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《新编实用英语》教案第一册Unit10


年 授课时间 第 周

月 星期

日 节次

Unit Ten 授课章节 教学目的 和要求

Showing Concern And Giving Advice Section I & II

Understand and talk about the instructions of medicine; Try to understand the listening material with the help of the vocabulary you have learned in this topic. 1. Review some expressions learned in Unit Nine (5 minutes); 2. Section I: Talking Face to Face Ask the students to list words and phrases to express discomfort to warm them up (5 minutes); 3. Read and explain the sample medicine instructions (10 minutes); 4. The teacher presents the dialogues by playing the recorder and by asking the students to read the dialogues silently in order to get audio and visual input. The students practice the dialogues by 教学 过程 设计 imitating the pronunciation and intonation of the speakers on the tape, master some useful expressions, and produce some dialogues as required (25 minutes); 5. Section II: Being All Ears (43minutes) Pre-listening: predict the content of each listening material with all possible information; While listening: let the students listen to the dialogues and the passage at least one time before doing the exercises; ask them to take notes; Post-listening: do some oral English activities and written work. These steps aim to help the students cultivate good listening strategies. 6. Homework: Preview Section III Passage I & II (2 minutes) Learn to understand and write medicine instructions; 教学内容 Listen and learn ways to express concerns and offer aids.

年 授课时间 第 授课章节 周

月 星期

日 节次

Unit Ten

Showing Concern And Giving Advice Section III Passage I & II

Understand the two passages as a whole; 教学目的 和要求 Master some useful expressions in Passage Iⅈ Learn to use the strategy of guessing unknown words in the context to understand articles (reading skills development). Passage I 1. Warm-up: ask the students the question “When you are traveling around, what should you do in case you fell ill?”, then collect their opinions and write them on the blackboard to develop their self-confidence; provide some background knowledge(5minutes); 2. Ask the students to skim the passage and answer the comprehension questions on page 167 (8minutes); 3. Analyze the passage, and explain the language points and difficult 教学 过程 设计 sentences (30 minutes); Passage II 4. Warm-up: ask the students the question “If one of your friends had a heart disease and needed a heart transplant, what would you do?”, then collect their opinions;(5 minutes); 5. Ask the students to skim the passage and do Exercise 6(i.e. True/False) on page 171(8minutes); 6. Explain the language points and difficult sentences (22 minutes); 7. Review the useful expressions learned in these two passages (10 minutes);
8. Homework: preview Section IV; finish the exercises after passage I&II (2 minutes)

教学内容

Learning Passage Iⅈ Mastering some useful expressions.

年 授课时间 第 授课章节 教学目的 和要求 周

月 星期

日 节次

Unit Ten

Showing Concern And Giving Advice Section IV Trying Your Hand

Develop translation skills; Master the methods to change simple sentences into coordinate ones. 1. Check the exercises after the two passages and make necessary explanations (28 minutes); 2. Section IV: translate the instructions for taking medicines by using

教学 过程 设计

translation skills (15 minutes); 3. Explain grammar rules, i.e. conjunction (15 minutes); 4. Finish the exercises (20 minutes); 5. Review the whole unit (10 minutes);
6. Homework: review this unit (2 minutes).

教学内容

Grammar: ways to combine sentences into coordinate ones Finish the exercises.

Unit Ten Showing Concern and Giving Advice

I. Objectives:
By the end of this unit, the students should be able to 1) read, discuss and translate medications in English, 2) learn some expressions used in showing concern and giving advice, 3) comprehend the two passages and master the useful expressions in them, and 4) finish the exercises by themselves or with some help.

II. Introduction
Lead-in (导入) : First, the students are asked to discuss the topic—illness. Then their opinions are written down on the blackboard. Finally, the introductory remarks will be made by the teacher as follows: Everybody falls ill once in a while. When you are ill you may have to go to hospital to see the doctor. Illnesses range from skin troubles to cancers. Whatever you may be going to see the doctor for, you may often get a prescription for different medicines. In this unit we will learn how to express discomfort, show concern and give advice.

III. Teaching Procedures:
Section I. Talking Face to Face

Step 1. Presentation: Read the following two Samples of Medicine Instructions Here are instructions for taking two different medications. Read and try to talk about them in English. Sample 1
Throat Spray The spray is made up of vitamins and mint. It is used for the relief of a sore and dry throat. It is also helpful for persistent cough. Spray gently into open mouth, three times a day. Don't drink or eat anything immediately after use. Keep in cool dry place.

Sample 2
Vitamin E Skin Oil Capsule Ingredients: Vitamin E and vegetable oil. Functions: Smooth dry and rough skin. Application: Squeeze capsule and apply contents to desired area. Rub the lotion into your skin. Caution: Do not allow the lotion to come into contact with eyes. Keep out of reach of children. Store in a cool, dry place.

