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通州区 2015 届高三重点热点专项检测 英语试题
第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. They don’t come to the book club any more, for ________ reason or other. A. some B. all C. either D. both 22. Sometimes being confused can make us ________, but it can also motivate us to adjust our learning strategy, largely depending on our attitude towards it. A. deduce B. withdraw C. correspond D. accelerate 23. Don't worry about your future. As long as you try your best,a great future _______ wait for you on your way. A. would B. can C. must D. should 24. The Chinese sports idol Li Na shocked fans by ________ her racket due to serious injuries in September, on the eve of a tournament in Wuhan, her home city. A. hanging up B. putting up C. breaking up D. holding up 25. The negotiations have reached a delicate stage________ a decision must be made as soon as quickly. A. which B. that C. when D. where 26. The telephone ________ four times in the last twenty minutes, and each time it ________ for my colleague. A. rang; has been B. has been ringing; is C. had rung; was D. has rung; was 27. --Sharon, why is the man so upset now? --His wallet, mobile phone and ID card ________, the police are investigating and will send him to a social assistance station. A. stole B. stolen C. being stolen D. having stolen 28. _______ you lose the paper document,sign in ________ you might download all you need. A. If; which B. So long as; what C. In case; where D. Even if; as 29. Measured_______ our budget last year, $2.7 million seems small. A. beyond B. against C. for D. over 30. “One thing I’m looking for in a college,” Sandra told her teacher, “is ________. I want to meet many different kinds of people. A. insight B. formula C. proportion D. diversity 31. I think the waiter has forgotten us. We _______ here for over half an hour and nobody _______ our order yet. A. waited; took B. are waiting; has taken C. have been waiting; has taken D. have been waiting; has been taking 32.________ disappointed us most was that the guide was always asking us to leave ________ we thought very interesting. A. It; where B. What; what C. What; where D. It; what
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33. I have preference for that firm as full-time employees are ________ to receive health insurance. A. entitled B. differentiated C. exploited D. justified 34. I cleaned my room today and Mum said I do it only _______. A. at all times B. once and for all C. one after another D. once in a blue moon 35. Would you like to have a meeting about the matter this afternoon? ________, we could discuss it at dinner. A. Alternatively B. Precisely C. Reasonably D. Practically 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。 I still remember it was in the winter of 1990 that, together with the help of my old sister, I 36 down my wishes for Christmas onto a piece of paper. How I wished on Christmas Eve my grandest wish would be 37 and placed under the Christmas tree – a puppy. When we were done, our wish-lists were collected by our parents with the promise to be 38 to Santa’s hardworking helpers. The next day, our parents sat us down in the living-room, with 39 expressions on their faces. As it 40 out, they had seen our wishes, now wanting to talk to us about one wish in 41 – the puppy. For a moment, I held my breath, but was 42 when they told us that they weren’t against a puppy. What they 43 against was putting it under the Christmas tree. That was not a good idea. They 44 taught us that an animal was not a gift that belonged to the same 45 as our toys. Animals were creatures with 46 that we should decide to have one, and it would be a(n) 47 to our family. An animal 48 a lot of responsibilities. It wasn’t anything one bought out of a mood. An animal could not be exchanged or put 49 when we didn’t feel like it. An animal wasn’t a toy. An animal was a 50 family member that needed lots of love and attention. An animal was not a 51 , but a family decision. A serious decision. And a big decision. 52 , my parents share my love for animals, so the decision came reasonably 53 . After our grandparents had given their 54 up for taking care of the dog, while we were on future vacations, the answer was yes. Yes, we would get a puppy. The following days and weeks, there was only one 55 : our new family members! Yes, a family member, because animals have their rights. They are not simply food or gifts. We humans must attend, love and protect them. 36.A. left B. got C. set D. pulled 37.A. rejected B. declined C. challenged D. fulfilled 38.A. given away B. passed on C. taken on D. put up 39.A. dangerous B. curious C. serious D. mysterious
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40.A. turned 41.A. peace 42.A. pardoned 43.A. protested 44.A. patiently 45.A. arrangement 46.A. feelings 47.A. convenience 48.A. signed 49.A. forward 50.A. native 51.A. riddle 52.A. Negatively 53.A. difficult 54.A. thumbs 55.A. theme

B. taken B. order B. frightened B. objected B. hurriedly B. routine B. secrets B. facility B. meant B. up B. original B. gift B. Ridiculously B. easy B. fingers B. argument

C. run C. particular C. inspired C. opposed C. anxiously C. schedule C. stains C. extension C. attained C. aside C. responsible C. servant C. Particularly C. contradictory C. noses C. prejudice

D. held D. return D. relieved D. resisted D. roughly D. category D. sufferings D. heritage D. guaranteed D. off D. precious D. victim D. Luckily D. concrete D. eyes D. topic

