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2011年高考试题——英语(全国卷)


绝密★启用前

2011 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语
本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。第一卷 1 至 14 页。第二卷 15 至 16 页。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一卷 注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0. 5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号填写 清楚,并贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目。 2. 每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,再选涂其他答案标号,在试题卷上作答无效。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15. B. £9.15. C. £9.18. 答案是 B。 1. What does the man like about the play? A. The story. B. The ending. C. The actor. 2. Which place are the speakers trying to find? A.A hotel. B.A bank. C. A restaurant. 3. At what time will the two speakers meet? A. 5:20. B. 5:10. C.4:40. 4. what will the man do ? A. Change the plan. B. Wait for a phone call. C. Sort things out. 5. What does the woman want to do ? A. See a film with the man. B. Offer the man some help. C. Listen to some great music. 第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 请听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给出的 A、B、C 三个选项种选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。 ,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答 6、7 题。 6. Where is Ben? A. In the kitchen.

B. At school.

C. In the park.
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7. What will the children in the afternoon? A. Help set the table. B. Have a party. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题 8. What are the two speakers talking about? A. A Family holiday. B. A business trip. 9. Where did Rachel go? A. Spain. B. Italy. C. China. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

C. Do their homework.

C. A travel plan.

10. How did the woman get to know about third-hand smoke? A. From young smokers. B. From a newspaper article. C. From some smoking parents. 11. Why does the man say that he should keep away from babies? A. He has just become a father. B. He wears dirty clothes. C. He is a smoker. 12. What does the woman suggest smoking parents should do ? A.Stop smoking altogether. B. Smoke only outside their houses. C. Reduce dangerous matter in cigarettes. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does Michelle Ray come from? A. A middle-sized city. B. A small town. C. A big city. 14. Which place would Michelle Ray take her visitors to for shopping? A. The Zen Garden. B. The Highlands. C. The Red River area. 15. What does Michelle Ray do for complete quiet? A. Go camping. B. Study in a library. C. Read at home. 16.What are the speakers talking about in general? A. Late-night shopping. B. Asian food. C. Louisville. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why do some people say they never have dreams according to Dr Garfield ? A. Thy forget about their dreams. B. Thy don't want to tell the truth. C. They have no bad experiences. 18. Why did Davis stop having dreams? A. He got a serious heart attack. B. He was too sad about his brother's death C. He was frightened by a terrible dream. 19. What is Dr Garfield s opinion about dreaming? A. It is very useful. B. It makes things worse. C. It prevents the mind from working.
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20. Why do some people turn off their dreams completely? A. To recover from illnesses. B. To recover from illnesses. C. To stay away from their problems.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节 单选填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ be or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 答案是 B。 21. —We could invite John and Barbara to the Friday night party. —Yes, ____? I’ll give them a call right now. A. why not B. What for C. why D. what 22. Try ____ she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. A. if B. when C. since D. as 23. Planing so far ahead ____ no sense-so many things will have changed by next year. A. made B. is making C. makes D. has made 24. I wasn’t sure if he was really interested or if he ____ polite. A. was just being B. will just be C. had just been D. would just be 25. —Someone wants you on the phone. —____ nobody knows I am here. A. Although B. And C. But D. So 26. I can ____ the house being untidy, but I hate it if it’s not clean. A. come up with B. put up with C. turn to D. stick to 27. The next thing he saw was smoke ____ from behind the house. A. rose B. rising C. to rise D. risen 28. Only when he reached the tea-house ____ it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 29. When Alice came to, she did not know how long she ____ there. A. had been lying B. has been lying C. was lying D. has lain 30. The form cannot be signed by anyone ____ yourself. A. rather than B. other than C. more than D. better than 31. The prize will go to the writer ____ story shows the most imagination. A. that B. which C. whose D. what 32. They ____ have arrived at lunchtime but their flight was delayed. A. will B. can C. must D. should 33. It is generally accepted that ____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like ____ man. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; 不填 34. William found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to ____. A. disappear B. fall C. fail D. damage 35. —Artistic people can be very difficult sometimes. —Well, you married one. ____. A. You name it B. I’ve got it C. I can’t agree more D. You should know 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处
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的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In our discussion with people on how education can help them succeed in life, a woman remembered the first meeting of an introductory 36 course about 20 years ago. The professor 37 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the students to 38 how many beans the jar contained. After 39 shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced the 40 answer, and went on saying,” You have just 41 an important lesson about science. That is: Never 42 your own senses.” Twenty years later, the 43 could guess what the professor had in mind. He 44 himself, perhaps, as inviting his students to start an exciting 45 into an unknown world Invisible(无形的)to the 46 , which can be discovered only through scientific 47 . But the seventeen-year-old girl could not accept or even 48 the invitation. She was just 49 to understand the world. And she 50 that her firsthand experience could be the 51 .The professor, however, said that it was 52 . he was taking away her only 53 for knowing and was providing her with no substitute. “I remember feeling small and 54 ,” the women says, “and I did the only thing I could do. I 55 the course that afternoon, and I haven’t gone near science since.” 36. A. art B. history C. science D. math 37. A. searched for B. looked at C. got through D. marched into 38. A. count B. guess C. report D. watch 39. A. warning B. giving C. turning away D. listening to 40. A. ready B. possible C. correct D. difficult 41. A. learned B. prepared C. taught D. taken 42. A. lose B. trust C. sharpen D. show 43. A. lecturer B. scientist C. speaker D. woman 44. A. described B. respected C. saw D. served 45. A. voyage B. movement C. change D. rush 46. A. professor B. eye C. knowledge D. light 47. A. model B. senses C. spirit D. methods 48. A. hear B. make C. present D. refuse 49. A. suggesting B. beginning C. pretending D. waiting 50. A. believed B. doubted C. proved D. explained 51. A. growth B. strength C. faith D. truth 52. A. firm B. interesting C. wrong D. acceptable 53. A. task B. tool C. success D. connection 54. A. cruel B. proud C. frightened D. brave 55. A. dropped B. started C. passed D. missed

