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高考英语冠词总结


考点1. 冠词的特指用法 定冠词的特指用法:非常明确地指出何人或何物。可 以分为前照应特指,后照应特指和语境特指。 ① 后照应特指:用定冠词表示上文中提到的人或物。 冠词用在后面的名词前,和前面提到的同一名词相照 应。 (冠词在后面照应)如: I bought a book yesterday. The book cost me 20 yuan. 1. Here is ____ basket. ___ basket is mine. A. a; The B. the; An. C. a; A D. the; the 2. This is ____egg. ____egg is big. A. a; A B. an; An C. a; The D. an; The

--- It is not your fault. With __ rush-hour traffic and __ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late. A. a; a B. the; the C. /; / D. /; a 考点2. 独指:指世上独一无二的事 定冠词的独指用法: 世界上独一无二的事物前,要用 定冠词。如:the sun, the moon, the earth, the world, the universe, etc. 11. We can see ___ sun and ___ moon in___ picture. A. a; the; the B. the; a; the C. a; the; a D. the; the; the 12. It's ____ pleasure to see ____ sun rising in ____ east. A. /; the; / B. a; /; / C. a; the; the D. /; the; the 考点3. 类指 ① 可数名词表示类指时,有三种情况 A horse is a domestic(? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 家养的) animal. = The horse is a domestic animal. = Horses are domestic animals. 但是这三种类指方法各有侧重: the 指的是整个类别,这个类别是可以区别于另一个 类别的。(多用于谈论发明物和科技问题)如: The compass was invented in China, but the computer was not. 罗盘是在中国发明的,但计算机不是。 a(n )侧重于指类别中任何一个的特点。如: A tiger is a type of very large fierce wild cat. 老虎是个子很大而凶猛的野猫类动物。 不用冠词的复数名词侧重指类别中的许多个体。如: Children usually start walking at around one year old. 小孩儿一般一岁左右开始走路。 Do you like horses? 你喜欢马吗? (不能说 Do you like a horse?) 在类指时如何使用冠词要根据所要表达内容的具体 情况而定。 The tiger is in danger of becoming extinct. 虎有灭绝的危险。 (不能说 A tiger is in danger of becoming extinct.濒临灭 绝指的是整个虎类,而不是任何一只老虎都面临灭绝 的危险) 13. It is often said that _____ teachers have _____ very simple life. A. / , / B. / , a C. the , / D. the , a 14. ______ are very popular with people all over the

3. There is____ bridge over there. ____ bridge is made of wood. A. the; The B. a; A C. the; A D. a; The ② 前照应特指:定冠词的指定作用决定于名词中心 词的后置修饰语。 This is the book you lent me yesterday. This is the boy from England. 4. _____ old lady in brown is____ university professor. A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a 5. I like music, but I don’t like ____ music of this film. A. a B. an C. the D.不填 6. –How was _______dinner at Mike’s house? It was great. Mike’s mum is ______wonderful cook. A. a, the B. the, a C. the, the D. a, an ③ 语境特指 不是建立在上下文的照应关系上,而是建立在谈话双 方共有的知识上。 Open the door. Where is the book? 7. 【2011 全国 II】As he reached ______ front door, Jack saw_____ strange sight. A. the;不填 B. a; the C.不填;a D. the; a 8. 【2011 山东】Take your time—it’s just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant. A.不填;the B. a; the C. the; a D.不填;a 9. 【2006 北京】I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over ___ keyboard. You shouldn’t put drinks near ___ computer. A. the, / B. the, a C. a, / D. a, a 10. 【2008 江西】--- I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting.

world, but do you know who was it that invented ______ telephone? A. The telephone; 不填 B. Telephone; a C. The telephones; the D. Telephones; the 15. ____ trains are faster than ____ buses. A. /; / B. The; / C. /; the D. The; a 16. 【 2012 江 西 】 The Smiths don’t like staying at _____ hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ________ sea. A./; a B.the; the C./; the D.the; a 17. ___ is known by its note,___ is known by his talk. A. A bird/a man B. One bird/one man C. The bird/the man D. Bird/man 18. 【2011 全国 I】 It is generally accepted that _____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like____ man. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; 不填 19. In China, ____ car is becoming ____ popular means of transportation. A. the; a B. a; / C. the; the D. a; the 20. The invention of _____ wheel is a great contribution to _____ man. A. the; / B. / ; / C. a; the D. / ; the 21. 【2009 北京】The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ___ 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a 22. 【2008 湖南】Have you heard ______ news?The price of _______ petrol is going up again! A. the, the B. 不填,the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,不填 ② 不可数名词泛指时不用冠词,特指时用定冠词 Water is a liquid.水是液体。 Music is an art. 音乐是艺术。 The water in the bottle goes bad. 23. Money plays an important role in ______ material world. But expecting ______ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. the; the 24. Since he has no sense of ______ humor, I’m sure he didn’t catch ______ humor in your remarks. A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a 25. The city assigned a policeman to the school crossing because ______ traffic there was so heavy. A. a B. an C the D. one

