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大学英语六级完形填空真题


大学英语六级 There is probably no sphere of human (1)______ in which our values and lifestyles a re reflected more (2)______ than they are in the clothes that we choose to wear. The dre ss of an individual is a kind of "sign language" that (3)______a complex set of informati on and is usually the (4)______on which immediate impressions are formed (5)______a co ncern for clothes was(6)______ a feminine preoccupation, while men took pride (7)______ the fact (8)______they were completely lacking in clothes consciousness. This type of American culture is gradually changing as man''s dress (9)______ greater variety and color. Even (10)______1995, a research in Michigan revealed that men (11)_ _____ high importance to the value of clothing in daily life. White collar workers in parti cular viewed dress as a (12)______capable of manipulation, that could be used to impress or (13)______others, especially in the work situation. The white-collar worker was descri bed as (14)______concerned about the impression his clothing made on his (15)______ . Although blue-collar workers were less(16)______ that they might be judged on the basis of their clothing, they recognized that any difference fro the (17)______ pattern of dress would draw ridicule from fellow workers. Since that time, of course, the (18)______ have changed: the typical office worker m ay now be (19)______ blue shirt, and the laborer a white shirt; but the importance of dre ss has not (20)______ . 1. A act B action C acting D activity 2. A vividly B cleanly C perfectly D deeply 3. A corresponds B communicates C exchanges D transforms 4. A bases B base C root D basis 5. A Traditionally B Evidently C Originally D Certainly 6. A regarded B considered C viewed D guessed 7. A on B of C in D to 8. A because B which C that D in that 9. A takes on B takes in C takes for D takes to 10. A as late as B no sooner than C as early as D long before 11. A thought B put C linked D attached 12. A signal B symbol C signature D significance 13. A influence B conquer C reflect D defeat 14. A mostly B normally C rarely D extremely 15. A office B position C superiors D employment 16. A cared B interested C aware D realized 17. A acceptedB ancientC rejectedD admitted 18. A impressions B patterns C differences D fellow workers 19. A putting on B trying on C wearing D dressing 20. A abolishing B increased C dismissed D diminished In most countries, the law on organ transplantation(器官移植) is poorly defined. The existing framework 【B1】 to physical assault and care of the dead has no 【B2】 for or gan transplantation. It is 【B3】 to get the permission of the relatives, 【B4】 because or gan 【B5】 must take place immediately after death, it may be impossible to reach the re

latives 【B6】 time. It has been suggested that there should be a widespread campaign to encourage persons to 【B7】 in their wills that their organs be used for transplantation. A n 【B8】 is to provide by law that permission is 【B9】 unless removal has been forbidd en by the individual in his lifetime. It is, of course, important that there 【B10】 public r eassurance that consideration of transplantation would not 【B11】 normal resuscitative(抢 救的) efforts of the 【B12】 donor. Transplantation has obviously 【B13】 important ethi cal considerations 【B14】 the diagnosis of death. Every effort must be made to 【B15】 the heartbeat to someone who has a sudden cardiac arrest(心博停止) or 【B16】 to someo ne who cannot breathe. 【B17】 artificial respiration and massage of the heart, the standar d methods of resuscitation, must be continued 【B18】 it is clear that the brain is dead. Most physicians consider that 【B19】 this point efforts at resuscitation are 【B20】 . 1. A relating B associated C associating D related 2. A description B provision C rule D statement 3. A impossible B vital C ritual D customary 4. A and B or C but D then 5. A replacement B transplantation C removal D burial 6. A at B in C on D within 7. A say B provide C supply D mention 8. A alteration B operation C option D alternative 9. A gained B acquired C assumed D got 10. A is B be C are D would be 11. A impair B repair C harm D hurt 12. A future B tomorrow C potential D possible 13. A rose B aroused C arose D raised 14. A concerning B concerned C relating D associating 15. A give B restore C lend D help 16. A breath B respiring C breathing D air 17. A In contrast B In addition C Consequently D However 18. A that B until C when D since 19. A on B in C at D beyond 20. A promising B profitable C useless D worthy The gift of being able to describe a face accurately is a rare one. As a professor 【B 1】 it recently: "When we try to describe faces precisely words 【B2】 us, and we 【B3】 to identikit procedures." 【B4】 . according to a research 【B5】 this subject, we can each probably recogniz e more than 1,000 faces, the majority of which differ in 【B6】 details. This, when one c omes to think of it, is a 【B7】 feat, though, curiously enough, relatively little attention h as been devoted to the fundamental problems of how and why we 【B8】 this gift for re cognizing and remembering faces. Some scientists argue that it is an inborn 【B9】 . and that there are "special charact eristics about the brain''s 【B10】 to distinguish faces". On the other hand, there are those, and they are probably 【B11】 the majority, who claim that the gift is an acquired one. But 【B12】 all these arguments, sight is predominant. 【B13】 at the very beginnin

