海 淀 区 高 三 年 级 第 一 学 期 期 中 练 习 英 语 2013.11
本试卷共 12 页，共 150 分。考试时长 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1．考生务必将答案答在答题卡上，在试卷上作答无效。 2．答题前考生务必将答题卡上的姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔填写。 3．答题卡上选择题必须用 2B 铅笔作答，将选中项涂满涂黑，黑度以盖住框内字母为准， 修改时用橡皮擦除干净。非选择题必须用黑色字迹的签字笔按照题号顺序在各题目的答 题区域内作答，未在对应的答题区域内作答或超出答题区域作答的均不得分。
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对 话你将听一遍。 1. How will the man go there? A. By subway. B. By bus. C. By taxi. 2. What will the man do first? A. Answer a phone call. B. Attend a meeting. C. Go to the concert. 3. What?s the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Customer and cashier. B. Driver and passenger. C. Boss and employee. 4. What gift are the speakers going to buy?
A． 5. Where are the speakers? A. At a bank.
B. B. In a restaurant.
C. C. In a supermarket.
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 听下面 4 段对话。每段对话后有几道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项。听每段对话前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后，每小题将给出 5 秒钟的 作答时间。每段对话你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What can visitors do on MacDonald?s farm? A. Grow crops. B. Pick vegetables. 7. How much does a mini cow weigh? A. About 250 pounds. B. About 300 pounds. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Why did the man argue with his friend? A. He mistrusted his friend.
C. Milk cows. C. About 600 pounds.
B. His friend refused to pay the bill. C. His friend failed to return the money. 9. What is the woman?s suggestion to the man? A. Stop talking with him. B. Talk it over with his friend. C. Get the money back immediately. 听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10. Why is the woman annoyed at her neighbor? A. He plays music loudly. B. He sings too badly. 11. Where does the smell come from? A. Animals on the farm. B. The chemical factory. 12. What will the woman probably do next? A. Keep to the agreement. B. Complain to the man?s boss. C. Put an end to the agreement. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What are they planning to do the next day? A. Go hiking. B. Play cards. 14. Where will they probably stay for the night? A. At a hotel. B. At home. 15. What kind of person is the man? A. Cautious. B. Careless.
C. His fridge is too noisy. C. The river nearby.
C. Have a picnic. C. At the campsite. C. Considerate.
第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面一段对话，完成第 16 至 20 题，每小题仅填写一个 词。听对话前，你将有 20 秒 ．． 钟的时间阅读试题，听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。 “Ginger’s Restaurant” Booking Form Customer Name: 16 17 room red wine 18___ evening Telephone number: Time: 7:30 on Details Place: A Wine: 19 20
Food: Seafood buffet
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 21. ______ I have a quick word with you? Something important has happened. A. Must B. Could C. Would D. Should 22. My close friend Amy was admitted to Oxford University, ______ came as no surprise. A. that B. which C. it D. where
23. —Where did you go on National Day? —Jiuzhai Valley. I ______ to go to France, but the expense was too high. A. planned B. would plan C. have planned D. had planned 24. ______ more visitors, the Beijing Garden Expo Park gives roses to visiting couples. A. Attracted B. Attracting C. To attract D. Having attracted 25. Outside the exit, many fans waited for the great pop singer, ____to take a picture with him. A. hoping B. hope C. hoped D. to hope 26. The equipment for disabled people should be ______ easy reach in public places. A. beyond B. near C. within D. around 27. —Cathy, did you attend the lecture given by Mr Black last night? —No. I ______ a report at the office. A. was writing B. wrote C. had written D. have been writing 28. It ______ that Tokyo will be the host city for the 2020 Summer Olympic Games. A. will report B. will be reported C. has reported D. has been reported 29. —Mum, why can?t I have _____ new bike? —Dear, you know, ______ money doesn?t grow on trees. A. the; the B. a; / C. a; the D. /; the 30. —What happened to Tom? —He ______ his leg while playing football with his classmates. A. had broken B. has broken C. broke D. was breaking 31. All of us are pleased to see the problem ______ so quickly. A.solve B. solving C. to solve D. solved 32. Jenny, the new comer, has earned not only the trust of her classmates but also ______ of her teachers. A. one B. ones C. that D. those 33. Steve Jobs? success in digital field proved ______ it took to be a best CEO. A. what B. which C. that D. how 34. In my opinion, we need to begin ______ we stopped yesterday to ensure we won?t miss anything. A. when B. where C. how D. what 35. If my father ______ here yesterday, he would have stopped me from going surfing. A. had been B. were C. should be D. has been 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I was 8, a gentleman came to my orphanage（孤儿院）and taught us how to do woodworking projects. I remember my first project—a small table. I was so 36 of it that I looked upon it as if I had created a(an) 37 . It was absolutely beautiful and it had taken me six weeks to 38 it. I could hardly wait to give it to Mother Winters as a 39 . She was the head mistress of our orphanage, who was always 40 with us. As the tables were not dry from the clear coating, the man told us to wait a few days before taking them to our dormitories. But I was just so 41 and happy that I couldn?t wait. I dashed out like a 42 , carrying my table, smiling from ear to ear.
