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重庆一中2015-2016学年高一下学期期末考试英语试题(含答案)

秘密★启用前

2016 年高 2018 级高一下期期末考试

英 语 试 题 卷
英语试题卷共 9 页。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答题前,务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡规定的位置上。 2. 答选择题时,必须使用 2B 铅笔将答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动, 用橡皮擦擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。 3. 答非选择题时, 必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔, 将答案书写在答题卡规定的位置上。 4. 所有题目必须在答题卡上作答,在试题卷上答题无效。
第I卷

第一部分:听力理解(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time is it now in London? A. 6:00 a.m. B. 11:00 a.m. C. 6:00 p.m. 2. What is wrong with the woman? A. She‘s caught a cold. B. She has trouble breathing. C. She is running a low fever. 3. Who is the woman waiting for? A. Tommy. B. Todd. C. Timmy. 4. Why did the man cut the tree down? A. He didn‘t like it. B. It was dying. C. He hated to clean up the leaves. 5. What does the woman mean? A. Frank is better than the man. B. The man deserves (值得) a better partner. C. She doesn‘t want to get a new partner. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题 5 秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. How often does the woman go skiing? A. Once a year. B. Twice a year. C. Three times a year. 7. What will make the man excited now? A. Going skiing. B. Going skating. C. Going to Las Vegas. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至第 9 题。 8. Why is the woman walking with difficulty? A. She went skating yesterday. B. She had been walking too fast. C. She was practicing Chinese Kung Fu. 9. What is the woman‘s attitude towards skating now?
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A. She thinks it‘s really fun. B. She intends to go one more time. C. She doesn‘t want to think about it. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至第 12 题。 10. Where is the man visiting? A. Hawaii. B. California. C. New Mexico. 11. According to the man, what brings bad luck? A. Certain rooms. B. Certain views. C. Certain numbers. 12. Which room will the man stay in? A. Room 23. B. Room 21. C. Room 13. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. What do we know about the weather in Hawaii? A. It never rains there. B. It‘s warm all year round. C. It‘s always cold there. 14. What is Hawaii well known for, according to Ron? A. Its rainbows. B. Its forests. C. Its animals. 15. Where do the wallabies (沙袋鼠) originally come from? A. India. B. South Africa. C. Australia. 16. Where are the Hawaiian wallabies raised? A. In the wild. B. In people‘s homes. C. In the zoo. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. Why was Dean sent back to Indiana? A. His mother died of cancer. B. His father left for California. C. He graduated from high school. 18. What was Dean‘s first major in college? A. Theater. B. Law. C. Medicine. 19. When did Hollywood show interest in Dean? A. In 1951. B. In 1954. C. In 1956. 20. What was the cause of Dean‘s death? A. Competing in a car race. B. Working at a farm. C. Acting in a film. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分 40 分)(原创) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Adventure Works World Tours How often have you said out loud, ―I would love to see the Eiffel Tower someday…‖ or ―My dream in life is to see the pyramids‖? Now you can stop talking about it and do it! Our mission is to provide you with the most comprehensive and complete planning and travel services so that you can have the adventure of a lifetime that is exciting, comfortable and worry-free. We have several packages to accommodate almost any need, or you can let us create a custom travel package. Following is a small sampling of some of our packages. Egyptian nights Travel with us to the land of the pyramids, where you‘ll see ancient mysteries displayed before your eyes! Our specialists will share with you their extensive knowledge of Egyptian history and artifacts as you admire ancient wonders like the Sphinx and the pyramids at Giza.
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Packages range from 7 days and nights to 21 days and nights, and all packages include hotel, tours, and meals. Priced from $1,000 per person. Splendors of Italy From the leaning tower at Pisa to the Vatican (梵蒂冈) in Rome, you‘ll see the greatest sights in Italy. You‘ll visit Florence, Rome, Pisa, and villages in the Italian countryside. You‘ll even get a primer (入门书) in the Italian language from a world-celebrated linguist (语言学家). Plus, you‘ll visit a cooking school for a lesson on how to make real Italian lasagna! Priced from $800 per person. Russian experience Explore the best of Russia, a place of cultural and historical beauty. You‘ll tour Moscow and St. Petersburg and see for yourself places like Red Square, the Kremlin, Moscow University and more. Learn about the history and the people that make up this remarkable place. Priced from $1,500 per person (does not include airfare). Let us create just the right custom package for you! Let us show you the world! Adventure Works One Main Street, Seattle, WA 75006 Phone (425)555 0125 Fax (425) 555 0145 http://www.adventure-works.com 21. Which point might be the most attractive to those choosing Adventure Works for traveling? A. Traveling with a fair price. B. Getting to know the history of those countries. C. Learning cooking while traveling. D. Enjoying a travel package designed just for them. 22. What can we learn about the sampling packages? A. 21 days and nights in Egypt will cost one person 1000 dollars. B. If one chooses the Italy package, he can only enjoy the beautiful sights of the major cities. C. If one is interested in religion, he might choose the Italy package. D. The Russia package is a good choice if one is looking for the beauty of nature. 23. You can contact Adventure Works by the following EXCEPT ____. A. an e-mail B. a call C. a fax D. in person 24. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To inform people the detailed schedules of their travel packages. B. To encourage people to sign up for their travel package. C. To introduce some popular holiday destinations. D. To provide practical instructions on how to make a travel plan. B A dog, it is said, is a man‘s best friend. Put a dog, a kid and a book together, and you have a struggling reader ‘s best friend. The therapy dogs of R.E.A.D. – Reading Education Assistance Dogs – have been helping children improve their reading skills since 1999, when Intermountain Therapy Animals (ITA) began the program in Salt Lake City, Utah. Today, tens of thousands of R.E.A.D. teams – dogs and their owners – volunteer to spend time with youngsters in schools and libraries across the United States and around the world. The idea is that sharing a book with a nonjudgmental ( 不带评论的) partner encourages