g of life, the ability to recognize faces quickly becomes an 【B14】 habit, one that is ess ential for daily living, if not 【B15】 for survival. How essential and valuable it is we pr obably do not 【B16】 until we encounter people who have been 【B17】 of the faculty (能力). This unfortunate inability to recognize familiar faces is known to all, 【B18】 suc h people can often recognize individuals by their voices or their walking manners. With t ypical human 【B19】 many of these unfortunate people overcome their handicap by reco gnizing other 【B20】 features. 1. A described B said C put D talked about 2. A take B fail C help D desert 3. A resort B seek C move D react 4. A Yet B Consequently C In addition D In contrast 5. A of B about C in D on 6. A good B delicate C fine D high 7. A enormous B big C gigantic D tremendous 8. A acquire B attain C gain D take 9. A possession B property C activity D action 10. A ability B capability C competence D capacity 11. A on B of C in D at 12. A of B in C among D out of 13. A Created B Formed C Made D Molded 14. A accepted B inborn C established D innate 15. A essentially B importantly C significantly D necessarily 16. A value B appreciate C adore D admire 17. A taken B robbed C deprived D seized 18. A butB thereforeC in additionD so 19. A cleverness B ingenuity C smartness D intelligence 20. A special B general C characteristic D particular One summer night, on my way home from work I decided to see a movie. I knew th e theatre would be air-conditioned and I couldn’t tolerate my (B1) apartment. Sitting in the theatre I had to look through the (B2) between the two tall heads i n front of me. I had to keep changing the (B3) every time she leaned over to talk t o him, (B4) he leaned over to kiss her. Why do Americans display such (B5) in a public place? I thought the movie would be good for my English, but (B6) it turned out, it wa s an Italian movie. (B7) about an hour I decided to give up on the movie and (B 8) on my popcorn. I’ve never understood why they give you so much popcorn! It taste d pretty good, (B9) . After a while I heard (B10) more of the romantic-sounding Italians. I just heard the (B11) of the pop- corn crunching between my teeth. My th ought started to (B12) I remembered when I was in South Korea, I (B13) to wa tch Kojak on TV frequently. He spoke perfect Korean--I was really amazed, lie seemed li ke a good friend to me, (B14) I ,saw him again in New York speaking (B15) E nglish instead of perfect Korean. He didn''t even have a Korean accent and I (B16) li ke I had been betrayed.

