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高考冠词考点归纳


冠词考点归纳 冠词考点归纳(加粗字体为高频考点) 考点归纳
一、 不定冠词的用法 1. 用于可数名词的单数形式前,表示"一" There is a tiger in the zoo. 动物园里有一只老虎。 2. 表示一类人和东西 A plane is a machine that can fly 注:表类指的方法:不定冠词+单数名词 the+可数名词单数 The horse is a useful animal.

可数名词复数(或不可数名词) A horse is a useful animal.

Horses are useful animals. 马是一种有用的动物。 要注意区别“不定冠词+单数名词”的类指用法与泛指用法,这要依上下文来判定。 A child came to my room. A child must be educated in some way. 3. 表示"某一个"的意思 A gentleman wants to see you. 有一位先生要见你。 表示"同一" 4. 表示"同一"的意思 They are nearly of an age. The two shirts are much of a size. 5. 表示"每一"的意思 We go swimming four times a week. 6. 用在作表语的单数可数名词前,表示身份、职业 My mother is a teacher. 7. 第一次提到的人或事物,但不特别指明是哪一个 Long long ago there was an old king who had a very beautiful daughter. 8. 不定冠词有"a 和 an"两种形式。"a"用在以辅音开头的词前,"an"用在以元音 开头的词前。判断一个词是以元音开头还是以辅音开头,是根据读音而不是根据字母。 a university an honest person a, 9. 在 such a,quite a 句式中 He is quite a good actor. Don't be in such a hurry. 10.固定搭配 10.固定搭配 have a rest(休息) have a look(瞧瞧) have a good time(过得开心) take a shower(淋浴) take a break(休息) take a bath(洗澡) get a cold(患感冒) get a fever(发烧) develop into a habit (养成习惯) make a living(谋生) make a guess at(猜测) in a moment(过一会儿) in a sense(在某种意义上)in a way(在某种程度上)once in a while(间或) have an edge(略胜过) as a result(因此) as a rule(通常) as a whole (总体上说)make a difference between(区分) have an advantage over(优于) an hour an orange an engineer an ordinary man

二、

定冠词的用法

1. 用以特指某(些)人或某(些)事物 This is the house where Luxun once lived.
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2. 用于指谈话双方都明确所指的人或事物 Open the door, please. 3. 用以复述上文提过的人或事物(第一次提到用“a 或 an”,以后再次提到用“the”) Once there lived a lion in the forest. Every day the lion asked small animals to look for food for him.从前森林里住着一只狮子。每天这只狮子要小动物们为他寻找食物。 4. 用在序数词和形容词最高级前 5. 表示世界上宇宙中独一无二的事物 the sun /moon /earth/sky/world 6. 指由普通名词构成的专有名词 the West Lake the Great Wall 表示方向、 7. 表示方向、方位 in the east /west on the right /left in the front /at the back in the bottom /at the top the United States the United Nations

在海洋、江河、湖泊、山脉、海峡、 8. 在海洋、江河、湖泊、山脉、海峡、海湾等地理名词前 the Pacific Ocean 太平洋 the Huanghe River 黄河 the Tainshan Mountains 天山山脉 the Taiwan Straits 台湾海峡 9. 在姓氏复数前,表示一家人 the poor /rich The Bakers 10. 和某些形容词连用,使形容词名词化,代表一类人或物 the sick 病人 the wounded 伤员 11. 用在表示阶级、政党的名词前 the working class 工人阶级 the Chinese Communist Party 中国共产党 12. 用在 the very 强调句中 This is the very book I want. 这就是我想要的那本书。 表示演奏乐器时, 14. 表示演奏乐器时,乐器的前面要加 the play the piano 弹钢琴 15. 15. 用在表示单位的名词前 He gets paid by time 。 By weight by the kilo 16.固定搭配 固定搭配 in the morning /afternoon /evening go to the theatre 去看戏 the same as 和……一样 in the least 一点,丝毫 go to the cinema 去看电影 all the year round 一年到头 out of the question 不可能的 on the average 一般说来 on the one hand 一方面 on the contrary 相反地 play the violin 拉小提琴 He gets paid by the day/by the hour. By height by the meter

on the way to 前往...去的路上 on the whole 总体上 to the best of 就……所及 on the other hand 另一方面 in the final analysis 归根结底 三、零冠词的用法 1. 专有名词前一般不加冠词 China 中国 Europe 欧洲
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in the long run 从长远来看 in the event of 万一