26. It is known to all that ___ light travels faster than ___ sound. A. /; / B. a; a C. the; the D. the; / 27. 【2010 福建】 It’s good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai world expo that gives them ______ pleasure A.不填,a B. a,不填 C. the ,a D. a, the 28. 【2012 全国新课标】 Sarah looked at finished painting with satisfaction. A.不填;a B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. the; a 考点4. 名词有修饰语时,前面不一定都用定冠词 I like books with hard covers. 我喜欢精装书。 I like the books with hard covers. 我喜欢那些精装书。 在第一句中,books 是泛指精装书这一类。在第二句 中,是特指,所以用定冠词。 在第一句中,with hard covers 是描绘性定语。在第二 句中,with hard covers 是限定性定语,只的是那些书 中精装的那些,而不是别的。 限制性定语:指 of 引导的定语或某些定语从句,他 们限制名词的意义,是指特定的内容,和它相对的则 是描绘型定语(这种定语只描绘,不限定意思) : 名词被限制性定语修饰时,前面用定冠词;被描绘性 定语修饰时,不用定冠词。 She cared little for social life.他对社交生活不太感兴 趣。(social 为描绘性定语) He has always been interested in classical music.他一向 喜欢古典音乐。 (classical 为描绘性定语) This is the book you want.这是你想要的那本书。 (you want 为限制性定语) This is a book you must read.这是本你必须要读的书。 (you must read 为描绘性定语) 29. 【2000 全国】Most animals have little connection with ____animals of ___different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the; a B. 不填; a C. the; the D. 不填; the 30. 【2012 浙江】The development of industry has been _______ gradual process throughout ______human existence from stone tools to modern technology. A. / , the B. the , a C. A. / D. A. a 31. 【2010 浙江】 Many lifestyle patterns do such __ great harm to health that they actually speed up __weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; /

32. 【2005 辽宁】This book tells ________ life story of John Smith,who left ________ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. A.the,the B. a, the C. the, 不填 D. a, 不填 33. 【2004 北京春】On_____ news today, there were _____ reports of heavy snow in that area. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. 不填; the 34. As a consequence,________ fruits such as peaches and pears are in fact related , although they are different at ________ first sight.

A.the;the B./;the C./;/

D.the;/

写作专练1. 遇到名词要考虑前面冠词是特指还是类 指(P16)

第一讲 不定冠词 a、an 的基本用法
考点1. a, an 的选择 A. an; 不填 B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. an; the 3. A little boy wrote____ "U" and___ "n" on the wall. A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a 4. Now he is ___ artist. I have known him since he was ___ one-year-old boy. A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a 5. 【2004 浙江】The Wilsons live in ____ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ____ 17th century cottage. A. the , / B. an, the C. /, the D. an, a 考点2. 替换 a/an 有表示“每一个”之意,这时不能用 one

用 a 还是用 an, 关键是看该单词音标中第一个音素是 元音音素还是辅音音素。 There is __ ―u‖ in the word ―use‖.这里用 a。 因为字母 u 的读音为? ? ? ? 为辅音音素。 ? ? ,? ? 在 26 个字母前 用 a 的有 14 个:b c d g j k p q t u v w y z 用 an 的有 12 个:a e i o f l m n s x h r 分类记为:

① 元音字母(4 个) e, i, o :a, ② 字母读音中第一个音素为 ? ? 个) ? (6 : f ? ? , l ? ? , m ? ? , n ? ? , s ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ,x? ? ? ? ? ? ? ③ 字母读音中第一个音素为 ? ? (1 个) ? ? : h? ? ? ? ? ? ④ 字母读音中第一个音素为 ? ? (1 个): ? ? r? ? ? ? an honest boy an hour an honor ____ ―M‖____ ―N‖ ___―L‖ (an) ____ ugly man (an) ____ university student (a) ____ European car (a) ____ 800-word-long composition _____ 180-metre-long road (an, a) 1. Mr. Taylor has ____ 8-year- old daughter who is ___ girl for painting – she has won two nation prizes . A. a,a B. an, the C. an, a D. the, a 2. Susan, ______ university student from Europe, teaches me ______ art in her spare time.

6. The train is running fifty miles ______. A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour

D. a hour

7. The new D-type trains can run at speeds of 200 to 250 kilometers ________ hour. The trip from Shanghai to Beijing only takes 10 hours now. A. a B. an C. the D. 不填 考点3. help, success, honor, must, wonder, failure, wonder 可以指人或指物时 抽象名词前一般不用任何冠词,但表示具体意义的 “……的人或事” 时是可数名词, 其前用不定冠词如: This book is a great success. He is a success as a writer. He is a great help to me. This dictionary is a great help. 8. Mr. Smith told us that___ gold medal his son had got

was considered ___ great honor to the whole family. A. the; 不填 B. the; a C. a; a D. a; the 9. Don’t you think it ___ surprise that a German cannot speak ___ German language? A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the ____ Christmas 10. 【 2007 福 建 】 —How about evening party? —I should say it was ___ success. A. a; a B. The; a C. a; 不填

