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澄海实验高中2011-2012学年度高三英语试题

澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语资料

澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语试题
第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory l course about 20 years ago. The professor got through the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans, and invited the students to 2 how many beans the jar contained. After listening to shouts of wildly wrong guesses, the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 3 answer, and went on saying, “You have just 4 an important lesson about science. That is: Never 5 your own senses.” Twenty years later, the 6 could guess what the professor had in mind. He saw himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting 7 into an unknown world. Invisible to the 8 , which can he discovered only through scientific 9 , But the seventeen—year—old girl could not accept or even 10 the invitation. She was just 11 to understand the world. And she 12 that her first-hand experience could be the 13 . The professor, however, said that it was 14 . He was taking away her only tool for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feeling small and 15 ,”the women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I dropped the course that afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since. ” 1. A. art B. history C. science D. math 2. A. count B. guess C. report D. watch 3. A. ready B. possible C. correct D. difficult 4. A. learned B. prepared C. taught D. taken 5. A. lose B. trust C. sharpen D. show 6. A. lecturer B. scientist C. speaker D. woman 7. A. voyage B. movement C. change D. rush 8. A. professor B. eye C. knowledge D. light 9. A. model B. senses C. spirit D. methods 10. A. hear B. make C. present D. refuse 11. A. suggesting B. beginning C. pretending D. waiting 12. A. believed B. doubted C. proved D. explained 13. A. growth B. strength C. faith D. truth 14. A. firm B. interesting C. wrong D. acceptable 15. A. cruel B. proud C. frightened D. brave

第二节. 阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)
A How could we possibly think that keeping animals in cages in unnatural environments-mostly for entertainment purposes-is fair and respectful? Zoo officials say they are concerned about animals. However, most zoos remain “collections” of
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澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语资料

interesting “things” rather than protective habitats. Zoos teach people that it is acceptable to keep animals bored, lonely, and far from their natural homes. Zoos claim to educate people and save endangered species, but visitors leave zoos without having learned anything meaningful about the animals’ natural behavior, intelligence, or beauty. Zoos keep animals in small spaces or cages, and most signs only mention the species’ name, diet, and natural range (分布区). The animals’ normal behavior is seldom noticed because zoos don’t usually take care of the animals’ natural needs. The animals are kept together in small spaces, with no privacy and little opportunity for mental and physical exercise. This results in unusually and self-destructive behavior called zoochosis. A worldwide study of zoos found that zoochosis is common among animals kept in small spaces or cages. Another study showed that elephants spend 22 percent of their time making repeated head movements or biting cage bars, and bears spend 30 percent of their time walking back and forth, a sign of unhappiness and pain. Furthermore, most animals in zoos are not endangered.Captive breeding (圈养繁殖) of endangered big cats, Asian elephants, and other species has not resulted in their being sent back to the wild.Zoos talk a lot about their captive breeding programs because they do not want people to worry about a species dying out. In fact, baby animals also attract a lot of paying customers. Haven’t we seen enough competitions to name baby animals? Actually, we will save endangered species only if we save their habitats and put an end to the reasons people kill them. Instead of supporting zoos, we should support groups that work to protect animals’ natural habitats. 16.How would the author describe the animals’ life in zoos? A.Dangerous. B.Unhappy. C.Natural. D.Easy. 17.In the state of zoochosis, animals _________. A.remain in cages B.behave strangely C.attack other animals D.enjoy moving around 18.What does the author try to argue in the passage? A.Zoos are not worth the public support. B.Zoos fail in their attempt to save animals. C. Zoos should treat animals as human beings. D. Zoos use animals as a means of entertainment. 19.The author tries to persuade readers to accept his argument mainly by _________. A.pointing out the faults in what zoos do B.using evidence he has collected at zoos C.questioning the way animals are protected D.discussing the advantages of natural habitats 20.Although he argues against zoos, the author would still agree that __________. A.zoos have to keep animals in small cages B.most animals in zoos are endangered species C.some endangered animals are reproduced in zoos D. it’s acceptable to keep animals away from their habitats B Not everyone who teaches in a college or university is a professor. Many are instructors or lecturers. In fact, not even all professors are full professors. Many of them are assistant or associate
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澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语资料