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A A Bronx native and graduate of DeWitt Clinton High School, Eric Nadelstern worked in New York City public schools for 39 years. I had the opportunity to chat with him about the issues that face the New York City public school system. What are the problems we face in the New York City public school system? We are spending $23 billion of the public’s hard earned money in New York City every year to support the country’s largest school district, and yet 35% of the students are not graduating from high school. The good news is just a few years ago it was half the students, and things had been frozen at that rate for the prior 50 years. Still, 35% are not graduating and they are largely male, African American and Latino. This is significant evidence that despite everything we are doing, we haven’t been able to close the achievement gap in the city. What I think differentiates New York from some other countries in the world that I have visited or am familiar with is that we recognize there is an achievement gap. This contrasts with Israel which runs 5 separate and unequal school systems. Their primary concern, as in many other places, is to produce the few outstanding mathematicians and scientists who can compete with other countries, compared to thinking about educating the entire population to their highest potential. In America, it is not that we aren’t producing enough college graduates. It’s that the students who are most likely to graduate are disproportionately white, Asian, and female in large urban areas versus male, African American, and Latino. You can still walk into a kindergarten
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class in New York City on the first day of school, and simply on the basis of race and how kids are dressed, predict with frightening accuracy which kids are likely to graduate 13 years later. To my mind, that is an intolerable situation and an indication of seated societal issues that we have not begun to address. Why is the public school system to blame for this? I’ll give you one example of how we exacerbate the problem, however unintentionally. For years in New York City we had a seniority transfer plan. The most senior and consequently most expensive teachers could transfer into middle class schools in areas where they were needed least. That created a situation in our poorest neighborhoods of the revolving door of the newest teachers. This went on decade after decade, seemingly with the approval of those in management positions. What should be the goal of the public education system? I am a product of public education. My parents were holocaust refugees who came to this country a few years before I was born. I was the first member of my family to graduate from high school, let alone go to college. I understand how critical a public education is. To my mind, that is the American ideal. 56. The problem with the New York public school system is that _______. A. only 35% of the students graduate from high school B. many African American boy students drop out of school C. more students could graduate from high school 50 years ago D. an increasing number of female white students are from urban areas 57. What does the underlined word “exacerbate” mean in para5? A. worsen. B. solve. C. improve. D. consider. 58. Who is supposed to have been concerned about the issue? A. Students. B. Teachers. C. Headmasters. D. Government officials.

B Government regulators have approved a new generation of GM (genetically modified) corn and soybeans. They’re the latest weapon in an arms race between farmers and weeds, and the government’s green light is causing angry opposition from environmentalists. The actual decision, at first glance, seems narrow and technical. The Environmental Protection Agency has announced it had “registered” a new weed-killer formula that contains two older herbicides: glyphosate (better known as Roundup) and 2, 4-D. Versions of these weedkillers have been around for decades. But farmers in six Midwestern states will be allowed to use the new formula, called Enlist Duo, on their corn and soybeans. And that counts as big news. Farmers will now be able to plant new types of corn and soybeans that have been genetically engineered by the biotech company Dow Agrosciences to tolerate doses of those two
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weedkillers. So farmers can spray either glyphosate or 2, 4-D (or both) to wipe out weeds without harming their corn or soybeans. And that may actually be one of the most significant developments the world of weedkilling in more than a decade. Another similar new weedkilling combination of the chemical dicamba and genetically engineered, dicamba-resistant crops is awaiting government approval. Promoters of these new herbicide-crop combinations say they are a big step forward. Critics are calling them a mindless step into ever-increasing dependence on toxic chemicals. There’s demand for such technologies because the last great weed-fighting weapon is starting to fail. Over the past two decades, farmers have come to rely, to an extraordinary extent, on glyphosate paired with “Roundup Ready” crops. But an increasing number of weeds have now evolved resistance to glyphosate. Farmers have had to resort to weed-killing chemicals that are more costly and often harder to manage. Many of those chemicals can’t be sprayed directly on crops because they’d kill them. Environmentalists and critics of genetically engineered crops condemned the EPA’s decision Wednesday, arguing that it leads farmers “further down the futile path of chemical dependency,” in the words of Andrew Kimbrell from the Center for Food Safety. Mary Ellen Kustin, from the Environmental Working Group, said in a statement that “this continued arms race between chemical companies and superweeds is a threat to sustainable farming and public health. EPA’s decision to up the ante of Roundup by approving Enlist Duo is unconscionable.” 59. Why do farmers decide to use the new formula on their corns and soybeans? A. They can have a larger output than previous years. B. They are tired of using the old versions of the weedkillers. C. They are encouraged by the government to do so. D. They can have the weeds removed without damaging their crops. 60. What does the last but one paragraph mainly talk about? A. Weeds become resistant to weed-killing chemicals. B. The new weed-killing chemicals have completely replaced the old ones. C. The former weed-killing chemicals can’t satisfy the farmers’ needs. D. The new weed-killing chemicals are expensive and hard to control. 61. What is the author’s attitude towards new versions of the weed-killers? A. Objective. B. Negative. 62. What’s the best title for the passage? A. New GM Food Or Sustainable Farming B. The Latest Weapon Between Farmers and Weeds C. New GM Gets a Green Light, With A Hint Of Yellow D. The Advantages And Disadvantages of New GM Food C
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C. Supportive.