考点6. 用在一些专有名词和一些本身前面要用定冠 词的名词前,表示某一方面 不定冠词用于专有名词前,表示某个时期或具有某种 特征的人或物。 此时, 专有名词常用前置修饰性定语。 In four minutes he was met by an anxious Miss Cramb. (四分钟之后,焦急的克朗姆小姐向他迎来。 ) She is now a different Miss Nancy from what she was when she was my neighbor. (她现在已不是与我为邻时的那个南希小姐了。 ) 18. 【2010 江苏】The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of life are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu. A.不填; a B. 不填;the C. the; a D. the; the 19. 【2009 安徽】We can never expect bluer sky unless we create less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 考点7. 用在人名或星期前,表示“某一”, 相当于 a certain 不定冠词用于人名或星期几之前,表示说话者对所谈 及的人或时间不大有把握,不知道到底是谁或哪个星 期几。此时的不定冠词相当于 one 或 a certain。 20. -- Can I speak to Mr. Green ? -- Sorry . There isn’t ______ Mr. Smith here A. / B. a C. the D. an 21. 【2005 山东】I know _____ John Lennon, but not _____ famous one . A. /; a B. a; the C. /; the D. the; a 22. 【2005 湖南】 I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left_____ city. I only remember it was _____ Monday . A. The; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a 考点8. 用在人名、地名等前面,相当于汉语中的“借 代”修辞手法 用于人名、地名、书名之前,表示所提及的人或物与 专有名词所指的人或物具有相同的性质。此时的―a (n)+proper noun‖结构含有比喻意义。 He is a Shakespeare in his dramatic skill.(在戏剧技巧 方面他可以说是莎翁再世。 ) 23. 【2011 浙江】 Experts think that ______recently discovered painting may be ______ Picasso. A. the; 不填 B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a

D. the; 不填

11. 【2007 浙江】I like _____ color of your skirt. It is _____ good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. 【2012 山东】Being able to afford _______ drink would be ______ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; 不填 D. 不填;a 13. _____ on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is ____ major concern of the country. A. The; / B. The; a C. An; the D. An; / 考点4. 用在某些物质名词或抽象名词前表示“一种、 一类、一份、一场、一阵” 如:That’s a green tea. 那是一种绿茶。 They were caught in a heavy rain. 他们淋了一场大雨。 It’s a great pleasure to have a talk with you. 14. --- What would you like, sir? --- ______. A. Two cups coffee B. Two cups of coffees C. Two coffees D. Two cup of coffees 15. 【2012 山东卷】Being able to afford _______ drink would be ______ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; 不填 D. 不填;a 考点5. 在否定句中用于比较级时表示最高级的意思 (参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误!未找到引用源。) 16. 【2006 全国】 Your story is perfect; I’ve never heard ___ before. A. the better one B. the best one C. a better one D. a good one 17. -Did you enjoy yourself at the party? -Yes. I’ve never been to______ one before. A. a more excited B. the most excited C. a more exciting D. the most exciting

考点9. be of an(a) age /size /height /shape /color /weight /type /price 等表示“相同的” Those windows are of a size. 这些窗户大小相同。 =Those windows are of the same size They are nearly of an age. 他们基本同龄。 =They are nearly of the same age.

they bought yesterday is maybe twice ___size of them. A. the, the B. a, the C. a, a D. the, a

24. These two Christmas trees are of ___size,but the one

写作专练2.

用活不定冠词 a, an(P17)

第二讲 定冠词 the 的基本用法
考点1. 与序数词和最高级连用 基数词放在名词后面表示名称时,前面不用冠词,且 要大些;用序数词表示名称时,前面要用冠词。如: 一年级:Grade One, the first grade 1. 【1999 全国】Paper money was in ____use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _____thirteenth century. A. the; 不填; B. the; the C.不填; the D.不填; 不填 2. He is a student of____. A. class First B. the class one C. Class One D. First Class 3. We were so late getting to the theatre that we missed most of ____ . A. the act first B. Act One C. act first D. first act 4. He lived in____. A. the room 105 C. the 105 of the room 考点2. B. the 105 room D. Room 105 A. at the flute B. at flute C. at a flute D. at that flute 考点3. the + 比较级 用于两者(参看 P 错误!未定 义书签。错误!未找到引用源。 ) the taller of the two soldiers 错误!未找到引用 源。 考点4. 与形容词或分词连用, 指一类人 the poor the rich the old the young the wounded the uneducated the injured the Chinese the Japanese 7. He wrote ______ song, which turned out to be rather popular with ______ young. A. the; the B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. the; 不填 8. The investigators found that more should be done for ______ in India. A. those poor B. a poor C. poor D. the poor 9. The young nurse is kind to ____ ill in the hospital. A. a B. an C. / D. the 10. The living carried away the dead and the healthy helped ____. A. the ill B. the wounded C. the brave D. the rich

表示乐器类名词前用定冠词

球类、 棋类等运动类名词在作 play 的宾语时, 名词前 不用定冠词, 而乐器类名称前要用定冠词。有人生了 这个办法,―搞体育的人总是衣冠不齐(没有冠词), 考点5. 与姓氏复数名词连用, 表示某某一家人,或某 而搞音乐的人衣冠整齐(有冠词)。 某夫妇 5. ——Tina,could you please play____ piano for The Whites are chatting. 怀特一家人正在聊天. me while I’m singing? ——With pleasure. A .a B. an C. the D. / 11. _____ usually go to church every Sunday. A. The Brown B. A Brown C. Browns D. The Browns 12. 【1998 上海】—Who did you spend last weekend