When I reached the dormitory I placed the little table beside my bed. I was 43 it when Mother Winters entered. She walked over to the table. Running her hand 44 it, she noticed that it was still wet. “Were you 45 to bring this home?” she asked. “No, ma?am,” I 46 with my head down. She ordered me to throw the table out and so I did. After she left, I immediately opened the door to get it back. There was 47 stuck all over. I brushed and cried, but it would not come off. I hid the table in my closet and never 48 it. A year later while cleaning up, I gave the table to Mother Henderson, my houseparent（宿管员）, thinking that she would 49 it away. Thirty years later at a reunion, I 50 that Mother Henderson was living nearby, so I drove up to see her. We talked cheerfully for long. As I was about to leave, she asked me to come down to her 51 to get something important. I followed her 52 into a dark corner. She picked something up. 53 she turned around, I could see that she was holding a little table. Mother Henderson kept the little table that I had given up for lost so long ago. Today, I look at that table with bittersweet memories but full of 54 to Mother Henderson, who kept it for a young orphan who tried very hard to 55 . 36. A. tired 37. A. award 38. A. design 39. A. gift 40. A. satisfied 41. A. upset 42. A. thief 43. A. drying 44. A. into 45. A. supposed 46. A. agreed 47. A. dirt 48. A. removed 49. A. put 50. A. learned 51. A. bathroom 52. A. curiously 53. A. Before 54. A. admiration 55. A. adapt B. ashamed B. wonder B. invent B. reward B. strict B. amazed B. hero B. observing B. across B. embarrassed B. sighed B. glue B. touched B. give B. expected B. balcony B. unwillingly B. Since B. gratitude B. study C. proud C. record C. paint C. prize C. patient C. confident C. sword C. admiring C. above C. encouraged C. whispered C. paint C. shook C. take C. remembered C. basement C. doubtfully C. As C. sympathy C. perform D. aware D. product D. complete D. souvenir D. angry D. excited D. flash D. hiding D. after D. determined D. argued D. wood D. split D. throw D. recommended D. bedroom D. worriedly D. Until D. regret D. please
第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A
When the swim season began, my 11-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, and I cut a deal. She would go to practice three times a week and try really hard, and I wouldn?t make her compete in the swim meets because on the day of a meet, she would be nervous all day. Her nerves rooted from the possibility that she would do something horribly wrong and let everyone down. Recently, they had a T-shirt relay, which works like this: one person from each relay team puts on a T-shirt and a pair of socks, swims 50 meters, and gets out of the pool. She takes off the clothes and puts them on the next person, who then swims 50 meters. This continues until everyone on the team has completed a lap. By the last leg, Elizabeth?s team had built up a moderate lead. Then it was Elizabeth?s turn to swim. She seemed to swim faster in the T-shirt and socks than when she wasn?t wearing them. Approaching the halfway mark, she was still in the lead. Then one of Elizabeth?s socks fell off and was floating in the pool. “She has to get that sock on before the end of the race,” a swimming official told her team, “or you will be disqualified.” Everybody on her team started screaming, “Elizabeth! Elizabeth! Stop! Get the sock!” But she couldn?t hear them. As she started her last 25 meters, a girl in Lane 2 was gaining on Elizabeth. It was time for desperate measures. A girl on my daughter?s team jumped in the pool, grabbed the sock, and swam after Elizabeth. She grabbed Elizabeth?s foot. “You have to put the sock on,” the girl screamed. Elizabeth continued swimming while her teammate put on the sock. By now, the girl in Lane 2 was about to pass Elizabeth. With the sock finally on, Elizabeth swam her heart out for the last 15 meters. It was close, but Elizabeth beat the other girl to the wall for the victory. On the ride home, she relived her moment of glory again and again. She told me that if the T-shirt relay was an Olympic event, her team would win the gold medal. I told her that in my professional opinion, she was absolutely right. 56. Elizabeth was nervous about swim meets because she _______. A. was afraid of disappointing everyone B. didn?t expect to lose the swim match C. didn?t want to compete against other girls D. was worried about making errors in public 57. From the passage, we know that _______. A. socks contributed greatly to Elizabeth?s victory B. the match nearly drove Elizabeth desperate C. good luck finally fell on Elizabeth?s team D. Elizabeth?s team narrowly won the match 58. It can be inferred that Elizabeth would _______. A. swim faster in the T-shirt B. enjoy swim meets later on C. experience the moment again D. take part in an Olympic event B Expensive and new gloves allow chatterboxes（话匣子）to take the term “handsfree” to a new level—by talking into them as they make a call. The gloves are known as “Talk to the Hand” and cost ?1,000 a pair. They fixed a speaker unit into the thumb and a microphone into the little finger that can be connected