When our family moved to the United States six years ago, none of us spoke any En glish. (B17) we had begun to learn a few words, my mother suggested that we all s hould speak English at home. Everyone agreed, but our house became very (B18) an d we all seemed to avoid each other. We sat at the dinner table in silence, preferring that to (B19) in a difficult language. Mother tried to say something in English but it (B20) out all wrong and we all burst into laughter and decided to forget it! We''ve bee n speaking Korean at home ever since. 1. A warm B hot C heated D cool 2. A crack B blank C break D opening 3. A aspect B view4 C space D angle 4. A while B whenever C or D and 5. A attractionB attentionC affectionD motion 6. A sinceB whenC whatD as 7. A WithinB AfterC ForD Over 8. A concentrateB chewC fixD taste 9. A tooB stillC thoughD certainly 10. A muchB anyC noD few 11. A voiceB soundC rhythmD tone 12. A wonderB wanderC imagineD depart 13. A enjoyedB happenedC turnedD used 14. A untilB becauseC thenD therefore 15. A artificialB informalC perfectD practical 16. A feltB lookedC seemedD appeared 17. A WhileB IfC BeforeD Once 18. A emptyB quietC stiffD calm 19. A tellingB utteringC sayingD speaking 20. A workedB gotC cameD made Every profession or trade, every art, and every science has its technical vocabulary, t he function of 【B1】 is partly to 【B2】 things or processes with no names in ordinary English, and partly to secure greater exactness in terminology. 【B3】 , they save time, fo r it is much more 【B4】 to name a process than describe it. Thousands of these technic al terms are very 【B5】 included in every large dictionary, yet, as a whole, they are rat her 【B6】 the outskirts of the English language than actually within its borders. Different occupations, however, differ 【B7】 in their special vocabularies. It 【B8】 largely of native words, or of borrowed words that have 【B9】 themselves into the very fibre of our language. 【B10】 . though highly technical in many details, these vocabulari es are more familiar in sound, and more generally 【B11】 . than most other technical ter ms. 【B12】 every vocation still possesses a large 【B13】 of technical terms that remain essentially foreign, even 【B14】 educated people. And the proportion has been much 【B 15】 in the last fifty years. Most of the newly 【B16】 terms are 【B17】 to special dis cussions, and seldom get into general literature or conversation. Yet no profession is nowa days, as all professions once 【B18】 a close federation. What is called "popular science" makes everybody 【B19】 with modern views and recent discoveries. Any important exper

iment, 【B20】 made in a remote or provincial laboratory, is at once reported in the news papers, and everybody is soon talking about it. Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace. 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A B C D 5. A B C D 6. A B C D 7. A B C D 8. A B C D

which what who whom describe talk about designate indicate Consequently In contrast However Besides economical economic thrift economized properly possibly probably potentially in on at beyond largely widely generally extensively constitutes comprises composes consists

9. A worked B made C taken D brought 10. A However B Because C Hence D In addition 11. A understood B considered C known D thought 12. A Therefore B Yet C In contrast D So 13. A series B body C set D range 14. A for B as C to D among 15. A decreased B diminished C increasing D increased 16. A made B coined C produced D formed 17. A related B addressing C confined

D connected 18. A is B are C was D were 19. A associated B known C acquainted D connected 20. A though B when C as D since Seven years ago, when I was visiting Germany, I met with an official who explained to me that the country had a perfect solution to its economic problems. Watching the U. S. economy【B1】during the '90s, the Germans had decided that they, too, needed to go t he high-technology【B2】. But how? In the late '90s, the answer seemed obvious: Indians. 【B3】 all, Indian entrepreneurs accounted for one of every three Silicon Valley start-ups. S o the German government decided that it would【B4】Indians to Germany just as America does: by【B5】green cards. Officials created something called the German Green Card an d【B6】that they would issue 20,000 in the first year.【B7】, the Germans expected that t ens of thousands more Indians would soon be begging to come, and perhaps the【B8】wo uld have to be increased. But the program was a failure. A year later 【B9】 half of the 20, 000 cards had been issued. After a few extensions, the program was【B10】. I told the German official at the time that I was sure the【B11】would fail. It's not t hat I had any particular expertise in immigration policy,【B12】I understood something ab out green cards, because I had one (the American【B13】). The German Green Card was misnamed, I argued,【B14】it never, under any circumstances, translated into German citize nship. The U.S. green card, by contrast, is an almost【B15】 path to becoming American (a fter five years and a clean record).The official【B16】my objection, saying that there was no way Germany was going to offer these people citizenship. "We need young tech worke rs," he said. "That's what this program is all【B17】." So Germany was asking bright you ng【B18】to leave their country, culture and families, move thousands of miles away, lear n a new language and work in a strange land—but without any【B19】of ever being part of their new home. Germany was sending a signal, one that was【B20】received in India and other countries, and also by Germany's own immigrant community. 1. A soar B hover C amplify D intensify

2. A circuit B strategy C trait D route 3. A Of B After C In D At 4. A import B kidnap C convey D lure 5. A offering B installing C evacuating D formulating 6. A conferred B inferred C announced D verified 7. A Specially B Naturally C Particularly D Consistently 8. A quotas B digits C measures D scales 9. A invariably B literally C barely D solely 10. A repelled B deleted C combated