第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。

A
When milk arrived on the doorstep When I was a boy growing up in New Jersey in the 1960s, we had a milkman delivering milk to our doorstep. His name was Mr. Basille. He wore a white cap and drove a white truck. As a 5-year-old boy, I couldn’t take my eyes off the coin changer fixed to his belt. He noticed this one day during a delivery and
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gave me a quarter out of his coin changer. Of course, he delivered more than milk. There was cheese, eggs and so on. If we needed to change our order, my mother would pen a note - “Please add a bottle of buttermilk next delivery” - and place it in the box along with the empty bottles. And then, the buttermilk would magically appear. All of this was about more than convenience. There existed a close relationship between families and their milkmen. Mr. Basille even had a key to out house, for those times when it was so cold outside that we put the box indoors, so that the milk wouldn’t freeze. And I remember Mr. Basille from time to time taking a break at our kitchen table, having a cup of tea and telling stories about his delivery. There is sadly no home milk delivery today. Big companies allowed the production of cheaper milk, thus making it difficult for milkmen to compete. Besides, milk is for sale everywhere, and it may just not have been practical to have a delivery service. Recently, an old milk box in the countryside I saw brought back my childhood memories. I took it home and planted it on the back porch (门廊). Every so often my son’s friends will ask what it is. So I start telling stories of my boyhood, and of the milkman who brought us friendship along with his milk. 56. Mr Basille gave the boy a quarter out of his coin changer _____. A. to show his magical power. B. to pay for the delivery. C. to satisfy his curiosity. D. to please his mother. 57. What can be inferred from the fact that the milkman had the key to the boy’s house? A. He wanted to have tea there. B. He was a respectable person. C. He was treated as a family member. D. He was fully trusted by the family. 58. Why does home milk delivery no longer exist? A. Nobody wants to be a milkman now. B. It has been driven out of the market. C. Its service is getting poor. D. It is forbidden by law. 59. Why did the author bring back home an old milk box? A. He missed the good old days. B. He wanted to tell interesting stories. C. He needed it for his milk bottles. D. He planted flowers in it.

