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2011年全国高考英语四川卷(word精校版+答案解析)


2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
2011 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)英 第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共 100 分) 语

第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 1.—I’m sorry I didn’t finish it on time — A. Fine,thanks B. No,thanks C. Thanks a lot D.Thanks anyway

2. Lydia doesn’t feel like_______ abroad. Her parents are old. A. study 3. There is A. something B. studying C. studied D. to study

in his words. We should have a try. B. anything C. nothing D. everything

4. Frank insisted that he was not asleep him up. A. whether B. although C. for

I had great difficulty in waking

D. so

5.—How could you be so rude as to walk in here in the middle of my class? —_____________ A. Nothing much B. Nothing serious C. Never again D. Never mind

6. As is reported, it is 100 years _____________Qinghua University was founded. A. when B. before C. after D. since

7. To get a better grade, you should __________the notes again before the test. A. go over B. get over C. turn over D. take over

8. Nick, it’s good for you to read some books __________China before you start your trip there. A. in B. for C. of D. on

9. All visitors to this village _________ with kindness. A. treat treated B. are treated C. are treating D. had been

1 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
10. Our teachers always tell us to believe in we want to succeed. A. why B. how C. what D. which the little sick bird till it could we do and who we are if

11. Simon made a big bamboo box fly. A. keep B. kept C. keeping

D. to keep

12.— How was your recent trip to Sichuan? —I’ve never had A. a pleasant one before. C. a most pleasant D. the most pleasant

B. a more pleasant

13. Always remember to put such dangerous things as knives out of children’ s . B. sight C. reach D. distance

A. touch 14. I often A. look up

the words I don’ know in the dictionary or on the Internet. t B. look at C. kook for D. look into

15. Was it on a lonely island went down? A. where 16. famous. A. Offer B. Offering B. that C. which

he was saved one month after the boat

D. what

an important role in a new movie, Andy has a chance to become

C. Offered

D. To offer

17. The school shop, holidays. A. which B. whose

customers are mainly students, is closed for the

C. when

D. where fifth

18.Dr.Peter Spemce,

headmaster of the school, told us, “

of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge.” A.不填;A B.不填;The C. the;The D. a;A

19.—What a mistake! —Yes. I A. was suggesting his doing it another way, but without success. B. will suggest C. would suggest D. had suggested

2 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
20. The police still haven’t found the lost child, but they’re doing all they A. can . B. may C. must D. should

第二节,完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项中(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and business woman. When Mum 21 __ in October 2007, I was a cook. In

December that year, while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me 23 22 . I was distraught(忧心如焚的).Some days later, I was

that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made 24 26 27 the necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. Hearing

a fortune how I’d

Mum for six months before her death, he said,” Christmas —why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks?”

is going to be

I came to Morzaine, a small, friendly village in the Alps and___28_ fell in love with it .What was __29__to be a stopgap (权宜之计) trip turned into a new life .I kept travelling between London and here and felt _30__than I had in months. In December 2008, I was __31_ as a hotel manager and moved here full time. A month later, I met Paul, who was traveling here. We fell in love. In the beginning, I didn’t want to discuss___32__, because the sadness of losing Mum__33__felt great. Paul understood that and never___34__me. But, by summer, we got married. A year later, we used his saving, and the money from the sale of Mom’s house, to build our own ___35__. We want to give our guests a ___36__ feel, so each room is themed(以?? 为题) around memories from our lives. There are also styles to remind me of Mom ---- a tiny chair which ___37___ be in her bedroom is set in one room. We are having a wonderful life and Mum ___38___ naturally part of it, _39___ there’s no way we would be here if it wasn’t for the __40__ she gave me. I know she’s here in spirit, keeping an eye on us.

