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作文中常用的转折词有下列: 作文中常用的转折词有下列:
表层次:to begin with, to start with, in the first place, in the second place, furthermore, what’s more, last but not least, equally important to, in addition, besides 表转折:by/in contrast, despite the fact that, on the contrary, in spite of , on the other hand, at the same time, otherwise, instead 表因果:therefore, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a consequence, as a result, in this way, , on that account (由于那个缘故) 表举例:for example, for instance, for one thing that is to illustrate, 表解释:as a matter of fact, frankly speaking, namely, in other words 解决问题的优点和缺点: 一、 解决问题的优点和缺点: In recent years, we are faced with a problem --------A, which is becoming more and more serious . First, ---------. Second, ----------. Last but not least, ---------. Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------. For another, ------------. Finally, --------. As far as I am concerned, I hold the view that---------解决问题的方法 . Consequently, I’m 解决问题的方法 confident that a bright future is awaiting us because -----------带来的好处 带来的好处. 带来的好处 说明利弊: 二、 说明利弊: 1. 说明事物的现状;2. 事物本身的优点和缺点 3. 你对事物的看法 . 说明事物的现状; 事物本身的优点和缺点; 你对事物的看法. Nowadays many people prefer A because it plays a significant role in our daily life. In general, Its advantages can be seen as follows. Firstly, --------A 的优点之一 Besides,-------- A 的优点之 的优点之一. 二. What’s more, --------A 的优点之三 的优点之三. However, every coin has its two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------A 的缺点之一 In addition, ---------A 的缺点之二 To 的缺点之一. 的缺点之二. make matters worse, ----------A 的缺点之三 的缺点之三. Through the above analysis, I think that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I’d like to hold my view that---------我的看法 我的看法. 我的看法 From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only in this way can we -------对前 对前 景的预测. 景的预测 三、 议论文 1. 不同观点的说明 . There is a widespread concern over the issue that -------作文题目 But it is well known that the 作文题目. 作文题目 opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that -------观点之一 In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the 观点之一. 观点之一 first place, -------原因之一 Furthermore / in the second place, -------原因之二 . So it goes 原因之一. 原因之一 原因之二 without saying that --------观点之一 观点之一. 观点之一 People , however, differ from their opinion on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ------. From their point of view, on the one hand, -------观点之二 On the other hand, -------原因之一 观点之二. 原因之一. 观点之二 原因之一 Therefore, there is no doubt that -------原因之二 原因之二. 原因之二 In conclusion, I firmly support the view that --------原因之一或原因之二 It is not only 原因之一或原因之二. 原因之一或原因之二 because --------, but also because----------. The more we ---------, the more ---------.


2. 利弊型议论文 . Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that) --------作文题目 Actually, there 作文题目. 作文题目 are both advantages and disadvantages in -------题目议论 Generally speaking, it is widely 题目议论 题目 议论. believed that there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, --------优点之一 Secondly, 优点之一. 优点之一 ---------优点之二 And finally, --------优点之三 优点之二. 优点之三. 优点之二 优点之三 Just as a popular saying goes, “every coin has its two sides”, ---------讨论议题 is no exception. 讨论议题 And in other word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, --------缺点之一 In addition, ------缺点之一. 缺点之一 缺点之二. 缺点之三. 缺点之二 What’s more, --------缺点之三 缺点之三 To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of --------讨论议题 into full play, and reduce 讨论议题 the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ---------讨论议题 讨论议题. 讨论议题 3. 答题型议论文 . At present, there is a widespread concern over the issue that ------作文题目 It is really an 作文题目. 作文题目 important concern to every one of us. As a result, we should spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As is known to all, there are many steps which can be taken to solve this problem. First of all, -------途径一 Additionally, another way contributing to success in solving the problem is -------途 途径一. 途径一 途 径二. 途径三. 径二 What’s more, we can also -------途径三 途径三 Above all, to solve the problem of --------作文题目 we should find many various ways. But as 作文题目, 作文题目 far as I am concerned, I would prefer to settle the problem is this way, that is to say, --------方法 方法. 方法 四、 图表作文的结构 英语书面表达在高考中占有重要地位,只要同学们训练得法,肯下功夫,记忆常用语句 并根据情况灵活运用,书面表达的水平一定会有很大程度的提高。 图表变化类用语:图表作文要求学生从表格或图片出发,通常分为三个步骤 第一步: 第一步:对表格或图表进行叙述 常用句型为 : As the pie chart shows, / As can be seen from the pie chart, 第二步: 第二步:对表格或图表进行成因的分析 主题句+ 主题句 原因 1 + 原因 2 + 原因 3。主题句为:There are several factors 。 contributing to _______. 原因 1________. The second reason is that _______原因 2. 原因 Furthermore, 原因 3__________. All these result in _________. 第三步: 第三步:个人观点或解决问题的办法 主题句+ 建议或个人观点+ 前景的预测或愿望 主题句 建议或个人观点 前景的预测或愿望 However, ________ is faced with some problems. With _______, the influence of which is not only discouraging us , but also challenging us. As for us, my principle is to pay due attention to_______, but not just to ________.