B
The word advertising refers to any kind of public announcement that brings products and services to the attention of people.Throughout history, advertising has been all effective way to promote (促进) the trading and selling of goods. In the Middle Ages, merchants employed “town criers” to read public messages aloud to promote their goods. When printing was invented in the fifteenth century, pages of advertisements (ads) could be printed easily and were either hung in public places or put in books. By the end of the seventeenth century , when newspapers were beginning to be read by more people, printed materials became all important way to promote products and services.The London Gazette was the first newspaper to set aside a place just for advertising. This was so successful that by the end of the century several companies started businesses for the purpose of making newspaper ads for merchants. Advertising spread quickly throughout the eighteenth century. Ad writers were starting to pay more attention to the design of the ad text.Everything, from clothes to drinks, promoted with clever methods was such as repetition of the firm’s name or product, words organized in eye-catching patterns,the use of pretty pictures and expressions easy to remember. Near the end of the nineteenth century, companies that were devoted to the production of ads came to be known as “advertising agencies (广告商).” The agencies developed new ways to get people to think of themselves as members of a group.Throughout the twentieth century, advertising agencies promoted consumerism (消费主义) as a way of life,spreading the belief that people could be happy only if they bought the “righ” products.
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60. What was advertising like in the Middle Ages? A. Merchants were employed to promote products. B. Ad messages were shouted out in public places. C. Product information was included in books. D. Ad signs were put up in towns. 61. What does the word “This” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. Advertising in newspapers. B. Including pictures in ads. C. Selling goods in markets. D. Working with ad agencies. 62. The l8th century advertising was special in its _____. A. growing spending B. printing materials C. advertising companies D. attractive designs 63 Which of the following might be the best title for the text? A. The Story of Advertising B. The Value of Advertising Designs C. The Role of Newspaper Advertising D. The Development of Printing for Advertising

C
While small may be beautiful, tall is just plain uncomfortable it seems, particularly when it comes to staying in hotels and eating in restaurants. The Tall Persons Club Great Britain (TPCGB), which was formed six months ago to campaign (发起 运动) for the needs of the tall, has turned its attention to hotels and restaurants. Beds that are too small, shower heads that are too low, and restaurant tables with hardly any leg-room all make life difficult for those of above average height, it says. But it is not just the extra-tall whose needs are not being met. The average height of the population has been increasing yet the standard size of beds, doorways, and chairs has remained unchanged. “The bedding industry says a bed should be six inches larger than the person using it, so even a king-size bed at 6′6″ (6 feet and 6 inches) is falling short for 25% of men, while the standard 6′3″ bed caters for (满足需要) less than half of the male (男性) population.” Said TPCGB president Phil Heinricy, “Seven-foot beds would work fine.” Similarly, restaurant tables can cause no end of problems. Small tables, which mean the long-legged have to sit a foot or so away from them, are enough to make tall customers go elsewhere. Some have already taken note, however. At Queens Moat Houses′ Caledonian Hotel in Edinburgh, 6′6″ beds are now put in as standard after requests for longer beds from taller visitors, particularly Americans. 64. What is the purpose of the TPCGB campaign? A. To provide better services. B. To rebuild hotels and restaurants. C. To draw public attention to the needs of the tall. D. To attract more people to become its members. 65. Which of the following might be a bed of proper length according to Phil Heinricy? A. 7′2″. B. 7′ . C. 6′6″ . D. 6′3″. 66. What may happen to restaurants with small tables? A. They may lose some customers. B. They may start businesses elsewhere. C. They have to find easy chairs to match the tables. D. They have to provide enough space for the long-legged. 67. What change has already been made in a hotel in Edinburgh? A. Tall people pay more for larger beds. B. 6′6″ beds have taken the place of 6′3″ beds. C. Special rooms are kept for Americans. D. Guest rooms are standardized.
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D
Cassandra Feeley finds it hard to manage on her husband’s income. So this year she did something more than a hobby (业余爱好): She planted vegetables in her yard. For her fist garden, Ms Feeley has put in 15 tomato plants, and five rows of a variety of vegetables. The family’s old farm house has become a chicken house, its residents arriving next month. Last year, Ms. Rita Gartin kept a small garden. This year she has made it much larger because, she said ,“The cost of everything is going up and I was looking to lose a few pounds, too; so it’s a win-win situation all around.” They are among the growing number of Americans who, driven by higher living costs and a falling economy(经济), have taken up vegetable gardening for the first time. Others have increased the size of their existing gardens. Seed companies and garden shops say that not since the 1970s has there been such an increase in interest in growing food at home. Now many gardens across the country have been sold out for several months. In Austin, Tex., some of the gardens have a three-year waiting list. George C. Ball Jr., owner of a company, said sales of vegetable seeds and plants are up by 40% over last year, double the average growth of the last five years. Mr. Ball argues that some of the reasons have been building for the last few years. The big one is striking rise in the cost of food like bread and milk, together with the increases in the price of fruit and vegetables. Food prices have increase because of higher oil prices. People are now driving less, taking fewer vacations, so there more time to garden. 68. What does the word “residents” in Paragraph 1 probably refer to? A. chickens B. tomatoes C. gardens D. people 69. By saying “a win-win situation all around”,Ms.Gartin means that ______. A. she is happier and her garden bigger B. she may spend less and lose weight C. she is selling more and buying less D. she has grown more varieties of vegetables 70. 65. Why is vegetable gardening becoming increasingly popular? A. More Americans are dong it for fun. B. The price of oil is lower than before. C. There’s a growing need for fruits. D. The cost of living is on the rise. 71. Which of the following might be the best title for the text? A. Family Food Planning B. Banking on Gardening C. A Belt-tightening Move D. Gardening as a Hobby