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2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
21. A. died 22. A. burned 23. A. shown 24. A. hiding wearing 25. A. Luckily Hopefully 26. A. nursed 27. A. long 28. A. suddenly immediately 29. A. said 30. A. smarter 31. A. honored 32. A. travel marriage 33. A. recently first 34. A. left interrupted 35. A. hotel 36. A. homely 37. A. ought to 38. A. takes feels 39. A. unless 40. A. money B. while B. chair C. because C. house D. though D. necklace B. restaurant B. lively B. used to B. keeps C. home C. motherly C. might C. looks D. shop D. friendly D. could D. B. pushed C. surprised D. B. once C. still D. B. proved B. higher B. hired B. business C. supposed C. firmer C. regarded C. children D. judged D. lighter D. trained D. B. cured B. hard B. finally C. missed C. merry C. nearly D. guarded D. free D. B. Naturally C. Surely D. B. came B. disappeared B. comforted B. stealing C. returned C. broke C. persuaded C. selling D. visited D. dropped D. told D.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并

4 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

A
It’s 5:00 in the morning when the alarm (闹钟) rings in my ears. I roll out of bed and walk blindly through the dark into the bathroom. I turn on the light and put on my glasses. The house is still as I walk downstairs while my husband and three kids sleep peacefully. Usually I go for a long run, but today I choose my favorite exercise DVD Insanity. Sweat pours down my face and into my eyes. My heart races as I force my body to finish each movement. As I near the end of the exercise, I feel extremely tired, but a smile is on my face. It’s not a smile because the DVD is over, but a smile of success from pushing my body to its extreme limit. Some people enjoy shopping, smoking, food, work, or even chocolate. But I need exercise to get through each day. Some shake heads when they see me run through the town. Others get hurt when I refuse to try just one bite of their grandmother’ s chocolate cake. They raise their eyebrows, surprised by my “no thank you,” or by my choice to have a salad. Over the years, I have learned it’s okay to just say “no.” I shouldn’t feel sorry for refusing food that I don’t want to eat. So what drives me to roll out of bed at 5:00 a.m.? What gives me the reason to just say no to ice cream? Commitment. A commitment to change my life with a way that reduces daily anxiety, increases self –confidence and energy, extends life and above all improves my body shape. This is the point where a smile appears on my face as I look at myself in the mirror or try on my favorite pair of jeans that now fit just right. It’s through commitment and sweat that I can make a difference within myself inside and out. 41. Why is there a smile on the author’s face in the morning? A. Because she sees her family sleeping peacefully. B. Because she finishes her favorite exercise C. Because she enjoys the interesting DVD

5 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
D. Because she feels a sense of achievement 42. Which of the following is true according to Paragraph 2? A. She doesn’t treat others politely C. Others don’t understand what she does her food 43. What does the underlined word “commitment” in the last paragraph mean? A. Good health B. Firm belief C.A strong power D.A regular half B. She likes to make others surprised D.Others try to help her by offering

44. What can we learn about the author from the text? A. She acts in a strange way others C.S he aims to develop a good body shape with others B Exploit your parking space An unused parking space or garage can make money. If you live near a city center or an airport, you could make anything up to ?200 or ?300 a week. Put an advertisement(广告)for free on Letpark or Atmyhousepark. Rent(出租)a room Spare room? Not only will a lodger (房客) earn you an income, but also, thanks to the government-backed “rent a room” program, you won’t have to pay any tax on the first ?4500 you make per year. Try advertising your room on Roomspare or Roommateeasy. Make money during special events Don’t want a full-time lodger? Then rent on a short-term basis. If you live in the capital, renting a room out during the Olympics or other big events could bring in money, Grashpadder can advertise your space. Live on set Renting your home out as a “film set” could earn you hundreds of pounds a day, depending on the film production company and how long your home is needed. D. She has difficult getting along B. She wants to look different from

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2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
A quick search on the Internet will bring up dozens of online companies that allow you to register your home for free—but you will be charged if your home gets picked. Use your roof You need the right kind of roof, but some energy companies pay the cost of fixing solar equipment(around£14,000), and let you use the energy produced

for nothing. In return, they get paid for unused energy fed back into the National Grid. However, you have to sign a 25-year agreement with the supplier, which could prevent you from changing the roof. 45. If you earn £5000 from renting a room in one year, the tax you need to pay will be based on ______. A. £800 B. £500 C. £4500 D.5000

46. Where can you put an advertisement to rent out a room during a big event? A. On Letpark. B. On Roomspare. C. On Grashpadder. D. On Roommateeasy.

