienced changes in life and in his career is likely to let things like organization and order fall by the wayside. However, one doesn’t instantly have chronic disorganization. “ If you’re going through hell, keep going.” That’s an old saying that’s true about one’s struggles with chronic disorganization. Every person has the power to change within himself. It’s a matter of staying organized, one day at a time. Those who have left chronic disorganization in the past have often done so by promising to stay organized simply for that single day. ◆It means that the person is 71____▲______ disorganized in life and business over a long period. 72____ ▲ ______ of organization , one is likely to have the problem. ◆One example is that an addict is73 ____▲_______ to organize the collection. ◆The existence of chronic disorganization is partly 74 ____▲ _______ by one’s personal attitude. ◆ One doesn’t 75____ ▲ _______ the disorder of chronic disorganization until it has bad effects on the relationships with friends and family members. ◆ All subjects in the study 76 _______ ▲ _____ from the problem of poor decision-making, which is linked with chronic disorganization. Further research are still in 77 ______ ▲ _______. ◆People losing someone significant, going through a divorce or changes in one’s life and career have a 79 _____▲________to ignore organization and order. ◆In 80_____ ▲________ with chronic disorganization, every person has the power to change, at least one single day at a time.
Recognizing the problem
The findings of the study
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分）
81．请阅读下列文字及图表，并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。 We suffer from pollution. “I can’t bear the smog in this city any more. It’s getting worse and worse.” said Wang Tao， a senior citizen in Beijing. “I’m often disturbed by loud noise during my work and sleep.” said a senior student from Shenzhen. Many of China’s waterways are largely unfit for direct human use because of industrialization. A 2015 report estimated that 1.6 million people in China die each year from heart, lung and stroke problems because of polluted air. New technologies have promoted the development of urbanization and economy. While economic growth may continue, the rewards of this growth may be opposed by the harm from the pollution unless environmental protection is increased.
【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容； 2. 请根据以上图文信息简述污染的情况及其原因； 3. 从可持续发展的角度提出你对治理城市污染的建议（不少于两点） 。 【写作要求】 1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句； 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3. 不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
第一部分 ：听力（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 1—5 ABBCA 6—10 BACBC 11—15 CBAAC 16—20 CBACA 第二部分：英语知识运用 第一节：单项选择（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21-25: BCBCC 26-30: CBCBC 31-35: BCDBD 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 36-40: CBCDA 41-45: BADAB 46-50: CBCBA 51-55:DBBCC 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 56—57 BD 58—60 BCD 61—64ADDB 65—70 CCDDAC
第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. habitually 72. Short 73. unable 74. affected/ caused 75. realize 76. suffer 77. progress 78. signs 79. tendency 80. wrestling 第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分）
One possible version： 第五部分: 书面表达(满分25 分) One possible version: As the diagram shows, vehicles, coal-burning, airborne dust, mobile sources and industrial production are the major pollution sources in Chinese cities, which have damaged our life, environment and even the future development. Various forms of pollution, including air pollution, noise pollution, and water pollution, have increased with the fast development of Chinese cities, which has caused many problems and concerns. With the development of modern industry and expansion of urbanization, pollution is becoming more and more serious. Measures must be taken to balance city development and environmental protection. First of all, our government should make more strict laws to limit the use of private cars. What’s more, we are supposed to raise our awareness of environmental protection and push for the use of alternative energy, such as solar energy and wind energy. Only by applying sustainable development can we have a better world to live in. （150words） 听力材料：
Text 1 M: I’m looking for a textbook for my sociology course. It’s called American Sociology at the Crossroads. Do you have it? W: Yes, we do. You will find it in Section 4, on the top shelf.
