Unit 5 First aid
tight (adj. )牢的；紧的；紧密的 →tightly (adv. )紧地；牢牢 (1)_____
firm (adj. )(动作)稳定有力的；坚定的→firmly (adv. )坚固地； (2)____
ceremony (n. )典礼；仪式；礼节 (3)_________ bravery (n. )勇敢; 勇气→brave (adj. )勇敢的 (4)_______
treatment (5)treat (vt. &vi. )治疗; 对待; 款待(n. )款待; 招待→_________ (n. )对待；治疗
apply (vt. )涂；敷；搽；应用；运用(vi. )申请；请求；使用； (6)_____ application 有效→ __________ (n. )申请→applicant (n. )申请人 pressure (n. )压力；挤压；压迫(感)→press (v. )挤, 压 (7)________
2. 根据汉语意义补全短语 from . . (1)prevent. . . _____. (2)a number of __ on (3)put one’s hands ___ make a difference (4)_____
on fire (5)be ___ with (6)be presented ____ of (7)be proud __ in (8)get involved __
1. ceremony n. 典礼；仪式；礼节
①John was presented with his award at a ceremony which recognized the bravery of ten people who had saved the life of another. 在颁奖大会上, 约翰被授予奖赏, 这次大会表彰了挽救了别人生
②The wedding ceremony was held on April fifteenth. 婚礼在四月十五日举行。
【拓展】an award/opening ceremony
stand on ceremony
③He went to London for the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. 他去伦敦观看了奥运会开幕式。
④ Make yourself at home; there’s no reason to stand on
ceremony in our home. 请随便些, 在我们家不必拘礼。
①The burial was done early in the morning without a ceremony. ____________________________________
安葬是在大清早进行的, 没有举行葬礼。 ②Let’s welcome the principal to give us a closing ceremony
speech. _______________________________ 让我们欢迎校长向我们致闭幕词。
③Since we are good friends, you needn’t stand on ceremony with us/you can behave without ceremony.
既然我们是好朋友, 你也就没必要拘礼了。 ______________________________________
2. a number of若干；许多
① He immediately asked a number of nearby people for
bandages, but when nobody could put their hands on any, his
father got some tea towels and tape from their house. 他立即向附近的人要绷带, 当他们都找不到绷带时, 他的父亲从 屋里拿出一些擦杯盘的布和胶带来。 ②A number of students are playing football on the playground.
【辨析】 相当于numbers of大量, 许多。number 可用形 a number of 容词large, great和good来修饰。只修饰可数名
词的复数形式, 作主语时, 谓语动词用复数
表示“??的数目”, 后跟可数名词复数, 不作修
the number of
③Yesterday a number of babies were born in this hospital, while the number of boy babies was twenty-five. 昨天有许多婴儿在这家医院出生, 而男婴有二十五个。
(1)修饰可数名词复数: a large/great/good number of; a great/
good many; quite a few; many
(2)修饰不可数名词 : a large/great amount of; amounts of; a
great/good deal of; much (3)既可修饰可数名词又可修饰不可数名词 : a lot of；lots of； plenty of；a large/great quantity of； quantities of
【学以致用】选择适当的短语填空。 a number of, the number of, quantities of, an amount of The number of ①_____________graduates is increasing these years.
Quantities of ②____________food were needed in the flooded area.
an amount of/quantities of ③She has earned _______________________money in the last few weeks. a number of ④The singers were chosen from ___________participants.
3. ★treat vt. &vi. 治疗；对待；款待
①John used these to treat the most severe injuries to Ms Slade’s
②The doctors were not able to treat this disease.
【拓展】(1)treat sb. well/badly
treat. . . as/like. . .
treat sb. to
n. 对待, 治疗
③The homeless child was well treated by him.
④Do not treat this serious matter as a joke.
⑤Let’s go out for dinner. My treat this time.
treated the orphan as They ___________________one of the family members.
②她用可口的食物款待了我。 treated me to She ____________delicious food. ③她仍在住院治疗。 is still under treatment hospital. She ____________________in
4. ★apply vt. 涂；敷；搽；应用；运用
vi. 申请；请求；使用; 有效
①He slowed the bleeding by applying pressure to the wounds
until the police and ambulance arrived.
他使劲按住伤口, 使血流得慢些, 一直等到警察和救护车的到来。
②We should apply both theories in the language teaching. 我们
【拓展】(1)apply to sb. for sth.
apply to. . .
apply. . . to. . .
apply oneself to
n. 应用, 申请
③Many job hunters have written letters applying for the important post. 已经有很多的求职者写信申请这个重要的职位。 ④The theory does not apply to every case. 这一理论并不适用于所有的情况。 ⑤The manager received ten applications for the position. 经理收到十份申请这个职位的申请书。
①He applied himself to study English at university. ( study
②You’d better apply the ointment onto the wound. ( onto—to )
③Tom planned to apply to the study of cancer after graduation.