47. If you want to use energy free, you have to_____. A. sign an agreement with the government B. pay around £14,000 for the equipment C. sell the roof to some energy companies D. keep the roof unchanged for within 25 years 48. For whom the text most probably written? A. Lodgers. B. Advertisers. C. House owners. C The multi-million pound new Library of Birmingham(LoB)will be the most visible sign of the way the city is accepting the digitalization(数字化)of everyday life. Set to open in 2013, the ?188m LoB is already beginning to tale shape next to the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, with which it will share some equipment. As digital media(媒介)is important to its idea, the project is already providing chances for some of the many small new local companies working at the D. Online companies

7 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
new technologies. Brian Gambles, the LoB project director, says it is about giving people the right tools for learning, “The aim is to mix the physical with the digital, providing 24-hour services which can be used through many different ways. It is important to enable us to reach more people, more effectively.” The digital library will, he says, be as important as the physical one, allowing the distant use of the services, making sure that it is never closed to the public. Even before the LoB is complete, the public has been able to go online to visit the Virtual(虚拟的)LoB, designed by Baden, the Birmingham virtual worlds specialists. Not only have the public been able to learn about LoB, but the virtual one has also enabled those working on the LoB to understand the building and how it will work before it even opens. Two other small Birmingham-based digital companies are working on the LoB projects. Subtrat, a digital design company, is developing what it calls an

example of “enlarged reality” project. It is about the use of an exciting smart phone, an important part of the LoB which is the early stages of development. And the people’s Archive is an online library of historic figures of the city being built content company in Cahoots, in which users will be encouraged to add to and comment on the material. Gambles says: “Technology will enable us to make the library’s content and services open to citizens as never before.” 49. The underline part “its idea” in Paragraph 3 refers to the idea of____ A. the equipment physical library 50. While visiting the Virtual LoB, the public can_____ A. get a general idea of the LoB B. meet more world-famous experts C. learn how to put up a library building B. the project C. the digital media D. the

8 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
D. understand how the specialists work on the project 51. Which of the following is true of the LoB when it opens? a. It offers better learning tools b. It reaches users in different ways

c. It provides users with smart phone d. It allows users to enrich its material e. It gives non-stop physical and digital services A. a,b,d B. a,c,e C. b,c,d . B. a library guide D. a newspaper report D. b,d,e

52. This text is mort from A. a computer book C. a project handbook

D
“Experience may possibly be the best teacher, but it is not a particularly good teacher.” You might think that Winston Churchill or perhaps Mark Twain spoke those words, but they actually come from James March, a professor at Stanford university and a pioneer in the field of organization decision making. For years March (possibly the wisest philosopher of management) has studied how humans think and act, and he continues to do so in his new book The Ambiguities

of Experience.
He begins by reminding us of just how firmly we have been sticking to the idea of experiential learning :“Experience is respected;experience is sought; experience is explained.” The problem is that learning from experience involves (涉及) serious complications(复杂化) ,ones that are part of the nature of experience itself and which March discusses in the body of this book. In one interesting part of book,for example,he turns a doubtful eye toward the use of stories as the most effective way of experiential learning. In our
9 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
efforts to make stories interesting, he argues, we lose part of the complicated truth of things. He says” The more accurately(精确的)reality is presented, the less understandable the story,and the more understandable the story, the less realistic it is.” Besides being a broadly knowledgeable researcher. March is also a poet, and his gift shines though in the depth of views he offers and the simple language he uses. Though the book is short, it is demanding;Don’t pick it up looking for quick, easy lessons. Rather, be ready to think deeply about learning from experience in work and life. 53. According to the text, James March is ____________. A. a poet who uses experience in his writing B. a teacher who teachers story writing in university C. a researcher who studies the way humans think and act D. a professor who helps organizations make important decisions 54. According to James March, experience ______________. A. is overvalued C. should be actively sought 55. What can we learn from Paragraph 3? A. Experience makes stories more accurate. B. Stories made interesting fail to fully present the truth. C. The use of stories is the best way of experiential learning. D. Stories are easier to understand when reality is more accurately described. 56. What’s the purpose of this text? A. To introduce a book. C. To explain experiential learning. decision making. B. To describe a researcher. D. To discuss organizational B. is easy to explain D. should be highly respected