--The Way of Showing Concern 1. What’s the matter with you? 2. What’s the trouble with you? 3. What’s wrong with you? 4. Is there anything wrong? 5. Are you all right (Ok)? 6. You don’t look quite yourself. 7. You don’t look well. --The Way of Expressing One’s Sickness 8. I’m feeling awful. 9. I’ve got a terrible headache. 10. I’ve got a sore throat. 11. I feel sick. 12. My whole body hurts badly. 13. I’m seriously ill and running a high fever.

14. I’ve just got a bad cold. Step 2.Practice: Dialogue 1 A Doctor Is Talking to a Patient D: what’s wrong with you? P: I’ve got a sore throat and a bad cough. D: Try this throat spray. You should feel some relief soon. P: That’s good. How should I use it? D: Simply spray it in your throat three times a day. And remember not to drink or eat anything immediately afterward. P: I understand. Thank you very much. D: Oh, and keep it in a cool and dry place. Dialogue 2 Talk About Skin Care A: Why do you look so unhappy? Is there anything wrong? B: It’s my skin. It’s so dry and rough. A: You could try this skin oil capsule. Just rub the oil into your skin. It will smooth and soften your skin immediately. B: Really? What is it made of? A: Vitamin E and vegetable oil. Step 3. Production: Task: Imagine you are a doctor receiving a patient. The following dialogue is provided for your reference. D: What’s wrong with you? P: I’ve got a high fever. D: Oh, it’s just a bad cold. I’ll give you an injection to bring your fever down. P: Do I also need to take some medicine? D: Yes. Here is a prescription to take care of your cold and keep your temperature down.

Section II : Being All Ears

(参考电子课件)

Dialogue 1: Teaching Procedure (It aims to train the students with proper listening strategies.) Pre-listening: provide the students with the new words and expressions; read through the questions and the chart in exercise 1 and 2, and make some predictions as to the content of the dialogue. While-listening: ask the students to listen to the dialogue for the first time and ask them just to understand the main idea of the dialogue not to finish the exercises; listen to the dialogue again and ask them to finish exercise 1; ask the students to repeat the dialogue sentence by sentence after the tape

while the teacher will press the button “pause” on the tape recorder; listen to the dialogue as a whole for the last time. Post-listening: ask the students to finish exercise 2, i.e. answering questions. This step aims to change listening to speaking. Notes: The following dialogue and the passage listening can be done in a more or less similar procedure.

Section III: Maintaining a Sharp Eye
Passage 1 A Guide to Health for Tourists

Step 1.Lead-in (In this step, some related information will be provided for the students.) Health and Safety In case of ill health, EU citizens can receive free treatment at National Health Service hospitals. While for non-EU citizens treatment within NHS accident and emergency units only is free - if a non-EU citizen needs to be admitted to a ward, they will be charged. If you are charged medical fees, keep a record of you having paid in order to claim on your insurance. Generally speaking, you will find few health hazards when traveling in England. The water is safe to drink unless a sign says otherwise (for example on trains), milk is pasteurized and you should find few problems with food if it is cooked properly. However, a change in climate, diet, and water supply in itself can cause problems such as an upset stomach, so take care, especially with your diet. Doctors’ surgeries vary their hours, so do not count on them being open. For example many close during the afternoons and then open again for a couple of hours in the evenings. Outside of hours,try a local hospital or in emergencies, dial for an ambulance. Step 2. Comprehension Questions (The students will be asked some compression questions after they have skimmed the passage to help them develop reading strategies.) (1) What might/could happen to tourists while they are traveling around? (2) (3) (4) (5) What are some of the illness a tourist may usually suffer from? Why should a tourist bring a small first-aid kit? Why can some traditional medicines be suggested to foreign tourists? What is medicated oil good for?

Step 3. Explain the passage in detail (1) Explanation of Difficult Sentences 1. -- Clearly, it is necessary to pack a small first aid kit with you if you go traveling. (Para. 2) Analysis: “clearly” and similar adverbs like obviously, apparently, etc. express the author’s or the speaker’s idea and attitude; “go doing sth.” is a verb phrase often used in English, with “V-ing” giving the purpose of the verb go, meaning “干什么 去”. e.g. Obviously, it is important to know about the weather if you go swimming in the sea. 2. -- In addition to that, loose-fitting clothing, long dresses, long trousers and long-sleeved shirt fastened at the end are needed when traveling long distances outdoors. (Para. 2) Analysis: “In addition to that” is used to further certain opinions or points; “fastened at…” is used to modify long-sleeved trousers and shirts. “you are” is omitted in when traveling. e.g. In addition to textbooks, stories and adapted for the beginners with Chinese versions are also needed when learning a foreign language. 3. -- At all times, personal cleanness is of the biggest importance. (Para. 3) Analysis: “of the biggest importance” means “the most important”; in English, “be + of + (a.) noun” is often used instead of “be + adjective”, with the former sounding more formal. e.g. In any case, honesty as a principle is of the utmost importance. 4. -- What if your friends are reluctant to try them? (Para. 4) Analysis: “What if” is used to make a supposition. It is an abbreviated form of “What would be the result if…” e.g. Yes, he can play the main role. But what if he refuses to join us? 5. -- As with Western medicine, some Chinese herbal treatments could have a satisfactory result without any danger or side effects. (Para. 4) Analysis: “As with ” is an abbreviated form of “as it is the case with…” It stresses the likeness between two things. e.g. As with gold, some other metals are also very good conductors. (2) Useful Words and Expressions 1. suffer v. feel or have pain, lose… e.g. I’ll surely suffer from headaches if I stay up late.She is suffering from homesickness since she’s never been away from home.

