SB 11 Unit 5—Unit 8
命题人：王琼 审稿人：程全富 校对人：王琼
第一卷(三部分，共 115 分)
第一部分：听力(共两节．满分 30 分)
第一节(共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．Where is the woman from? A. America. B. China. C. Germany. 2. What are you going to do during the Spring Festival? A. New Year party. B. School work. C. Holiday plans. 3. When is the man's birthday? A. April 1. B. December 26. C. April 2. 4. When is the film? A.7:00. B.7:15. C.7:30. 5. What do we learn from the conversation? A. They knew each other when they lived in England. B. Both of them once lived in England. C. The. woman was a student when she lived in England.. 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳答案， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小 5 少钟完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第 6 段材料，回答 6 至 8 题。 6. When will the woman probably go to Beijing? A. On Friday. B. On Thursday. C. On Monday. 7. When will the plane take off on Monday? A. At 9:05am. B. At 9:15am. C. At 11:25 am. 8. How long will it take to travel to Beijing by air? A. One hour. B. More than two hours. C. Three hours. 听第 7 段材料，回答 9 至 11 题。 9. How does the man feel this evening? A. Unhappy. B. Quite excited. C. Quite tired. 10.Which of the following about the man's present job is right? A. He has to work at night. B. He feels lonely. C. He is very busy. 11. Why does the man intend to work in a hotel? A. He can make friends with all kinds of people. B. He doesn't have to work at night. C. The days go slowly.
听第 8 段材料，回答 12 至 14 题。 12. Where are the two speakers? A. At the Great Wall Hotel. B. At the foot of the Great Wall. C. At the top of the Great Wall . 13. How was the Great Wall built 2000 years ago? A. By machine and hand. B. By hand. C. By machine. 14. How long actually is the Great Wall? A. More than 12,000 li. B.1,000 li. C.10,000 li. 听第 9 段材料，回答 15 至 17 题。 15. What place did the hurricane hit? A. The north part of England. B. The west part of England. C. The southeast part of England. 16. What time did it happen? A. On December 16th. B. On October 10th. C. On October 16th. 17. How many people died in the hurricane? A.16 . B.19 . C.160 . 听第 10 段材料，回答 18 至 20 题。 18.Where did Holmes and his friends spend the night? A. In a tent. B. In a room. C. At a hotel. 19. What was the weather like that night? A. Clear with few stars in the sky. B. Cloudy with no stars in the sky. C. Clear with lots of stars in the sky. 20. Why did Holmes wake Dr Watson up? A. Because he couldn't sleep at all. B. Because their tent had been stolen. C. Because he wanted to know something about the stars. 第二部分：英语知识运用(共两节。满分 45 分)
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分)
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项： 21. Mr Jackson was made manager of the company last week. Look, new manager is coming ! A. the； the B. a； the C. 不填； the D. the； 不填 22. Our school stands there used to be an old temple in the town. And we still call a lot of skilled teachers in our school. A. which； up B. where； for C. that； on D. what； in 23. — I suggest you more rest at home. — But the doctor suggested _____more exercise. A. have； my doing B. to have； I should do C. should have； me to do D. have； me should do 24. Energy is measured calories. Everything we eat will change energy. A. with; with B. in; into C. with; into D. in; with 25.-- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. -- Is that you had a few days off?