E
In business, there is a speed difference: It's the difference between how

10 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
important a firms leaders say speed is to their competitive (竞争的) strategy (策略)and how fast the company actually moves. The difference is important regardless of industry and company size. Companies fearful or losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the speed. In our study of 343 businesses, the companies that choose to go, go, go to try to gain an edge ended with lower sales and operating incomes than those that those paused at key moments to make sure they were on the right track. What’ s more, the firms that “slowed down to speed up “improved their top and bottom lines, averaging 40% higher sales and 52% higher operating incomes over a three-year period. How did they disobey the laws of business physics, taking more time than competitors yet performing better? They thought differently about what “slower” and “faster” mean. Firms sometimes fail to understand the difference between operation speed (moving quickly) and strategic speed (reducing the time it takes to deliver value ).Simply increasing the speed of production, for example, may be one way to try to reduce the speed difference .But that often leads to reduced value over time, in the form of lower-quality products and services. In our study, high performing companies with strategic speed always made changes when necessary. They became most open to ideas and discussion. They encouraged new ways of thinking. And they allowed time to look back and learn. By contrast (相比而言), performance suffered at firms that moved fast all the time, paid too much attention to improving effectively, stuck to tested methods, didn’t develop team spirits among their employees ,and had little time thinking about changes. Strategic speed serves as a kind of leadership. Teams that regularly take time to get things right, rather than plough ahead full bore, are more successful in meeting their business goals. That kind of strategy must come from the top. 57. What does the underlined part “gain an edge” in Paragraph 2 mean?

11 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
A. Increase the speed. C. Reach the limit. B. Get an advantage. D. Set a goal

58. The underlined part“the laws of business”in Paragraph 3 means ___________. A. spending more time and performing worse B. spending more time and performing better C. spending less time and performing worse D. spending less time and performing better 59. What can we learn from the text? A. how fast a firm moves depends on how big it is. B. how competitive a firm is depends on what it produces. C. Firms guided by strategic speed take time to make necessary changes. D. Firms guided by operational speed take time to develop necessary team spirit. 60. What could be the best title for the text? B. Deliver value? Plough ahead. D. Need speed? Slow down.

A. Improve quality? Serve better. C. Reduce time? Move faster. 第二节

根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡

上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项多余选项。 (共 5 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) ---Good evening. Grandma’s Restaurant. May I help you? --- Good evening. ___61___ ---Thank you. May I have your name, Miss? ---Mary Brown. ---____62____ ---I’d like to order the “Free Matching Dinner for 2”. ---Yes, you may choose two soups, two drinks and four main courses from the menu. 63

-Are you ready? What Kind of soup do you want? -Chicken soup and tomato soup. - 64

12 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
-I’d like a plate of noodles, two chicken wings, some beef and a bowl of rice. - 65 - May I coke and some green tea, please. -May I have your address, please? -Sure. 6A, Kingston Court, Belair Gardens, Shatin.

-Okay, let me see. A. May I book a table in your restaurant for tonight? B. I would like to order some food for dinner. C. Miss Brown, please tell me your order. D. How about your main courses? E. Would you like some drinks? F. Okay. Let me see. G. And your drinks? 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共 50 分) 注意事项: 1. 必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色墨迹签字笔在答题卡上题目所指是的答案区域内作答。答在 试题卷上无效。 2. 第Ⅱ卷共计 50 分) 第三部分 写作(共两节 满分 50 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右 边横线上画一个沟(√) ;如有错误(每行只有一个错误) ,则按下列情况改正; 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(/)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词。并也用斜 线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改

Tom was having much troubles getting up in the
13 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

66.