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students‘ confidence and helps develop a love of reading. Izzy, a Havanese therapy dog, is a regular visitor to Public School 57 in East Harlem, New York. Students meet him in the library, pick out a book and sit down on the carpet. Izzy snuggles (依偎) up to them and gets ready to hear a story. ―I love reading to Izzy because he listens to me, and he doesn ‘t make fun of me when I make a mistake,‖ says third-grader Aelane Vasquez. The 9-year-old, whose parents are from Mexico, is one of 15 Latin-American students at the school who were selected for the program. ―All the students that we work with in the R.E.A.D. program were behind reading levels at the beginning of the year,‖ Bridget McElroy, who teaches English as a Second Language, explained. ―Now most of them have reached the average level, if not above it.‖ That‘s important, because achieving proficiency (熟练) in reading is vital for kids to succeed. Studies have shown that students who can‘t read at grade level by the end of third grade are four times less likely to graduate high school by the age of 19. The R.E.A.D. teams from New York Therapy Animals work with 175 kids at Public School 57 and nine other schools. McElroy said she sees a marked difference in Aelane and her classmates, and not just in study. ―Not only do the kids have time to practice reading, what we are really seeing is that they are excited to read and practice even when Izzy is not here,‖ she said. 25. According to this passage, dogs are the best friend of kids because ____. A. they keep kids company through therapy B. they can protect kids from danger C. they are helpful to encourage kids to read D. they are struggling and work hard 26. What does the example of Aelane Vasquez show? A. Kids from Mexico love reading to Izzy. B. Only Latin-American students can be chosen for the program. C. The R.E.A.D. teams are responsible for the selection. D. Listening without judgment is inspiring for the kids. 27. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The students in the R.E.A.D. program improve a lot only in study. B. Without proficiency in reading, it‘s difficult for kids to succeed. C. All the students in the R.E.A.D. program can be above the reading level. D. When not accompanied by the dog, kids will stop practicing reading consequently. C How many times do you check your Moments or Facebook page in a day to see whether your latest post has got another ―like‖ or ―thumbs up‖? Although you might be embarrassed to admit how many times you do this, don‘t worry. Psychological findings have shown it‘s completely normal. In fact, the pleasure we derive from (取自) getting a ―like‖ is equal to that of eating chocolate or winning money, and we can‘t help wanting more. According to the findings of the UCLA Brain Mapping Center, which observed 32 teens aged between 13 and 18, the feedback circuit (反馈电路) in the teens‘ brains are particularly sensitive, and the ―social‖ and ―visual‖ parts of their brains were activated when they received ―likes‖ on a social network. The research also showed that though the thumbs up might come from complete strangers, the good they derive from it worked equally.
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So does it mean we should try our best to win as many thumbs up as possible? Not necessarily so if we know the reasons behind our desire for attention. In ―Why do people crave (渴望) attention‖ by M. Farouk Radwan, he explained several cases in which people naturally longed for attention. Radwan said people who were an only child, who were used to being the center of attention in their house, may try to reproduce these conditions. Feeling ―overlooked and unappreciated‖ might also lead you to be eager for attention. Other times, the state of being jealous or wanting to cover your mistakes may also contribute to such longings. In fact, too much desire for attention can create anxiety, and in turn ruin your happiness even when you get it. So what can we do about it? The answer is quite simple. ―If people could adopt goals not focused on their own self-esteem (自尊) but on something larger than their self, such as what they can create or contribute to others, they would be less sensitive to some of the negative effects of pursuing self-esteem,‖ wrote psychology professor Jennifer Crocker in the Journal of Social Issues. 28. You may find this text in a magazine about ____. A. technology B. education C. entertainment D. social life 29. Who will NOT naturally expect attention according to Radwan? A. People who are living with their parents. B. Those who lack social recognition. C. People who are the focus of attention. D. Those who want to blanket what they‘ve done. 30. We know from the last paragraph that ____. A. checking your Moments or Facebook page is a waste of time B. it is helpful to set goals concerning making contributions C. focusing on one‘s self-esteem is quite natural D. self-teem has a bad effect on one‘s goals 31. What‘s the author ‘s attitude towards people‘s addiction to ―thumbs up‖? A. worried. B. objective. C. critical. D. supportive. D Next time you raise an eyebrow at the views of your partner, friend, sibling (兄弟姐妹) or colleague, remember they could be helping to make you smarter. New research shows that intelligence is not fixed but can be boosted throughout adulthood by family members, bright mates and intellectually stretching (拉伸) careers. The study challenges the commonly held belief that intelligence is static by the age of about 18. Current scientific consensus suggests that intelligence is controlled by genes, with environmental factors such as schooling and nutrition playing a partial role up to this age. After this point, IQ scores stabilize (稳定). But James Flynn, professor of political studies and psychology at the University of Otago in New Zealand, argues that people can ―upgrade‖ their own intelligence throughout their lives. He believes intellectual stimulation (刺激) from others is crucial as the ―brain seems to be rather like a muscle – the more you use it, the stronger it gets‖. However, the opposite is also true – so people sharing a home or workplace with those who are intellectually challenged risk seeing their IQ levels fall as a result. He found the ―understanding quality‖ of a family changes the IQs of all members, especially children. It can ―lift‖ or hold back, depending on the ―gap between their brightness