Text 2 M: We will be having a meeting tomorrow at noon. W: Oh, can we push the meeting forward a little bit? I am busy then. M: I’m sorry. The time has already been set, and you must attend. Text 3 W: Mathematics is a very exact science. For example, if one man can build a garage in twelve days, twelve men can build it in one day. M: Then if one ship can cross the ocean in eight days, I suppose eight ships can cross it in one day. Text 4 M: From what you’ve just said, you think all anyone ever wants in a job is a nice fat salary. W: No, I don’t think so. Personally, I’d much rather have an interesting, challenging job with average wages. M: So would I. Text 5 W: It is getting colder and colder. Last night I didn’t sleep at all. M: But it’s the same every year. Most of us have gotten used to it. W: I still need to live here for a few years before I can handle it. Text 6 W: Is it really all-you-can-eat for only $12.50? That price is not bad. M: That’s what the sign says. But take your time. Otherwise, you might become ill. W: Ill? From the food here? M: Yes, if you eat too much food too fast, you might start to feel sick. W: Wow, I never thought about that. Any other advice? M: Yes, try the cherry pie. It’s delicious. W: I don’t like sweets. I will stick to the meat and vegetables. Text 7 M: Where is the camera? W: In my suitcase. M: Take it out. W: In a minute. I need a break first. M: But I can’t wait to see the pictures we just took. W: I said in a minute. M: Please? W: Fine. Here. M: Great. Let me see... This is you in front of the cabin, and you on the beach, and you in the sea... All pictures of you! W: So not true. M: Then show me one without you in it. W: This one. M: This is just a picture of the sky. What about me? You didn’t take any photos of me. W: I guess I was a little bit too self-involved. M: You think? W: I was just joking. All your pictures have been copied into your PC. Text 8
M: Recently, I have been thinking that I should break up with my girlfriend. W: Why? You and Sarah are a great couple. How long have you been together? M: Almost two years. She is great but the new job I was offered is not in this city. It’s not even in this state. W: Are you sure you will take the job? M: Yes, I will move next month. I just don’t want to have a long-distance relationship. W: Yes, those rarely work out. But Sarah is really nice. You two get along so well. M: I know, but think about it, how can we have a meaningful relationship when we are hundreds of miles apart? W: You will always miss each other so much. It will be painful. Maybe you are right. M: I want her to be happy. I think at first it will be difficult but eventually she will see we made the right decision. W: Well, first you are going to have to tell her. That will not be easy. Text 9 M: Yes, madam, can I help you? W: Oh, yes, please, but you’re just closing, aren’t you? M: Well, yes, we are, madam. The shop closes in five minutes. W: I won’t keep you long then. It was about some saucepans you had in your window last week. M: Last week, madam? I can’t remember which ones you mean. What were they like? W: Oh, they were lovely! Sort of imitation wood, dark brown color, country-style, you know, and if I remember correctly, they had a sort of leaf pattern, or was it a flower pattern? M: That’s strange. I don’t recognize any of the ones we had from that description. Are you sure they were in this shop? W: Well, you must know the ones I mean. They were on sale, a real bargain, reduced to a quarter of the original price. I couldn’t believe my eyes when I saw them. M: I’m afraid the sales are over now, madam, and I know we sold out of all the saucepans. W: I don’t think you did, actually. At least, my neighbor, Mrs. Cliffe, told me she saw some here only yesterday. M: Well, it’s all new stock in the window now. W: May I have a look, to see if there’s anything else? M: Uh, well, madam, as you know, we were just closing. And perhaps, madam, if you come tomorrow, I could show you everything we have in our range of kitchenware. And there are still one or two things on sale... W: Oh, look! That one there! That’s the sort of thing I was looking for! Text 10 One day last summer I was traveling on the London Underground, on the Piccadilly Line. We stopped at Green Park and a few people got on. Among them were an elderly lady and an elderly gentleman, maybe her husband. Actually, he didn’t quite get on the train because the automatic doors closed on him as he was getting on. I know from experience that this isn’t really a problem — you just push your arms out and the doors move back. However, this couple appeared to be unfamiliar with the underground and this man did the worst thing possible — he stepped back but somehow leaned forward. This meant that the doors closed on his neck so his head was inside the train and the rest of his body was outside. He had a most peculiar expression on his face and he was waving his arms up and down. His wife, who had found a seat, didn’t seem to be the least
disturbed. I realized that there was a real danger that he might be dragged along the platform and seriously injured, so I leapt from my seat and, along with two other men, pulled at the doors, which soon sprang back. Nobody else did anything, apart from one person who said, “Pull the communication button” but remained seated. The man took his seat next to his wife. They were both completely calm and didn’t say a word.