to any mobile handset using Bluetooth. Artist Sean Miles designed the new gloves that double as a phone in part of his project that shows the possibilities of gadget recycling. He uses outdated gloves and combines them with parts from mobile handsets recycled through O2, which commissioned （承担） the project. Mobile phone users will be able to keep their hands warm while they chat without taking their phones out of their pockets or handbags. Mr Miles designed two pairs of the new gloves—one in pink and the other in brown and yellow. They will appear in an exhibition this July and visitors will be able to win the gloves. If demand is high, they will then be produced on a larger scale. O2 Recycle, which backed the project, estimates that there are already 70 million unused mobile handsets in the UK. The service pays up to ? 260 to those who recycle gadgets including phones, handheld consoles, MP3 players and digital cameras. Designer Sean Miles hopes his work will get people thinking about recycling. The 41-year-old said, “I hope that my ?Talk to the Hand? project will get people to think again about the waste created by not recycling gadgets. If a few more people recycle their gadgets rather than send them to trash, I think this project will have fulfilled its aim.” Bill Eyres, head of O2 Recycle, urges people to recycle their phone responsibly. He said, “There?s a pressing need for all of us to look at outdated handsets, and all the gadgets that we move on from or upgrade each year. Whether they are consoles or cameras, we should think of them as a resource that we need to recycle responsibly rather than throw them away.” 59. The underlined word “O2” in Paragraph 2 is probably the name of ______. A. an artist B. a company C. a mobile D. an exhibition 60. Consumers can buy the “Talk to the Hand” gloves ______. A. in the exhibition B. from Mr Miles C. when they are mass produced D. after they recycle the gadgets 61. The purpose of the project is to _______. A. promote the technology of IT B. enable people to talk to their hands C. raise people?s awareness of recycling D. attract visitors? attention in the exhibition 62. What is the passage mainly about? A. New mobiles that are fashionable. B. Outdated handsets that are upgraded. C. Outdated gadgets that can be used for recycling. D. New gloves that can be used for making phone calls. C For decades, families settled on the sofa to share the latest news and TV series, until additional bedroom TV, computer games and the Internet almost put an end to family rows over who held the remote control. Now, however, the traditional living room scene is making a comeback. A study by the communications watchdog Ofcom has found families are once again gathering around the main television set, but they are bringing their pads and smartphones with them. “The 1950s living room is making a comeback as a family entertainment centre,” said Jane
Rumble, head of media research at Ofcom. “We are watching on much better, bigger, and more delicate television sets, but we are coming into the living room holding our connected devices.” While the family are coming together once more, comparisons with the past end there. With a range of smaller screens on hand, not everyone sitting on the sofa shares the same viewing experience. The coronation (加冕礼) may have drawn the undivided attention of 20 million viewers in 1953, but those watching the Queen?s Jubilee celebrations 50 years later were as likely to be commenting online about BBC?s broadcast as watching it. “Just a few years ago, we would be talking about last night?s TV at work or at school,” said a viewer, “Now, we?re having those conversations live while watching TV, using social media, text and instant messaging.” It is a behaviour of media meshing （联网） , whose influence was underlined during this year?s Wimbledon men?s tennis final. As Andy Murray pushed towards his victory, 1.1 million people worldwide sent an average of over two microblogs about the match. People use the Internet to enhance their television experience, for example, by reading a newspaper live blog about a football match while watching the action on the main screen. For a huge number of younger viewers, the portable screen offers a chance to do something unrelated, such as online shopping, listening to music or watching another television programme. Some 70% of 16-to-24-year-olds claim to be absorbed in what Ofcom calls “media stacking” at least once a week. For TV viewers, the Internet scanning is the most popular activity, but they are also calling friends on the phone or sending emails and texts. Surprisingly, 12% claim to have listened to the radio with the television on, and 6% say they have watched another video in the meanwhile. 