B. when C. what D. where 26. had we reached home it began to rain. A. Nardly； than B. If； when C. No sooner； than D. No sooner； when 27. Once those photos _______ . I'll show them to you as soon as possible. A. come out B. come about C. come hack D. come on 28. Does it matter ______you travel to Tianjin by train or by ship? A. that B. who C. what D. whether 29. What he said __________ . A. is sounded pleasant B. sounds friendly C. was sounded nicely D. sounded wonderfully 30. His mother's heart was seriously by his words. A. wound B. hurted C. injured D. hurt 31. It is so nice to hear from her. _______ , we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What's more B. That's to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 32. It is said that the fishermen caught from the sea a kind of animal ______ exactly like a dragon and kept it in a big water bowl. A. living B. alive C. lively D. live 33. The war against the Japanese invaders _______in 1937. A. was broken out B. was broke out C. broke out D. was breaking out 34. The murder was brought in with his hands ________behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 35. He decided to put the_______ glass on top of the wall to stop boys_____ over it. A. broken； climbing B. breaking； climbing C. broken；to climb D. breaking；to climb
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36-35 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出 最佳选项。 Though pyramids are found in Egypt, the word“pyramid” comes from the Greek language. 36 he Greeks first arrived in Egypt long ago, they found many huge stone 37 which they named “pyra- mids”. The Greeks wondered 38 the Egyptians had built the great pyramids, but they could not find the 39 , and even now we still don't know exactly how. It is 40 in many ancient books written in Arabic (阿拉伯语) and found in Egypt that the Egyptians 41 life after death. When a person 42 , his family or friends placed the things near his body that they thought he might need. Emperors or kings had great 43 , so their bodies were kept inside the great pyramids. They had had them built for many years even while they were 44 . The Great Pyramid, which was 482 feet high and 45 two square kilometres of land, was built for King Khufu with 2,300,000 blocks of large stones, the smallest of which even 46 over 2,500 kilograms, as 47 as a ear. How the ancient Egyptians 48 , moved and lifted such heavy stones without modem machines has always remained a great 49 to present scholars. Perhaps these stones were taken across the Nile in boats at 50 times. Maybe they were moved on miler on land and 51 up along sloping (倾斜的) roads to the sides of the pyramids. It is still a great 52 that
the stones 53 together so well that even a straight knife cannot be pushed between them. Century after century, strong winds have been 54 yellow sand around the pyramids. Different rulers have come and gone. Everything seems to 55 except the pyramids. They have remained a 5,000-year-old mystery (奥秘) in silence. 36. A. While 37. A .houses 38. A .how 39. A .reason 40. A .known 41. A .believed in 42. A .lived 43. A .armies 44. A. happy 45. A. owned 46. A. weighs 47. A. many 48. A. cut 49. A. success 50. A. ordinary 51. A. picked 52. A. question 53. A. place 54. A. blowing 55. A. move B. Since B. buildings B. when B. cause B. heard B. believed B. was ill B. power B. unborn B. was B. measures B. heavy B. used B. puzzle B. war B. turned B. wonder B. meet B. rising B. escape C. When C. bridges C. why C. way C. recorded C. supposed C.was strong C. friends C. alive C. lay C. reaches C. big C. carried C. trouble C. flood C. looked C. trouble C. fit C. making C. appear D. As D. dams D. where D. answer D. noted D. expected D. died D.officials D. all D. covered D. is D. nice D built D building D all D pulled D happiness D get D producing D change
第三部分：阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分。满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Every object tells a story. Even the most ordinary objects can present to us powerful images ( 映像 ). Sometimes it is the ordinary nature of these objects that actually makes them so extraordinary. Such is the case with an old leather shoe in a museum in Alaska. At first sight it does not look like much. It is a woman's shoe of a style popular in the 1890s. But what is unusual about this shoe is where it was found. It was discovered on the Chilkoot Pass, the famous trail (path) used by the people seeking gold in Alaska. Who it belonged to or why it was left there is not known. Was it perhaps dropped by accident as the woman climbed up the 1,500 stairs carved out of ice? Or did she throw away goods that she didn't need in order to travel lighter? Over 100,000 people with “gold fever” made this trip hoping to become millionaires. Few of them understood that on their way they would have to cross a harsh wilderness. Unprepared for such a dangerous journey, many died of starvation and exposure (暴露) to the cold weather. The Canadian government finally started requiring the gold seekers to bring one ton of supplies with them. This was thought to be enough for a person to survive (活下来) for one year. They would carry their supplies in backpacks each weighing up to fifty pounds; it usually took at least 40 trips to get everything to the top and over the pass. Whoever dropped the shoe must have been a brave