D abolished 11. A adventure B response C initiative D impulse 12. A and B but C so D or 13. A heritage B revision C notion D version 14. A because B unless C if D while 15. A aggressive B automatic C vulnerable D voluntary 16. A overtook B fascinated C submitted D dismissed 17. A towards B round C about D over 18. A dwellers B citizens C professionals D amateurs 19. A prospect B suspicion

C outcome D destination 20. A partially B clearly C brightly D vividly Perhaps, every county suffered from inflation once or more times. Inflation is an econ omic condition in (B1) prices for consumer goods (B2) , and the (B3) of mo ney or purchasing power decreases. There are three causes of inflation. The first and most important cause may be excessive government spending. For example, in order to (B4) a war or carry (B5) social programs, the government may spend more money tha n it has received through taxes and other revenues, thus creating a deficit. In order to (B6) this deficit, the Treasury Department can simply (B7) the money supply by is suing more paper money to (B8) the debts of government. This increase in the mone y supply will cause the value of the dollar to (B9) decrease. The second cause of inf lation occurs when the money supply increases faster than the supply of goods. (B10) people have more money, they will run out to buy popular goods (B11) televisions a nd computers, for example, and a shortage will result. Industry will then produce more, at higher prices, to (B12) demand. (B13) , if people think that the prices of popul ar goods are going up, they will buy and even borrow money at high (B14) rates to pay for them. Finally, if labor unions demand that workers’ wages (B15) or (B16) the high cost of living, industry will meet this demand and add other costs of producti on on the (B17) . (B18) summary, all of these causes can (B19) inflationary problems that can affect the welfare of a nation. However, of these three causes, (B20) government spending may be the most important. 1. A that B which C this D what 2. A raise B lower C increase D decrease 3. A value B price C cost D spending 4. A finance B offer

C pay D fight 5. A off B out C on D away 6. A compensate B accomplish C exchange D offset 7. A spend B extend C expand D explore 8. A mend B meet C respond D return 9. A automatically B timely C exceedingly D excessively 10. A If B Whether C Though D For fear that 11. A as B of C like D except 12. A satisfy B supply C plenty D comply 13. A However

B Otherwise C Nevertheless D Furthermore 14. A interests B interesting C Interested D interest 15. A should increase B be increased C increase D increased 16. A protest B impose C cover D restrict 17. A consumer B controller C manager D employer 18. A On B At C In D By 19. A result B invent C discover D create 20. A percussive B excessive C productive D recessive Many people imagine that Alzheimer''s disease (早老性痴呆病), the degenerative disor der that ultimately leaves sufferers with total memory loss, is an inevitable result of aging. This is not so. 【B1】 the risks of contracting the disease increase with age, there are m any elderly people 【B2】 memories are perfect. Most of us are so ill- 【B3】 about all forms of memory loss that we label everything as "Alzheimer''s". Alzheimer''s disease itsel f can 【B4】 people as young as 30 and can progress either quickly or slowly. It can als

o 【B5】 the blame for other non-degenerative conditions such as deep depression. 【B6】 only an examination of the brain tissue during an autopsy (解剖) can produce an accurat e 【B7】 of the disease. The causes of Alzheimer''s are unknown. They may be either 【B8】 or environmenta l. A study in 1996 of 13,000 people whose parents or siblings had the disease showed th ey had five times 【B9】 chance of succumbing 【B10】 the age of 80 than those with no family 【B11】 of the problem. There are other factors, however. In a study of identical twins, it was found that onl y about half of the twin pairs developed Alzheimer''s and , when both twins 【B12】 it, t hey did so as 【B13】 as 15 years apart. The possibility 【B14】 environment plays a pa rt was 【B15】 by another 1996 study, this time of two groups of elderly Japanese men. One group lived in Hawaii, the other in Japan. The Hawaiian group had a much higher 【B16】 of the disease. Aluminum has been blamed for the development of Alzheimer''s. This is because a hi gh level of aluminum has been found in the brains of sufferers. The disease was first dia gnosed at the beginning of the 20th century. It was at this time 【B17】 aluminum was b ecoming widely available for use in cooking pots. Memory loss, difficulty in 【B18】 familiar tasks, and problems with abstract thinking are all 【B19】 of the onset of the disease. One unusual feature is its impact on langua ge. It attacks nouns first, 【B20】 verbs. Grammar is one of the last things to go. 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A B C D 5. A B