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and that of their siblings and parents‖. A bright ten-year-old with brothers and sisters of average intelligence will suffer a five to ten point IQ disadvantage, compared to a similar child with equally bright siblings. However, children with a low IQ could gain six to eight points by having brighter siblings and special educational treatment to help pull them up. Professor Flynn also concluded that although genetics and early life experiences determine about 80 percent of intelligence, the remaining 20 percent is linked to lifestyle. This means that people can raise their IQ, or allow it to fall, by ten points or more. Therefore, the best way to boost IQ level is to mix with bright friends, find an intellectually challenging job and marry someone cleverer. 32. We can learn from the passage that ____. A. as the age grows, you will become smarter B. a 35-year-old man is surely smarter than himself at the age of 18 C. you will be smarter if you have a partner, a friend or a sibling D. after 18, you still have the possibility to become smarter 33. The underlined word ―static‖ in the 3rd paragraph probably means ____. A. unstable B. fixed C. varied D. repeated 34. James Flynn holds the belief that ____. A. intellectual stimulation from others makes the brain work better B. people should avoid working with those intellectually challenged C. one‘s IQ could be held back if he has bright brothers or sisters D. the IQ of children is least influenced by the understanding level of a family 35. What‘s the best title for the passage? A. Genetics Determines Intelligence. B. Watch Out for Intelligence Falling. C. Bright Siblings Make You Smarter. D. Brain Is Like Muscle. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Everyone, from homeless people to billionaires, is likely to be influenced by stress; there ‘s simply no way to avoid it. __36__ Here are five powerful tips for ways to kill stress in almost any situation. Eat Healthier Though a lot of stress is psychological, there are also plenty of physical factors that lead to this natural human response to noticed danger. In order to relieve stress, make sure you‘re treating your body right. A big part of this is eating healthier. __37__ Anyway, adopting an alkaline (碱性的) diet instead of an acidic (酸性的) one is recommended. Wake Up Earlier __38__ However, waking up 15 or 20 minutes earlier each morning may have more benefits than sleeping in. By giving yourself some extra time, you won‘t feel quite rushed in the morning, which leads to better preparation and more confidence. __39__ Since you are never going to remove 100 percent of the stress in your life, one of the best things you can do is let it be one of your motivations. This is what stress is designed to do, after all. The psychological and physical reactions brought on by stress are supposed to heighten our
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senses and empower us to fight off a threat. Watch a Funny Video Here is a simple and practical tip: watch a funny video on YouTube. Research shows that seeing something amusing activates the part of the brain that produces calm physiological (生 理的) responses. This can lead to less anxiety and more happiness. Take a Walk Outside Whenever possible, make sure you take your walk outdoors. __40__ It can improve energy levels and memory by as much as 20 percent. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. A number of studies show that spending time in the open is a great way to relieve stress. Diet and relaxation are two important keys to good health. There are no magic ―anti-stress‖ foods. However, there are ways to reduce the amount of stress you suffer from. Keep Positive Relationships Let Stress Motivate You It is certainly true that the more sleep you get, the less stressed you‘ll be.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分 55 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On the first day of my high school, I ran into my new English teacher, Ms. Kirschmann. I really mean that – I almost knocked her __41__. On entering my English classroom, I hit somebody hard. She was tall with red hair, and she was __42__ a black and white skirt. As I began to __43__, she started ―yelling‖ at me. But soon I realized that she was, __44__, saying hello and welcoming me to her class in a very __45__ voice. I realized that I had just met my new English teacher a moment ago. Kirsch, as she wanted us to call her, had a __46__ and fascinating character. Her hair color, fashion sense and energy took up the entire room. When we read the play Macbeth by Shakespeare, Kirsch let us play __47__ and wear masks. There was a big drum in the classroom. Every time we read the word ―thunder‖ in the text, she would hit __48__ on the drum, making a loud noise! My classmates and I would __49__ loudly. During group discussions, Kirsch often told us to sit in a __50__ on the floor. We talked about the __51__ while she just sat in a corner and took notes of what we said. Doing so made us feel independent and __52__ ourselves more with critical thinking. It is the strangest __53__ the most entertaining class I have ever had. Kirsch is really a ―social butterfly‖. She smiles, laughs and tells jokes __54__ she goes. But I found out about another __55__ of her the other day. After school that day, I was walking by my English classroom __56__ I saw Ms. Kirschmann with her son. She was trying to __57__ him to put on his jacket in a low voice. She spoke in such a gentle manner that I was quite __58__. Until then, it never __59__ to me that Ms. Kirschmann could be quiet. I had thought she was __60__ energetic, calm, intelligent and caring all at once. All I know was that I couldn‘t wait for the next day of her English class. 41. A. off B. about C. over D. out 42. A. dressing B. wearing C. putting on D. having on 43. A. scold B. shout C. run D. apologize
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44. A. in fact 45. A. scary 46. A. traditional 47. A. instruments 48. A. quickly 49. A. cry 50. A. line 51. A. film 52. A. treat 53. A. despite 54. A. whenever 55. A. side 56. A. when 57. A. advise 58. A. excited 59. A. thought 60. A. both