and determined woman. Perhaps she was successful and made it to Alaska. Perhaps she had to turn back in defeat. No one will ever know for sure, but what we do know is that she took part in one of the greatest adventures in the 19th century. 56. The ordinary woman's leather shoe is considered unusual because __________. A. it was an important clue (线索) to life in the past B. B. it was found near a famous trail C. it at one time belonged to a VIP D. it was a fashionable shoe at that time 57. According to this passage, many people who went to Alaska . A. finally became millionaires B. brought with them many shoes C. had conflicts (冲突) with the Eskimos D. were not properly equipped 58. The Canadian government made gold seekers bring one year's supplies with them so that _______ . A. they would not die of hunger and cold B. the army would have enough food for fighting a war C. they could trade these goods with the Eskimos D. the supplies would make Alaska successful and rich 59. No matter what happened to the woman who owned the shoe, _______ . A. she must have lived a happy life B. she certainly dropped the shoe on purpose B. her adventurous spirit is definitely admirable D. her other shoes were equally fashionable B Each nation has its own unusual character which makes it different from others. But the people of the world have more points in which they are all like each other than points in which they are different. One type of person that is common in every country is the one who always tries to do as little as he possibly can and to get as much in return as he can. His opposite, the man who is in the habit of doing more than is strictly necessary and who is ready to accept what is offered in return, is extremely uncommon everywhere. Both these types are usually not aware (知道的，意识到的) of their character. The man who stops himself from making effort is always talking about his “rights” : he appears to think that society owes him a pleasant, easy life. The man who is always doing more than his share talks of “duties”: he feels that the individual (个人) is in debt to society, and not society to the individual. As a result of their views, neither of these men thinks that he acts at all strangely. The man who tries to do as little as he can is always full of excuses: if he had neglected (不注意,疏忽 ) to do something, it was because he had a headache, or the weather was too hot or too cold -- or because he was prevented by bad luck. At first, other people, such as his friends and his employer, are willing to accept his stories; but soon they realize what kind of person he is. In the long run he deceives (欺骗) only himself. When his friends become cool towards him and he fails to make progress in his job, he is surprised and hurt. He blames everyone and everything except himself. He feels that society is failing in its duties towards him, and that he is being unfairly treated. He soon becomes one of the unsatisfied members of the society he lives in. If you want something done in a hurry, don't go to the man who has clearly not much to do. He will probably have a dozen excellent excuses for not being able to help you, much as he tells
you he would like to. Go to the busiest man you know, particularly if you are sure that he has not a spare minute in the week. If your work is really important, he will make time for it. 60. One type of person that is common in every country is the one who _______ . A. tries to accept what is offered B. always tries to do as much as he possibly can C. tries to get as little as he can C. tries to do as little as he possibly can and to get as much in return as he can 61. The man who makes no effort is always talking about _______ . A. duties B. rewards C. rights D. pleasant, easy lives 62. According to the passage, it is better for one with an urgent (紧急的 ) task to ask help from_______ . A. someone who has little to do B. someone who enjoys no spare time C. somebody who is wandering (闲逛) about with nothing to do D. as many people as possible 63. Both of these types of people are usually _______ their character. A. regretting B. easily hurt by C. proud of D. unaware of C One day an American friend invited me to a party. It wasn' t a real party; it was some kind of informal get-together. Since it was summer time, he had a cookout where most of his American friends and relatives were known to me, but there were others I had never met before. It was the most embarrassing (令人窘迫的) party for me when I noticed that everybody was wearing jeans and simple T-shirts for the day, while I arrived in proper dress with my shoes and my hair all fixed for a fancy party. It was hard to explain my embarrassment to other guests. When one of them turned around and said, “What nice clothes! What's the occasion (场合)?” I felt my face burning hot with embarrassment. I did not answer at all. If she knew how bad I already felt, she wouldn' t have come near me. But she did. Maybe she didn't ask intentionally to make me feel bad or uncomfortable, but my reaction had to do with the way I already felt. I could have told her I had to go to another party after- wards, but I did