63. According to the study by Ofcom, family members nowadays _______. A. care more about who holds the remote control B. share the same programmes in the living room C. watch better and more delicate television programmes D. enjoy TV together with various smaller screens on hand 64. This year?s Wimbledon men?s tennis final is mentioned to indicate _______. A. so many people worldwide are watching TV B. people like watching live matches on TV C. the great influence of media meshing D. the average amount of microblogs 65. Which shows the phenomenon of “media stacking” in the last paragraph? A. People are watching TV while shopping online. B. People are watching a broadcast of a coronation. C. The Internet makes people spend less time on TV. D. The Internet enriches people?s television experience. 66. The passage is written to _______. A. describe the changes connected devices bring to TV watching B. report the comeback of the traditional living room scene C. show the influence of connected devices on people D. present the different roles TV plays in people?s life D In her new book, “The Smartest Kids in the World,” Amanda Ripley, an investigative
journalist, tells the story of Tom, a high-school student from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, who decides to spend his senior year in Wroclaw, Poland. Poland is a surprising educational success story: in the past decade, the country raised students? test scores from significantly below average to well above it. Polish kids have now outscored American kids in math and science, even though Poland spends, on average, less than half as much per student as the United States does. One of the most striking differences between the high school Tom attended in Gettysburg and the one he ends up at in Wroclaw is that the latter has no football team, or, for that matter, teams of any kind. That American high schools lavish more time and money on sports than on math is an old complaint. This is not a matter of how any given student who plays sports does in school, but of the culture and its priorities. This December, when the latest Program for International Student Assessment(PISA) results are announced, it?s safe to predict that American high-school students will once again display their limited skills in math and reading, outscored not just by students in Poland but also by students in places like South Korea, Belgium, the Netherlands, Finland, Singapore, and Japan. Meanwhile, they will have played some very exciting football games, which will have been breathlessly written up in their hometown papers. Why does this situation continue? Well, for one thing, kids like it. And for another, according to Ripley, parents seem to like the arrangement, too. She describes a tour she took of a school in Washington D.C., which costs thirty thousand dollars a year. The tour leader—a mother with three children in the school—was asked about the school?s flaws. When she said that the math program was weak, none of the parents taking the tour reacted. When she said that the football program was weak, the parents suddenly became concerned. “Really?” one of them asked worriedly, “What do you mean?” One of the ironies of the situation is that sports reveal what is possible. American kids? performance on the field shows just how well they can do when expectations are high. It?s too bad that their test scores show the same thing. 67. Tom decides to spend his senior year in Poland because _______. A. he intends to improve his scores B. Polish kids are better at learning C. sports are not supported at schools in Gettysburg D. there are striking differences between the 2 countries 68. According to Paragraph 2, we know that _______. A. PISA plays a very important role in America B. little time is spent on sports in Japanese schools C. American high schools complain about sports time D. too much importance is placed on sports in America 69. The underlined sentence in the last paragraph means _______. A. low expectations result in American students? poor PISA performance B. high expectations push up American students? academic performance C. American students? academic performance worries their parents a lot D. lacking practice contributes to American students? average performance 70. The purpose of this article is to _______. A. compare Polish schools with those in America B. call on American schools to learn from the Polish model C. draw public attention to a weakness in American school tradition D. explain what is wrong with American schools and provide solutions