参考模板一 参考模板一: The chart gives us an overall picture of the ________(图表主题 The first thing we notice is 图表主题). 图表主题
that ______(图表最大特点). This means that as ________(进一步说明). (图表最大特点) (进一步说明) We can see from the statistics given that ________(图表细节一 After v—ing (细节中的第 图表细节一). 图表细节一 一个变化) , 时间. 一个变化) the ________ V—ed + 幅度 + 时间 The figures also tell us that ________ (图表 图表 细节二). (数据位置, 如 In the column), we can see that _______ accounts for _________ 数据位置, 细节二 数据位置 Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that _______ (结论 The reason for 结论). 结论 this , as far as I am concerned, is that _______ (给出原因) It is a high time that we did_______ 给出原因) / (发表建议 发表建议) 发表建议


参考模板二 参考模板二:
As is shown / indicated / illustrated by the figure / percentage in the table / graph / picture / pie chart, ______ (作文题目) _____has been on rise / decreases / goes up / increases / drops, 作文题目) significantly / steadily rising / decreasing from _____ in _____ to ______ in _____ . From the sharp rise in the chart, it goes without saying that _____. There are at least two / three good reasons accounting for _______. To begin with, ______ . what’s more, ______ is due to the fact that _______. In addition, _____is responsible for ______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show _______. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. In my opinion , I hold the view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 段式: 五、漫画作文 3 段式: 1.描述基本步骤:描述漫画、图表——引出暗含主题 描述基本步骤:描述漫画、图表 引出暗含主题——简短解释 简短解释——过渡 描述基本步骤 引出暗含主题 简短解释 过渡 参考句型: From the cartoon we can see that_____. What it illustrates is a common phenomenon in today's society, and it conveys the symbolic meaning of_____. 2.阐明原因基本步骤:引出原因 阐明原因基本步骤: 列举原因——过渡 阐明原因基本步骤 引出原因——列举原因 列举原因 过渡 参考句型: What caused the effect? There are at least two/three possible reasons accounting for this problem. To begin with,_____. In the second place,_____. There may be some other reasons responsible for___, but I think what has been mentioned above is generally acceptable. 3.提出对策基本步骤:引出对策 提出对策基本步骤: 列举对策——过渡 提出对策基本步骤 引出对策——列举对策 列举对策 过渡 参考模板一 参考模板一: We should take immediate measures, for if the present situation continues as before, serious outcome will come up. First of all, the government should propagandize 进行宣传 to arouse public awareness of_____. In the second place, the government should take effective measures to_____. Finally, _____ should be banned by law. Only in this way can we do….. 参考模板二 参考模板二: This illustration depicts ________图画中的人物 Ving, which _______ (补充说明 补充说明). 图画中的人物 补充说明 Recently it has become common for people in many walks of life to ________(进一步阐明) (进一步阐明) It seems to me that the cartoonist is sending a message about ________ 图画主题, which is 图画主题, ______ 进一步的说明 He seems to be saying that ________ 给出细节 In my opinion, 进一步的说明. 给出细节. _______ (个人阐述). 个人阐述) This simple picture is a wake up call for _______(所涉群体 如:_______ . Therefore, it is 所涉群体), 所涉群体 imperative for us to take drastic measure to put an end to _______ (问题所在). On the one 问题所在) hand, we must ________(建议一). On the other hand, ________ (建议二 Only in this way 建议二). (建议一) 建议二 can we ________(展望未来 展望未来) 展望未来 高考英语书面表达常用语句: 高考英语书面表达常用语句: 1. As we can see from the chart, the number of people who use mobile phones is increasing steadily. 2. As can be seen from the table, there have been great changes in the ways of people getting information. 3. Compared to the year before last, it is obvious that the number has fallen sharply.


4. The number stays nearly the same, indicating that reading remains an important way that people acquire knowledge or find information. 5. There is no doubt that it is the quickest and most convenient way to do things. 6. By riding bicycles, people can produce, in a certain degree, no pollution to the environment. 叙事类 1. The other day I was playing in the park when I met a foreigner,who was looking very worried. 2. It so happened that I was passing there. 3. Five minutes later, some firefighters with an ambulance arrived. 4. It was the boy’s bravery and cleverness that saved the people on the train. 找工作/求职 找工作 求职 1. I think I can be the right/suitable person you want. I want to be a volunteer. 2. I know from it that you have a vacancy for a typist/driver/secretary, etc. 应用类 1. I want to ask two days’ leave because I need to be physically examined. 2. May I have your attention, please, everybody? I have an announcement to make. 说明类(方向、坐落、指示) 说明类(方向、坐落、指示) 1. The museum is located on the opposite side of the street. 2. There is a beautiful garden lying in the middle of the square. 3. They live next door to us. They are our next-door neighbors. 4. Between Britain and Ireland, in the Irish Sea, lies the small Isle of Man 5. The information office is located in the city center. 6. Go/walk straight until you find the traffic lights/reach a crossroads. Turn right, and you will see the expo. 讲道理类、 讲道理类、观点对比类 1.I don’t think it is good for a child to begin learning a foreign language at a rather early age. 2. As far as we know, it is of great benefit to our health and study. 3. Recently we have had a heated discussion about whether we should have more time for out-of-class activities. 4. They hold the view/opinion that students should participate in more social practice. 5. 30% of them are against the idea (that….) while 70% of the students are in favor of … 6. On the other hand / On the contrary / However, 65% of them insist that computer games be forbidden, even on weekends. 7. In conclusion, most people approve of the plan. 热点话题类 1. It is very important to live in harmony with one another/each other. 2. The government should take immediate and necessary measures to deal with the problem. 3. Though burdens/loads on farmers’ shoulders are reduced, yet most of them still have financial problem in sending their children to colleges or universities. 4. What’s more, our government can offer allowance to poor students for their life and study. 5. If everyone had paid enough attention to the problem, we would not have been trapped in such a difficult position. 6. Only when we continue our efforts can we seize an opportunity when it occurs. 7. As is vividly shown in the picture…./ the picture indicates …. 8. The implied meaning of the picture should be taken into account seriously.