6. He can play almost every kind of music instrument but he is good ______.

with? —_____. A. Palmer’s C. The Palmers

A. a B. The Palmers’ D. The Palmer’s

B. the

C. /

D. that

考点6. 由两个以上的普通名词组成的专有名称, 一般 都要用定冠词 以表示它们是特定的名称。 沙漠河流与群山,列岛海峡与海湾, 阶级党派国家 名,组织团体与机关。 (可以概括为―政党定江山‖。有点琐碎,也可不记, 仅用来参考。 ) 注: 与山脉名词连用; 在表示山, 或山峰的名词前 the 一般不用冠词, 如 Mount Tai .但是在山脉的复数之前需要加 the. 如: the Alps (阿尔卑斯山】 江河海洋 the Changjiang River, the Suez Canal, the pacific Ocean 山 脉 群 岛 the Tianshan Mountains, the Alps, the Zhoushan Archipelago 海峡海湾 the English Channel, the Taiwan Straits 国名:the United States, the United Kingdom, the People's Republic of China 组织: United Nations, the Ministry of Education, the the No.2 Army Medical College 建筑物:the National Gallery, the Peace Hotel, the Worker's Gymnasium 报纸、期刊:The Washington Post, the Daily Mail 标牌:the No. 10 bus 但:街道、广场、公园、车站机场、桥梁、大学等一 般不用定冠词。 (可以概括为―城市设施‖类。) 街道:Nanjing Road, Fleet Street 广场:Tiananmen Square, Times Square 公园:Beihai Park, Hyde Park 车站机场桥梁:Paddington Station, Kennedy Aireport, Golden Gate Bridge 大学:Qinghua University, Yale University

15. 【2011 陕西】As is know to all, _____People’s Republic of China is _____ biggest developing country in the world. A. the; 不填 B. 不填;the C. the;the D. 不填;不填 16. From the top of ______ Empire State Building, you could see up to ______ distance of 130 kilometers on a clear day. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. an; the D. the; a 考点7. 用在年代、朝代、时代名词前 the Tang dynasty, the Spring and Autumn Period, in the 1870’s 在 19 世纪 70 年代 注意:in modern times, in the old days 17. 【2012 四川】We are said to be living in ____ Information Age, ____ time of new discoveries and great changes. A. an; the B. 不填; the C. 不填; a D. the; a 18. Scientists hope to send an expedition to Mars during ______. A. the 1990s B. the 1990 C. 1990s D. 1990’s 考点8. 用在 by + the+名词结构, 表示 “ 以…..单位 计” The apples are sold by the kilo. 这些苹果按公斤卖 The workers are paid by the hour. 这些工人的工资 是按小时计算的. 19. Apples are usually sold by ______weight, and eggs are sometimes sold by ______ dozen. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. 不填; the D. the; a 20. .―How did you pay the workers?‖ ―As a rule, they are paid ______.‖ A. by an your B. by the hour C. by a hour D. by hours 21. 【2011 江西】 It’s said John will be in a job paying ---over $60,000 ______ year. ---- Right, he will also get paid by ______ week. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D. a; a 考点9. hit/ strike/pull/seize/lead/catch+ sb. + by + the + 部位 The stone hit him in the face. 那块石头打在了他脸上.

13. They sailed along ____ Yellow River for two weeks before they arrived ___ home. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; the D. /; the 14. The ship is sailing on____ Pacific Ocean

I hit Tom on the nose/shoulder/head. He struck the thief in the eyes/face. pull/seize/lead/catch + sb. + by + the + 部位 She led the cow by the nose. I seized her by the hand/hair. 22. He grabbed me ______ and pulled me onto the bus. A. a arm B. an arm C. the arm D. by the arm 23. I didn’t know why he looked angry when I patted him ______. A. on the head B. on head C. on a head D. on his head 24. A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in _____ leg. A. a B. one C. the D. his 25. 【2008 浙江】 ____ apple fell from the tree and hit

him on ______ head. A. An; the B.The; the C. An;不填 D. The; 不填 考点10. 表示方向的词前面用定冠词, on the left, in the south 26. .The DMZ extends about two hundred kilometers ______. A. from east to west B. from the east to west C. from the east to the west D.from eastern to western

写作专练3.

掌握好名词前用 the 的各种情况(P17)

第三讲 不用冠词的情况
考点1. 季节, 月份, 星期, 节日, 假日和三餐前一般 不加冠词 Day. A. the ,

B. their C. a

D. /

注意:1. 中国节日,如:the Mid-Autumn Festival , the Spring Festival 前要用冠词 2. 如果季节、 月份、 星期和三餐有定语修饰时, 就要加冠词. 1)Children’s Day falls on June 1. 六月一日是儿童节. 2)Spring comes after Winter. 冬季过后是春季. 比较: have breakfast 与 have a light/big/heavy breakfast On Sunday 与 on a Sunday of May He left the city in the autumn of 2001. 他是在 2 001 年的秋天离开那座城市的.