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项 为多余选项。 In our rush to make life easier, we have decided to go blindly into the future without paying a thought to the severe consequences. The results have been great profits for individuals who have invested their time and money in industries that have improved their (and some others?) quality of life. 71 But if we can create pollution, we can reduce it too. The problem is time and money. And time and money happen to be the investment that the creators of the pollution claim to have made to make life better for all, which means they have made a mess, to some or a large extent, in all cases. The United States suffered from problems similar to what China is facing today. 72 The US government finally opened its eyes to the problems and told industries to cut down their polluting emissions （排放） , for which it implemented strict laws requiring clean air and water. All the states in the country follow the regulations, and have added additional requirements that enhance the environmental laws. The end result is cleaner air and water. 73 The answer: the costs for keeping the environment clean eventually became the burden of the people. The equipment needed to create a healthy lifestyle has been added to the cost of making what we want. The materialistic world that we live in is the cause of most of the pollution. If you wish, you can move away from cities and industrial regions causing the problem. 74 However, you will soon realize how really small the world is when pollution catches up with us through the wind and rain. It will take time and money to solve the problems the environment faces today. 75 What the Chinese government should do is to immediately implement strict laws that require clean air and water. A. So who paid for the clean air and water? B. The results left scars on the land, dirty air and water. C. If so, you may escape from the commonly known PM2.5 . D. I?m sure you can find places that are yet to be affected by the pollution. E. The US government created the Environmental Protection Agency to oversee these laws. F. But the longer we wait, the worse they will become and the more they will cost to solve. G. However, that has also brought us side effects like polluted air and water we have to endure.
第一节 情景作文 （20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三（1）班的学生李华。下面四幅图描述了上周一你骑自行车上学 路上发生的一件事情。请根据图片的先后顺序，将这件事用英文以日记形式记述下来。 注意：1. 日记的开头已为你写好。 2. 词数不少于 60。 提示词：剐蹭 scratch
第二节 开放作文（15 分） 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your classmates. Now you are telling them how you understand the picture and what makes you think so. 提示词：电动扶梯 escalator
第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1. B 6. B 2. A 7. A 3. B 8. C 4. C 9. B 5. C 10. A 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分）
第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） ★每小题超过一个词不计分； ★拼写错误不计分； ★人名、月份首字母必需大写，否则 不计分，其余单词大小写错误扣 0.5 分; ★月份缩写不计分。 16. Jenkins 17. 75397382 18. Wednesday 19. private 20. Australian
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21. B 31. D 36. C 46. C 22. B 32. C 37. B 47. A 23. D 33. A 38. D 48. B 24. C 34. B 39. A 49.D 25. A 35. A 40. B 50. A 41. D 51. C 42. D 52. A 43. C 53. C 44.B 54. B 45. A 55. D 26. C 27. A 28. D 29. B 30. C
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分）
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56.A 66. A 71. G 57. D 67. A 72. B 58. B 68. D 73. A 59. B 69. A 74. D 60. C 70. C 75. F 61. C 62. D 63. D 64. C 65. A
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分）
第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节 情景作文（20 分） 一、评分原则： 1．本题总分为 20 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言质量初步确定其档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡 量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3．评分时应考虑：内容要点的完整性、上下文的连贯、词汇和句式的多样性及语言的 准确性。 4．拼写、标点符号或书写影响内容表达时，应视其影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及 词汇用法均可接受。 5．词数少于 60，从总分中减去 1 分。 二、内容要点： 1．阳光明媚，骑车上学； 3．着急上学（接受教育） ，留条解释；
三、各档次的给分范围和要求： 第一档 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ·覆盖了所有内容要点； ·运用了多样的句式和丰富的词汇； ·语法或用词方面有个别错误，但为尽可能表达丰富的内容所致；体现 了较强的语言运用能力； ·有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，所写内容连贯、结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ·覆盖了所有内容要点； ·运用的句式和词汇能满足任务要求； ·语法和用词基本准确，少许错误主要为尽可能表达丰富的内容所致； ·使用了简单的语句间连接成分，所写内容连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ·覆盖了内容要点； ·运用的句式和词汇基本满足任务要求； ·语法和用词方面有一些错误，但不影响理解。 基本达到了预期的写作目的。 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ·漏掉或未描述清楚主要内容； ·所用句式和词汇有限； ·语法或用词方面的错误影响了对所写内容的理解。 未能清楚地传达信息。 未完成试题规定的任务。 ·明显遗漏主要内容； ·句式单调、词汇贫乏； ·语法或用词方面错误较多，严重影响了对所写内容的理解。 未能传达任何信息；所写内容与要求无关。
18 分－20 分
15 分－17 分 第三档 12 分－14 分 第四档 6 分－11 分 第五档 1 分－5 分 0分
四、One possible version: Monday，October 28 Fine
This morning, I went to school by bicycle as usual. As I was listening to my favourite music with a headphone on my head, I didn?t notice a car parked on the roadside. I scratched the car and left a scar on it. Thinking that I would have classes, I left a note with my name and address to let the driver know what happened. Later in the afternoon, while we were having a class meeting, our headmaster brought a stranger to our class. He was the car owner. He explained to the class the whole story and praised me. Both my teacher and classmates were impressed and proud of my honesty. I think honesty should be valued most.