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
morning and was always late with work. His boss wanted to 67. fire him if he didn’t start coming on time, but he went to 68. the doctor for a help. The doctor gave him some 69. medicine and told him to take them before he went to bed. 70. The man did as told and slept really well, wake up before 71. the alarm 72. breakfast and was still the first reach the factory.“Boss,”he 73. said,“that medicine really works!“I’m pleasing to hear 74. it ,”said his boss,“but where were you yesterday?” 75. 第二节 书面表达(满分 35 分) 最近,某中学生英文报开设了“After-class Activities”的栏目,请你根据以下提示, 为该栏目写一篇英文稿件,并鼓励同学们积极参加课外活动。 1. 你校开展课外活动的情况; 2. 你参加过的课外活动及给你带来的益处 3. 为同学选择课外活动提出建议 4. 为学校开展课外活动提出建议 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 文中不得提及人名、校名及地名‘ 3. 稿件的开头以为你写好(不计入总词数) had even gone off. He had time for a properly

14 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
After-class Activities Nowadays, after-class activities are becoming more and more popular in high schools.

高考英语四川卷答案解析 1.D 解析:本题考查情景交际。上文说“对不起,我没有按时完成任务” ,言语当中充 满了抱歉,所以后者出于礼貌的考虑还是要谢谢他。Thanks anyway.“不管怎样还是要 谢谢你” 。 2.B 解析:考查固定结构。feel like doing“想要/喜欢做某事”,故选 B 项。句意为: Lydia 不想出国留学,她的父母年龄太大了。 3.A 解析: 考查不定代词。 something 有用的、 重要的东西; anything 任何东西; nothing 没有任何东西;everything 所有的东西。句意为:他说的话中有一些有用的东西,我们 可以试一下。故选 A 项。 4. B 解析:考查从属连词。although 作为连词引导让步状语从句。句意为:尽管我很 难叫醒他,但弗兰克却坚持说自己没有睡觉。前后句子表达“虽然??但是??”的转 折语气,故选 B 项。whether 作为连词可接名词从句表示“是否”的意思,接让步状语 从句表示“不管, 无论”,与题意不符;for 作为连词引导原因状语从句;so 作为连词 引导结果状语从句;均不合题意。 5.C 解析:考查情景交际。上文说“你怎么能这么粗鲁,我们上着课就走了进来了呢”, 有些生气的意思,所以下文应该表示歉意,用 never again“再也不会出现这种情况了” 符合题意,故选 C 项。nothing much“没有什么,无关紧要的事” ;nothing serious“没 什么严重的” ;Never mind“没关系,不用担心” 6.D 解析:考查固定句型。It+ is/was+时间段+since+从句,表示“自从??以来已经 有多长时间了”。

15 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
7.A 解析:考查短语辨析。go over 复习,仔细查看;get over 从??恢复过来;turn over 反复考虑,翻倒;take over 接替,接收。根据句意:要得到好的成绩,考试之前 你需要再复习一下。故选 A 项。 8. D 解析:考查介词。on 在此处作介词表示“关于,与有??关”。句意:在你去中 国之前,先读一些有关中国的书对你有好处。故选 D 项。in 表示“在??方面”;for 表示“为了??”;of 表示“其中”。 9.B 解析: 考查动词的时态、 语态。 treat 与 visitors 之间是动宾关系, 故用被动语态, 排除 A、C 项;又因为句子中没有明确的过去时间点,所以不能用过去完成时,排除 D 项;故选 B 项,表示一般情况。 10.C 解析:考查名词性从句。in 介词后面接宾语从句,且从句中缺 do 的宾语,故选 C 项。why、how 在句中作状语;which 在名词性从句中作定语。 11.D 解析:考查非谓语动词。此处为不定式作目的状语。句意:Simon 做了个大竹箱来 放那只受伤的小鸟,直到它能飞。故选 D 项 12.B 解析:考查比较级的否定。句意:—你最近的四川之旅怎么样?—我从来没有比 这次更快乐的旅途了。言外之意这次是我最快乐的。not,never 等否定词与比较级连用 表达最高级意义。故选 B 项。 13.C 解析:考查单词辨析。out of one’s reach 某人够不着;out of touch 失去联 系;out of sight 看不见。句意: 要时刻记着把刀一类的危险物放在孩子够不着的地方。故选 C 项。 14.A 解析:考查短语辨析。look up 查阅;look at 看, 注视;kook for 寻找;look into 朝里看,调查。句意:我经常在字典里或网上查阅不认识的单词。故选 A 项。 15.B 解析:考查强调句。此处为强调句的一般疑问句。强调句的一般疑问句构成是: is/was it + 被强调部分+that+其它部分。故选 B 项。句意:他是不是在船沉没后一个 月,在那座孤岛上被救起的? 16.C 解析:考查非谓语动词:offer 与逻辑主语 Andy 之间是被动关系,故用过去分词, 作状语。句意:Andy 获得了一部新电影里一个重要的角色,所以他有机会成名。 17.B 解析:考查定语从句。先行词在从句中作 customers 的定语,故选 B 项。which 在定语从句中作主语、宾语、表语;when、where 作状语。句意:大部分顾客是学生的 那家学校的商店因为放假暂时歇业了。