考点2. knowledge 和 experience knowledge 一般是不可数名词,但如果有修饰语时, 常用作可数名词单数形式,前面用不定冠词。如: English is a bridge to so much knowledge. He has a limited knowledge of French. experience 做―经验‖讲时,是不可数名词,做―经历‖ 讲时,是可数名词。 5. 【1996 全国】Many people agree that ___knowledge of English is a must in _____international trade. A. a; 不填; B. the; an C. the; the D. 不填; the 6. I want an assistant with ______ knowledge of French and ______ experience of office routine. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; an D. the; an 7. Young as she is, Jane has gained ___ rich experience in ___ society. A. /, / B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 8. 【2002 全国】Jumping out of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ____experience. A. an; the B. 不填; an C. an; an D. the; the

1. I go to work very early. I don’t usually have ______ breakfast, but I always eat ______ good supper. A. 不填; a B. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 D. 不填; the 2. After ____ quick breakfast I hurried to ____ school. A. /; / B. a; / C. the; the D. the; / 3. I came here in____ autumn of 2008. A. one B. a C. an D. the 4. The children all had a good time on____ Children's

考点3. 不可数名词泛指时(参看 P2 考点 3.② 类指) 考点4. 学科名称, 球类, 棋类名词前不加冠词 Do you study mathematics? 你学数学吗?

A. the head B. a head C. head D. that head 18. 【2011 四川】Dr. Peter Spence, _____headmaster of the school, told us, ― _____fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge. ‖ A. 不填;A B. 不填;The C. the; The D. a; A 19. 【2012 重庆】Sam has been appointed _______ manager of the engineering department to take ____ place of George. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; the D. /; the 考点7. as 引导的让步状语从句中, 作表语的名词不 带冠词(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误!未 找到引用源。) Child as she is, she knows a lot of things. 尽管她很小, 但懂得许多事情. Shortest as he is, he runs faster than any other boy in his class. 20. ____ child as he is , he knows a lot. A. / B. the C. a D. one 21. ______,you can’t fool her. A. The child though Rowena is B. Though child Rowena is C. As child Rowena is D. Child as Rowena is 22. 【2012 陕西】 _______the night air was, we slept Hot deeply because we were so tired after the long journey. A. although B. as C. while D. however 考点8. 在一些成对出现的短语中,如:day and night, young and old 等,名词前不用冠词 常见的有:arm in arm, hand in hand, day after day, from door to door, from beginning to end, from morning till night 等。 She did experiment after experiment. 她做了一个又一个实验。 English learners, old and young, gather at regular time to practise their spoken English. 老老少少会定期聚在一起操练。

He likes playing football/chess. 注意, 弹奏乐器要用 the. Eg. He is playing the piano /the guitar. 9. He likes playing___ piano, he playing____ football. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the doesn't D. /; / like

10. She is _____ newcomer to _____ chemistry, but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the; the B. the; / C. a; / D. a; the 11. 【2012 安徽】Carl is studying college and hopes to open up factory of his own one day. A. /;a B. /;the C. the; a food science at meat processing D. the; the

考点5. by+名词表示交通方式时,名词前不要冠词, 名词也不用复数 by car by bus by sea by land by bike by train by air

12. 【2005 全国】 If you go by _____ train , you can have quite a comfortable journey , but make sure you get ____ fast one . A. the; the B. /; a C . the; a D. /; / 13. Mr. Black will go back to England______. A. by air B.by a plane C. by trains D. at a train 14. 【2008 江苏】 We went right round to the west coast by ____ sea instead of driving across ____ continent. A. the; the B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D.不填;不填 15. She went to ____ town on ____ foot. A. the; a B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 考点6. 称呼语或表示头衔, 职务的名词作表语, 补语 或同位语时, 一般不加冠词 We elected him president of our university Lincoln was elected President of the USA The Vice-president was murdered. 16. He was elected ____ president of the USA. A. / B. One C. A D. The 17. Under no circumstances will there be wage control while I am ______ of the government.

23. The farmers went on working, ____. A. hours after hours B. a hour after a hour C. an hour after an hour D. hour after hour 24. The students went out of the room___. A. one by two B. one by one C. two by another D. one by the other

考点9. man 意为“人类”, word 意为“消息”,space 意为“太空”时 其前不用冠词. 25. _____ word comes that China has won the FIFA World cup. A. / B. One C. A D. The 26. He left ______ with my secretary that he would call again in the afternoon. He said he would keep ______. A. words; his words B. word; his word C. word; word D. the word; his words 27. Swimming is____ in summer. A. a great fun B. great fun C. great funs D. great a fun 28. While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made__discovery which completely changed __ man’s understanding of color. A. a; / B. a; the C. /; the D. the; a 29. _____ nice weather it is! Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? A. How B. How a C. What a D. What 30. 【2010 辽宁】 There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in _______ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto _______ earth. A. the; the B.不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the 考点10. turn 后跟名词表示成为时名词前不用冠词 He wanted to turn teacher when he was a boy. 31. His dream was to turn ____ doctor. A. / B. the C. a D. one 32. Don’t lose heart. If you lose heart, you will not _____