E
Wanted, Someone for a Kiss We’re looking for producers to join us in the sound of London 100 FM. You’ll work on the station’s music programmes. Music production experience in radio is necessary, along with rich knowledge of modern dance music. Please apply in writing to Producer Vacancies, Kiss 100. Father Christmas We’re looking for a very special person, preferably over 40, to fill our Father Christmas suit. Working days: Every Saturday from November 24 to December 15 and every day from December 17 to December 24 except Sunday, 10:30—16:00 Excellent pay. Please contact (联系) the Enterprise Shopping Centre, Station Parade, Eastbourne. Accountants Assistant When you join the them in our Revenue Administration Unit, you will be providing assistance within all parts of the Revenue Division, dealing with post and other general duties. If you are educated to GCSE grade C level we would like to talk to you. This position is equally suitable for a school leaver or for somebody who has office experience. Wealden District Council
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Software Trainer If you are aged 24-45 and have experience in teaching and training, you could be the person we are looking for. You should be good at the computer and have some experience in programme writing. You will be allowed to make your own decisions, and to design courses as well as present them. Pay upwards of £15,000 for the right person. Please apply by sending your CV (简历) to Mrs R. Oglivie, Palmlace Limited. 72. Who should you get in touch with if you hope to work in a radio station? A. Producer Vacancies, Kiss 100. B. Mrs Oglivie, Palmlace Limited. C. The Enterprise Shopping Centre. D. Wealden District Council. 73. We learn from the ads that the Enterprise Shopping Centre needs a person who ______. A. is aged between 24 and 40 B. may do some training work C. should deal with general duties D. can work for about a month 74. which position is open to recent school graduates? A. Producer, London Kiss. B. Father Christmas. C. Accountants Assistant D. Software Trainer 75.What kind of person would probably apply to Palmlace Limited? A. One with GCSE grade C level. B. One with some office experience. C. One having good computer knowledge D. One trained in producing music programmes.

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绝密★启用前

2011 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英 语

第二卷
注意事项: 1. 答题前,考生先在答题卡上用直径 0. 5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号填写清楚, 然后贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目。 2. 第二卷共 2 页,请用直径 0. 5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域内作答,在试题卷 .... 上作答无效。 ..... 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 lO 分) (注意:在试题卷上作答无效) ............ 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线 上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/^\),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 One of my unforgettable memory of my school in 76_______________ Xinjiang is that of lunches we brought from our homes. 77_______________ I hold my lunch-box in my hartd when I was going to 78_______________ school.The smell from it was very good. Since the lunch 79_______________ bell finally rang,my friends and I met under a tall tree 80_______________ and had our lunches.My best friend Aigulie Was used 81_______________ to share her Nang with me.Nang is a specially kind of 82_______________ cake in Xinjiang.I like them very much.Now Aigulie and 83. ______________ I study at different colleges or we can only see each other 84. ______________ during the summer vacation.I think over her a lot and I miss 85. ______________ the food and the good time we had together. 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分)(注意:在试题卷上作答无效) 假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑期课程,遇到一些困难,希望得到学校辅导 中心(Learning Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书面预约,请按下列要点写一封信: 1.本人简介; 2.求助内容: 3.约定时间; 4.你的联系方式(Email:lihua@1236. com;Phone:12345678)。 注意:1.词数 100 左右: 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯: 3.结束语已为你写好。 ******************************************************************************
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Dear Sir/Madam, _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Look forward to your reply.

Yours, Li Hua

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