1._____________ v.鞠躬，弯腰 bow
2._____________ n.理发店 barber’s 3._____________ birthplace n. 出生地 4._____________ n.作者；创始人 author 5._____________ n. 故障；毛病 fault 6._____________ n. 帐目，理由 account
7._____________ v. 许可；允许 permit 8._____________ v. 漫步，徘徊 wander
9._____________n.& v.冒险 adventure 10.____________ n. 短语，习语，惯用语 phrase 11.____________ adv. Certainly;actually indeed
12.____________ n. 数量；总额 amount
13.______________ vt. 发现 n.地点 spot 14.______________ n.(戏)一场；场面 scene 15.______________ n. 方式；习惯 manner 16.______________ n.通道；文章 passage
17.______________ v.凝视；盯着看 stare
18.______________ n.甜品 dessert
1.believe vt. 相信 believable ______________adj. 相信的
unbelievable ______________adj. 难以置信的
______________adv. 难以置信地 unbelievably
______________n. 信仰 belief
is believed ⑴ It __________(believe) that he has passed the last final examination. belief ⑵ I hold the strong ___________ (believe) that I can achieve my dream in the future.
⑶ ___________ Unbelievably (believe)，nobody can solve this simple problem.
⑷ It is __________(believe) that tomorrow believable will be a sunny day，because there are so many stars shining in the sky.
2.novel n.小说 _____________ n.小说家 novelist
novels (novel)， I enjoy reading ⑴ __________ especially the works of Mark Twain，who
was a worldwide ⑵ ____________ (novel). novelist
3.patient adj.有耐性的 n.病人 ___________adv. 耐心地； patiently
___________adj. 没有耐性的 impatient
___________adv. 没有耐性地 impatiently patience ___________n. 耐性
⑴ The parents lost ___________ patience (patient) with his naughty son even wanted to give him up.
⑵ Generally speaking，most teachers are with students and kind to them. patient _______
⑶ As a nursery teacher，you mustn’t be impatient (patient) with the children. ____________
______________ from the bottom of heart
2. 偶然 4. 与…… 打赌
5. 前进 6. 值得
______________ by accident/by chance
make a______________ bet with sb.on sth ______________ go ahead ______________ be worth
3. 做出解释；说明原因 ______________ account for
7. 正相反 8. 养育
__________________ on the contrary __________________ bring up __________________ stare at
10. 衣裳褴褛 __________________ in rags 11. 希望 __________________ in the hope that 12 在现场 __________________ be on the scene/spot
a large amount/sum of money _______________
14. to be honest
15. take a chance 16. in a manner
_______________ 冒险 _______________ 以……方式
17. order a lot of food _______________ 点很多菜
18. lose one’s patience _______________ 失去耐性
1.Henry 原本在一个幸福、富有的家庭中长大。 (bring up，as a matter of fact)
1.As a matter of fact，Henry was brought up in a happy，perfect and wealthy family 2.一场意外的事故，转眼Henry 成为一个衣裳破 烂的孤儿。(by accident，in rags)
2.Henry became an orphan by accident，and he was dressed in rags.
3.虽然他路费也没有，但他拒绝了善意的帮 助。(passage，charity). 3.He had not any passage，but he didn’t accept the kind charity.
4.恰恰相反，他发誓要靠自己的双手赚钱。 (make a bet，by hand，in the hope that，on the contrary)
4.On the contrary，he made a bet with himself and decided to take a chance in the hope that he could earn a large amount of money by hand.
5.就算是冒险，他也决定去尝试。(take a chance)
5.He decided to take a chance to have a try.
6.于是他到处找工，专挑那些最苦、最脏、最 廉价的活去干。(stare at，seek，to be honest) 6.So he sought a job everywhere，and stared at those jobs，to be honest，which are the hardest， dirtiest and cheapest ones. 7.几年之后，他靠努力以及坚持不懈的精神， 终于取得了难以置信的成功。(patience， unbelievable，account for) 7.A few years later，his hard work and patience accounted for his unbelievable success eventually.
8.谈到理想时，毫无疑问，他将勇往直前!(as for，undoubtedly，go ahead)
8.As for his dream，undoubtedly，he would go head!
9.他还想以自己的自强自立和坚忍不拔的毅力 而流芳百世。(become best famous for)
9.He would like to become best known for his independence and persistence.
Henry , who, as a matter of fact, had ever been brought up in a happy，wealthy and perfect family, was an orphan dressed in rags. To survive，he made a bet with himself and took a chance to seek an honest job in the hope that he could earn a large amount of money by hand.
Although he had no passage，he refused
any charity，on the contrary，he stared at
those rejected，to be honest，which were the hardest，dirtiest and cheapest jobs.
Years later，it’s his hard work and patience that accounted for his unbelievable success. As for his dream，undoubtedly，he would go ahead and become best known for his independence and persistence.
Born in Florida，Mark Twain，an American renowned writer and speaker， spent his boyhood in Hannibal，Missouri， along the Mississippi River，three of
1________ whose most famous books describe
people on this great river.
As this author loved the river so much that even 2 _____ his pen name comes from the river.As we know，“Twain‖ is an old word for ―two‖.So，to ―mark twain，” that is to say，the water is to equal 3 ____ two fathoms deep.