B. after all B. weak B. quiet B. games B. heavily B. read B. circle B. book B. devote B. yet B. whatever B. story B. while B. persuade B. disappointed B. happened B. just

C. in case C. loud C. creative C. characters C. hardly C. speak C. chair C. novel C. improve C. so C. wherever C. identity C. as C. force C. delighted C. occurred C. less

D. for sure D. soft D. rude D. tricks D. gently D. laugh D. corner D. play D. learn D. or D. whichever D. purpose D. after D. talk D. amazed D. hit D. also

第 II 卷 第二节 短文填空(共 10 小题, 每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) (原创) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 During our daily life, we are often faced __61__ problems that simply turn out __62__ (be) more difficult than __63__ (expect), and this, in turn, causes great negative feelings. However, most difficult __64__ (experience) will become __65__ (value) lessons, __66__ can help us prevent future mistakes. Besides, the tough situations __67__ we can see ourselves differently offer us an opportunity to achieve self-promotion, and they also make __68__ easier for us to get through hard times in the future. As long as we have __69__ strong will, the temporary difficulties __70__ (overcome) and we can live through them with a better preparation for the future. 第三节 单词拼写, 每空一词(共 10 小题,每题 1 分,满分 10 分)(原创) 请根据首字母提示及所给汉语意思,在空格处填入正确的单词,并将答案填写在答 题卡上(请填写完整的单词) 。 71. He was sitting by the window with his head b____ (埋) in a book. 72. The workers on s____ (罢工) for a pay rise were all fired. 73. We received a number of c____ (抱怨) from customers about the lack of parking places. 74. The small village, which is l____ (位于) at the foot of the mountain, has become a holiday resort. 75. An ancient philosopher in China argued that everyone must be treated e____ (平等地). 76. He is one of the most i____ (有影响的) people in the politics. 77. To be great, you must be smart, confident, and above all, h____ (诚实的). 78. His parents didn‘t earn much money so he dropped out of school because of p____ (贫穷). 79. The man n____ (勉强地) escaped death when he crashed his car against the wall. 80. An enormous amount of energy and resources went into the c____ (建设) of those houses.
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第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) (原创) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修 改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Nowadays it‘s common for many high school student to skip (跳过) breakfast, leading to both poor school performance or damage to their health. When asked why they skip the breakfast, some students say he think of breakfast as the least important meal of the day, and think it unnecessary, while others said they have too few time in the morning to have breakfast. And a third group, mostly girls who figures are their biggest concern, say they want lose weight to keep slim. I strongly suggest that every student has breakfast properly every day, since breakfast can provide the necessary energy one needs. In addition, having breakfast can help you concentrate in class and study efficient. 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假设你是学生李华,对于如何安排即将到来的暑假拿不定主意。你既想多花时间在 学习上,又希望能出去旅游。请给你在美国的朋友 Tom 写一封信,征求建议。包括以下 内容。 1. 写信目的 2. 目前的倾向及理由 3. 期待对方回复 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