16 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
18.A 解析:考查冠词。第一个空 headmaster“校长”,属于职位头衔前面不加冠词; 第二个空为分数的表达, 五分之一应表达为 fifth” “a 故选 A 项。 句意: 校长 Peter Spence 博士告诉我们这里五分之一的学生会继续到牛津和剑桥去学习。 19.D 解析:考查动词的时态。由语境可知因为没有采纳我的建议,现在他出了错。事 情已经发生,是过去,我的建议应该是在他做这件事之前,即过去的过去,所以应该用 过去完成时。 20.A 解析:考查情态动词。句意:警察仍然还没有找到那个丢失的孩子,但是他们正 在竭尽所能的寻找。can 表示能力符合题意,故选 A 项。may 表示或许;must 表示肯定; should 表示应该。 21.A 考查动词词义和语境理解。die 去世;come 来;return 返回,归还;visit 拜访。 有下文的 death 可知母亲“去世了” 。 22.B 考查动词词义和语境理解。disappear 丢失不见;burn 燃烧;break 打破;drop 降低,落下。有后文的我感到“忧心如焚”及“归还”(return)可知此处是指项链丢 失了。 23.D 考查动词词义和语境理解。找了几天没有找到,几天之后别人“告诉”(tell) 了我项链的下落。show 展示;comfort 安慰;persuade 劝服。 24.C 考查动词辨析和语境理解。既然是赚了一大笔钱,捡到项链的那个人肯定是把它 卖了。hide 隐藏;steal 偷(没有证据表明项链是那个人偷走的);wear 穿戴。 25.A 考查副词词义及语境理解。项链失而复得,“我”是幸运地。luckily 幸运地; naturally 自然地;surely 确定地;hopefully 有希望地。 26.A 考查动词词义及语境理解。母亲去世前我“护理”了她六个月。nurse 护理,照料; cure 治愈(母亲已去世,没有治愈) ;miss 怀念;guard 保护,守卫。 27.B 考查形容词词义及语境理解。在万家团圆的圣诞节,母亲刚去世,对我来说一定 很难熬。 28.D 考查副词词义及语境理解。我已来到小镇 Morzaine 就“立刻”喜欢上了它。 immediately 立刻,马上;suddenly 突然;finally 最后, 终于;nearly 几乎,差不多。 29.C 考查短语辨析及语境理解。一开始到这来旅游的目的是放松心情。be supposed to 认为应该??;be said to 据说??;be proved to 据证明;be judged to 据判断。 30.D 考查形容词词义及语境理解。light 明亮的,敞亮的;smart 伶俐的,聪明的;high

