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Ice-breaking 3-Speech


基本的词性和句法

1.英语的词性 (figures of speech) 英语的词性
名词, 名词,表
示一样东西

动词,表
示一个动作

I am a student, I study english in Web!
Q: How many figures of speech do you know?

Grammar Word

Meaning
a person or thing "be" or sth we do

Examples name ,water,apple is/am/are,go,come nice/slow/big often/ slowly you/it/ that

Noun(n.) Verb (v.)

Adjective (adj.) Describe person/thing Adverb (adv.) Describe verb/adj Pronoun (pron.) refer to noun

Preposition (prep.) used before n./pron. in/on/under

中文:名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、 中文:名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、介词

中文:名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、 中文:名词、动词、形容词、副词、代词、介词 名词 n. 动词 v. 形容词 adj. 副词 adv. 代词 Pron.
英文中的名词分可数与不可数, 英文中的名词分可数与不可数,可数名词在使 用时必须体现单复数,单数前面加a/an,复数在 用时必须体现单复数,单数前面加 复数在 词后加s/es: a table/ an apple 2 chairs/4 pens 词后加 英文中的动词有时态之分,根据时态, 英文中的动词有时态之分,根据时态,动词会 发生变化,具体参阅“时态” 发生变化,具体参阅“时态”部分 形容词通常放在be的后面,名词的前面,或者 形容词通常放在 的后面,名词的前面, 的后面 副词的后面. 副词的后面 She is slow/ this is a big classroom 频率副词always, often, rarely, never通常放在 频率副词 通常放在 be后面,修饰动词 后面, She talks slowly. 后面 英文中, 英文中,名词重复时往往会用代词来代替该名 词。I buy a pen, it’s in my bag.

Practise Ⅰ
write these words in the correct groups:

book speak she good at house between write always new teacher it blue behind this badly long from sing his tall usually swim Sam

noun verb adjective adverb pronoun preposition

book,house, teacher,Sam speak, write, sing, swim good, new, blue ,long, tall always, badly, usually she, it, this, his, your at , between ,behind, from

2. 人称代词(pronoun)

3.基本句型 (sentence) 基本句型
简单句是英文中最基本的句型, 简单句是英文中最基本的句型,简单句中最基本的成分是主语和 谓语,也就是动词。一句简单句中可以有一个或多个主语,但是 也就是动词。一句简单句中可以有一个或多个主语, 只能有一个动词。 只能有一个动词。 1、以Be(am/is/are)为谓语的基本句型 a. Noun/ pronoun + be + noun

The girl is a student.
b. Noun/ pronoun + be + adj. + noun.

表示否定的时 直接在Be 候,直接在 动词后面加not 动词后面加

The girl is a nice student.
c. Noun/ pronoun + be + adj.

The girl is nice.
d. Noun/ pronoun + be + prep. + noun

The girl is in the classroom.

疑问句直接将 Be 动词放到主 语前面,形成 语前面, 倒装结构。 倒装结构。

2、以具体实义动词为谓语的常见句型 、 a. Noun/ pronoun + verb (+ adverb).

I walk slowly.
b. Noun/ pronoun + verb + noun/ pronoun.

I study english./ I love you.
以上提到的是两类不同的句型,在任何时候,我们都不能将 和 以上提到的是两类不同的句型,在任何时候,我们都不能将be和 动词原形放在一起使用。 动词原形放在一起使用。 I am come from Shenzhen. (×) ×

I come from Shenzhen. / I am from Shenzhen (√)

Practise Ⅱ
1. write down 10 verbs 2. write down 5 prepositions 3. write the plural of the words below: : book, fish , woman, tree 4. Fill in the blank
What _____ your name? / i am sitting ____ the bus. There are 3 ____(man) / this is my car, it is ____(我的 我的) 我的

5. correct the sentences
I am study english in home. Your pen on the desk. I want a orange and 3 banana.

Practise Ⅱ
3. write the plural of the words below: : books , fishes , women, trees 4. Fill in the blank
What is your name? / i am sitting in the bus. There are 3 men . (man) / this is my car, it is mine .(我的 我的) 我的

5. correct the sentences
I am study english in home. ---- I study english at home Your pen on the desk. --- Your pen is on the desk. I want a orange and 3 banana --- I want an apple& 3 bananas

Thank You!
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