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定语从句在写作之中的运用


定语从句之

先行词和关系词的关系 Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl

we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday. The girl that / who we saw yesterday is Mary.

改写句子
“I see many running creatures. They are made of metal and glass. Their feet are round. They have four eyes. Two of the four eyes are red. Inside I see soft shapes. They can move.”

I see many running creatures which / that are made of metal and glass. Their feet are round and they have four eyes, two of which are red. Inside I see soft shapes that can move.

定语从句的运用
Our class is a big family ; It consists of 12 girls and 50 boys. Most of them are mainly from the countryside. Zhao Qiang is a kind-hearted boy. He is always ready to help others. He is such a good boy that we all like him. Our class is a big family which consists of 12 girls and 50 boys, most of whom are mainly from the countryside. Zhao Qiang is a kindhearted boy, who is always ready to help others. He is a good boy whom we all like.

用定语从句翻译短语
1.一个叫做Tom的男孩 a boy who is called Tom
2.教我们英语的老师 the teacher who teaches us English

3.昨天我妈妈给我的钱 The money that my mother gave me yesterday 4.矗立在河边的楼房

The building which stands by the river

5.一位皮包被偷了的女士
a woman whose bag was stolen 6. 我们在农场工作的开心日子

the happy time when we worked on the farm

7.她工作的地方 the place where she works 8. 她没有教作业的原因

the reason why she didn’t hand in the homework

总结:定语从句可以修饰主句的
不同成分—主语,宾语,表语 1.The girl who studies hard is very ——— beautiful . 2.I know ——— the girl who studies hard . 3.This is ——— the girl who studies hard .

翻译下列句子
1.不努力学习的学生不会通过考试的。 The students who don’t study hard will not pass the exam. 2.她上周买的房子非常好看。 The house ,which she bought last week ,is very nice .

3.这就是他爸爸工作的地方。

This is the place where his father works. 4.你们已经取得了很大的进
步,这使老师非常高兴. You have made great progress, which makes your teacher very happy.

5.众所周知,他是一个好学生。
As is known to us all, he is a good student.

6.北京是中国的首都,它是一座
美丽的城市。

Beijing,which is the capital city of China ,is a very beautiful .

7.鲁迅的原名(real name)是周树 人。在他的一生中他写了很多小 说和散文(prose) Luxun,whose real name is ZhouShuren,wrote many novels and proses in his whole life .

8.杰克来自加拿大,他在我们学校已经学习了3年,
他不仅经常帮助我们学英语,而且中文也讲的很不错。 Jack is from Canada.He has studied in our school for three years .He often helps us learn English .He speaks Chinese very well. Jack is a student of our school ,who comes from Canada.He has studied in our school for three years .He often helps us learn English ,and he speaks Chinese very well. Jack comes from Canada. He is a student of our school where he has studied for 3 years .Not only does he often help us learn English but he speaks Chinese fluently as well.


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