As Since While In spite of whom which whose what judged equipped informed advised affect inhibit confine constrain take put

C get D hold 6. A In action B In the main C In no time D In the end 7. A description B illustration C demonstration D diagnosis 8. A instinctual B natural C genetic D intuitive 9. A slighter B fainter C less D more 10. A at B for C by D until 11. A relation B history C background D correlation 12. A came up with B did away with C dispensed with D went down with 13. A much B many C soon D often 14. A of

B that C which D with 15. A undermined B eliminated C boosted D underlined 16. A conversion B incidence C concealment D degree 17. A at which B when C that D during which 18. A approaching B performing C supervising D upholding 19. A reflections B variables C constant D indicators 20. A least B then C last D latter A good modern newspaper is an extraordinary piece of 【B1】 It is remarkable first 【B2】 what it contains: the range of comment and special features as well, from editorial page to feature articles and interviews to criticism of books, arts, theatre, and music. A newspaper is 【B3】 remarkable for the way one reads it: never 【B4】 . never straight t hrough, but always by 【B5】 from here to there, in and out, 【B6】 at one piece, readi ng another article all the way through, reading just a few paragraphs of the next. A good modern newspaper offers a 【B7】 to attract many different readers. What 【B8】 this v ariety together in one place is its topicality(时事性), its 【B9】 relation to what is happen ing in your world and your locality now. 【B10】 immediacy and the speed of production also mean that much of what appears in a newspaper has no more than 【B11】 value. 【B12】 all these reasons, 【B13】 two people really read the same paper: what each per

son 【B14】 is to put together, out of the pages of that day''s paper, his own 【B15】 a nd sequence, his own 【B16】 . For all these reasons, reading newspapers 【B17】 , whi ch means getting what you want from 【B18】 without missing things you need but with out wasting time, 【B19】 skill and self-awareness as you modify and 【B20】 the techni ques of reading. 1. A reading B writing C print D publication 2. A since B because C as D for 3. A much more B \ C even more D quite 4. A thoroughly B completely C incompletely D entirely 5. A scanning B skimming C reading D jumping 6. A staring B looking C glancing D peering 7. A variety B variant C variation D change 8. A brings B considers C makes

D treats 9. A intimate B immediate C close D loose 10. A But B Because C So D Consequently 11. A temporary B transitional C transient D transcendental 12. A Because B For C With D Concerning 13. A not B never C no D all 14. A reads B does C creates D did 15. A selection B election C choice D option 16. A news B events C world D newspaper 17. A effectively B quickly

C proficiently D efficiently 18. A them B those C it D these 19. A demanding B demands C demanded D to demand 20. A learn B parctise C apply D experiment Business and government leaders consider the inflation rate to be an important indicato r. Inflation is a period of increased (B1) that causes rapid rises in prices. When your m oney buys fewer goods so that you get (B2) for the same amount of money as before, inflation is the problem. There is a general rise (B3) the price of goods and services. Your money buys less. Sometimes people (B4) inflation as a time when "a dollar is not worth a dollar any more." Inflation is a problem for all consumers. People who live on a (B5) income are hur t the. (B6) Retired people, for instance, cannot (B7) on an increase in income as prices rise. Elderly people face serious problems in (B8) their incomes to meet their ne eds in (B9) of inflation. Retirement income (B10) any fixed income usually does not rise as fast as prices. Many retired people must cut their spending to (B11) up with ri sing prices. In many cases they must stop buying some necessary items, such as food and clothing. (B12) for working people whose incomes are going up, inflation can be a pr oblem. The (B13) of living goes up, too. People who work must have even more mone y to keep up their standard of living. Just buying the things they need costs more. When incomes do not keep (B14) with rising prices, the standard of living goes down. Peopl e may be earning the same amount of money, but they are not living as well (B15) th ey are not able to buy as many goods and services. Government units gather information about prices in our economy and publish it as pri ce indexes (B16) which the rate of change can be determined. A price index measures changes in prices using the price for a (B17) year as the base. The base price as set (B18) 100, and the other prices are reported as a (B19) of the base price. A price in dex makes (B20) possible to compare current prices of typical consumer goods, for exa mple, with prices of the same goods in previous years. 1. A spending