2016 年高 2018 级高一下期期末考试

英 语 答 案
1—5 BBABC 6—10 BCACA

2016.7

11—15 CBBAC

16—20 AABBA

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21.D

【解析】细节理解题。由第二段中的―We have several packages to accommodate almost any need, or you can let us create a custom travel package.‖可知,Adventure Works 为游客提供了几种可以满足游客需求 的旅游套餐,游客还可以要求 Adventure Works 创造一种风俗旅游套餐,这是最吸引游客的因素。故 D 选项切题。

22.C

【解析】推理判断题。由第二段中―From the leaning tower at Pisa to the Vatican (梵蒂冈) in Rome‖可知, Splendors of Italy 的旅游路线包括比萨,梵蒂冈。其中,梵蒂冈是天主教的中心。所以对宗教感兴趣 的游客,可以选择该旅游套餐。故 C 选项切题。

23.A

【解析】细节理解题。由最后一部分中的―One Main Street, Seattle, WA 75006 Phone (425)555 0125 Fax (425) 555 0145 http://www.adventure-works.com‖可知, 联系方式中包括地址, 电话, 传真号, 网址,故游客可以亲自去打电话,发传真或者到网上浏览,但没有 e-mail 地址,所以无法发 e-mail。 故 A 选项切题。

24.B

【解析】写作意图题。这是一篇旅游广告,其目的当然是鼓励人们报名参加旅游。故 B 选项切题。 【备注】这是一篇介绍说明类文章。文章是一篇旅游广告,介绍了三个旅游套餐的相关信息,其目的 在于鼓励游客报名参加。

25.C

【解析】 细节理解题。 由第一段的―Put a dog, a kid and a book together, and you have a struggling reader‘s best friend。‖和第二段中的―The therapy dogs of R.E.A.D. — Reading Education Assistance Dogs — have been helping children improve their reading skills since 1999‖可知, 狗有助于提高孩子的阅读技能, 所以, 当孩子阅读时,旁边有狗相伴,对孩子来说,狗无疑是最好的朋友。故 C 选项切题。

26.D

【解析】推理判断题。由第五段中 Aelane Vasquez 所说的话―I love reading to Izzy because he listens to me, and he doesn‘t make fun of me when I make a mistake‖可知,Aelane Vasquez 认为在他阅读的时候,
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小狗会倾听他阅读,在他犯错误的时候,小狗也不会嘲笑他。由此例证明了第三段中―The idea is that sharing a book with a nonjudgmental (不带评论的) partner encourages students‘ confidence and helps develop a love of reading‖。像小狗这种只会倾听而不做任何评论的听众可以鼓舞孩子们的自信心,帮 助培养他们对阅读的热爱。故可推知 D 选项切题。

27.B

【解析】推理判断题。由倒数第三段中的―achieving proficiency (熟练) in reading is vital for kids to succeed‖可知,在阅读中,达到熟练程度对孩子们成功来说是至关重要的。由此可知,如果阅读达不 到熟练水平,一个孩子想成功是很困难的。故 B 选项正确。 【备注】这是一篇介绍说明类文章。研究证明,在孩子阅读的时候,有小狗相伴有助于提高孩子的阅 读水平。小狗是忠实的听众,但不会对孩子的阅读发表任何评论,这有助于鼓舞孩子的自信心,提高 他们对阅读的热爱。

28.D

【解析】推理判断题。很多人都习惯检查一下自己新发的帖子得到了别人多少―like‖or ―thumb up‖(即 得到了多少人的关注),作者在文中分析了这种行为背后的原因,并且指出:想得到别人关注这很正 常,但是,过于追求别人的关注将会产生不好的影响。很明显,这样的文章和我们的社会生活息息相 关,和技术、教育、娱乐无关,故 D 选项切题。