a successful engineer. A. turn B. learn C. have

D. make

考点11. kind of/sort of 后面名词前不用冠词 kind (sort) of 后面常跟单数可数名词和不可数名词 (且名词前通常不用冠词) 。如: I only like this kind (sort) of flower (bread). 我只喜欢这种花(面包)。 What kind (sort) of poem do you like best? 你最喜欢什么样的诗? 注:在口语或非正式文体中有时也可在 kind /sort of 后接复数名词。如: What kind [sort] of pictures do you like best? 你最喜欢 什么样的图画? 33. What ______ are you planning to buy? A. make(型号)of car B. make of the car C. make of a car D. make of cars 考点12. 表示疾病的名词前一般不用冠词 34. According to __ review of 44 students American researchers found that men and women who ate six key foods daily cut the risk of ___ heart disease by 76%. A. a, the B. the, a C. a, / D. /, a

写作专练4.

掌握好名词前不用冠词的情况(P18)

第四讲 其它
考点1. 有定冠词与无定冠词的区别 (1) sit at table 吃饭 sit at the table 在桌旁 (2) be in charge of 负责… be in the charge of 由…负责 (3) take place 发生 take the place of 代替 (4) in possession of 拥有 in the possession of 为…所有 (5) It is out of question. 那是毫无疑问的 It is out of the question. 那是根本不可能的 (6) on the whole 大体上; 一般地 as a whole 全班地; 整体的 (7) a most important meeting 一个很重要的会议 the most important meeting 最重要的会议 (8) a third time 又一次 the third time 第三次

(9) at a distance 稍远些 in the distance 在远处 (10) a number of 一些,许多 the number of ….的数目 (11) for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 目前; 暂时 (12) in hospital 住院 in the hospital 在医院里 (13) go to school /church 上学/做礼拜 go to the school /church 到学校/教堂去

—I caught__bad cold and had to stay in_bed. A. a; / B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 8. When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have ______ bed. A. the breakfast in B. the breakfast in the C. breakfast in D. breakfast in the 9. Their victory is ______,for they’ve lost too many men. A. out of question B. out of the question C. out question D. of question 10. We often play football in___ of the school building. A. a front B. fronts C. front D. the front

(14) on earth 究竟 on the earth 在地球上 (15) in front of 在…(外部的)前面 in the front of 在…(内部的)前面 (16) two of us 我们当中的两人 the two of us 我们两人(共计两人) (17) by sea 乘船,从海路 by the sea 在海边

11. 【2010 山东】 If we sit near _______ front of the bus, we’ll have _______ better view. A.不填;the B.不填;a C. the; a D. the;the 12. Shall we go to see our teacher? She is ill A. in a hospital B. in the hospital C. in hospital D. in hospitals 13. He stole the money and they put him____. A. in prison B. to prison C. at the prison D. in the prison 14. He is in ___ control of the company. I mean the company is in __ control of him. A. the; / B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 15. I waited until James and Johnson came. Then ____ began to study a map. A. all of them B. the three of us C. three of us D. both of us 16. 【2012 江西】The Smiths don’t like staying at hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ________ sea. A. /; a B. the; the C. /; the D. the; a 17. Most of the representatives think that ______ the meeting was very successful. A. on whole of B. on a whole C. on the whole D. on the whole that 考点2. 两个名词表示同一事物时只在前一个用冠词 (参看 P 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。 ) A writer and singer is present at the meeting. a knife and fork a watch and chain 18. ―What is Todger?‖ ―He is ______.‖ A. a poet and novelist B. a poet and a novelist C. poet and novelist D. the poet and novelist .

1. This book tells _______ life story of John Smith, who left _____ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. A. The; the B. a; the C. the ; / D. a ; / 2. 【2004 年天津】When he left ____ college, he got a job as ____ reporter in a newspaper office. A. /; a B. /; the C. a; the D. the; the 3. Jack couldn’t remember the exact date of the earthquake, but he knew it was ______ Saturday because everybody was at ______ church. A.不填; the B. a; 不填 C.不填; a D. the; 不填 4. --- What new subject are you going to have in ______ second grade? --- I’m going to learn ___ second foreign language. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; 不填 D. 不填; a 5. 【2012 全国Ⅱ He missed ___ gold in the high jump, 】 but will get ___ second chance in the long jump. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. the; a D. a; 不填 6. 【2010 北京】First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get __ second chance to make __ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 7. —What’s the matter with you?

19. Would you like __ knife and fork, or would you rather use __ chopsticks? A. the; the B. a; / C. /; / D. /; the 20. --- Did you happen to see ______ black and ______ white cat? --- Are they missing? I told you to take care of them. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. a; the

A.不填; A C. the; A

B. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填

26. He enjoys life ______ the ―Queen Anne‖. A. on a board B . on board C. in the board D. board 27. He never fails to give you ______ when you are in trouble. A. his helping hands B. the helping hand C. helping hands D. a helping hand 28. Mrs. Taylor has _____ 8-year-old daughter who has _____ gift for painting-she has won two national prizes. A. a ; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 29. --Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our business management? --If you made ___ most of the equipment, there would be ___ rise in production. A. /, / B. the, a C. the, the D. the, / 30. Her daughter was so lovely ___ little girl that everybody in the street would smile at her at ____ first sight. A. the, a B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 31. 【2008 山东】Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. 不填;a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. the; a 32. 【2007 江西】 Many people have come to realize that they should go on __ balanced diet and make ____ room in their day for exercise. A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D./; a