B demanding C consuming D saving 2. A much B little C more D less 3. A on B in C at D to 4. A maintained B presented C described D displayed 5. A fixed B eternal C permanent D variable 6. A best B least C most D worst 7. A rely B rest C depend D count 8. A expanding B extending C stretching D prolonging 9. A chance B time C moment D occasion 10.

A or B and C but D while 11. A live B catch C put D keep 12. A But B And C Besides D Even 13. A price B loss C cost D standard 14. A race B pace C speed D step 15. A therefore B whereas C because D nonetheless 16. A in B from C of D by 17. A provided B given C concerning D responded 18. A on B by C at D against

19. A rate B percentage C proportion D ratio 20. A it B them C one D that Although there are many skillful Braille readers, thousands of other blind people find it difficult to learn that system. They are thereby shut (1)______ from the world of book s and newspapers, having to (2)______ on friends to read aloud to them. A young scientist named Raymond Kurzweil has now designed a computer which is a major (3)______ in providing aid to the (4)______ . His machine, Cyclops, has a camer a that (5)______ any page, interprets the print into sounds, and then delivers them orally in a robot-like (6)______ through a speaker. By pressing the appropriate buttons (7)______ Cyclops''s keyboard, a blind person can "read" any (68)______ document in the English l anguage. This remarkable invention represents a tremendous (9)______ forward in the education of the handicapped. At present, Cyclops costs $50,000. 10)______ , Mr. Kurzweil and hi s associates are preparing a smaller (11)______ improved version that will sell (12)______ less than half that price. Within a few years, Kurzweil (13)______ , the price range will be low enough for every school and library to (14)______ one. Michael Hingson, Directo r of the National Federation for the Blind, hopes that (15)______ will be able to buy ho me (16)______ of Cyclops for the price of a good television set. Mr. Hingson''s organization purchased five machines and is now testing them in Mary land, Colorado, Iowa, California, and New York. Blind people have been (17)______ in th ose tests, making lots of (18)______ suggestions to the engineers who helped to produce Cyclops. "This is the first time that blind people have ever done individual studies (19)______ a product was put on the market," Hingson said. "Most manufacturers believed that havin g the blind help the blind was like telling disabled people to teach other disabled people. In that (20)______, the manufacturers have been the blind ones." 1. A B C D 2. A B C

up down in off dwell rely press

D urge 3. A execution B distinction C breakthrough D process 4. A paralyzed B uneducated C invisible D sightless 5. A scans B enlarges C sketches D projects 6. A behavior B expression C movement D voice 7. A on B at C in D from 8. A visual B printed C virtual D spoken 9. A stride B trail C haul D footprint 10. A Likewise B Moreover C However D Though 11. A but B than

C or D then 12. A on B for C through D to 13. A estimates B considers C counts D determines 14. A settle B own C invest D retain 15. A schools B children C families D companies 16. A models B modes C cases D collections 17. A producing B researching C ascertaining D assisting 18. A true B valuable C authentic D pleasant 19. A after B when C before D as 20. A occasion

B moment C sense D event The history of modem water pollution goes (B1) to February 20, 1931, when Mrs. Murphy (B2) over her backyard fence and said to Mrs. Holbrook, "You (B3) th ose shirts white? Mrs. Holbrook was (B4) to admit they were as white as she could get them (B5) that ordinary soap. "What you should use is this Formula Cake Soap which (B6) against the dull gre y look that the family wash (B7) had." Doubtful (B8) adventurous, Mrs. Holbrook tried the Formula soap, (B9) did t ake the grey out of her husband''s shorts. But what she didn''t know was that the water e ventually (70) into the Blue Sky River, killing two fish. Three years later, Mrs. Murphy was (B11) her shirts and Mrs. Holbrook said, "Ho w did you ever get your collars so (B12) ,surely not with Formula?" "Not ordinary Formula. But I did with Super Fortified Formula. You see, it attacks dir t and destroys it. Here, try some (B13) your shirts." Mrs. Holbrook (B14) and discovered her husband''s shirt collars turned pure white. What she could not possibly know was that it turned the river water pure white as (B 15) Six months later, the Blue Sky River was (B16) a health hazard. One day as Mr. Holbrook was walking home from work, he accidentally (B17) the Blue Sky River, swallowed a (B18) of water and died immediately. At the funeral service the minister said, "You can say anything you want (B19) Holbrook, but no one can deny he had the (B20) shirts in town." 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A