29.A

【解析】细节理解题。由倒数第三段中―he explained several cases in which people naturally longed for attention. Radwan said people who were an only child, who were used to being the center of attention in their house...Feeling ?overlooked and unappreciated‘ might also lead you to be eager for attention. Other times, the state of being jealous or wanting to cover your mistakes may also contribute to such longings‖可 知,下列几种情况下的人很自然地期望别人的关注:1. 独生子女;2. 习惯于是家人关注中心的人; 3. 感到受到忽视或者未受到欣赏的人;4. 嫉妒别人或者想掩盖自己所犯错误的人。A 选项不符合上 述情况,故 A 选项切题。

30.B

【解析】推理判断题。由最后一段中的―If people could adopt goals not focused on their own self-esteem (自尊) but on something larger than their self, such as what they can create or contribute to others, they would be less sensitive to some of the negative effects of pursuing self-esteem‖可知,如果人们设定的目标 不是以自己的自尊为中心,而是超越自我,比如以如何为别人做贡献为中心,那么,他们对于追求自 尊带来的消极影响就不那么敏感了。由此可知,设定一些为别人做贡献的目标是有好处的。故 B 选项 切题。
11

31.C

【解析】观点态度题。由第三段中的―In fact, the pleasure we derive from (取自) getting a ?like‘ ..., and we can‘t help wanting more‖可知,人们总是情不自禁的想得到―like‖或者―thumb up‖(即别人的关注)。由倒 数第二段―In fact, too much desire for attention can create anxiety, and in turn ruin your happiness even when you get it‖可知,过于渴望得到别人的关注往往会使人产生焦虑,最终会毁掉你的幸福。由此可 知,沉迷于得到―thumb up‖是不好的,因此,作者对此持批评的态度。故 C 选项切题。 【备注】这是一篇社会生活类文章。很多人都习惯检查一下自己新发的帖子得到了别人多少―like‖or ―thumb up‖(即得到了多少人的关注),作者在文中分析了这种行为背后的原因,并且指出:想得到别 人关注这很正常,但是,过于追求别人的关注将会产生不好的影响。

32.D

【解析】细节理解题。由第二段中的―New research shows that intelligence is not fixed but can be boosted throughout adulthood by family members, bright mates and intellectually stretching (拉伸) careers‖可知, 研 究表明,智商不是固定的,在成年之后,你的家人、聪明的同事、可以拉伸智商的职业都会使你的智 商提高。故 D 选项切题。

33.B

【解析】词义猜测题。由第二段中的―New research shows that intelligence is not fixed but can be boosted throughout adulthood by family members, bright mates and intellectually stretching (拉伸) careers‖可知, 研 究表明,智商不是固定的,在成年之后,你的家人、聪明的同事、可以拉伸智商的职业都会使你的智 商提高。这一结果挑战了传统的观念―intelligence is static by the age of about 18‖,由此可以推知,传统 观念认为,到了 18 岁左右,人的智商就是固定的了。故画线单词意思意为―固定的,不变的‖,B 选 项切题。

34.A

【解析】细节理解题。由第四段中的―James Flynn...argues that people can?upgrade‘their own intelligence throughout their lives. He believes intellectual stimulation (刺激) from others is crucial as the?brain seems to be rather like a muscle — the more you use it, the stronger it gets‘‖可知, James Flynn 认为, 大脑就像肌肉 一样,你用的越多,它就变得越强。来自别人的智商方面的刺激对智商的提高至关重要。故 A 选项切 题。

35.C
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【解析】标题归纳题。文章第二段是文章的中心段。由第二段以及下文的详细介绍可知,研究表明, 智商不是固定的,在成年之后,你的家人、聪明的同事、可以拉伸智商的职业都会使你的智商提高。 故 C 选项作为标题最为合适。 【备注】研究表明,智商不是固定的,在成年之后,你的家人、聪明的同事、可以拉伸智商的职业都 会使你的智商提高。

36.D

【解析】上一句提到,压力不可避免。下一句提到五个消除压力的建议,故该空应提到有办法减轻压 力,故 D 选项切题。

37.C

【解析】该段提到要健康饮食。下一句建议吃碱性食物而非酸性食物,故该空应提到食物,故 C 选项 切题:没有神奇的可以抗压力的食物。

38.G

【解析】该段提到通过早醒一会儿来减轻压力,选项中只有 G 选项睡眠有关:你睡得越多,你的压力 就越小,这一点非常正确。引出下文:但是,每天早醒 15 或 20 分钟更好。

39.F

【解析】由该段中的―one of the best things you can do is let it be one of your motivations‖可知,该段建议 要把压力转化成动力。故 F 选项切题。

40.A

【解析】上一句提到要到户外散步。下一句介绍这么做的好处,故承上启下,A 选项切题:大量研究 表明,花一定时间在户外活动有助于缓解压力。 【备注】文章就如何缓解压力提出了几条建议。