Lei Feng 雷锋 William Shakespeare 威廉·莎士比亚 月份、周日、 2. 月份、周日、节日前一般不加冠词 January Christmas Day Sunday Thanksgiving National Day May Day

比较: ...on a Sunday morning.在一个星期天的早晨... (表示某一个。) 三餐、 3. 三餐、四季前一般不加冠词 I have lunch at school. Summer is the best season for swimming. 比较:I had a big lunch yesterday. 昨天我吃了一顿丰盛的午餐。(表示某一个) The dinner given by Mr Smith was very nice. 史密斯先生款待的晚宴真是美味。(表示特指) 比较:I will never forget the summer we spent in Hawaii. 我永远不会忘记我们一起在夏威夷度过的那个夏天。(表示特指) 4. 进行球类运动 5. 没有特指的物质名词 This cart is made of wood. 6. 没有特指的不可数抽象名词 Time is precious. 比较: The time of the play was 1990s. 这个剧本的时代背景是二十世纪九十年代。(表示特指) 7. 山峰 Mount Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰 8. 独立结构中的名词不加冠词 A boy came in, book in hand.一个男孩进来,手上拿着书。 9. 在"kind of+名词 sort of+名词"句式中 What kind of flower is it? I like this sort of book. 10. 10.固定搭配 go to school 去上学 in hospital 住院 day by day 日复一日 by mistake 无意地板 keep pace with 跟上…步伐 go to bed 上床睡觉 at noon /night /midnight by chance 意外地 from time to time 不时地 at table 在用餐 in town 在城里 by nature 天生地 in memory of 为纪念 这是什么花? 我喜欢这种书。 这辆手推车是用木头作的。 比较: The wood outside was all wet.外面的那些木头都湿了。(表示特指)

Practice: Practice:
1.(全国卷 I)30.—Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith?

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—Sorry, wrong number. There isn't______ Mr. Smith here. A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one 2.(全国卷 2)19. I know you don’t like _______ music very much. But what do you think of _______ music in the film we saw yesterday? A. /; / B. the; the C. the; / D. /; the 3.(北京卷)26. --- I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over ______ keyboard. --- You shouldn’t put drinks near ________ computer. A. the; 不填 B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. a; a 4.(重庆卷)25.Everywhere man has cut down _______ forests in order to grow crops, or to use ______ wood as fuel or as building material. A. the; the B. the;/ C./;the D./;/ 5.(辽宁卷)21.Of all__________reasons for my decision to become a university professor, my father’s advice was _______most important one. A. the; a B.不填;a C.不填;the D. the; the 6.(陕西卷)15.According to _________World Health Organization, health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent _________ spread of AIDS. A. the;不填 B. the; the C. a; a D.不填;the 7.(湖南卷)22.In___________ review of 44 studies, American researchers found that men and women who ate six key foods daily cut the risk of ___________ heart disease by 76%. A. a; the B. the; a C. a;不填 D.不填;a 8.(浙江卷)3. Don’t worry if you can’t come to _____ party. --- I’ll save _____ cake for you. A. the ; some B. a ; much C. the ; any D. a ; little 9.(山东卷)21. For him ____ stage is just ___ means of making a living. A. a; a B. the; a C. the ; the D. a; the