not want to continue the conversation. Many times I thought about going home and changing, but I knew that they would notice. It would be even worse for me, because I knew they would quickly think that I felt out of place. So I wanted to pretend that I was okay... I had already realized their customs were different from mine; but after I talked to my friend, I was more certain that people here are more casual (随意的). They care less about formality, unless it is a special occasion, like a wedding or a very formal invitation. In contrast (对比), my culture is totally the opposite. For example, in Cape Verdean culture, if a friend invited me to his house on a special day, even if it is not a real party, one should appear well dressed or otherwise the host will be annoyed thinking you are disrespectful to him or the other guests. We do dress casually for going on picnic or on ordinary days, but not normally to go over to a friend's when invited, especially if other people will be there. After all, I think that my problem at the party wasn't that I wasn't accepted by the Americans; but my feeling was so bad that I couldn' t fit in the group even if nobody noticed, because I was the one who discovered the difference in the first place. It doesn' t matter if people dress differently, but I was the only one different in the group. I felt I was the one who should
make their customs suitable for me. After that, I decided to learn more about American culture, so now I don't have as many problems as I've had in the past. 64. Which of these statements describes the cookout in the story? A. It was very formal. B. People wore casual clothing. C. It took place in a restaurant. D. People care more about formality. 65. This story is mainly about ________ . A. culture differences B. living in the United States C. what to do at a cookout D. how to get prepared for a cookout 66. It can be inferred from the story that the author_______ . A. left the cookout early B. probably didn't enjoy the cookout C. never wears blue jeans D. will never go to a cookout D Every human being, no matter what he is doing, gives off body heat. The usual problem is how to get rid of it. But the designers of the University of Pittsburgh set themselves the opposite problem -- how to collect body heat, and the heat given off by such objects as electric lights and refrigerators as well. The system works so well that no fuel is needed to make the university's six buildings warm and comfortable. Some parts of most modern buildings, theatres and offices as well as classrooms -- are heated by people and lights far more than necessary, and sometimes they must be airconditioned even in winter. The skill of saving heat and sharing it out again in a different way is called “heat recovery”. A few modem buildings recover heat, but the university's system is the first to recover heat from some buildings and reuse it in others. Along the way, Pittsburgh University has learned a great deal about some of its heat producer. The harder a student studies, the more heat his body gives off. Boy students send out more heat than girl students, and the larger a student, the more heat he produces. It sounds rather reasonable to draw the following conclusion that the hottest prospect for the Pittsburgh University would be a hardworking, over- weight boy student who is very clever in the university. 67. According to this passage, the heat system of the Pittsburgh University is supplied by ________ . A. human bodies B. human bodies and electrical equipment C. human bodies and fuel D. human bodies, electrical equipment and fuel 68. The skill of heat recovering is used to ________ . A. find out the source of heat B. produce a social form of air conditioning C.provide heat for the hot water system D. collect and reuse heat 69. Which of the following persons would produce the least heat? A. A fat boy student who is clever and studies hard. B. A thin girl student who is not clever and does not study hard. C. A thin boy student who is clever and studies hard. D. A fat girl student who is both clever and hardworking. 70. In the last sentence, the“hottest prospect”refers to________ . A. the person who produces the most heat B. the person who suffers most from heat C. the person who takes in the most heat D. the person who bears (忍受) the most heat 71.The best title for this passage is________ . A. Modem Building's Heat System
B. A New Heat Recovery System in the Pittsburgh University C. Recovery of Boy's Heat in the Pittsburgh University D. The Best Way to Save Fuel or Electricity E Springtime in Paris in the Springtime was, is and always will be, something rather special. Why not experience it for yourself with this excellent break for four days? This attractive city has something to offer everyone and with prices at just ?129 it's great value too. Your break begins with executive coach (长途公共汽车) transfer (中转) from regional (各地的) pick-up points and travel to Paris is via crosschannel ferry (渡船), arriving at your hotel in the 4 days for ? 