41.C

13

【解析】考查动词短语。由上一句中的―run into(撞上,撞倒)‖可知,在开学的第一天,作者差点撞 到自己的英语老师。故 C 选项切题。knock over 是固定短语,意为―撞倒,撞翻‖。

42.B

【解析】考查动词。dress 给……穿衣服;wear 穿(表示穿着的状态);put on 穿(表示穿的动作); have on 穿(表示穿的状态,不用于进行时态)。由语境可知,老师穿着一件黑白相间的裙子。该处 表示穿着的状态,且用的进行时,故 B 选项切题。

43.D

【解析】考查动词。scold 斥责;shout 大喊;run 跑;apologize 道歉。由语境可知,作者撞到了人, 所以开始道歉。故 D 选项切题。

44.A

【解析】考查介词短语。in fact 事实上,实际上;after all 毕竟;in case 以防,万一;for sure 肯定地。 由上一句可知,老师开始―大喊‖,实际上,老师在向作者问好。故 A 选项切题。

45.C

scary 令人恐惧的; weak 虚弱的; loud 大声的; soft 软的, 【解析】 考查形容词。 温和的。 由上文的―yell(大 喊)‖可知,老师和作者打招呼的声音很大。故 C 选项切题。

46.C

【解析】考查形容词。traditional 传统的;quiet 安静的;creative 有创造性的;rude 粗鲁的,无礼貌的。 结合下文老师让学生们扮演戏剧里的人物,敲鼓创造出雷的声音,说明老师在教课的时候非常有创造 性,故 C 选项切题。

47.C

【解析】考查名词。instrument 乐器,工具;game 游戏;character 人物;trick 把戏,诀窍。由语境可 知,当作者他们阅读莎士比亚的 Macbeth 的时候,老师让他们戴上面具,扮演里面的人物。故 C 选项 切题。

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48.B

【解析】考查副词。quickly 迅速地;heavily 沉重地;hardly 几乎不;gently 温和地。由下文―making a loud noise‖可知,老师重重地敲鼓。故 B 选项切题。

49.D

【解析】考查动词。cry 哭,喊;read 读;speak 说;laugh 笑。由语境可知,老师的举动使学生们哈 哈大笑。故 D 选项切题。

50.B

【解析】考查名词。line 线;circle 圈,圆圈;chair 椅子;corner 拐角。由语境可知,讨论的时候, 老师让学生们围成一个圆圈。故 B 选项切题。

51.D

【解析】考查名词。film 电影;book 书;novel 小说;play 戏剧。结合上一段作者列举的例子 the play Macbeth by Shakespeare 可知,作者他们讨论的是戏剧,故 D 选项切题。

52.C

【解析】考查动词。treat 对待,治疗;devote 把……奉献给……,把……专注于……;improve 提高, 改善;learn 学习,学会。由前面的 independent 可知,老师这么做,让学生们感到独立,从而获得自 我提高。故 C 选项切题。

53.B

【解析】考查连词。despite 尽管;yet 但是,仍然;so 因此;or 或者。作者认为这是自己曾经上过的 最奇怪但却最有趣的课。故 B 选项切题。

54.C

15

【解析】考查连词。whenever 不管什么时候;whatever 不管什么;wherever 不管什么地方;whichever 不管哪一个。由语境可知,不管 Kirsch 走到哪儿,她都会微笑,大笑,讲笑话。故 C 选项切题。

55.A

【解析】考查名词。side 边,面;story 故事;identity 身份,个性;purpose 目的。由语境可知,上文 介绍了老师非常活泼,有创造力的一面。通过 but 可知,作者发现了老师的另一面。故 A 选项切题。

56.A

【解析】考查固定句式。be doing ...when...意为―正在……这时突然……‖,是固定句式。由语境可知, 作者在经过教室的时候,突然看到了老师和她的儿子。故 A 选项切题。

57.B

【解析】考查动词。advise 建议;persuade 说服;force 强迫;talk 交谈。由语境可知,老师正在努力 地说服孩子穿上夹克。故 B 选项切题。

58.D

【解析】考查形容词。excited 兴奋的;disappointed 失望的;delighted 高兴的;amazed 惊奇的。由上 文可知,老师一直非常活泼,所以当作者看到老师如此温柔的时候,感到很惊奇。故 D 选项切题。

59.C

【解析】考查动词。think 想,认为;happen 发生;occur 发生;hit 击打,击中。It occur to sb. that... 是固定句式,意为―某人突然想到……‖。由语境可知,作者从来没有想到过老师会如此的安静。故 C 选项切题。