5. ★make a difference 区别对待；有影响；起(重要)作用
① It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real
②It makes a great difference which way he goes.
【拓展】 make some/ no/ much difference to
make all the difference
make a difference between
tell the difference
③It makes no difference to me whether you go or not.
④They are now in great need of help. So your support will
certainly make all the difference.
a difference between ①She insisted on making _________________________the former and
the latter. 她坚持对前者和后者区别对待。
made a difference to ②The sea air has__________________her health. 海上的空气改善了她的健康状况。
tell the difference 这 ③The twins are so alike. It is difficult to _______________.
④(2012· 四川高考)I make $2, 000 a week. 60 surely won’t make
_________difference to me.
A. that a big B. a that big
C. big a that
D. that big a
【解析】选D。考查副词。句意: 我一个星期赚2, 000美元。60
美元真的不会给我造成多么大的影响。 that 在此处为副词 , 相
当于so。根据“that+adj. +a/an+可数名词单数”结构可知 , 应 选D项。
6. John was studying in his room when he heard screaming. 约
【分析】本句中用了 be doing sth. when . . . “正在做某事, 就在
这时??”。when在此作并列连词用, 意为“就在这时”, 相当
于and at this time。 ①We were discussing the problem when there was a power failure. 我们正在讨论那个问题, 这时停电了。
【拓展】be about to do. . . when. . .
be just going to do. . . when. . . 正要做??这时??
had just done. . . when. . .
be on the point of doing. . . when. . .
②We had just finished the operation when the machine had a breakdown. 我们刚完成那个手术机器就坏了。 ③The thief was on the point of putting his hand into the lady’s handbag when the bus suddenly stopped. 小偷正要把手伸进那位女士的手提袋中 , 这时公共汽车突然停 了。
④ He was just about to say something when Helen turned
around. 他正想要说些什么, 这时海伦转过身来。
I was about to answer the phone when the bus came. a. ______________________________________________ I was on the point of answering the phone when the bus came. b. ____________________________________________________ I was going to answer the phone when the bus came. c. _____________________________________________
②(2011· 浙江高考)One Friday, we were packing to leave for a
weekend away _______ my daughter heard cries for help.
A. after B. while C. since D. when
【解析】选D。句意: 一个周五, 我们正打包要出去度周末, 就
在这时我女儿听到求救的声音。根据空格前后可以得知 , 空格 处意为“就在这时” , 故选用 when, 构成句型“ be doing. . . when. . . ”, 表示“正在做??这时??”。
7. It was John’s quick action and knowledge of first aid that
saved Ms Slade’s life. 正是约翰快捷的动作和急救的知识救了
斯莱德女士的生命。 【分析】本句运用了强调句型, 强调主语“John’s quick action and knowledge of first aid”。 强调句型的基本结构为: It is/was+被强调部分+that. . . 。
①It is in America that Li Lei’s father will work.
Is/Was it+被强调部分+that. . . ?
(2)特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+is/was+it that. . . ?
(3)从句连接词+it was/is that. . .
②Is it London that you will go to? 你要去的就是伦敦吗? ③Why was it that she cried? 是什么原因使她哭了? ④I don’t know how it was that he passed the exams. 我不知道他是怎么通过考试的。
(2)强调人时, 可用who 代替that, 但若强调时间、地点、原因、
(3)在强调not. . . until结构中的时间状语时, 应将not移到until前, 再将not until部分移到被强调的位置。
⑤It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed. 直到
⑥It is our teachers who/that help us make great progress. 正是
【学以致用】(2012· 湖南高考)It was not until I came here ___ I
realized this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather.
【解析】选 B。考查强调句。句意 : 直到我来到这里我才意识
考查强调句的特殊句式it was not until. . . that. . . 直到?? 才??。故B项正确。
8. When congratulating John, Mr Alan Southerton, Director of
the Young Lifesaver Scheme said, “There is no doubt that
John’s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade’s life. ”青年救生员项目的主任艾伦· 萨瑟 顿先生在向约翰表示祝贺时说: “毫无疑问, 正是约翰快捷的思 维和在学校学习的急救技术挽救了斯莱德女士的生命。”
(3)句中There is no doubt that. . . 毫无疑问??, 为固定句式。
①There is no doubt that they will win the match in the end. 毫 无疑问他们最终会赢得这场比赛。 【拓展】 There is no need(for sb. )to do sth. (对某人来说)做某事是没有必要的 There is no point in doing sth. 做某事没有意义 It is no wonder that. . . ?? 不足为奇/难怪??
