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观摩课 高中英语语法填空解题技巧


语法填空解题技巧

? 语法填空以要求根据上下文填入一个以动 词(verb)(或其适当形式)、名词(noun)、 代词(pronoun)、冠词(article)、介词 (prep.)、情态动词(modal verbs)、连词 (conj)或引导词、形容词(adj.)和副词(adv.) 考查各项语法内容。

三个解题思路
1. 纯空格试题 2. 给出了动词的试题 3. 词类转换题

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

一 般 有 提 示 词

词性

动词 名词

冠词
介词 连词 代词

形容词
副词

无 提 示 词

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形 冠词 代词 连词

定冠词,不定冠词 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词, 指示代词,反身代词 并列句及复合句
介词的常用用法及词组搭配

介词 谓语动词
非谓语

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致
非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形

词性变化

词汇, 构词法

I. 纯空格试题
1. 名词前设空

a cold winter night and the moon was ? It was ____
shining brightly across the night sky.

moment she got the money she bust into tears.
●_______

The

冠词,形容词性物主代词,名词所有格,介词,或 one, some, any, other等代词。

Exercises

1. Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize for ______ his great works.

I. 纯空格试题
2. 并列的两个或几个单词或短语之间设空 so I went. ①.Everyone asked me to go,____
and sat down. ②She came in _____

or pop music? ③Which do you prefer, folk music _____ 常用 and, but, or,so等 连词

I. 纯空格试题
3.缺主语或宾语 it ●Suddenly the wall moved---______ was made of trees!


The children’s happy face andtheir ____ strong

minds will stay with us forever.

名词,代词

I. 纯空格试题
4. 若两句之间设空/主从复合句
1.________ Unless we have enough evidence, we can't win the 让步状语从句 case. what they call Salt Lake city. 表语从句 2.This is _____ 3.Finally he reached a lonely islandwhich/that _______ was completely cut off from the outside world. 定语从句 4. A nation,which ______ is suffering at such a moment, hasn’t forgotten about flowers. 非限制性定语从句

? 连接词 --- 定语从句(that,which,where, who, whose等) ? 名词性从句(that ,what等) ? 状语从句

II. 给出了动词的试题

若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态。

若是非谓语动词, 用doing, done, to do等形式。

1. It is the most instructive lecture that
have attended I ____________(attend) since I came here. shows 2.It____(show) that their hopes are not lost

II. 给出了动词的试题

though they are going through so much
hardship and trouble.
从句中缺少的谓语, 那么所给动词就是谓语 动词,就要考虑时态语态。

V-ing形式 做伴随状 3. When I was little, my mother 语 used to telling sit by my bed, _________(tell) me

stories。

inspire sb to do sth

4.The days we spent at the Center to reflect (reflect)on inspired us boys________ many things.
若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时, 所给动词就是非谓语动词。就要判断用V-ing 形式、V-ed形式(过去分词),to do形式。

III. 词类转换题
1. 作表语,定语或补语. I helped him know he could be helpful ______ (help) to others.

形容词

III. 词类转换题
1. This proverb is saying we have to let
things go in their _________ natural (nature) course.
2. The people are trying their best to make their hometown ________ beautiful(beauty).

3.It was really avaluable ____ (value) experience to us all.

III. 词类转换题
2. 在冠词、介词、数词、形容词性物主代词 后,或“冠词+形容词”后。

①My firstimpression _________(impressive) of him is that he was a kind and thoughtful man.
②It’s a pleasure _____ (please) to be here.
名词

III. 词类转换题
3. 修饰动词、形容词,或整个句子。常用 副词。 1. ______ Sadly (sad) the library had moved from

its original place into another building.
successfully 2.Finally, we finished our work_____ (success).

III. 词类转换题
1. By bending or pressing down in your seat, swiftly (swift) . you can move ______ hopefully (hopeful), 2. If we leave right away_______ we 'll arrive on time.

其它常考类型
in 1.After the Second World War, Germany was ____ruins. 固定搭配
well as jobless. 2.Plenty of people were homeless as___ 固定搭配

3.They usually bought clothing that they couldn?t themselves make_____ (they). 反身代词
children 4. The mother bought gifts for her_____ (child) 可数名词单数词

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

一 般 有 提 示 词

词性

动词 名词

冠词
介词 连词 代词

形容词
副词

无 提 示 词

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形 冠词 代词 连词

定冠词,不定冠词 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词, 指示代词,反身代词 并列句及复合句
介词的常用用法及词组搭配

介词 谓语动词
非谓语

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致
非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形

词性变化

词汇, 构词法

2014全国二卷

?

One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about _______ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, _______ some of them looked very anxious and _____(disappoint) . When the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ______ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike _______ (catch ) my attention He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused _______(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept _______(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked “_______ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ?s _______ (I )”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers _______ (sudden) became friendly to one another.

One morning, I was waiting at the bus being (be) late for stop, worried about ____ school. There were many people waiting at and some of them the bus stop, _____ disappointed looked very anxious and _____ (disappoint) . when the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a to ______ the window, so I had place next a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a caught (catch ) my attention. bike _______

He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he to stop refused _______(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept riding _______(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver

Did anyone stood up and asked “_______ lose a suitcase at the last stop?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh, dear! It ?s mine/me _______ (I )”. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers suddenly _____ (sudden) became friendly to one another.


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