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定语从句(一)


复合句之定语从句 (一)
主讲:Kelly 北京水木清芬教育

简单句vs复合句
复合句:由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成的句子。

在复合句中主句是全句的主体,从句是全句的一个成分,不能独立。 ? 名词性从句(主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句和同位语从句) ? 定语从句 ? 状语从句
Your explanation sounds reasonable. (简单句 ) What you said just now sounds reasonable .(复合句:主语从句)

I believe your honesty .(简单句) I believe that you are honest (复合句:宾语从句).
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复合句之定语从句

定语从句
? 定语从句的合并与拆分 ? 关系代词who/whom/whose/that的用法

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复合句之定语从句
概念:在复合句中修饰名词或代词的句子.

? Mary is a clever girl. 形容词作定语
? Mary is a girl who has long hair. 句子做定语,修饰girl

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定语从句的合并
1. Mary is a girl.

2. Mary has long hair.

Mary is a girl who has long hair.
先行词
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关系词 定语从句

定语从句的合并
1.The man is a farmer.
2.The man is speaking at the meeting.

The man who is speaking at the meeting is a farmer.

关系代词:which, who, whom, whose, that
关系副词:where, when
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关系代词的用法
?当先行词是物时, 用which 或that引导

?当先行词是人时, 用who, whom, whose, that引 导.

These are the trees which were planted last year.

The man who is speaking at the meeting is a farmer.

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who/whom的用法区别
The man who is speaking at the meeting is a worker. The man is a worker. 拆 . The woman whom they wanted to visit is a teacher.
?whom 作定语从句的宾语 拆 The woman is a teacher. 分 They wanted to visit the woman. 作宾语
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who 作定语从句的主语或宾语

分 The man is speaking at the meeting.做主语

whose表示“谁的”
I know the girl whose mother is a teacher.

拆 分

I know the girl. The girl’s mother is a teacher. ?whose 作定语从句的定语.

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关系代词whose的用法
? 关系代词whose既可用于指人,也可用于指事或物, 它在定语从句中主要用作定语:
? She is the woman whose car was stolen. 她就是汽车被盗的那个女人。

? This is the house whose windows were broken.
这就是窗户被打破了的房子。 ? Mrs. Gray, whose children are in college, is trying to get a job. 格雷 太太的孩子们都在上大学,她想找一份工作。

试着拆分定语从句
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that用法最强大
The woman (whom/ that) they wanted to visit is a a teacher.

that 可以作定语从句的主语和宾语.

注意:

关系代词作动词宾语时可省略.

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只能用that的情况
1、当先行词是anything, everything, nothing (something 除外), few, all, none, little, some等代词时,或者是由every, any, all, some, no, little, few, much,each等修饰时。 (1) Have you taken down everything (that) Mr. Li has said? (2) There seems to be nothing (that) seems impossible for him in the world. (3) All that can be done has been done. (4) There is little (that) I can do for you. (5) Any man that/.who has a sense of duty won’t do such a thing.
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只能用that的情况
2、当先行词被序数词修饰 The first place that they visited in London was the Big Ben. 3、当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时 This is the best film that I have seen. 4、当形容词被the very, the only, the same, the last 等修饰时 (1) This is the very good dictionary that I want to buy, (2) After the fire in his house, the old car is the only thing that he owned. 当先行词指人时,偶尔也可以用who (3) Wang Hua is the only person in our school who will attend the meeting?
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只能用that的情况
5、当先行词前面有who, which等疑问代词时 (1) Who is the man that is standing there?

(2) Which is the T-shirt that fits me most?
6、当先行词既有人,也有动物或者物体时 Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned? 7.当关系代词在定语从句中做表语 The village is no longer the one that it used to be 10 years ago. 8.当在there be句型中,通常情况下用that,不用which
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小结
? 定义:修饰名词或代词、用作定语的从句叫做定语从句。 ? 定语从句的特点:从句前面有个各词或代词(先行词),从句必 须由关系代词或关系副词引导。 分类 指代 引导词 who, whom, that, as 人 which, that, as 事物 whose 人或物(表所属关系) where 地点 when 时间 why 原因

关系代词

关系副词

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练习题
1.This is all____I know about the matter.

A.that

B.what

C.who

D.whether

2Is there anything else_____you require? A.which B.that C.who D.what

3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall. A.which B.that C.where D.it

4.He talked happily about the men and books_____
interested him greatly in the school. A.which
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B.that

C.it

D.whom

关系代词填空
1. I have a friend ______ likes listening to classical music. 2. Yesterday Emily was wearing the new dress _______ I gave her.

3. The man ______ leg broke in a match used to be a football player.
4. My parents live in a house_____is more than 100 years old. 5. The boy with _______ John spoke is my brother. 6. Kevin is reading a book _______is too difficult for him.

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做题步骤总结
1. 确定先行词:空格之前的单词或词 组 2. 将先行词带入定语从句,还原从 句为完整句子 3. 根据先行词在还原句中的成分确 定引导词
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