D. Indifferent.


Before my dad died, Christmas was a bright, enchanted time in the long, dark winters of Bathurst, New Brunswick. The cold days would sometimes start as early as late September. Finally, the lights of Christmas would start to go up, and the anticipation would build. By Christmas Eve the ordinary evergreen tree that my father dragged in the door ten days earlier took on a magical, sparkling life of its own. With its marvelous brilliance, it single-handedly pushed back the darkness of winter. Late on Christmas Eve, when my older sister, a soloist, sang “Silent Night,” my cheeks flushed with pride. On Christmas morning I was always the first one up. I’d stumble out of bed and walk down the hall toward the glow from the living room. My eyes filled with sleep, I’d softly bounce off the walls a couple of times trying to keep a straight line. I’d round the corner and come face-to-face with the brilliance of Christmas. My unfocused, sleep-filled eyes created a halo around each light, amplifying and warming it. After a moment or two I’d rub my eyes and an endless expanse of ribbons and bows and a free-for-all of bright presents would come into focus. I’ll never forget the feeling of that first glimpse on Christmas morning. After a few minutes alone with the magic, I’d get my younger brother and sister, and we’d wake my parents. On Christmas morning, as usual, I was the first one up. But this year, something was different. Without my dad to make sure the lights on the tree were glowing, I could see the tree. I could see the presents. I could even see a little bit of the outside world through the window. The magic of my childhood Christmas dream was shattered. The years passed. Eventually, I fell in love and married, and our son’s first Christmas was the best one I’d had in twenty years. As he got older, Christmas got even better. By the time his sister arrived, we had a few family traditions of our own. With two kids, Christmas became a great time of year. It was fun getting ready for it, fun watching the children’s excitement and most especially, fun spending Christmas day with my family. On Christmas Eve I continued the tradition started by my dad and left the tree lights on for that one night, so that in the morning, my kids could have that wonderful experience. When my son was nine years old, the same age I was when my father died, I fell asleep Christmas Eve in the recliner watching midnight mass on TV. The choir was singing beautifully, and the last thing I remember was wishing to hear my sister sing “Silent Night” again. Seeing him like that reminded me of myself so many years ago, and I knew. I knew how much my father must have loved me in exactly the same complete way I loved my son. I knew he had felt the same mixture of pride, joy and limitless love for me. Through my tears the tree lights radiated a brilliant, warm glow. Soft, shimmering yellows, greens, reds and blues enveloped my son and me. My father’s death had stolen the lights and life out of Christmas. By loving my own son as much as my father had loved me, I could once more see the lights of Christmas. From that day forward, all the magic and joy of Christmas was mine again. 63. What can we know from the last sentence in paragraph 1?
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A. She missed her father very much. B. The darkness time in winter was shortened. C. Her father’s affection for her would never be forgotten. D. The lights of the Christmas tree gave her much warmth and comfort. 64. On Christmas morning, the writer was always the first one to wake up because _______. A. her parents asked her to do so. B. she couldn’t continue her sleep. C. she wanted to appreciate Christmas trees. D. she was curious to know her Christmas gifts. 65. What shattered the magic of the author ’s childhood Christmas dream? A. The cold winter days. B. Her father ’s death. C. The family tradition. D. The mixture of pride, joy and love. 66. The purpose of this passage is to show that _______. A. parents’ love for children is unselfish B. to love and to be loved is a great thing C. the author couldn’t forget her father’s love D. the author can always have a happy Christmas