2. hurt v. cause bodily injury, cause pain e.g. I hurt my toe when practicing ballet. 3. survive :幸存 e.g. The old lady was so lucky that she survived the accident. It’s difficult for these plants to survive the cold climate in the north. 4. acclimatize v. acclimate 服水土、习惯 e.g. Don’t worry, you’ll soon get acclimatized to the life here. It’s easier for some people to get acclimatized while very difficult for others. 5. fasten v. 系上、扎上、关上 e.g. Have you fastened all the doors and windows? She fastened the box with a piece of string. 6 traditional adj. 传统的 tradition n. e.g. To fire crackers on the New Year Eve is a traditional custom in China. Traditional ideas are not necessarily out-dated ones. 7. reluctant adj. 不情愿、不愿意 e.g. He is reluctant to go shopping with his wife. I don’t think he is reluctant to accept our invitation. 8. convince v. be convinced of something, convince somebody of something e.g. I’m convinced of his honesty. We couldn't convince her of her mistake. 9. soothe v. 使(某人,其神经,其情绪)平静, 安慰, 使 (痛苦,疼痛) 缓和或减轻 e.g. The mother is soothing her crying baby. It’s difficult for him to soothe his anger. Passage II Step 1.Warm up First ask the students the questions “Do you know the song My Heart Will Go On?” “What do you know about the song?” and then make some conclusions as follows: The song is the theme song of the film Titanic. The film won several Oscar Academy Awards. The director Jams Gameron has made it a box office hit not only in America, but also in the whole world. The song, together with the touching love The Loving Heart Will Go On

between Rose and Jack, strikes a chord with a large audience. Today we’ll also read a touching story. It is very clear that the title of this passage The Loving Heart Will Go On is adapted from the song My Heart Will Go On. Step 2. Ask the students to skim the passage and finish Exercise 6
Step 3. Explain the passage in detail

(1) Explanation of Difficult Sentences 1. --But her life was in constant danger without a heart transplant. Analysis: The prepositional phrase in…danger refers to a state. The antonym is “out of danger.” Translation 但由于没进行心脏移植,她的生命还随时处在危险之中。

2. --However, things didn’t turn out as expected. Analysis: As expected can be understood as an adverbial clause of manner, meaning “in the way in which things are expected to turn out to be”. The words omitted after as could be “they were”. Translation: 然而,事情的发展并不像预期的一样。

3. --Cheryl went into a deep coma. Frank was told that there was only a million-to-one chance. Analysis: The conjunction that introduces an object clause. Million-to-one is a compound word, meaning “ one millionth, very small in this case. Translation 弗兰克被告知她康复的可能已微乎其微了。

4. --She had been very open about it and had checked “Yes” on her driver’s license. Analysis: It refers to the donation matter mentioned above. The fact that Cheryl checked “yes”…illustrates her openness and tells people that she was willing o donate her organs. Translation: 她对此事坦言无忌,并且在驾驶执照的这一栏里选取了“愿意”一项。

5., --On New Year’s Eve, Carmen stood by Frank’s family at Cheryl’s funeral, who were singing one of their favorite songs, “ My heart will go on” Analysis: Who introduces an unrestricted clause, modifying Frank’s family. My Heart Will Go On is the title of the song they were singing at Cheryl’s funeral. Translation 除夕夜,在绮瑞尔葬礼上, 卡门与弗兰克一家人站在一起唱起他 们最喜爱的一首歌:“我心永恒”。

(2) Useful Words and Expressions
1. constant: going on all the time; frequently occurring e.g. The computer center is kept at a constant temperature. 2 miracle: Something good or welcome, which does not follow the known laws of nature. e.g. The child’s life was saved by a miracle.

Section IV Trying Your Hand Applied Writing
a. Explain the format of instructing different medicines b. Learn to understand the instructions for taking medicine c. Learn to write an instruction according to the samples Sample 1
MOUTH REFRESHER SPRAY The spray can make your breath fresh and sweet. It is also helpful for persistent offensive breath. Spray directly into open mouth whenever needed. One bottle can offer 200 sprays. Keep away from any fire and spark and don't use when smoking, since the content is combustible.

