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英语元音语音PowerPoint 演示文稿


The importance of learning English phonetics
(1). Good pronunciation and intonation is needed for better communication. (2). Good pronunciation and intonation is the basis of good listening and speaking abilities. (3). Good pronunciation and intonation has some indirect influence on the students’ writing and reading abilities. (4). Good pronunciation and intonation can help the students develop good sense of language.

英语国际音标表(48个)
元音(20个)
单元 音 长元音 (Good pronunciation leads to good spoken English . Good pronunciation makes memorizing words quickly.)

/i:/ /?/ /e?/

/?:/ /u:/ /?/ /?/

/?:/ /?/

/ɑ:/ / ?/ /e/ /? /

短元音 双元 音 合口双 元音

/a?/ /??/

/?? /a?/ /
集中 双元音

/??/

/e?/ /??/

辅音(28个)
清辅音 /p/ 浊辅音 /b/ / t/ /d/ / k/ /g/ /f/ /v/ /θ/ /?/ /s/ /z/

清辅音 /ts/
浊辅音 /dz/ 鼻音 /m/

/?/
/?/ /n/ /j/

/t?/
/d?/ /?/

/tr/
/dr/

/ h/
/r/

半元音 /w/

边音

/?/

Remember: practice makes perfect!

Phrases & Sentences
three week s green tea team leader Swedish cheese eat a piece of meat keep it a secret Seeing is believing A friend in need is a friend indeed Jean is as busy as a bee She agrees to leave the beach at three

/i:/

/i/
a big ship a silver lid six sticks three wishes bit by bit little by little

A little learning is a dangerous thing His six-year-old sister is as fit as a fiddle Silly Billy slipped into the ditch

Comparison of /i:/ & /i/

/i:/
Sheep羊

/i/
Ship船

/i:/
Peach桃 子

/i/
Pitch音高

Heat加热 Leave离开
Heal治愈

Hit打、敲 Live生活
Hill小山

Sleep睡

Slip滑倒

Feel感觉 Fill装满
Seek寻找 Sick有病

/e/
seven beds the next lesson fresh and energetic ten desks the best text wet with sweat Remember to tell Ted about the test Better late than never East or west, home is best

/? /
a happy man hand in hand caps and hats a sad lad tit for tat bags and sags

The rat is running on a narrow track Sam let the cat out of the bag He’s carrying a map of Japan in his hand Pat married a handsome young man

Comparison of /e/ & /? /

/e/ Men男人 (复数) Ten十 Beck召唤 Set安置

/? / Man男人 (单数) Tan棕褐色 Back背 Sat坐

/e/ Beg求 Said说 Less较少 Guess猜

/? / Bag包 Sad悲伤 Lass少女 Gas煤气

元音/ a: /的发音方法
? ? ? ? 松弛自然,口开到最大,不要撅嘴。 舌尖离开下齿龈。 长元音,可以持续。 (注意:/ai/中的/a/舌尖要抵下齿龈。 /a:/舌尖要离开下齿龈。) The sound is like the exclamation “Ah”.

/ɑ:/ is usually read in the following letter or combine letters: a ar al au
plant star calm aunt glass class park car half palm laugh fast basket parcel hard (l is silent)

Phrases & Sentences
a fast car a starved artist a laugh star a starry March night half past nine
The dancing part stopped at half past five. Arthur didn’t pass the art exam. He laughs best who laughs last. A large army marched past the grassland.

元音/?/的发音方法
? 开口很大,是英语中上下开口最大的一个 音。 ? 由于是上下张嘴,因此双唇有紧绷的感觉。 ? 在此基础上略略收圆双唇。 ? 发出的音很短,不能持续。

/?/ is usually read in the following letters or combined letters: o a ou au
cop lock hot clock novel want what was watch quality cough trough because sausage Austria Australia

Phrases & Sentences
clocks and watches cotton socks borrow a novel wash the mop cost a lot watch that small fox
John has got a pot of hot water. Lots and lots of clocks and watches has gone wrong. The robber’s name is Robert.

元音/ ?: /的发音方法
? 先发/ ?/音,然后停留在/ ? /的口形上。 ? 在/ ? /的口形上收圆双唇,同时把双唇撅起 来。 ? 口形上是中圆形。(可以用大拇指和食指 做成一个圆,套在嘴唇上,注意的大小就 是/ ?: / 所要求的。)

/?:/ is usually read in the following combined letters: aw or au ar al ore oor oar our ough augh
saw horse cause fall tore four jaw born fault all before fought law yawn draw cord sword war salt talk more board door taught daughter

Comparison Between /ɑ:/ & /?/ and /?:/ & /?/
/ɑ:/
dark


/?/
dock 码头 god


/?:/
cork short chalk cord
软木 短 粉笔 粗浅

/?/
cock shot
公鸡 射击

guard 看守 sharp 锋利 heart 心脏

shop 商店 hot


chock 垫块 cod
鳕鱼

元音/ u:/的发音方法
? ? ? ? /u:/是英语中最小的圆唇音。 但不要太用力。 不要将嘴唇用力撅得很高。 /u:/是长元音,可以持续。

/u:/ is usually read in the following letters and combined letters: o u oo ou ue ew oe
do who move lose June rude Susan too food soon moon spoon you group soup through glue true blue chew juice shoe

Phrases & Sentences
food and soup blue boots choose a good school at noon in June Stoop by a cool pool useful tools
That news is too good to be true. That student blew up a blue balloon on a afternoon in June. As a rule, Sue is foolish and stupid at school.

元音/ u/的发音方法
? 小圆唇,开口比/u:/稍大。 ? 先发/u:/音。在/u:/口形的基础上将口略微张 开一点。 ? 嘴唇稍微翘起。 ? (注意: /u:/和/u/ 是两个不同的音,不要 把/u:/ 发成/u/ 的短音。发成“吴”或者 “沃”都是不对的。) ? /u/是短音,不能持续。

/u/ is usually read in the following letters or combined letters: u o oo ou
put full sugar bull push wolf woman bosom to good stood wood foot soot
(before t and d in the words)

butcher

book cook

hook

look took

shook

(before k in the words)

could should would

Phrases & Sentences
look for the cook push aside the butcher a good-looking woman took the book cook the soup put the sugar in the bottle
The cook understood the sugar was no good. He took a book to the wood and had a good look at it. The woman couldn’t push the cart full of wood.

Read the following short poem paying attention to the sounds between /u:/ and /u/:
At noon I took a book. And sat by the pool in the wood. And put my foot in the pool. Oh, how cool!
中午我拿着一本书, 坐在林中的水池边。 我把脚放在水池中, 噢,好凉爽!

/?:/
/?/ /?/

bird

shirt

girl

hurt

third

worker

paper

labour

doctor

much

cup

come

love

luck

/ei/ is usually read in the following letters

or letter groups : ai ay ei ey ea

? say day play ? grey away may ? cake late May

Read following
? May Day ? Labor Day ? No pains, no gains. ? Great changes have taken place in only one day.

/ai/ is usually read in the following letters or letter groups : i, y, ie, ye, igh

? eye ? die ? buy

why sky time

high find tie

Read following
? quite right ? a nice knife ? a kind writer ? Time and tide wait for no man.

/?i/ is usually read in the following letters or letter groups : oi, oy

? boy toy soy ? join coins noise ? point annoyed

Read following
? toilet paper ? joyful boys ? make a choice ? The boy was annoyed because his toy was destroyed.

? /??/ note boat hope
/a?/ /??/ now house crowd ear dear here

cold town deer

grow proud hair

/e?/
/??/

pear where wear care there poor sure tour pure


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