129 per person evening. The Ibis is an excellent quality hotel with private facilities(设施) in all rooms: satellite IV, radio, telephone and alarm clock. It has a bar and restaurant and is situated about two miles south of Notre Dame enabling you to explore Paris without any difficulty. The following day, after continental breakfast (included), the coach takes you on a comprehensive sightseeing tour of the city, during which you will see the Eiffel Tower, Champs Elysees, L'Arc de Triomphe, the Louvre, in fact almost every famous landmark you will ever have heard of. You then leave Paris and take a short drive to the splendid Palace of Versailles, the home of Louis XIV. The tour ends mid-afternoon back in Paris where you will have the remainder of the day at a convenient time. In the evening there is a 'Paris By Night' tour showing you the beautiful buildings with bright lights. Day three takes you to Montmartre, perhaps the most picturesque quarter of Paris and home of the Sacre Coeur and the Moulin Rouge. In the afternoon you are free to explore this beautiful city as you wish, perhaps a pleasure voyage on the River Seine, wander around the picturesque gardens or look through among the antique shops (古玩店). In the evening you will have the opportunity to visit the best night-club in the city, the splendid Paradis Latin. On the final day it's back to the UK via channel ferry. Included in the price of ?129 per person: ●Return executive coach travel to Paris ●Return ferry crossings ●3 nights accommodafion (住所) in a twin bedded room in a Central Paris hoted with private facilities ●Continental breakfast during your stay ●Guided sightseeing tour of 'Paris By Day' and 'Paris By Night' ●Visit to Chateau of Versailles (admission not included) ●Tour on Montmartre ●Services of an experienced bi-lingual tour guide at all times 72. This advertisement is mainly . A. to tell tourists the route (线路) to Paris B. to show the price of travelling to Paris C. to introduce the city of Paris D. to attract tourists to Paris 73. During the stay in Paris, the tourists will . A. have a free time of half day B. have a 'Paris By Night' on the first evening
C. have a pleasure voyage on the River Seine together D.live in a hotel two miles away from Paris 74. After paying ?129, the tourists will have to pay_______in Pads. A. the continental breakfasts B. tour on Montmartre C. admission ticket to Chateau of Versailles D. services of a bi-lingual tour guide 75. We learn form the text that______ . A. the tourists can telephone in Ibis without paying B. the tourists will spend the night in Paradis Latin on the third day C. Palace of Versailles is not in the center of Paris D. it will take you a long time to get to Montmartre from Paris 第二卷(共 35 分)
第四部分写作(共两节。满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右 边横线上画一个(√)；如有错误(每行只有一个错误)，则按下列情况改正： 该行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划 掉。 该行缺一个词：把缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 76. Mr Wang, who is 36 year old, is working in a 77.________ chemistry factory as an engineer. After he 78.________ graduated from an university in 1975, he was 79.________ sent to California University to study chemistry. 80.________ He studied very hard that he gained great success 81.________ in scientific research and accepted a doctor's 82.________ degree at 1980. An American company manager 83.________ tried to invite him to work there and promised whether 84.________ to give him a good salary. So Mr Wang didn't accept 85.________ the invitation. Instead, he decided to return China in the spring of 1982. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 根据下面图表以“How People Spent Their Holidays”为题， 写一篇词数为 120 左右的短文。 Changes in the Way People Spent Their Holidays
1990 travelling abroad going to seaside camping staying at home 12％ 38％ 10％ 40％ 1999 24％ 3l％ 36％ 9％
单元训练题(八) (Text 1) M: How many countries have you been to? W: America, Canada, Japan and China. I'll be back home in Germany next Sunday. ( Text 2) M: What are you going to do during the Spring Festival? W: I'll probably stay home for most of it, but I'll come back a few days before school begins. ( Text 3) M: I hope I can see you at my birthday party. W: Oh, dear, I've almost forgotten. When is it? M: Well, the day after April Fool's Day. Easy to remember, isn't it? W: Yes, of course. (Text 4) M: What time is it now? W: 6:50. M: When is the film? 7:15 W: No,7:30. But we have to leave at 7:00. (Text 5) W: What part of England did you live in when you were a student? M: A place called Sally Oak. Do you know it? W: Oh, yes. I used to pass through it nearly every day when I was living there. ( Text 6) W: Excuse me. Is there a direct flight to Beijing from here? M: Yes. Here is one on Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. W: When does the plane leave on Monday? M : At 9 : 15 in the morning. W: And arrives? M: At 11:25. W: OK. Thank you. M : You' re welcome. ( Text 7) W: You are very quiet this evening. What's the matter? M: Well. I don't like my job. There's no one to talk to and the days go slowly. W: Then what do you plan to do? M: I intend to work in a hotel. W: Why a hotel? M : Well, I can meet all kinds of people from all over the world. Besides, most of the hotels are so beautiful. W: Do you have any particular hotels in mind? M: I hope to get a job in Garden Hotel. That's a lovely hotel and it's not far from my home. W: Then you have to work at night. M: It doesn't matter, I think.