考点3. a, an 的特殊位置(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。) 21. _____ box cannot be lifted by a boy of five. A. So a heavy B. So heavy a C. A such heavy D. Such heavy a 22. It is generally believed that teaching is ____ it is a science. A. an art much as B. much an art as C. as an art much as D. as much an art as 23. -Have you learned German? -Yes. It's ___ language I've ever learned. A. a quite difficult B: quite a difficult C. difficult quite D. difficult a quite 24. I’m afraid I’ll turn to Prof. Timlingson. It is . A. too difficult a problem B. a too difficult problem C. so difficult problem D. a so difficult problem 考点4. 可数名词单数不能单独使用 要么前面加上冠词, 要么前面加上指示代词或物主 代词,要么用为复数。 This is pen. (错误。pen 是可数名词单数,不能单独使 用。)可改为: This is a pen. This is the pen. This is his/her/my/their pen. This is that pen. These are pens. 考点5. 一些短语中 25. --- Hey, Mr. Smith, you are wanted on ______ phone. --- Who is calling? --- ______Mr. Green. I don’t know who he is.

写作专练5.

其它冠词相关(P18)

第二部分 专题过关测试

第一章 冠词
1. ___ girl in ___ Grade Three is ___ tallest in our school. A. The; the; the B. A; a; a C. The; /; the D. A; /; a 2. 【2008 徐州】 Look! Simon, ________ walkman that I bought last year isn’t working properly. A. a B. an C. the D. / 3. –That’s _______ good news for those who often go to these places. A. a B. the C. 不填 4. 【2009 陕西】What____ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive____ prize! A. a;a B. the;a C. a;the D. the;the 5. -- Will ______ sofa do? -- Sure. But if you haven’t, ____ chair is OK. A. the, a B. a, the C. a, a D. /, / 6. -Who invented ____ computer? -I don’t know. A. a B. the C. / D. one 7. 【2008 重庆】In many places in China, ___bicycle is still ____ popular means of transportation. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the; the 8. ____water is necessary in ____ people's everyday life. A. /; / B. The; / C. The; the D. /; the 9. I know you don’t like ___ music very much. But what do you think of ___ music in the film we saw yesterday? A. /; / B. The; / C. The; the D. /; the 10. _____ old lady in brown is____ university professor. A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a 11. ____computer is ___useful tool in the world today. A. an; the B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a 12. -John, there is ____ Mr. Wilson on the phone for you. -I’m in the bath. A. / B. a C. the D. one 13. The party last night was ___ great success. We sang and danced until it came to ___ end at 12:00. A. a, an B. a, the C. the, an D. /, the 14. ——This is__ film I’ve told you about several times. ——It’s great. I’ve never seen ___ more moving one. A. a, a B. the, the C. the, a D. a, the 15. The train is running fifty miles ______. A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour D. a hour

16. Don’t you think it ___ surprise that a German cannot speak ___ German language? A. 不填; the B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. 不填; the 17. Nurses are required to look after _____. A. sick and wound B. sick and wounded C. the sick and wound D. the sick and wounded 18. He lived in____. A. the room 105 C. the 105 of the room B. the 105 room D. Room 105

19. Marco Polo and his father traveled by___. A. a ship B. ships C. ship D. the ship 20. 【2009 安徽】We can never expect bluer sky unless we create A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 21. Mary became ___monitor (班长)of our class. A. a B. an C. / D. the 22. I didn’t know why he looked angry when I patted him ______. A. on the head B. on head C. on a head D. on his head 23. He left ______ with my secretary that he would call again in the afternoon. He said he would keep ______. A. words; his words B. word; his word C. word; word D. the word; his words 24. His dream was to turn ____ doctor. A. / B. the C. a D. one 25. My mother asked me to repeat ______ telephone number ______ second time so that she could write it down. A. the; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; the 26. The moment you step on ___ board the ship to the USA, you must have an opened mind towards ___ new environment you face. A. a, the B. a, / C. the, the D. /, the 27. I usually go out for ___ walk after____ tea; A. a; / B. /; the C. a; a D. the; a 28. I waited until James and Johnson came. Then ____ began to study a map. A. all of them B. the three of us C. three of us D. both of us 29. I’m afraid I’ll turn to Prof. Timlingson. It is . A. too difficult a problem B. a too difficult problem C. so difficult problem D. a so difficult problem 30. --Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our business management? --If you made ___ most of the equipment, there would be ___ rise in production. A. /, / B. the, a C. the, the D. the, / less polluted world.