17 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
高的 firm 结实的,牢固的。我的心情比过去的几个月“敞亮了”很多。 31.B 考查动词词义和语境理解。hire 雇用;honour 尊敬;regard 看作,注意;train 训练。我“受雇”到这里来当宾馆的经理。 32. D 考查名词词义和语境理解。后文的“But, by summer, we got married.”暗示此 处为刚开始我没有心情谈论“婚姻”,因为我“还”沉浸在失去母亲的痛苦当中。 33.C 考查副词词义及语境理解。解释同上。still 仍然,仍旧;recently 最近;once 一旦,一次;first 第一, 最早, 首先; 34. B 考查动词词义和语境理解。Paul 理解我的心情,从不“催促”我结婚。push 催促; leave 离去, 离开;surprise 使惊奇, 使诧异;interrupt 打断。 35.A 考查语境理解。上文提到受雇做宾馆的经理,现在我们开了家自己的“宾馆” 。 36.A 考查语境理解。后文说每间客房都是围绕我们的生活记忆装饰的,我们这样做是 为了让客人有一种“家”的感觉。 37.B 考查情态动词及语境理解。这把小椅子“以前”是放在母亲的卧室里的。 38.D 考查语境理解。母亲已去世,但是我们的幸福生活她在天堂可以“感觉”的到。 39.C 考查连词和语境理解。 这里是在解释我认为母亲在天堂可以感觉到我们幸福生活的 原因。because 引导原因状语从句;unless 引导条件状语从句;while 引导时间和比较 状语从句;though 引导让步状语从句。 40.D 考查语境理解。前文一直在围绕着母亲给我的“项链”在记述。 41.D 本题考查细节理解。根据第一段最后一句话“It’s a smile because the DVD is over, but a smile of success from pushing my body to its extreme limit.”可 知作者脸上的微笑不是因为 DVD 的结束,而是因为一种成功的微笑,因为自己锻炼挑战 了身体的极限。 42.C 本题考查细节理解。从别人看到我跑步穿过城镇摇头;当我拒绝别人给我的可口 食物时我拒绝接受,他们感到惊讶可以看出他们不明白,我这样做是为了保持体形,愉 悦身心。 43.B 本题考查推理判断。我能够每天早上很早起床锻炼,抵御住美味的诱惑,需要坚定 的信念和意志力。 44.C 本题考查细节理解。根据最后一段中的“?above all improves my body shape.” 可知作者加强锻炼,克制饮食的主要目的是为了保持一个好的体型。

18 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
45.B 本题考查逻辑推理。根据文章第二部分中的“You won’t have to pay any tax on the first ?4500 you make per year”可知出租房子所得金额 4500 英镑以下是不用交 税的,所以 5000 英镑应交税金额为 5000-4500=500 英镑。 46. C 本题考查细节理解。根据文章第三部分最后一句话“Grashpadder can advertise your space”可知在有重大活动期间如果你想出租房子可以到 Grashpadder 刊登广告。 47.D 本题考查细节理解。根据文章最后一部分最后一句话“However, you have to sign a 25-year agreement with the supplier, which could prevent you from changing the roof.”可知你要想免费的使用能源需要和提供设备的能源公司签订协议保证 25 年 内不改变自己的屋顶。 48.C 本题考查推理判断。 本文主要是教给有空闲房子的人如何利用自己的空闲房子赚钱 的一些技巧,由此可以判断文章主要针对房屋主人而写。 49.B 考查推理判断。根据第二部分中的“?the project is already providing chances for some of the many small new local companies working at the new technologies.” 可知 its 即是 the project。 50.A 考查细节理解。根据倒数第三段“Not only have the public been able to learn about LoB, ?”可知当参观数字化图书馆时公众可以了解 LoB。 51.A 考查细节理解。根据第四段中“?it is about giving people the right tools for learning?”:“?Providing 24-hour services which can be used through many different ways.” 可知 a 和 b 正确; 根据倒数第二段中的 “?users will be encouraged to add to and comment on the material.”可知 d 正确。故选 A 项。 52.D 考查推理判断。 该文章主要介绍了一座在建的数字化图书馆, 属于新闻报道类的文 章, 应是节选自报纸。 computer book 电脑书籍; library guide 图书馆指导; project a a a handbook 工程手册。 53.C 考查细节理解。根据第一段中“For years March?has studied how humans think and act?”可知 James March 是一位一直在从事人类思想和行动方法研究的科学家。 54.A 考查推理判断。根据文章最后一句话“Don’t pick it up looking for quick, easy lessons. Rather, be ready to think deeply about learning from experience in work and life.”结合全文不难看出以往人们对经验估价的过高。 55.B 考查细节理解。 根据倒数第二段中 “In our efforts to make stories interesting,

