2010 年高考英语试题分类汇编——虚拟语气 年高考英语试题分类汇编—— ——虚拟语气
(10 上海) 29. ---Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. ---Oh, you A. must 答案:C 答案 考点:本题考查的是虚拟语气 考点 解析:此处表示和过去事实相反的情况,应该用 should + have + 过去分词.本来应该做, 而未做 have done it as yesterday was the deadline. B. mustn't C. should D. shouldn't
(10 安徽) 26. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he-_______ A. was busy 答案: 答案:A. 考点:本题考查虚拟语气与时态. 考点 解析:前句表示对过去的虚拟,而 but 之后表示过去的客观事实,故用一般过去时态. 解析 B. is busy C. had been busy. D. will be busy
(10 湖南) 29. If he A. followed 答案:C 答案 考点:考查虚拟语气. 考点 解析:根据"wouldn't have lost"可判断 if 引导的状语从句表示与过去事实相反的虚拟,故 解析 选 C 项. my advice, he wouldn't have lost his job. B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow
(10 天津) 15. John went to the hospital alone. If he A. should tell 答案:D. 答案 B. tells C. told me about it, I would have gone with him. D. had told
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考点:考查虚拟语气. 考点 句意:约翰独自去了医院.如果他告诉我的话,我会跟他一起去的. 句意 解析:前一句是陈述语气,说明动发生在过去,而且后一句的主句已经是 would have gone 解析 说明是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气.与之对应的从句结构,应该用 had +过去分词.
(10 江苏) 34. George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I'd rather he_______ more on its culture. A. focus 答案:选 B 答案 解析:would rather 后应用虚拟语气,表示与现在时间相反,用动词的过去式 解析 (陕西) 15. If we ___ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take 答案:B. 答案 解析:考查虚拟语气.所填词做虚拟语气中条件状语从句的谓语,根据主句的谓语动词形式 解析 might have arrived 可知题干是与过去事实相反, 故所填部分用 had+过去分词形式, 选 B. B. had taken C. took D. have taken B. focused C. would focus D. had focused
(10 湖北) 76. Mr. Johnson insisted that the problem worthy of attention ________ (讨论) at the meeting. (discuss) 答案:(should) be discussed 答案 考点:虚拟语气 考点 解析:"insist"引导的宾语从句要用虚拟,从句结构是 "should" (可省略)加动词原形,主 解析 语 "problem" 是要"被讨论" .
(10 北京) 34. --The weather has been very hot and dry.
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--Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables A. wouldn't die C. hadn't died 答案:D 答案 考点:本题考查虚拟语气中对过去的虚拟. B. didn't die D. wouldn't have died
解析:第二个说话人的 If 条件句是我们选择正确答案的关键.要是当时下雨了,现在的情 解析 况就好的多了!我的蔬菜也就不会死了.过去没有下雨,所以我的蔬菜干死了也是 发生在过去.而将句子还原则为 If it had rained even a drop, my vegetables wouldn't have died. If+ had done,主句为 couldn't/ shouldn't/ wouldn't have done.
(10 浙江) 10.Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy A.would have been saved C.will be saved 答案: 答案 A 考点:本题考查虚拟语气. 考点 解析: 原形是: I had known about this If 解析 根据句子的倒装特征判断此处是省略了 if 的虚拟语气, computer program, a huge amount of time and energy .故选择 A.句意为:如果 B.had been saved D.was saved .
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