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house——A structure serving as a dwelling for one or more persons, especially for a family房屋=dwelling,

To contain; harbor收容;隐藏=contain To have within; hold包含;容纳

homogeneous——Uniform in structure or composition throughout同质的=uniform Unvaried in texture, color, or design均质的

herald——To proclaim; announce公布;宣布=announce

heritage——Something that is passed down from preceding generations; a tradition遗留物,传统=tradition

harshness——Being extremely severe or exacting; stern严厉=acid Biting, sarcastic, or scornful尖刻的

harness——To bring under control and direct the force of统治,管理,支配=utilize To put to use, especially to find a profitable or practical use for利用

hail——To greet or acclaim enthusiastically喝彩=acclaim

integrate——To makesintosa whole by bringing all parts together; unify使结合=unify

integral——Essential or necessary for completeness; constituent必须的;应有的=essential Basic or indispensable; necessary基本的,必须的

institution—— An established organization or foundation, especially one dedicated to education, public service, or culture机构=establishment A public or private institution, such as a hospital or school私人或公共机构

insight——The capacity to discern the true nature of a situation; penetration洞察力=understanding The faculty by which one understands; intelligence理解力

inspire——To affect, guide, or arouse by divine influence使受神灵的;感召的=fire the imagination of

ingredient——An element in a mixture or compound; a constituent成份=component A constituent element, as of a system成分系统的组成要素

inhabit—— To live or reside in居住=occupy To dwell or reside in居住

inhabitant——One that inhabits a place, especially as a permanent resident居民=resident

inhibit——To hold back; restrain抑制;限制=hinder To interfere with action or progress阻碍,= curb To check, restrain, or control as if with a curb; rein in抑制

innumerable——Too numerous to be counted; numberless无数的=countless

influx——A mass arrival or incoming汇集=arrival

inevitably——Impossible to avoid or prevent必然的,不能规避或避免的=unavoidably

inclination——A characteristic disposition to do, prefer, or favor one thing rather than another; a propensity爱好去做=preference The state of being preferred偏爱

inadequate——Not adequate to fulfill a need or meet a requirement; insufficient不足的=deficient, insufficient

impose——To apply or make prevail by or as if by authority强制实行=demand To ask for urgently or peremptorily要求迫切或专横要求

implement——A tool or an instrument used in doing work工具=tool

immunity——The quality or condition of being immune免除,免疫=protection

illustrate——To provide (a publication) with explanatory or decorative features图解=picture To make a visible representation of展示

identify——To ascertain the origin, nature, or definitive characteristics of确认=spot To detect or discern, especially visually; spy辩认

jolt——To disturb suddenly and severely; stun震惊=shock Something that jars the mind or emotions as if with a violent, unexpected blow.震惊

myth——A fictitious story, person, or thing传说=legend An unverified story handed down from earlier times, especially one popularly believed to be historical传说

noxious——Harmful to living things; injurious to health有害的=harmful

narrate——To give an account or a description叙述或描绘=recount To narrate the facts or particulars of详细叙述

over taxed——税收过高的=heavily burdened负担沉重的

outbreak——A sudden increase突然发生=beginning The act or process of bringing or being broughtsintosbeing; a start开端

originate——To comesintosbeing; start出现;开始=initial, genesis, pioneer

To bringsintosbeing; create创造=invent,

puncture—— To pierce with a pointed object刺用带尖的物体穿透=pierce

quaint—— Odd, especially in an old-fashioned way离奇的=odd, bizarre Strikingly unconventional and far-fetched in style or appearance; odd古怪的

protrude—— To jut out; project突出;伸出=project To extend forward or out; jut out突出

prospect—— Something expected; a possibility期待被期望的某物;可能性=possibility

prosperity—— The condition of being prosperous繁荣=wealth The state of being rich; affluence富裕

proponent—— One who argues in support of something; an advocate倡导者=supporter

property—— A characteristic trait or peculiarity, especially one serving to define or describe its possessor特性=characteristic,