第 II 卷 (两部分 共 35 分)
第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空只填 1 个单词。 Water is inarguably Earth’s most precious resource. After all, we can’t live without it, and Earth is the only planet we know of that has it. Our entire planet is covered in water, with little pieces of land called continents peeking through here and there. Not only can water be found in the oceans, but it also present under the ground and in vapor form in the air. Clouds formed by the vapor ensure that water falls back down to Earth as rain, sleet, snow, or hail. So with so much water all around us, why do we hear so much about the need to conserve water? It has to do with the water’s salinity, or saltiness. Ocean water has too much salt in it for us to drink. Much of the water that falls back to Earth in one form or another becomes runoff, traveling some distance over land before making its way back to one of Earth’s oceans. As it travels over land, the water picks up salts and minerals from the rocks and soil and washes them into the ocean. The deposits have built up over many years, making ocean water very salty. Approximately 97% of Earth’s water is salt water. The process desalination, removing salt from water, can be expensive. That leaves only about three percent to meet the needs of people, plants and animals so we can all survive. Now it’s beginning to make sense that there is concern for protecting this rare and critical resource. Unfortunately, only about one third of our fresh water is even available for us to use because the rest is frozen solid in glaciers, in the snow on high mountaintops, and in the polar ice caps. So the end result is that we have only about one percent of all the water on Earth that we can use.
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The fresh water that we use comes from surface water and groundwater. Surface water, just like it sounds, is water we can see in ponds, rivers, lakes and streams. Groundwater is water that seeps down into the ground and collects in the spaces between rocks and soil underground. You can find water just about anywhere on Earth if you dig far enough down into the ground. It is important to protect our water supplies from pollution. Once water becomes polluted, it can be difficult or even impossible to clean. Chemicals, like cleaning supplies, paints, and other toxins can seep into the ground and make the water unusable. People have an obligation to dispose of waste products appropriately so that we will have plenty of fresh water to go around. Title (72) _______ The importance of (71) _______ water
◆ Water plays an important role in our lives. ◆Water (73) _______ in the oceans, under the ground and in the air.

Water’s saltiness (76) _______ fresh water Water pollution The (80) _______ of fresh water

Fresh water (74) _______ to one of Earth’s oceans after some distant travelling. Ocean water becomes salty for the deposits have (75) _______ gradually over many years. People, plants and animals have (77) _______ to only one percent of all the water on Earth. People have great (78) _______ cleaning water once it becomes polluted. People should be (79) _______ for dealing with waste in a proper way.


◆Surface water can be found in ponds , rivers, lakes and streams. ◆Ground water is collected in the spaces between rocks and soil.

第二节读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 I am currently on my year abroad in Germany as part of my high school course. From the beginning of my time here, I’ve had the chance to meet new people and make lots of new friends. As a girl, I have been open and friendly and have made some great friends in this country. Friends are so important to me that I can’t imagine a life without them. Next week my best friend is moving to Spain with his parents. He doesn't want to leave but has to. All his friends, especially me, don’t want him to leave and I feel so bad inside. I just can’t stop myself from feeling this way. We have to say goodbye no matter how we feel, and my group of friends and I will have a
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farewell party for him. We’ve made him an album with photos and memories of his time here so that he could take it with him and wouldn’t forget us! We wish that he would have a wonderful time and make lots of new friends after settling into his new home. 1、 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容; 2、 以约 120 词讲述一次“你与好朋友离别”的经历,内容包括: ⑴你与好友为何离别? (2) 离别时的情景; (3)你如何看待朋友间的离别? 1、 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直 2、 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

2015 届通州区高三重点热点专项检测 参考答案 听力: 1-5 ACBBC 6-10 ABCBA 11-15 AAABC 16-20 BCCCA 单项选择: 21-25 ABDAC 26-30 DBCBD 31-35 CBADA 完形填空: 36-40 CDBCA 41-45 CDAAD 46-50 ACBCD 56-60BDBAD 阅读理解: B AD DCA C DDBB 任务型阅读: 71.conserving 72.Introduction 73.exists 74. returns 75..acculumated 76. Limited 77. access 78. difficulty/trouble 79.responsible 80. source 【答案】 The writer enjoys friendship in Germany but has to say goodbye to her best friend since he’s moving to Spain, which makes her sad. However, she can only give him best wishes. This reminds me of a similar experience of leaving my best friend Jane when we finished our study at a junior school in another province. I would move to this city with my parents and continue my study in high school here. Unwillingly, I had to say goodbye to her, who I wouldn’t see for a long time.
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- 10 -

After the graduation ceremony, we hugged each other, exchanged small gifts, and finally said goodbye. But we decided that we would go to the same university after leaving high school. Life is full of meetings and partings and there are moments when good friends have to part, so we should take it easy while parting friends. After all, there are many ways for us to keep in contact and we have chances to meet again in the future. 【思路点拨】 本文是应用文,要求学生就和朋友离别谈的看法,故应用一般过去时和第 一人称。 文章的时态使用得当,概括文章所要求的全部要点,足见作者语言功底。文中使用 了 which 引导的非限制性定语从句;when 引导的时间状语从句;分词短语 while parting 作 状语;还有不定式的复合结构作定语,还有 however,after all,but 等连词和插入语的应用 让文章一气呵成。 该文章能够有效地使用语句之间的连接成分, 所写内容连贯, 结构紧凑, 完全达到了预期的写作目的,具有很好的语言运用能力,语法和句子结构准确性高,堪称 佳作。


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