straight down off back leaned leapt stretched sloped name make get call shamed

B ashamed C shameful D shameless 5. A without B with C from D by 6. A protects B promises C guarantees D ensures 7. A seldom B never C possibly D always 8. A but B and C or D though 9. A it B she C which D that 10. A left B emptied C reached D rushed 11. A hanging up B hanging on C putting up D putting on 12. A dirty B soapy C grey D white 13.

A for B to C on D at 14. A refused B did C hesitated D understood 15. A snow B expected C usual D well 16. A stated B published C recognized D declared 17. A fell into B swam it C crossed over D drowned it 18. A mouthful B drop C glass D drink 19. A to B about C as to D as for 20. A best B oldest C cleanest D dirtiest Noise constitutes a real and present danger to people''s health. Day and night, at hom e, at work, and at play, noise can produce serious 【B1】 and psychological stress. No on e is 【B2】 to this stress. Though we seem to 【B3】 to noise by ignoring it, the ear, i n fact, never closes and the body still 【B4】 — sometimes with extreme tension — to a strange sound in the night.

The 【B5】 we feel when faced with noise is the most common outward 【B6】 of the stress building up inside us. The more 【B7】 and more serious health hazards 【B8】 with the stress caused by noise traditionally have been given much 【B9】 attention. 【B 10】 . when we are annoyed or made irritable by noise, we should consider these sympto ms fair warning 【B11】 other things may be happening to us, some of which may be da maging to our health. 【B12】 many health hazards of noise, hearing loss is the most clearly 【B13】 and measurable by health professionals. The other hazards are harder to 【B14】 . For many o f us, there may be a risk that 【B15】 to the stress of noise increases susceptibility to di sease and infection. The more 【B16】 among us may experience noise as a 【B17】 fac tor in heart problems and other diseases. Noise that causes annoyance and irritability in h ealthy persons may have more serious consequences for those already ill in mind or body. 【B18】 . the link between noise and many disabilities or diseases has not yet been 【B 19】 demonstrated, and we 【B20】 to dismiss annoyance caused by noise as a price to pay for living in the modern world. 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A B C D 5. A B C D 6. A B

mental spiritual physical neural immune used accustomed neutral adapt adjust be adaptive be adjustable responds replies answers corresponds anxiety tiredness annoyance disgust diseases symptoms

C signs D defects 7. A delicate B sensitive C tender D subtle 8. A associated B related C relating D associating 9. A more B less C better D worse 10. A Therefore B In addition C In contrast D Nevertheless 11. A when B that C if D \ 12. A Of B In C Among D Out of 13. A observed B observable C detected D detectible 14. A feel B identify C reveal D define 15. A vulnerability

B reactions C exposure D worries 16. A suspectable B suspectful C susceptful D susceptible 17. A complicating B complicated C complex D composite 18. A Consequently B However C Because D Although 19. A inclusively B exclusively C conclusively D intensively 20. A tend B try C want D need Generally speaking, a British is widely regarded as a quiet, shy and conservative pers on who is 【B1】 only among those with whom he is acquainted. When a stranger is at present, he often seems nervous, 【B2】 embarrassed. You have to take a commuter train any morning or evening to 【B3】 the truth of this. Serious-looking businessmen and wo men sit reading their newspapers or dozing in a corner; hardly anybody talks, since to do so would be considered quite offensive. 【B4】 , there is an unwritten but clearly unders tood code of behavior which, 【B5】 broken, makes the offender immediately the object o f 【B6】 . It has been known as a fact that a British has a 【B7】 for the discussion of their weather and that, if given a chance, he will talk about it 【B8】 . Some people argue tha t it is because the British weather seldom 【B9】 forecast and hence becomes a source of interest and 【B10】 to everyone. This may be so. 【B11】 a British cannot have much 【B12】 in the weathermen, who, after promising fine, sunny weather for the following da y, are often proved wrong 【B13】 a cloud over the Atlantic brings rainy weather to all districts! The man in the street seems to be as accurate— or as inaccurate— as the weath ermen in his 【B14】 .