②He studied in the US. It’s no wonder that his spoken English
is so fluent.
③There is no point taking unnecessary risks.
【想一想】 There is some doubt. . . 后用什么词引导从句？doubt用作动词,
宾语从句呢？ 【拓展延伸】 (1)There is some doubt whether/if. . . 意为“是否??还不确 定”。 (2)doubt还可以作动词, 当doubt是肯定形式时, 其后用whether 或if引导宾语从句; 当doubt被否定词修饰时, 后面常用that引导
【学以致用】选用there/it填空。 There is no doubt that the island belongs to China. ①______ It is no wonder that he was so sad yesterday. ②__ There is no point thinking about the past. ③______ There is no need for us to worry about our future. ④______
put one’s hands on找到 ①It is very difficult to put our hands on cheap whiskey these days. 近来我们很难搞到廉价的威士忌酒。
from hand to hand
hand in hand
on the one hand, on the other hand
in hand 在手里；在控制之下
lend sb. a hand
②The police have the situation well in hand.
③She sewed a beautiful dress by hand.
in hand, on the one hand, at hand, lend (sb. ) a hand, on the
other hand, put one’s hands on ①It is very convenient, for there are many shops and buses at hand close _______. put his hands on ②He reads every book he has _______________. On the one hand have to work, ________________I ③_______________I on the other hand have a lot of visitors.
lend a hand ④I went over to see if I could ___________. in hand present. ⑤He has a lot of work _______at
本单元的写作要求是写篇急救说明。写急救说明是要求我 们把处理某一意外事故的急救方法介绍给读者 , 使读者了解这 一方法具体的操作步骤。写急救说明要做到: 1. 自己所介绍的 方法是正确的、科学的；2. 急救的步骤必须清楚、具体, 这样
才有利于具体的操作。可用一些连接性单词, 如firstly, secondly,
thirdly, then, after, finally等；3. 多用祈使句或表示建议的句型, 对某些做法的作用加以说明时, 多用一般现在时或一般将来时； 4. 语气要委婉。
根据图画内容: 在一次事故中, 你的朋友 腿受伤了, 正在流血。请你用所学的知识, 写 一篇100个词左右的短文, 介绍一下上述情况 该如何急救。
题目要求写一篇介绍急救知识的说明性文章 , 因此, 要注意 说明顺序及语言的运用 , 使读者读完后能掌握一些基本的急救 知识。
1. 词汇: lay. . . down ①放下 ___________ raise ②抬起 _____ apply pressure to. . . ③用力压??__________________ put a bandage on. . . ④往??上缠绷带__________________ bleed badly ⑤流血严重__________
take. . . to. . . ⑥把??送往??___________ take care of ⑦照顾___________ make sb. relaxed ⑧让某人放松_______________ in case of ⑨以免________ do harm to/do sb. /sth. harm ⑩对??造成伤害_________________________
2. 句式: (一句多译)
(1)首先, 把这个女孩放下, 头部稍微低于她的腿。
First lay the girl down, ____________________________ with the head slightly lower than ①_____,
her leg ______. Firstly lay down the girl, and make the head slightly lower ②______, ____________________ than her leg ___________.
(2)如果流血严重, 我应该把她的腿举起高于心脏的水平, 以减少 血流量。
If the leg is bleeding badly I should _____ raise her leg above the ①_______________________, level of the heart to reduce the blood flow. The leg bleeding badly I should _____ raise her leg above the ②____________________,
level of the heart to reduce the blood flow.
(3)接着, 给伤口缠上绷带, 必要时, 用力按压以止血。 ①And then put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to stop the bleeding when necessary _______________________________. ②And then put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure so that the leg stops bleeding when it is necessary __________________________________________.
(4)千万不要搬动她, 以免导致伤势更严重。 in case of ①I never move her ________further injury. in case ②Never do I move her ______the injury gets worse.
减少疼痛。 ①Finally, I can dial 120 according to the situation or take good
make her relaxed and reduce the pain care of her to ___________________________________.
②Finally, according to the situation I can dial 120 or take good order to make her relaxed and reduce the pain care of her in __________________________________________.
If my friend is injured in the leg and it is bleeding, I should do as follows. First, lay her down, with the head slightly lower than her leg. If the leg is bleeding badly, I should raise her leg above the level of the heart to reduce the blood flow. And then
put a bandage on the wound and apply pressure to stop the
bleeding when necessary. Never do I move her in case the injury gets worse. Finally, according to the situation I can dial 120 or take good care of her in order to make her relaxed and reduce the pain.