第三部分 写作能力提升

学好语法,不仅能提高单选题的得分,更重要的是,它还可以提高我们英语书面表达的 能力,使我们写出语法正确、句式多变、用词高级的句子来。本部分和前面的考点精讲精练 是一种对应关系。 哪个考点或者哪一讲能帮助我们写出正确或高级的句子来, 就设计一些汉 译英题来进行练习; 对写作帮助不大的部分没有设计汉译英题。 把写作能力提升这部分单独 列出来,主要是考虑到学生的基础。基础差的学生这部分题可以先不做。 汉译英并不是字对字地直译。 “看山是山,看山不是山” 。有时真要按汉语字面意思翻译 出来,读起来感觉却像变了味。因此,在翻译时,要通过缜密地思考,看用英语中那句话、 哪个句式能把这个意思表达出来。从这个意义上说,要写好英文作文或者做好汉译英题,要 有很好的分析能力。 本部分所设计的汉译英题,后面都给出了关键的单词、词组或句式,目的是降低题的难 度,使学生用信心、有能力来完成;同时使练习更具有针对性,从而巩固所学语法知识,提 供学生在写作中的应用能力。后面所提供的答案仅供参考,只要把意思表达出来,没有语病 即可。

第一章 冠词
写作专练1. 遇到名词要考虑前面冠词是特指还是类指(参看 P 错误!未定义书签。错误! 未找到引用源。 ) 1. 水对于我们生活很重要,因此我们要尽我们最大努力来阻止它受到污染。 (be important to, do our best , prevent …from , pollute) 2. 我家乡附近那条河里的水已经被严重污染。我们要求政府尽早采取适当的措施来保护 它。 polluted seriously, demand, the government, take appropriate measures, as soon as ) (be 3. 都说老师们过着简朴的生活, 但我认为当老师很有意义。 said to, live a simple life, be (be a teacher, meaningful)

4. 计算机在我们生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。 (computer, play a part/role in ) 5. 我将乘出租车去医院,因为出租车比公交车快。 take a taxi to, bus) ( 6. 钱对于我们来说确实很重要,但它并不代表一切。 (do matter, be not everything) 7. 在 我 看 来 , 一 个 学 生 应 当 关 心 他 的 学 业 成 绩 。 personally, care about, academic ( performance)

8. 中午的时候在没有任何保护措施的情况下直视太阳对我们的眼有害。 (be harmful to, look straight at, without any protection) 9. 我喜欢门大、 窗户大的房子, 但是眼前有红屋顶的这一座不是我喜欢的。 house, with big ( doors and windows, a red roof, not my type)

写作专练2.

活用不定冠词 a、an (参看 P 3 第一讲)

1. 就在那时,有一个七岁的小女孩正步行穿越马路。 (there be, walk across) 2. 他考试总是在班级名列第一,竞赛中总是获一等奖。他是他家庭的荣耀,是我们班级 的骄傲。 (rank first, the first prize, in competitions, an honor to , the pride of) 3. 由于他把大部分时间都用在学英语上, 难怪他英语说这么好。 as, devote…to, no wonder, ( fluently) 4. 这次演出远不是什么失败。事实上,它是一次极大的成功。 (the performance, far from, failure, success) 5. 要学好英语,一本好的字典是必须的。 dictionary, a must) (

写作专练3.

掌握好名词前用 the 的各种情况(参看 P5 第二讲)

1. 会议将于周四下午三点到四点在位于 3 号楼四楼的 402 房间举行。 (be held) 2. 她的歌曲在年轻人和年老人中都很受欢迎。 (be popular with, as well as) 3. 我喜欢在长江里游泳, 在滨海路上购物, 在江北公园散步。 我的梦想是上浙江大学。 like, ( dream)

4. 那座庙建于清代,已经有七百多年的历史了。它在二十世纪九十年代有政府出资修缮 过。 (build, dynasty, the temple, a history of, restore, government, at one’s expense) 5. 他拉着我的手说,你帮助我, 我真的很感激” take sb. by, be grateful to sb. for, help out) “ 。 (

写作专练4.

掌握好名词前不用冠词的情况 (参看 P7 第三讲)

1. 春节是中国孩子最幸福的日子,他们可以穿最漂亮的衣服吃最喜欢的食物。但是,在 元旦他们通常不这样。 (wear their nicest clothes ) 2. 我们要招聘的这个人,最好年龄在二十多岁,有良好的英语知识,有办公室工作经历 和丰富的管理经验。 (be preferred, in management) 3. 张华, 我们班的班长, 昨天被选为我们学校的学生会主席。monitor, elect, chairman of the ( students union) 4. 虽然他是个小孩, 他能自如地用英语和老外交流。 he is, communicate with foreigners, (as freely) 5. 传来消息说, 他在那边玩得很快乐。 他说每天在河里游泳很有趣。 (word, have fun, fun) 6. 我的梦想是长大后当一名科学家。 (dream is, turn, grow up)

写作专练5.

其它冠词相关( 参看 P 9 第四讲 )

1. 参与被调查的人数是 1000, 一些人说他们不同意这种做法。 (survey, a number of, whom, agree with, practice) 2. 内乡, 群山环绕, 河流湖泊众多, 是一个非常美丽的地方。 with mountains around it, lakes ( and rivers everywhere, most beautiful) 3. 李老师今年管理我们班级。 我们的学校归一个叫做张明的老板所有。 charge of, in the (in possession of, boss) 4. 英语是和语文同等重要的一门学科, 而且, 英语并不是那么难的一门语言。 important (as a subject, besides, that difficult)



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