Foreigners may be surprised at the number of references 【B15】 weather that the Br itish make to each other in the course of a single day. Very often conversational greetings are 【B16】 by comments on the weather. "Nice day, isn''t it?" "Beautiful!" may well be heard instead of "Good morning, how are you?" 【B17】 the foreigner may consider this exaggerated and comic, it is worthwhile pointing out that it could be used to his advantag e. 【B18】 he wants to start a conversation with a British but is 【B19】 to know where to begin, he could do well to mention the state of the weather. It is a safe subject whic h will 【B20】 an answer from even the most reserved of the British. 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A B C D 5. A B C D 6. A B C D 7. A B C D

relaxed frustrated amused exhausted yet otherwise even so experience witness watch undergo Deliberately Consequently Frequently Apparently unless once while as suspicion opposition criticism praise emotion fancy likeness judgment

8. A at length B to a great extent C from his heart D by all means 9. A follows B predicts C defies D supports 10. A dedication B compassion C contemplation D speculation 11. A Still B Also C Certainly D Fundamentally 12. A faith B reliance C honor D credit 13. A if B once C when D whereas 14. A propositions B predictions C approval D defiance 15. A about B on C in D to 16. A started B conducted C replaced

D proposed 17. A Since B Although C However D Only if 18. A Even if B Because C If D For 19. A at a loss B at last C in group D on the occasion 20. A stimulate B constitute C furnish D provoke Some theorists view children as passive receivers of experience; others consider them 【B1】 in organizing, structuring, and in some 【B2】 . creating their worlds. A scientist who considers children to be passive does not think they are unresponsive, just that they enter the world ready to absorb 【B3】 knowledge is provided by the environment. Accor ding to this view, children are 【B4】 by stimuli in the external environment and driven by 【B5】 needs over which they have little control. Theorists and educators who view th e child as 【B6】 passive often 【B7】 direct and carefully structured teaching methods. For example, some methods for teaching children to play the piano contain a 【B8】 of s pecific steps, chords, and tunes to be learned in a 【B9】 order. The child must master e ach step 【B10】 proceeding to the next one. 【B11】 an educator who believes that children are active assumes that they learn be st when they 【B12】 and select their own learning materials and tasks. When teaching a child to play the piano, such an instructor might 【B13】 the child to make up tunes or t o select among different exercises. Human beings are 【B14】 to have an inborn tendency to be curious, to explore their environment, and to organize the 【B15】 experience in t heir own mental frameworks. Efforts to program learning too 【B16】 are likely to fail be cause they may not 【B17】 to the child''s interest. Instead, a relatively 【B18】 situation that offers opportunities for varied stimulation and exploration is optimal. What the child does and learns, then, 【B19】 mainly on interest that comes from 【B20】 and on his o r her level of understanding. 1. A passive

B active C communicative D helpful 2. A sense B moment C occasion D event 3. A whichever B which C whatever D what 4. A molded B made C produced D formed 5. A external B interior C exterior D internal 6. A traditionally B essentially C conditionally D basically 7. A favor B oppose C like D hate 8. A series B group C set D number 9. A prescribed B loose C narrow D close 10.

A after B before C when D as 11. A In addition B However C Consequently D In contrast 12. A explore B discover C develop D seek 13. A discourage B encourage C help D order 14. A said B supposed C assumed D sure 15. A resulting B precious C valuable D following 16. A closely B loosely C strictly D stringently 17. A relate B lead C come D correspond 18. A unstructured B structured C good D favorable

19. A rests B depends C relies D counts 20. A without B outside C inside D within



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