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2016年完形填空高频词汇


2016 高考英语完形填空高频词汇词组大全 动词类: 1. “看” :look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV; 2. “说” :telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; cha; repea; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain 3. “叫” :cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel 4. “问” :ask; interview; express; question 5. “答”:answer; respond; reply 6. “听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear 7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing 8. “哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying 9. “吃/喝” :eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb. to; help oneself to 10. “穿” :put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make-up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove 11. “行” :walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl 12. “坐” :sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat/ stand; lean 13. “睡/休息” :lie /on one’s back/on one side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest 14. “写” :dictate; write sth.; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down 15. “拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch;; put; lay; pull; push 16. “抓” :take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch 17. “打” :hit; beat; strike; blow; attack 18. “扔” :throw; drop; fall; wave; shake 19. “送” :send; deliver; give; offer; see off 20. “摸/抱” :ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms 21. “踢/碰” :kick; knock; tip 22. “找/查” :find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for seek / seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect 23. “得” :get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess 24. “失” :lose; be lost /be missing; gone; great loss 25. “有” :have; own; conquer; occupy =possess 26. “无” :nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone 27. “增/减” :rise / go up /drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

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28. “买/卖” :buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts 29. “存在/消失” :come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight 30. “变化” :develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour; change /change into; reform 31. “成功/失败” :make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality 32. “努力” :try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do ones best; do as much as one can to do 33. 祝贺 congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together 34. 敬佩 admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy /be jealousy 35. 赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of 36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore 37. 到达 arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for 38. 受伤 hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss 39. 损坏 damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken 40. 修复 repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself 41. “认识的过程” feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to 42. 认为;判断 think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt 43. 想/考虑 think of…as; think about; consider; think over 44. 支持/反对 agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against 45. 花费 sth. /doing sth. + cost; sb.+ spend+ in doing sth.; sb.+afford +n/to do sth. ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth. 46. 省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away; spare no effort/ time 47. 参加 take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against 48. 控告 accuse sb. of; charge sb. with 49. 救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50. 逃避 run away; escape from; flee; hide 51. 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit 52. 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle 53. 效仿 copy; imitate; learn from; learn 54. 爆发/发生 come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode 55. 安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with
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56. 追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with 57. 建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade 58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do 59. 似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like/ as if /as though 60. 开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

名词类: 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking 3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard 4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu bill order tip fork and knife reserve /book table Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit tray napkin 5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache doctor physician surgeon specialist patient 6 车站/机场 airport on board miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb. 7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy 9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned knowledgeable 10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage strength weakness 11 目标 aim goal intention purpose belief faith 12 方式 means method way manner approach 13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草 图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction article magazine newspaper journal 日志 diary 日记 Files form make a list of 16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony 18 建议/观点 advice suggestion idea proposal view recommandation 19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike
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give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的(形容词) practice 惯例(名词) 22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense 23 情感 feeling emotion anger delight sadness sorrow 24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond be rich/welloff 25 运动比赛 on the playground on the track and filed pitch event game match sports player Coach judge jogging weightlifting play volleyball/soccer/ 26 衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指 布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of 27 事件 incident, accident 形容词类 1 人的各种感受 乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid 失望 desperate disappointed hopeless be depressed 满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost hardly/ hard extremely/ very very/ quite Accidently/ once in a while occasionaly/ once far / by far Farther/ further better/ worse be well/ good however/ therefore/so/thus 2016 高考英语完形填空高频词组大全 With the help of 在~~帮助下 under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下 be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格 be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格 at present=at the present time 目前 for the present 暂时 in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下 under the sun 在世界上 lie in 位于~~之内
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incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故

lie on 同~~接壤 lie to 位于~~之外 at least 至少 in the least 丝毫,一点 by name 名叫 in the name of 以~~名义 in the air 空中,在流传 on the air 播出 in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法 In a way 在某点上,在某种程度上 get one’s own way to do 随心所欲 give way 让步,屈服 ose one’s way 迷路 by the way 顺便说一下 on one’s way to 在去~~的路上 Come this way 这边走 at the corner 在拐角处(外角) in the corner 在角落里(内角) on the corner 在角落上(外角上) judge by / from 根据~~来判断 judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断 at the end (of) 在~~结束时 at the beginning of 在~~开始时 at the back of 在~~背后,支持 at the age of ~~岁时 at the foot of 在~~脚下 at the bottom of 在~~底部 at the top of 在~~顶上 at/on the edge of 在~~边上 in the course of 在~~过程中 in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里 in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使 in the middle of 在~中间 in the end =at last=finally 最后 on the eve of 在~~前夕 on the side of 在~~一边
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after a time = after some time 过一段时间后 for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间 behind time 迟到,过期 behind the times 落在时代后面 at no time 决不 in no time 立即,马上 at one time = once time 曾经 at a time = each time 每次 at times = sometimes 有时 at all times 经常,一直,始终 at the same time 同时 at the time 在~~的时候 by the time 到~~的时候 for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 暂时 at the moment 当时 the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那 once or twice 一两次 more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又 once upon a time 从前 once in a while 偶尔

1. 以 break 为中心的词组 break away from 脱离,逃离 break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 break the law 违反法律 break the record 破记录 break one’s promise 失言 break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解 2. 以 catch 为中心的词组 be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒
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catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上 3. 以 come 为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出 come to know 开始了解到 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 come to an end 终止,结束 come true 实现,成为现实;证实 come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽 4. 以 do 为中心的词组 be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束 do a good deed 做一件好事 do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于 do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用 do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业 do one’s utmost 尽力而为 do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人 do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理 do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹 have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关 have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以 get 为中心的词组
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get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲 get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 get ahead of 胜过,超过 get along 前进,进步;同意;离去 get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 have got to do 不得不,必须 get away 离开,逃脱 get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破 get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得 get home 到家 get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车; 动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休 get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为~~作准备 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织 get used to 习惯于 6. 以 give 为中心的词组 be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就 give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由 give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表 give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 give off 发出(烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布 give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止 give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以 look 为中心的词组 look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管
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look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于 look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望 look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象 look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 look up to 仰望,尊敬 8. 以 make 为中心的词组 be made from 由~~原料制成 be made of 由~~材料制成 be made up of 由~~组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 make a mistake 弄错 make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追赶 make believe 假装 make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系 make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友 make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为 make much of 重视;理解;赏识 make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 make one’s own 当作自己的看待 make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 make way for 为~~让路,让路于 on the make 急求成功;增加 9. 以 put 为中心的词组 put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原处;驳回
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put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议 put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 put on 上演;穿上,带上 put up with 忍受,容忍 put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10. 以 take 为中心的词组 be taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标 take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take office 就职,上任 take ~~ for 把~当作 take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 take one’s temperature 量体温 take part in 参与,参加 take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 take place = happen 发生,举行 take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲 take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊 11. 以 turn 为中心的词组 give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见 turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为 turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产
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turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向 turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于 turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

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