9. We can see from the statistics given that ….the figures also tell us that …

10. Judging from these figures, we can draw a conclusion that … 11. Adding to the impressiveness and beauty of CZ is cz High School , which is located in the center of the city.
12. Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V ; Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 13. ~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。) We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 14. There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 15. It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...) It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 16. There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 17. An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...) An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution. 18. The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...) The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 19. So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)倒装 So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 20. n / adv/ Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...) 倒装 Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 21. The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈...愈...) The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become. 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。 22. On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...) 倒装 On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 23. It is time +that S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了) It is a high time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. 24. There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...) There is no one but longs to go to college. 没有人不渴望上大学。 25. It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的) ; It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的); It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 26. Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的) We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.我们应该不遗余力美化我们的环境。 27. be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关) Taking exercise is closely related to health. 做运动与健康息息相关。 28. Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V (养成...的习惯) We should get into the habit of keeping good hours. 我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。


29. Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为...) Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 30. What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么...!) What an important thing it is to keep our promise! How important a thing it is to keep our promise! 遵守诺言是多么重要的事! 31. Pose a great threat to ~~ (对...造成一大威胁) Pollution poses a great threat to our existence. 污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。 32. do one’s utmost to + V = do one’s best to + V (尽全力去...) We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life. 33. The most obvious reason for this phenomenon is that _________. Consequently, _________ 34. No matter how you like it or not, ______has become more and more popular and there are many reasons for it. 35. It’s an urgent task for us to change this unfavorable situation: ______________. 36. A great number of solutions are being offered. Some people suggest that ______________. Others argue that ______________. 37.. Confronted with __, we should take a serious of effective measures to cope with the situation. 38. On the contrary, there are some people in favor of ______________. They believe ______________. Moreover, they think ______________. 39. There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can ______________, there are a number of advantages of ______________. Another solution is to ______________. 40. It is high time that something was done about it. For example, ______________. In addition, ______________. All these measures will certainly ______________. 41. There are some other people, who ______________. Their reasons are different, something for ______________, sometimes for ____________, and sometimes simply for ______________. 42. ______________ is necessary and important to our country’s development and construction. First, ______________. What’s more, ____________. Most important of all, ______________. 43. However, if not managed properly, ______________ can create many problems. Sometimes ______________. Furthermore, ______________. Therefore, ______________ has been gaining public concern. 44。 There are probably many reasons for _______. First, _____. Second, _____. Finally, _______. . There are, I think, two main reasons for ______________. In the first place, ______________. In the second place, ______________. Therefore, ______________. 45. It is no easy job to find the reasons for this tendency which involves several complicated factors. For some ______________. For others ______________. 46. In recent years, there is a general tendency to ______________. According to a study, there is _____________. compared with ______________ last year. Why ______________? 47. According to a survey, there is a growing number of ______________. What brings this result? The main reason rests with. 48. Some people prefer to __________. In their opinion, ___________. In addition, ___________. Nevertheless, nowadays, ____________ has become more and more common. 49. Nowadays, ______________ has become a problem we have to face. Though it’s easier said than done, with the help of modern technology, we now have many means to solve it. 50. Many people are inclined to ______________. In their opinion, ______________. They believe that ______________.


51. According to the two graphs presented, it can be observed that ______________. In the left graph, ______________. At the same time, ______________ as the right graph shows. 52. The graph shows the general trend in ______________. 53. According to the figures/numbers/statistics/percentages in the table/chart/bar graph/line graph, it can be seen that ______________. Obviously, ______________, but why? 54. The figure indicates/shows/suggests/proves that ______________. There is a steady/rapid development/trend of ______________. 55. These days we are often told that ______________. But is it true? 56. These days we often hear about ______________. But is this really the case? 57. One of the great writers once said that ___________. Now it still has a realistic significance. 58. In our history, the idea that ______________ never has been so popular. On one hand, ______________, on the other hand, ______________. 59. There are different opinions among people as to _______. Some people suggest that ________ 60. Some people hold the opinion that ______________ is superior to ______________ in many ways: Others, however, disagree with it. 61. Nowadays although more and more people ______________, still there are some who think ______________, they may think ______________.



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