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新人教必修一 Unit4 Earthquakes-Grammar[课件]


The Attributive Clause 1

the red the green apple the small the big The apple which is red

is mine.

The apple which is green is yours.

The apple which is red is small. The apple which is green is big.

the handsome the tall boy the strong the clever the naughty The boy is Tom.
The boy The boy The boy The boy The boy who is handsome who is tall who is strong who is clever who is naughty is Tom. is Tom. is Tom is Tom is Tom.

修饰, 限定

The kinds of attribute(定语):
1.He is an honest boy. 2.We love our country. 3.What’s your telephone number? 4.Marx found it important to study the situation in Russia. 5.The foreigner who visited our school yesterday is from Canada.

The positions of the attribute:
(定语的位置)

1. This is a flower basket.
2. This is a basket full of flowers. 3. This is a basket that I want to put flowers in.(单个的词作定语时要放 于被修饰词的前面,短语或从句作 定语时要放于被修饰词的后面。)

The Attributive clause 1 定语从句
在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的 从句叫做定语从句

She is the girl who can speak English very well.
引导词 先行词

who whom
关系 代词 关系词

that which

whose
关系 副词

when where why

{ 2 The woman lives next door.
1 The woman is a teacher.

{

The woman who lives next door is a teacher. The nurse is kind. The nurse looks after my sister.
The nurse who/that looks after my sister is kind.

Kevin is reading a book. The book is too difficult for him. Kevin is reading a book which / that is too difficult for him. I have a friend. He likes listening to classical music. I have a friend who / that likes listening to classical music.

Many people were afraid to swim in the sea. They saw the film Jaws.
Many people who / that saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea. It is about a big white shark. It attacks swimmers . It is about a big white shark which / that attacks swimmers.

The boys who / that are playing football are from Class One. (主语)
The man (whom / that) you met just now is my teacher. (宾语) Plane is a machine which / that can fly. (主语) This is the pen (which / that) he bought yesterday. (宾语)

Yesterday she talked with one woman B ____ husband died in that accident. A. which B. whose

C. of which

D. that

关系代词表示先行词的所属关系,指人 和物时都用whose,可理解为“?的”

Which baby is Jack?

Jack

穿红裤子的baby是Jack。 The baby whose trousers are red is Jack. The babywho is wearing red trousers is Jack.

Which house is mine?
My house 房顶是棕色的房子是我的。 The house whose roof is brown is mine. The house the roof of which is brown is mine.

I know the doctor. His daughter studies abroad. I know the doctor whose daughter studies abroad. Have you seen my book? The book’s cover is red.

Have you seen my book whose cover is red.

1. The student ______father works in whose

the factory is sitting there. 2. I like the rooms ______windows face whose south. 3.This is the desk ______legs were whose broken.

把下列句子分成两层意思:
The one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, went to bed as usual that night. 1 The one million people of the city went to bed as usual that night. 2 The one million people of the city thought little of these events.

It was heard in Beijing, which is one hundred kilometers away. 1 It was heard in Beijing. 2 Beijing is one hundred kilometers away.

A huge crack that was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals.
1 A huge crack cut across houses, roads and canals. 2 A huge crack was eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide.

The number of people who were killed or Injured reached more than 400, 000. 1 The number of people reached more than 400, 000.

2 Those people were killed or injured.

The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 1 The army organized teams to dig out people and to bury the dead. 2 Those people were trapped.

the city / get the chance to host the 2008 Olympic Games Beijing is the city ___________has got the which / that chance to host the 2008 Olympic Games.

a nurse/ die in the fight against SARS Ye Xin is a nurse__________died in the who / that fight against SARS.

Titanic is the ship ___________sank after which/that hitting an iceberg.

Halloween is a day which is also called The eve of All Saints'Day.

Rose and Jack are the lovers who met on the ship.

Rose

the lady/meet Jack on Titanic Rose is the lady who met Jack on Titanic

the young man /want to save Rose Jack is the young man who wanted to save Rose
Jack Cal

the man /want to kill Jack Cal is the man who wanted to kill Jack.

the ship / is the most beautiful in the world at that time
Titanic is the ship that was the most beautiful in the word at that time. the ship / sink into the ocean

Titanic is the ship that sank into the ocean.

the diamond / is worn by Rose
The Heart of Ocean is the diamond that was worn by Rose.

the Heart of Ocean

the diamond / is dropped into the ocean by Rose

The Heart of Ocean is the diamond that was dropped into the ocean by Rose

关系代词:
1. that可指人,可指物, 作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省略, 前面不能加介词。) 2. which 指物,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可 省略, 若介词提前则不能省) 3. who指人, 作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省 略, 前面不能加介词。) 4. whom 指人,作主语或宾语 (作宾语可省 略, 若介词提前则不能省)

一般多用that的情况: (1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something,anything, little, much 等不定代 词时。 I am sure she has something (that) you can borrow. (2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等修饰时。 I’ve read all the books that are not mine.

(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。 This is the first book (that) he has read. (4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时。 This is the very book that belongs to him.

(5)who或which的问句中。 Who is the girl that drove the car? Which is the book that you bought last week? (6) 主句以There be 引导时 There are 200 people that didn’t know the thing. (7) 当先行词在定语从句中作be表语時 She isn’t the girl that she was 10 years ago.

英译中
1 Due to the break-up of traffic and communication, there hasn’t been any news about the 100,000 people in Wenchuan which is in the center of the earthquake up till now. 由于交通和通信的中断,震中汶川县 内的10万人口尚无任何信息传出来。

2 The survivors who are waiting to be rescued will face the shortage of clean water, shelter, food, and medicine.
等待救援的幸存者将面临缺乏净水、 庇护所、食物、和药物的困境。

Exercises:
1. All _____ we need is to be supplied with food and clothing.

A. what B. that

C. which

D. whom

2.The man_______talked to you just now is an engineer. A. who B. whose C. which D. what

3. Can you tell me the name of the factory_____ you visited last week? A. what B. in where C. / D. when

4. I don’t like the way____ you speak to her.
A. that B. in that C. who D. whose

5. The most important thing____ we should pay attention to is the first thing ______ I have said. A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. that; that

6. She spent the whole evening talking about the things and persons____ none of us has ever heard of. A. which C. whom B. who D. that

7. Who is the person________ is talking

about the accident ______ happened
on Highway 104? A. which; which B. who; what

C. that; that

D. what; what

1._____ is known to everybody, the moon travels around the earth once every month. (NMET 2001) A. It B. As C. That D. what

2.The famous basketball star, _____ tried
to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. (北京 2002春季) A. where B. when C. which D. who

3. Her sister has become a lawyer, ______ she wanted to be. (湖北 2005) A. who B. that C. what D. which

4. Do you have any idea _______ is actually going on in the classroom? (辽宁 2005) A. that B. what C. as D. which

5. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ____ effects the people are still suffering. (天津 2005) A. that B. whose C. those D. what

6. Women ____ drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ____ don’t.(2006 北京) A. who; 不填 B. who; 不填 C. who; who D. 不填;不填

7. His movie won several awards at the film festival, ______ was beyond his wildest dream. (2007 上海) A. which B. that C. where D. it

8. The thought of going back home was kept him happy while he was working abroad.(2007 上海春) A. that B. all that C. all what D. which


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