60.B

【解析】考查副词。both 两者都;just 仅仅,刚刚;less 较少;also 也。由语境可知,作者原以为老 师只是精力充沛、冷静、聪明、充满爱心,却没有想到老师也有温柔的一面。故 B 选项切题。 【备注】这是一篇记叙文。作者在文中介绍了自己的英语老师 Ms. Kirschmann,她开朗,活泼,充满 创造性。但是,一次偶然的发现,让作者看到了老师温柔的一面。
16

61.with

【解析】考查介词。be faced with 意为―面对着‖,是固定搭配,故该空填 with。句意:我们经常面对 着很多问题。

62.to be

【解析】考查非谓语动词。turn out to be 意为―结果是,证明是‖,是 turn out 的固定用法,故该空填 to be。句意:结果证明,这些问题比我们预料的要难。

63.expected

【解析】考查状语从句的省略。than 是连词,该句补充完整为―they are expected‖,主句主语和从句主 语一致,从句谓语部分有 be,可以省略从句中的主语和 be,故该空填 expected。

64.experiences

【解析】考查名词。experience 是名词,意为―经历‖时可数,意为―经验‖时不可数。该句表达的意思 是大多数困难的经历将会变成宝贵的经验。该空中,experience 意为―经历‖,前面有 most 修饰,故该 空要用名词复数形式。

65.valuable

【解析】考查形容词。修饰名词 lessons 用形容词。

66.which

【解析】考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,―____ can help us prevent future failures‖是非限制性定语 从句,修饰 lessons,引导词在从句中作主语,指物,故该从句要用 which 引导。

67.where

【解析】考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,―_____ we can see ourselves differently‖是定语从句,修 饰 situations,该从句中主谓宾齐全,故引导词在从句中作抽象地点状语,该从句要用 where 引导。
17

68.it

【解析】考查 it 的用法。it 是 make 的形式宾语,指代―to get through hard times in the future‖。

69.a

【解析】考查冠词。will 作名词,表示―意志,意志力‖时,可以作可数名词,尤其是有形容词修饰时, 常和不定冠词 a 连用。a strong will 意为―坚强的意志‖。

70.will be overcome

【解析】考查时态和语态。句意:只要我们有坚强的意志,暂时的困难都将会被克服,由此,我们可 以为未来做好准备。as long as 引导条件状语从句,根据―主将从现‖原则,该空要用一般将来时,且主 语 difficulties 和 overcome 之间是被动关系, 故该空要用被动语态。 综上所述, 该空填 will be overcome。 【备注】生活中,我们会遇到很多困难。实际上,这些困难对我们来说确实一件好事。

71.buried 72.strike 73.complaints 74.located 75.equally 76.influential 77.honest 78.poverty 79.narrowly 80.construction

18

81.Nowadays it‘s common for many high school school performance

student to skip (跳过) breakfast, leading to both poor students

or damage to their health. and

When asked why they skip the breakfast, some students say

he think of breakfast as the least important they

meal of the day, and think it unnecessary, while others

said few they have too time in the morning to say little

have breakfast. And a third group, mostly girls want

who figures are their biggest concern, say they whose

^ lose weight to keep slim. to has breakfast properly every day, since breakfast can provide the have

I strongly suggest that every student

necessary energy one needs. In addition, having breakfast can help you concentrate in class and study

efficient . efficiently

【解析】第一处:考查名词。student 是可数名词,前面有 many 修饰,many 修饰可数名词复数,故 要将 student 改为 students。 第二处:考查固定短语。both...and...意为―既……又……,两者都‖,是固定短语,故要将 or 改为 and。 第三处:考查冠词。三餐前一般不加冠词,故 the 多余,应去掉。 第四处:考查代词。指代 some students,且在句子中作主语,故要用 they。 第五处:考查时态。该段主要介绍的是学生们不吃早餐的原因,整段都用的是现在时态,故要将 said 改为 say。 few 修饰可数名词复数, little 修饰不可数名词。 time 是不可数名词, 第六处: 考查 few 和 little 的区别。 故要用 little 来修饰。 第七处:考查定语从句。―whose figures are their biggest concern‖是定语从句,修饰 girls,引导词在从 句中作 figures 的定语,whose figures 意为―girls' figures‖,故要将 who 改为 whose。 第八处:考查非谓语动词。want to do 意为―想要做某事‖,是固定句式,故要在 want 和 lose 之间加上 to。 第九处:考查虚拟语气。句意:我强烈建议每个同学都要吃早饭。 suggest 意为―建议‖,后面的宾语 从句―every student have breakfast properly every day‖谓语部分要用 should do 形式的虚拟语气,其中, should 可以省略。故要将 has 改为 have。
19

第十处:考查副词。修饰动词 study 用副词。

写作(略)

20



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