第二节 开放作文（15 分） 一、评分原则：
1．本题总分为 15 分，按 4 个档次给分。 2．评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言质量初步确定其档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡 量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3．评分时应考虑：文章是否扣题，结构是否完整，内容是否充实、健康，思维是否活 跃，逻辑是否清晰，语言是否规范，交际是否得体。 4．拼写、标点符号或书写影响内容表达时，应视其影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及 词汇用法均可接受。 5．词数少于 50，从总分中减去 1 分。 二、各档次的给分范围和要求： 第一档 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ·内容充实，体现了活跃的思维和清晰的逻辑； ·交际得体，表达时充分考虑到了交际对象的需求； ·体现出较强的语言运用能力。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ·内容、逻辑和交际等方面基本符合要求； ·所用语法和词汇满足了任务的要求； ·语法或用词方面有一些错误，但不影响理解。 基本达到了预期的写作目的。 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ·表达未能切题； ·所用词汇有限，语法或用词方面的错误影响了对写作内容的理解。 未能清楚地传达信息。 未完成试题规定的任务。 ·写了少量相关信息； ·语法或用词方面错误较多，严重影响了对写作内容的理解。 未传达任何信息；所写内容与要求无关。
13 分－15 分 第二档
9 分－12 分
第三档 4 分－8 分 第四档 1 分－3 分 0分
三、Possible versions I think the picture is trying to tell us that we should not follow others blindly. As you can see, crowds of people are waiting to take the escalator while a man holding bags is walking upstairs on the steps. It is obvious that the man is closer to the destination than most people on the escalator, because these people fail to notice the crowded situation and still believe it is more convenient and energy-saving. Actually, if they do not blindly follow others, they can walk upstairs quickly as well. Similar things happen in our daily life. We often choose to follow others instead of making a wiser choice after analyzing our situation. As a result, we may waste a lot of time and energy without achieving our goals. Therefore, we should not learn from the followers, instead we should make our own decision. 附件：可接受的立意 1.从独行的一个人的角度：处于领先，却选择走楼梯，适合的方式，最有效率；灵活与 古板；具体问题，具体分析；…… 2.从众人的角度： 选择走电梯， 却效果不好， 从众、 跟风， 欲速则不达； 省力与费力； ……
Text 1 W: Why don?t you take a taxi or the tube? It?ll get you there much faster. M: Well, I think I?ll take the bus this time just for a change. Text 2 W: Jack, hurry, or we?ll be late for the concert. M: I need to answer a phone call, a call about a meeting. It?s urgent. W: All right. Be quick. Text 3 W: West London Air Terminal, please. I have to be there by 11:10. M: I can?t promise, but I?ll do my best.（声效：刹车声）OK. Just in time! Seventy pence, please. W: Thanks a lot. Here?s eighty pence. You can keep the change. Text 4 W: What shall we buy for Mum?s birthday? M: How about perfume? W: We bought her perfume last year, remember? Why don?t we get her a book? M: Good idea. I know she likes cooking. Let?s get a book about making really nice cakes. Text 5 W: Hello. Is this everything for you today? M: Yes. Just a few items today. W: Did you find everything you were looking for? M: Yes, thank you. W: OK. Your total comes to $8.70. Text 6 W: (Singing ) Old Macdonald had a farm, E-I-E-I-O. Hey, Mark, I will visit MacDonald?s Farm today! M: Are you serious? Is there really a MacDonald?s Farm? W: Yes. It is a “pick-your-own” farm. People can pick fruits and vegetables there. The farm also has some mini cows. M: Mini cows? How small are they? Do they give milk as well? W: Regular cows weigh 600 pounds. Mini cows weigh around 250 pounds, about 300 pounds lighter. And of course they give milk. You know, not many farms have mini cows. People keep coming to see them. And I?m reporting on it. M: What color are these mini cows? W: They are brown. Why? M: Can you ask the farmer a question? W: Sure. What? M: Do brown cows give chocolate milk? W: Mark!