( Text 8) M: Well, here we are! At the foot of the Great Wall. W: I can hardly believe it's real. Just think of all this being built by hand 2,000 years ago. M: No wonder it's one of the 8 wonders of the world. W: By the way, how long is it? M: In Chinese we call it the Ten-thousand-li Great Wall. Actually it's more than 12,000 li. That'.s 6,000 kilometers. W: My God! That's more than 4,000 miles! How high is the wall? M : About 7.8 meters. It' s 6.5 meters wide at the base and 5.8 at the top which allows 5 horses to pass side by side. And there is a watchtower every 200 meters or so. Would you like to go up now? W: Yes! I'd like to get a view from the top. ( Text 9) W: Is there anything important in today's newspaper? M : Yes. A hurricane struck the southeast of England. W: Tell me something more about it. M : Yes. It happened on October 16th. It started at midnight and it crossed the southeast corner of Eng-land. It swept at the speed of 160 kph. W: Someone might have been killed in the hurricane. M: Yes. It's reported that 19 people had been killed in the hurricane. A lot of trees had fallen down. The strong winds also brought down electricity lines and telephone poles. That's why many towns and villages had their water supply cut off. W: It's lucky that the hurricane didn't come this way. (Text 10) After a rather difficult case, Sherlock Holmes and his good friend Dr Watson decided to take a camping trip. Once having a fine meal and a bottle of wine they decided to go to sleep. A few hours before daybreak, Holmes woke up his friend and said, “Watson, look up and tell me what you see.” Watson did so and said,“Why, I see millions of stars.” Holmes said, “What does this suggest to you, my good friend?” The doctor thought for a moment and said, “I can think of many things, Holmes... From a scientific standpoint, the millions of stars visible suggest there are millions of planets moving around those stars.” “Go on,”said Holmes. Watson thought for a moment more and continued, “From a religious standpoint, I can see that God' s works are wonderful and we are but a small part of this plan. From. a weather reporter' s standpoint, from a clear sky, I think that tomorrow will be quite sunny. So tell me, Holmes, what do you think about this wonderful sight?” Holmes replied,“Watson, how foolish you are! Someone has stolen our tent!” 1- 5 CCCCB 6--10 CBBAB 11--15 ABBAC 16--20 CBACB 21--25 CBABA 26--30 CADBD 31--35 DBCDA 36--40 CBADC
41--45 ADBCD 46--50 ABABC 51--55 DBCAD 56--60 BDACD 61--65 CBDBA 66--70 BBDBA 71--75 BDACC 76.year—years 77.chemistry--chemical 78. an—a 79.√ 80.very — so 81. accepted — received 82. at—in 83.去掉 whether 84.So —But 85.在 return 后加 to One possible version: How People Spent Their Holidays The ways people spent their holidays changed a great deal in the 1990s. In 1990,40% of the people spent their holidays at home, the number dropping to 9% in 1999. The table also shows that a great number of people spent their holidays travelling abroad. Compared with 12% in 1990, the rate in 1999(24 % ) is doubled. There are two other remarkable tendencies shown in the table : one is the rate of going to the seaside remained nearly the same, and the other is the rate of camping which has risen from 10 % in 1990 to 36% in 1999 — increased by more than three times. The reason may be that the true nature of the earth attracts people very much, and they want to conquer the nature and discover the real world around them.