1. —Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons, please? —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village. [2007 全国卷 II] A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; / 2. ________ walk is expected to last all day, so bring------- packed lunch. [2007 山东卷] A.A;a B.The; 不填 C.The ; a D.A ; 不 填 3. —How about________ Christmas evening party? [2007 福建卷] —I should say it was ________success. A.a; a B.The; a C.a;不填 D.the; 不填 4. I looked under _____bed and found ______bokkd I lost last week. [2007 北京卷] A.the; a B. the: the C. 不填;the D. the:;不填 5. Polar bears live mostly on______sea ice, which they use as ______platform for

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hunting seals. [2007 湖南卷] A. a; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 6. We have every reason to believe that_____ 2008 Beijing Olympic Games will be_____ success.[2007 江苏卷] A. / … a B. the … / C. the … a D. a … a 7. Many people have come to realize that they ahould go on ___balanced diet and make ____ room in their day for exercise. [2007 江西卷] A.a;/ B.the; a C.the;the D./;a 8. In ______ film Cast Away.Tom Hanks plays _______man named Chuck Noland. [2007 陕西卷] A.a; the B.the; a C.the; the D.a; a 9. How about taking ______ short break? I want to make _______ call.[2007 四川 卷] A.the;a B.a;the C.the;the D.a;a 10. I wanted to catch ________early train, but couldn’t get ________ ride to the station. [2007 天津卷] A. an, the B. /, the C. an, / D. the, a 11. I like _____ color of your skirt. It is _____ good match for your blouse. [2007 浙江卷] A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. Gorge couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was _____ Sunday because everybody was at _______ church. [2007 重庆卷] A. /; the B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a 13. Chrismas is _____ special holiday when _______ whole family are supposed to get together.[2007 辽宁卷] A. the, the B. a, a C. the, a D. a, the

(湖南卷)22. Have you heard ______ news?The piece of _______ petrol is going up again! A. the, the B. 不填,the C. the, 不填 D. 不填,不填 (江苏卷)21. We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead of driving across ______ continent. A. the; the B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填 ( 山 东卷 ) 21. Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. 不填;a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. the; a (江西卷)30. --- I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting. --- It is not your fault. With __ rush-hour traffic and __ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late. A. a; a B. the; the C. /; / D. /; a (辽宁卷)24. My neighbor asked me to go for ______ walk, but I don’t think I’ ve got ______ energy.

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A. a; 不填 B. the; the C. 不填;the D. a; the (全国 II)8. It’s not ___ good idea to drive for four hours without ___ break. A. a ; a B. the ; a C. the ; the D. a ; the (陕西卷)10. I ate _________ sandwich while I was waiting for _________ 20:08 train. A. the, a B. the, the C. a, the D. a, a (四川卷)8. In the United States, there is always ____ flow of people to areas of ______ country where more jobs can be found. A. a; the B. the ; a C. the; the D. a; a (浙江卷)2. ______ apple fell from the tree and hit him on ______ head. A. An; the B. The; the C. An; 不填 D. The; 不填 (重庆卷)27. In many places in China, ___ bicycle is still ___ popular means of transportation. A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the;the

(09 安徽)1. We can never expect ______bluer sky unless we create ______less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the ( 09 北 京 ) 2. The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ____ 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a (09 江西)3. Some people fear that ________ air pollution may bring about changes in _______ weather around the world. A. /; the B. the; / C. an; the D. the; a (09 海南)4. Let’s go to ______ cinema-that’ll take your mind off the problem for _______ while A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D. a ; a (09 陕西)5. What pity that you couldn’t be there to receive prize! A. a; a B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the (09 四川)6. In order to find _______ better job, he decided to study _________ second foreign language A. the; a B. a; a C. the; the D. a; the 【 (09 浙江)7.I don’t understand what the engineer means, but I’ve got ______ rough idea of _____ project plan. A. the; a B. 不填; the C. the; 不填 D. a; the (09 重庆)8, Washing machines made by China have won _______worldwide attention and Haier has become_________popular name. A. a; the B. /; a C. /; the D. the; a (09 全国 2 ) What I need is_______ book that contains_________ ABC of oil painting. 9. A. a; 不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; an D. a; the

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