professors or adjunct professors. So what do all of these different academic titles mean at American colleges and universities? Get ready for a short lecture, especially if you are thinking of a career in higher education. Professors usually need a doctoral degree. But sometimes a school will offer positions to people who have not yet received their doctorate. This person would be called an instructor until the degree has been completed. After that, the instructor could become an assistant professor. Assistant professors do not have tenure. Tenure means a permanent appointment. This goal of greater job security is harder to reach these days. Fewer teaching positions offer the chance for tenure. Teachers and researchers who are hired into positions that do offer it are said to be "on the tenure track." Assistant professor is the first job on this path. Assistant professors generally have five to seven years to gain tenure. During this time, other faculty members study the person's work. If tenure is denied, then the assistant professor usually has a year to find another job. Candidates for tenure may feel great pressure to get research published. "Publish or perish" is the traditional saying. An assistant professor who receives tenure becomes an associate professor. An associate professor may later be appointed a full professor. Assistant, associate and full professors perform many duties. They teach classes. They advise students. And they carry out research. They also serve on committees and take part in other activities. Other faculty members are not expected to do all these jobs. They are not on a tenure track. Instead, they might be in adjunct or visiting positions. A visiting professor has a job at one school but works at another for a period of time. An adjunct professor is also a limited or part-time position, to do research or teach classes. Adjunct professors have a doctorate. Another position is that of lecturer. Lecturers teach classes, but they may or may not have a doctorate. 21. In which column of a newspaper can the passage probably appear? A. Education B. Entertainment C. Politics D. Sports 22. Which of the following positions should have a doctor degree? A. Instructors and lectures B. Assistant professors and instructors C. Lectures and adjunct professors D. Assistant and adjunct professors 23. According to Paragraph 4, how long can an assistant professor stay in his or her position at most? A. 13 years B. 12 years C. 7 years D. 8 years 24. Which one shows the correct order for a professor’s development? a. An assistant professor b. An instructor c. A full professor d. An associate professor A. b, a, d, c B. b, d, a, c C. c, a, d, b D. b, c, a, d 25. What can be inferred from the passage?[来源:学,科,网] A. Those teaching in a university are all professors. B. You’d better learn about it before being a professor.
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澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语资料

C. Those without a doctoral degree can’t find a job. D. Professors in a university share the same duties.

第三节. 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)
请阅读下面有关踩踏(stampede)事件的相关报道: 1. 近来,国内外连续发生多起踩踏事件。 2. 地点:商场、寺院、学校、体育场等人员密集的地方。 3. 后果:大量的人员伤亡。 预防措施:最好不要到人员过于密集的地方。 自救措施:1. 尽量不要摔倒,掉了钱也不要去捡。 2. 如果发生踩踏,摔倒先护头胸。 3. 如果倒地,侧躺在地以形成一定空间保证呼吸。 【写作内容】1. 与踩踏事件相关的报道; 2. 预防措施; 3. 自救措施。 【写作要求】1. 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容; 2. 将这 5 句话组成连贯的短文。 【评分标准】句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

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澄海实验高中 2011-2012 学年度高三英语资料

英语参考答案及评分标准
完型填空(共 12 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1-5 CBCAB 6-10 DABDA 11-15 BADCC 阅读理解: 16-20 .BBA AC 21-25 ADDA B 基础写作: Stampedes are reported to have broken out one after another both in and out of China, which often happened in places with too big crowds, such as stores, temples, schools, stadiums and so on, leaving many deaths and injuries. To protect yourself from harm, you are supposed not to go to the places with too many people. If you were really caught in a stampede, try your best not to fall down and not to pick up anything you drop, even your wallet. If a stampede breaks out, you ought to protect your head and chest with your arms as soon as you fall down. Besides, you’d better lie on your side so as to provide yourself enough space for your breath.

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