Text 7 M: I had a big argument with David yesterday. I hope he?s not still mad at me. W: What did you argue about? M: He borrowed some money from me. But when I needed it back, he said he didn?t have the money yet. W: Well, he should pay it back. M: Yes, but I got angry with him too quickly. He probably thought I mistrusted him. W: Did you lend him a lot of money? M: Not much. I had to pay an unexpected bill, so I needed the money back. W: Well, close friends sometimes have disagreements. It?s nothing unusual. Why not talk to him about it? I bet he will understand. M: I guess you?re right. We should patch things up. I don?t want to ruin a long friendship. Text 8 M: Hi, Mrs. Brown, this is Bill Nelson, from Flat Rental Company. How?s your apartment working out for you? W: Well, Mr. Nelson. That?s what I would like to talk to you about. Would you mind talking to the person upstairs and asking him to keep his music down at night? M: Ohhh. Who? Me? W: Yes. It thunders every night. And isn?t it your job to take care of these things? M: I just collect the rent. Besides, that man is a walking refrigerator. W: And the air here smells! Is there a chemical factory nearby? M: No. It?s the farm. See those horses, pigs and sheep on the farm nearby the river? So there?s nothing I can do about that. W: Well, what about that …noise? (声效：炮声隆隆) M: What noise? I don?t hear anything. W: There, there it is again. (声效：炮声隆隆) M: Oh, that noise. I guess that is from the guns. Soldiers are doing their weekly drills. W: Weekly? You must be kidding! Can?t anything be done about it? M: Certainly. I?ve protested, and these activities should stop…within the next three to five years. W: Hey, you never told me about these problems before I signed the rental agreement! Still expect me to keep to the agreement? Well, my lawyer will see you soon. Text 9 M: I?ve been looking forward to this campout for three weeks. It?s going to be a wonderful day for hiking tomorrow. The great outdoors. Camping under the stars. This is the life. W: Yeah, but Paul, I?m a little bit worried about the weather though. The weatherman said it was going to rain later tonight. M: Ah. Nonsense! Those weather reports are never right.（声效：雷声，雨声） W: Oh, No! It?s raining! Paul! Did you remember to bring raincoats just in case, like I told you? M: Uh…no. I left them at home. Let?s get into the car! W: What are we going to do now? Play a card game? M: Uhh. I left the cards on the picnic table. Hey, you don?t want me to go out in this rain and get them, do you? W: No. That?s OK. So, what now?
M: Well, we could head down the mountain and find a hotel for the night or go home. W: Hmm, why don?t we just make the best of it here and hope the weather clears. M: That?s a good idea. Text10 W: Good afternoon, “Ginger?s Restaurant”. May I help you? M: Yes. I?d like to book a table for Wednesday evening, please. W: Certainly. For how many people? M: Nine people. Could we book a private room, at around 7:30? W: I?ll check. Yes. We can book you a private room at that time. Could you give me your name please? M: My name is Jenkins. J-E-N-K-I-N-S. My phone number is 75397382. W: OK. Do you intend to order your dishes from the menu or will you be having our seafood buffet? M: Oh, the buffet please. We?ve heard it?s very good. By the way, what wines do you have to offer? W: Well, we have wines from all over the world. There is a good range of prices to suit every pocket. We recommend red wine from Australia, which tastes delicious and isn?t expensive. M: OK. That sounds great.