A piece of real estate地产;不动产=estate

proper—— Characterized by appropriateness or suitability; fitting恰当的=suitable, correctly

promising—— Likely to develop in a desirable manner有前途的;有希望的=likely Apt to achieve success or yield a desired outcome; promising有希望的

prominent—— Widely known; eminent著名的=distinguished Characterized by excellence or distinction; eminent卓越的

proliferation—— To grow or multiply by rapidly producing new tissue, parts, cells, or offspring增生,增殖=multiply To breed or propagate繁殖或增殖

prevail—— To be in force, use, or effect; be current正在用的,有影响的;现行的=dominate

prevailing—— Most frequent or common; predominant普遍的;有优势的=most frequent

primal—— Of first importance; primary最重要的;主要的=key, principal First, highest, or foremost in importance, rank, worth, or degree; chief重要的,首要的

primarily—— Of first importance; primary最重要的;主要的=mainly For the most part; chiefly.大部分地;主要地

prehistoric—— Of, relating to, or belonging to the era before recorded history史前的=ancient

preservative—— Something used to preserve, especially a chemical added to foods to inhibit spoilage防腐剂=maintain To keep in an existing state; preserve or retain保持

preside over——管理,主管=manage

prestige—— A person's high standing among others; honor or esteem威望;尊重或敬佩=honor

predecessor—— One who precedes another in time, especially in holding an office or a position.前任;An ancestor; a forebear祖先;祖宗=forerunner One that precedes, as in time; a predecessor前任;An ancestor; a forebear祖先;祖宗

predominantly—— Most common or conspicuous; main or prevalent最主要的;最普通的=primarily

precede—— To come, exist, or occur before in time.先于…=prior to ,before

portion—— A section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole部分=part

possess—— To have as property; own持有;拥有To have as a quality, characteristic, or other attribute具有品质、特点=have

potential——shavingspossibility, capability, or power有可能性的=possible

pertinent——shavingslogical, precise relevance to the matter at hand有关系的=relevant

pit—— A natural or artificial hole or cavity in the ground坑=hole

perception—— The capacity for such insight洞察能力=insightful Showing orshavingsinsight; perceptive有洞察力的;有悟性的

penetrate—— To enter or force a way into; pierce.穿过,刺入=go through

patron—— A customer, especially a regular customer顾客=customer

particle—— A very small piece or part; a tiny portion or speck一小份儿或一小点儿=speck A small spot, mark, or discoloration小斑点,小污点或小瑕疵


rupture—— The process of breaking open or bursting裂开,突然炸开=burst

rural—— Of, relating to, or characteristic of the country农村的=country

rudimentary——Being in the earliest stages of development; incipient处于发展的最早阶段的=undeveloped, unsophisticated

rotate——To turn around on an axis or center绕轴或中心转动=turn, swirl

To proceed in sequence; take turns or alternate循环,交替或轮换=alternate

robust—— Full of health and strength; vigorous健康和有力的=strong

roam—— To move about without purpose or plan; wander漫游=wander

rigidity—— An instance of being rigid僵化,严厉=stiffness

revise—— To reconsider and change or modify修改,修正=change

retrieve—— To get back; regain.重获;收复;=recover, To get back; regain.重获;收复;重新得到=bring back

To rectify the unfavorable consequences of; remedy. See: recover

restrict—— To keep or confine within limits限制=limit

retain—— To maintain possession of保持=keep

representation—— The state or condition of serving as an official delegate, agent, or spokesperson代表=delegate, stand for

resemble—— To exhibit similarity or likeness to类似=similar

renounce—— To reject; disown拒绝=reject To refuse to accept, submit to, believe, or make use of拒绝

replace—— To take or fill the place of取代=supplant To displace and substitute for (another)取代,代替(另一个)

release—— To free from something that binds, fastens, or holds back; let go松开=give off

refreshing—— Pleasantly fresh and different新鲜宜人的,与众不同的=unusual

reflection—— A manifestation or result显示,结果=indicate To suggest or demonstrate the necessity, expedience, or advisability of说明,显示,暗示

receptacle—— A container that holds items or matter贮藏器=container

recognize—— To show awareness of; approve of or appreciate赏识=appreciate

rarefy—— To make thin, less compact, or less dense使稀薄=infrequent

rear—— To lift upright; raise直立起;抬高=raise

radical—— Departing markedly from the usual or customary; extreme极端的=drastic Severe or radical in nature; extreme严厉或剧烈的;极端的

symmetrical—— Of or exhibiting symmetry对称的=proportionally balanced

synthetic—— Produced by synthesis, especially not of natural origin.合成的=formation, integrate

Not natural or genuine; artificial or contrived人造的,不自然的=artificial


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