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人教新课标英语2016届高三一轮复习:定语从句的复习及应用导学案

第1讲
【课首小测】

复习定语从句

1.I still can't believe my eyes when I remember the scene________ the best player should miss the pass. A.that B.which C.where D.How

2.Remember that there is still one point________ we must make clear at the conference tomorrow. A.where B.whyC.when D.that 3.He didn't put the things________ they belonged,for________ he got his punishment. A.which;that B.what;thisC.that;whose D.where;which

4.As to the unemployment,the government has taken a series of measures in many areas, ________ , I am sure, will benefit the people out of work. A.which B.thatC.what D.where

5.I took my daughter to the park last Sunday, ________ we walked back and forth for two hours. A.when B.whoC.which D.Where

【互动导学】
导学一:定语从句
知识点 1:定语从句的定义 The man who lives next to us sells vegetables./You must do everything that I do. 定语从句:在复合句中,修饰名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。

知识点 2.定语从句的组成部分 被定语从句修饰的词,叫做先行词,例如 man,everything 其中链接先行词和定语从句的词叫做关系词,例如 who, that 知识点 3.引导定语从句的关系词 指代人 who,whom,that 指代事物 which,that,as 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 where/ 介词+which 指时间 when / 介词+which 指原因 why / for + which

【我爱展示】
用不同的符号划出下面定语从句中的先行词 、关系词及定语从句 1.This is the best film that I have ever read.
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2.I like the person to whom the teacher is talking. 3.Do you know the reason why she was put into prison ? 4.Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from whose effects people are still suffering. 5.They won the game, which we hadn’t expected. 知识点 4.定语从句的分类 1.This is the best film that I have ever read 2.They won the game, which we hadn’t expected. 定语从句分为:限制性定语从句,例如 1 非限制性定语从句,例如 2 两者之间最大的差别在于:非限制性定语从句的先行词和关系词之间用逗号隔开 PS:关系词 that 不能用于非限制性定语从句中

导学二:关系词的特殊用法
知识点 1:只用 that 的情况 ①先行词为 all, everything, anything, nothin g, little, much 等不定代词时 ②先行词被 all, any, every, each, much, little, no, some, few 等修饰时 ③先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时④先行词既指人又指物时 ⑤先行词被 the only, the very 修饰时⑥句中已经有 who 或 which 时,为了避免重复时 知识点 2.where、when 与 why 引导的定 语从句 关系副词 用 法 例 句

关系副词 where 引导定语从句时,只 能在定语从句中作地点状语,其修饰 where 的名词必须是表示 (具体或抽象的 )地 点的名词。

We’re just trying to teach a point where both sides will sit down together and talk.

There was a time when I hated to go 关系副词 when 引导定语从句时, 只 to school. when 能在定语从句中作时间状语,其修饰 A. a; that 的名词必须是表示时间的名词。 C. the; that 关系副词 why 引导定语从句时,只 Do you know the reason why she was why 能在定语从句中作原因状语,其修饰 put into prison ? 的名词必须是表示原因的名词。 知识点 3: as 的用法 从句 区 别
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B. a; when D. the ; when





限制性 定语从句中

名词前有 such 和 the same 修饰时, 关系代词用 as,不能用 which

He is not such a fool as he looks.

They won the game, as we had as 和 which 都可以指代前面整个主 expected. 句。如果有“正如,象”的含义,并 非限制性 可以放在主句前,也可以放在后面, 定语从句中 那么用 as;而 which 引导的从句只能 As is well known, he is a famous film 放主句后,并无“正如”的意思。 star in the 1980s. That’s the same tool as I used last the same... as 指同类事物 the same... as week.(同类工具,不是同一把) hadn’t expected. They won the game, which we

知识点 4.介词+关系代词引导的定语从句 ●介词+which/ whom 基 本 形 式 ●介词短语+ which。 常 见 介 词 短 语 : as a result of,by means of,in front of,in case of,on account of 等。 Last week, only two people came to look at the house, 扩 不定代词+介词+关系 whom wanted to buy it.
[

He was educated at a local grammar school,after which he went on to Cambridge.

neither of

代词 展 The man pulled out a gold watch, the hands of which were small diamonds. 形 the+名词+介词+关系 代词 C. which the hands of 式 D. the hands of which A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of? made of

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③The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80%of which 数词+介词+关系代词 are sold abroad.

the+形容词比较级 (最高 级)+介词+关系代词

④There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from whose

介词+whose +名词

effects people are still suffering.

⑥Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, during which time 介词+ which +名词 he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students’Union.

根据定语从句 中谓语动词与 判 断 内容而定 介 方法一 先行词的搭配

I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was,she had run back in the directionfrom whichshe had come.

There are two buildings , the larger of whichstands nearly a hundred feet 词 方法二 的 方 根据所要表达 法 方法三 的意思来确定 所要用的介词 Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003,during which timehe studied very hard and was made chairman of the Stude nts’ Union. 而定 根据先行词 high.

【我爱展示】
1.A plane is a machine_______________can fly. 2.The fish_________we bought this morning were not fresh. 3.Mrs Read is the person to __________you should write. 4.This is the scientist _____________name is known all over the world. 5.October9 1,1949 is the day _________/___________ the People’s Republic of China was founded. 6.I will never forget the days_________we spent together.
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7.The reason ______________/________________he was late was that he missed his train. 8.He can’t accept the reason ______________he expressed for his absence.

【能力展示】
【强化拓展训练】
1.巧用定语从句 作文华丽转身 (1). The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. It is not far from Jianxin Chinese School.→ The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, ___________________________________________. (2).Our school is beautiful, and it is surrounded by many big trees. → Our school__________________________-_______________is beautiful. (3).Many jams.→ Many vendors put stalls on both sides of the street, ___________________________________. vendors(小贩) put stalls(货摊) on both sides of the street. It causes serious traffic

2.在横线部分写出适当的关系词 Dear editor, I’m Li Hua, a student __1____studies in Hainan Middle School. I am writing this letter to talk about the problem outside our school gate. In front of our school gate lies a narrow street, ___2___ is the only way for students in and out of the school. During rush hour every day, many (小贩) vendors put stalls on both sides of the street, taking up too much space, ___3____leads to serious traffic jams. What’s worse, The

vendors and even the students throw rubbish about, _4_________is bad for our environment. I do hope to see a normal traffic and clean and quiet surroundings _______5_________ we will feel happy to live and study. That is the reason____6___I am writing this letter. I would appreciate it if you could help us solve the problem. Look forward to hearing from you. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

【课后作业】:语法填空
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1.________ spoken . Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves c correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2.________, we must be able to
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read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct.There is no easy way to success 3.________ language learning. 4.________ good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5.________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is no much use learning by heart long lists of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn 6.________ using the language. 7.________ we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8.________(advise) for those 9.________ are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 10.________(write) the language whenever we can.

【跟踪指导】
1、拓展必修 1Unit1 的单词 2、背诵 add up,ignore,upset,calm…down,have got to,be concerned about, go through, set down,a series of, on purpose,下次在翻译句子中复习巩固

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参考答案 课首小测 1-5CDDAD 导学二:我爱展示 1.which/that 2,which 3.whom 4.whose 5.when/on which 6.which /that 7.why/for which 8.which/that 强化拓展训练 1.(1)which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School (2)which is surrounded by many big trees (3)which causes serious traffic jams 2. 1.who 2.which 3.which 4.which 5.where /in which 6.why 课后作业 1.it 2.Thirdly 3.in 4.A 5.to memorize 6.by 7.If 8.advice 9.who 10.writing

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