Sample 2
Aloe Lotion

for Repairing and Soothing Sun-burnt Skin Ingredients: Aloe Juice and Vitamin E Functions: Soothe sun-burnt skin, protect skin from strong sunrays, and delay skin ageing. Application: Squeeze a few drops to the palms, spread the lotion evenly and apply it gently on the skin.

Sentence Writing
Grammar Rules: Conjunctions (Refer to the Workbook for Conjunctions.)

连词的基本用法
连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分, 而只起连接词与词, 短语与短语以及句与 句的作用。连词主要可分为两类:并列连词和从属连词。 主要的连词有:and, or, nor, but, yet, however, therefore, so, for, hence, as well as,

both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and) then 等。
并列连词与并列结构 1.并列连词引导两个并列的句子。

1) and 与 or 判断改错: (错) They sat down and talk about something. 改:They sat down and talked about something. (错) I saw two men sitting behind and whisper there. 改:I saw two men sitting behind and whispering there. 解析: 第一句: and 连接两个并列的谓语,所以 talk 应改为 talked。 第二句:and 连接感观动词 saw 后面的用作的宾补的两个并列分词结构,因此 whisper 应改为 whispering。

注意:and 还可以和祈使句或名词词组连用表示条件。(or 也有此用法) e.g. Make up your mind, and you'll get the chance. = If you make up your mind, you'll get the chance. 2) both …and 两者都…… e.g. She plays (both) the piano and the guitar. 3) not only…but (also), as well as 不但…而且 e.g. She plays not only the piano, but (also) the guitar. 注意: not only… but also 关联两个分句时,一个分句因有否定词 not 而必须倒 装。 e.g. Not only does he like reading stories, but also he can even write some. 4) neither…nor 意思为"既不……也不……"谓语动词采用就近原则,与 nor 后的 词保持一致。 e.g. Neither you nor he is to blame. 2. 比较 and 和 or 1) 并列结构中,or 通常用于否定句,and 用于肯定句。 2) 但有时 and 也可用于否定句。请注意其不同特点: e.g. There is no air or water in the moon. There is no air and no water on the moon. 在否定中并列结构用 or 连接,但含有两个否定词的句子实际被看作是肯定 结 构,因此要用 and。 典型例题 I don't like chicken ___ fish. I don't like chicken, ___ I like fish very much. A. and; and B. and; but C. or; but D. or;and

答案 C。否定句中表并列用 or, but 表转折。 判断改错: (错) We will die without air and water. 改为: We will die without air or water.

(错) We can't live without air or water. 改为:We can't live without air and water. 3. 表示选择的并列结构 1) or 意思为"否则"。 e.g. I must work hard, or I'll fail in the exam. 2) either…or 意思为"或者……或者……"。注意谓语动词采用就近原则。 e.g. Either you or I am right. 4. 表示转折或对比 1) but 表示转折,while 表示对比。 e.g. Some people love cats, while others hate them. 典型例题 --- Would you like to come to dinner tonight? --- I'd like to, ___ I'm too busy. A. and B. so C. as D. but 答案 D。 but 与前面形成转折, 符合语意。而表并列的 and,结果的 so 原因的 as 都不符合句意。 2) not…but… 意思为"不是……而是……" not 和 but 后面的用词要遵循一致原则。 e.g. They were not the bones of an animal, but (the bones) of a human being. 5. 表原因关系 1) for 判断改错: (错) For he is ill, he is absent today. 改为: He is absent today, for he is ill. for 是并列连词,不能置于含两个并列分句的句子的句首,只能将其放在两 个分 句中间。 2) so, therefore e.g. He hurt his leg, so he couldn't play in the game.

although… yet…,但 although 不与 but 连用。 (错) Although he was weak, but he tried his best to do the work.. 改为: Although he was weak, yet he tried his best to do the work. 6. 比较 so 和 such 其规律由 so 与 such 的不同词性决定。such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组,so 是副词, 只能修饰形容词或副词.so 还可与表示数量的形容词 many, few, much, little 连用,形成固定搭配。 so + adj. so + adj. + a(n) + n. so + adj. + n. (pl.) so + adj. + n. [不可数] such + a(n) + n. such + n. (pl.) such +n. (pl.) such +n. [不可数]

so foolish so nice a flower so many/ few flowers so much/little money. so many people

such a fool such a nice flower such nice flowers such rapid progress such a lot of people

so many 已成固定搭配,a lot of 虽相当于 many,但 a lot of 为名词性的, 只能用 such 搭配。 so…that 与 such…that 之间的转换既为 so 与 such 之间的转换。


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