2013 北京市海淀区期中考试解析 完形填空：
题材仍然是夹叙夹议，讲述了“我”小时候在孤儿院的经历。当“我”8 岁的时候，一个先生来 孤儿院教我们做木工活，“我”花了 6 周的时间做了一个小桌子，希望可以作为礼物送给孤儿 院的院长。但“我”因为太兴奋太高兴了，在桌子没有干透的情况下，带回了宿舍，被院长发 现了，她让“我”扔掉这个小桌子。“我”很伤心，后来“我”就再也没有碰过它，整理东西的时 候把它交给了宿管员扔掉。但是后来在“我”去看望宿管员的时候，发现她还为我保留着那个 小桌子。“我”充满了感激之情。 40. 孤儿院的院长平时是一个什么样子的人，通过下文中院长因为作者把桌子带回宿舍违反 规定而让作者扔掉小桌子可以看出，院长对我们的要求是非常“严格的”。 42. 形容作者特别兴奋，像...一样冲了出去，flash 可以显示出作者的速度很快。 45. be supposed to do something 本意表示“to be expected or required to do/be sth according to a rule, a custom, an arrangement”， 在文中用疑问句的方式表现出院长因为作者违反规定很生气 的状态。 50. learn 在这里不是表示学习的意思，而是“得知”，作者是得知当时的宿管员是住在附近 的。 51. 根据常识可以推断小桌子应该是放在储藏室或是地下室的，并且后句中的 dark corner 也可以确定答案是 basement。 55. 答案是 D。当时作者很用心的做这个小桌子是想送给院长作为礼物，目的是想让院长开 心，其他词义放在这里不合适。 阅读理解： A篇 伊丽莎白刚开始不愿意参加任何比赛， 因为她担心会让大家失望， 但是一次经历让她建立了 自信。 57. 答案是 D。大家注意一下 narrowly won 的意思，它表示“险胜”的意思，因为伊丽莎白在 游泳的过程中差一点被对手超过，所以我们可以判断出伊丽莎白的队伍是险胜。 B篇 通过回收的小零件制造出来一副新型的手套， 这个手套可以使得人们在打电话的时候仍然可 以保证手是暖和的，通过这样的一个小产品呼吁大家要有回收的思想。 59. 根据第二段可以判断出 O2 一个公司。 60. 目前手套仅用于参观，当需求量高的时候手套就会大量生产，进而人们就可以买到，If demand is high, they will then be produced on a larger scale. 61. 根据这句话可以得出，Designer Sean Miles hopes his work will get people thinking about recycling. 62. 答案选 D。容易误选 C。题目设问的是这篇文章是主要关于什么的，那么文章主要是在 讨论一个创新的手套，所以答案必须要提及手套及其用途。而 C 选项是这篇文章的目的， 不要弄混。 C篇 63. 答案在最后一段的最后一句，they are bringing their pads and smart phones with them。 64. 答案在第四段的第一句提到，a behavior of media meshing，作者举例是用来证明 media 的作用。 65. 通过文中已有的例子可以发现因为 media meshing 人们可以同时做很多事情，因此 A 选 项是符合要求的。 66. 文中主要围绕人们看电视的变化展开，因此 A 选项符合要求。 D篇
67. 第一段提到波兰的孩子成绩比较突出，因此他去波兰是想去提高成绩。 68. 根据第二段的第一句 lavish more time and money on sports than on math 就可以得出。 69. 答案是 A。前半句是说孩子们在运动场上期待比较高，因此他们会在运动场上会做的更 好，同理，在学习上期待比较低，那么他们在这一方面就会相对来讲比较弱。 70. 答案是 C。作者写这篇文章的目的是通过两个国家之间的对比，希望可以让大家关注到 美国教育中的弱势的地方， 而不是去让美国教育去学习波兰模式， 文章结尾也没有提出解决 方法。此题也可以通过逆向推理来做。 七选五： 71. 空格前提到了工业带来的便利，全文是在讲环境的破坏，因此中间需要转折的句子来作 为连接。 72. 选项中的 the results 与空格前的 the problems 是相对应的，提到了后果。 73. 空格后的 the answer 特别关键，意味着出现在前面的一定是个问句，并且这段内容就回 答了 A 的问题。 74. 空格后出现了转折，空格处应该是与后面提到的相反关系的句子。 75. 空格前面提到了治理需要花时间和金钱，空格后提到了 immediately，F 选项同样与时间 有关，因此是相对应的。