Being poor，Twain dropped school at the age of twelve 4________ to look (look) for work. Over the next two decades he worked as a
printer，a riverboat pilot，a soldier，a
gold miner，a businessman and a
newspaper reporter to support the family.
It was said that his first 5 _________ successful
(success) story was about a jumping frog
contest.And his works became extremely famous for its description of common people and the way they talked，especially 6_____ for his humor.As a result，he became very rich from his works
7___________ However ，the last years of his life 8 __________(fill) with sad events，the deaths was filled
of his wife and children，the loneliness and
the loss of much money.For this，his
writings lost most of its humor and became like him.Yet he is still regarded as sad 9 ________ one of the10 _____ (well) known writers in best
the modern world.
1.scene n.(喜剧)一场；现场；场面；景色 on the scene在现场 scene，scenery，sight，view
sight in that ⑴ The cave is a very nice_______ place.
view ⑵ From the top of the hill you have a nice_____ of the whole city. sights when you’re ⑶ We’ll take you to see the _______ in Beijing. scenery the mountains is very beautiful. ⑷ The________in scene ⑸ Firefighters were on the_______immediately.
2.spot vt.发现；认出 n.斑点；污点；地点 spot sb.doing sth.注意到、发现某人做……
on the spot 当场，立即
hot spot 热点
a spot of 少许；少量
in a spot 陷入麻烦
⑴ My father __________ spotted (spot) several spelling mistakes in my composition just now. ⑵ The police found a bloody handkerchief on _____the spot by the river.
seek sb’s advice/help 征求意见/求帮助 seek to do sth.试图去做 seek help from sb向某人求助 seek your fortune 外出寻找发财机会 seek sb./sth.out 挑选出，物色
派生：seeker(n.)找寻者，追求者 job-seeker 求职者
⑴ They have sought __________ to improve (improve) their English learning these days.
⑵ She managed to calm him down and seek help _________ a neighbour. from
4.contrary n. 反面；对立面 adj. 相反的；相违的 on the contrary 正相反 contrary to与……相反
⑴ You’re quite free now，I think，on _____ the ___________I have tons of things to do! contrary ⑵_____________ Contrary to expectation，he didn’t win in the match.(adv.)
1.bring up 抚养；培养；教育；提出
⑴ I didn’t want to bring up the matter to him last night. 提及那件事 ⑵ My parents brought me up to respect others. 教育我 ⑶ He brought up his dead brother’s children. 将某人养育成人
2.go ahead前进；(用于祈使句)可以；往下说 运用：请说出go ahead在句中的意思。 ⑴ I’ll go ahead and tell them you’re on the way. 走在前面，先走 ⑵ The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned . 将按计划进行修建
⑶ —May I start now? —Yes，go ahead . 可以，请开始吧
3.by accident=by chance 偶然地；意外地； 无意中；不小心 运用：完成下列句子。 ⑴ 我在街上偶然遇见了他。 met him quite by chance in the street. I__________________________
⑵ 这是我们偶然发现的。 We_____________________________. discovered it by chance
4.account for导致，产生；对……解释/说明 运用：完成下列句子。 ⑴ 据电台报导昨天的地震使五人丧生。 It is reported by radio that the earthquake yesterday _________________ accounted for five deaths. ⑵ 他无法说清楚为什么缺课。 He could not _____________________ account for his absence from school.
5.take a chance=take chances冒险
take chances/take a chance We mustn’t _________________________ (冒险). We’d better play safe.
1.The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand，which accounts for my appearance.(L35，P18)事 实上，我是靠做义工来顶替船费，这就是 我衣裳不整的原因。 句型：The fact is that...，which accounts for... 事实上是……这说明……
仿写：请将下列句子译成英文。 ⑴ 事实上我是放了学才回家，说明我没缺席。 I didn’t go home until school was over，the _____ fact is that，which accounts for my present ______________________________________. ⑵ 事实上黑板是干干净净的，证明有人擦过。 ______________ The fact is that the blackboard is very clean， _______________________________________. which accounts for someone’s action
⑶ 事实上班上人人都及格了，这说明每位 同学都很努力。
The fact is that _______________none failed in the exam， ___________________________________. which accounted for everyone’s hard work
2.That’s why we’ve given you the letter.(L55， P18)这就是为什么我们给你这封信的原因。
句型:That is why...(引出结果)那就是……的原因 比较：That’s because...(引出原因)这是因为……
why he is ⑴He is seriously ill；that is _______ absent from school.
⑵ He is absent from school；that is ________ because he is seriously ill. ⑶ My bike was broken on the way，that was ______ why I came late for class.
3.It is well- known that many Americans like to eat a lot.(L19，P22)众所周知，很多美国人都喜 欢吃很多。 句型：It is well-known that ... 众所周知…… 比较：As it is well -known，...或者As is well known，同义，但这两者中都不要用that，后 面要加逗号。
仿写：根据汉语意思完成英语句子。 众所周知，理论源于实践又服务于实践。(三 种翻译方法)
It is well-known that theory is based on ⑴ ______________________ practice and in turn serves practice.
⑵ ___________________ As it is well known ，theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice.
As is well–known ，theory is based on ⑶ ____________________ practice and in turn serves practice.