19 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
he argues, we lose part of the complicated truth of things.”可知我们在努力 增加故事的趣味性的时候,丢掉了它的真实性。 56.A 考查主旨大意。 整篇文章主要介绍了 James March 的一本叫做 《前车可鉴?》 的书。 57.B 考查推理判断。根据第一段中“Companies fearful or losing their competitive advantage spend much time and money looking for ways to pick up the speed.” 和第二段中的“the companies that chose to go, go, go to try to gain an edge ended with lower sales and operating incomes ...” 可知那些害怕丢掉竞争优势的公司 会一味的追求速度。 58.D 考查推理判断。根据第三段中第一句话可知那些“不遵循” (disobey)商业法则 的公司比竞争者花的时间多(速度慢)却表现得更好,反过来商业法则应该是“花更少 的时间(速度快) ,做得更好” 。 59. C 考查细节理解。根据倒数第二段中的“ higher performing companies with strategic speed always made changes when necessary”可知受战略速度指导的公司 会实时的对公司的战略做出调整。 根据第一段中的“The difference is important regardless of industry and company size.”可知公司行动的快慢,竞争力的大小与公司的大小和生产的东西无关,排除 A、 B 项。 60.D 考查主旨大意。 本文主要阐述了在商业竞争中并不是速度越快越好, 相反那些速度 慢的公司会根据情况实时调整战略往往会取的竞争的优势。故 D 项“我们真的需要速度 吗?慢点吧! ”符合题意。 61. B 根据第一句话提供的语境可知这是顾客打电话到餐馆订餐或订桌,及应从 A、B 项中选一个;再由下文“your food will be delivered in half an hour”可知餐馆 会将食物送货到门所以可排除 A。故选 B。 62. C 根据下句客人说的是要点的食物可知此处应是餐馆接电话的人问要点什么食物; 故选 C。 63. F 餐馆给顾客提供了几样食物供顾客选择,所以下句应是顾客思索要点什么食物, 故选 F。 64. D 上文顾客点了汤了,下文顾客又说了主食,所以此处应该是餐馆接电话的人问

要什么主食(main courses),故选 D

20 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)

2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)
65. G 下文出现的是喝的饮料,故此应是问要什么喝的东西(drink),故选 G 66.troubles-trouble 考查名词。trouble 作抽象名词“麻烦“讲是不可数,没有复数。 67.with -for 考查固定短语。 be late for 为固定搭配 68. but-so 考查连词。前后句是顺接关系,而非转折关系。 69.去掉 a 考查冠词。抽象名词表泛指不加任何冠词。 70.them-it 考查名词。medicine 是不可数的。 71.wake-waking 考查非谓语。此处作状语需要用非谓语动词形式。 72.properly-proper 考查形容词。作定语需要形容词。 73.the first 后加 to 考查不定式。先行词为序数词 first 用不定式作后置定语。 74 pleasing-pleased 考查形容词。pleasing“令人高兴的(事物);pleased“ ” (人) 高兴的” ,说明人的特点应用-ed 结尾的形容词。 75.正确 After-class Activities Nowadays, after-class activities are becoming more and more popular in high schools. In our school, there are various kinds of activities, for example, arts and sports. We enjoy them very much. Playing football and reading stories are my favorites which do me lots of good. Besides building my body and enriching my knowledge, they also free me from the heavy work of study. Here I have some suggestion. To students, you’d better choose the activities which interest you and suit you; to school, they should organize more activates for students and leave students more time for activates by giving them less home work. Dear friends, please actively take part in after-class activates, which will not only make your school life colorful, but also improve your learning.

21 2011 普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(四川卷)



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