2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷)
本试卷共 16 页， 共 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上，在试卷 上作答无效。考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分：听力理解（共三节：30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项。听完每段对话后，你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题，每段对话你 将听一遍。 例：What is the man going to read？ A．A newspaper B．A magazine C．A book 答案是 A 1. What kind of music does the woman like？ A．Classical music B. Rock music C. Country music
2. Which sweater will the man take? A．The red one B。The blue one C. The yellow one
3.How will the man pay？ A．In cash B. By credit card C. By traveler’s cheque
4. Where are the woman’s keys? A. In her pocket B. On the floor C. On the table
5. What will the man probably do tonight? A. Read Chapter 4 B. Study in the library C. Watch the football match
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题，从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项
中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后，每小题 将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6.What is the relationship between the two speakers？ A．Travel agent and customer B．Husband and wife C．Boss and secretary 7.When will the meetings end？ A．At 3:00pm. B. At 5:00pm. C. At 6:30pm.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8.Where is the foreign language section？ A．In Row 3. B. In Row 5. C. In Row 7
9. What does the man decide to borrow? A. Novels. B. Biographies. C. Magazines
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why does the man make the call? A. To ask for information B. To make an appointment C. To send out an invitation 11. What sport is the man interested in? A. Football B. Basketball C. Swimming 12. On what days is the sports center closed? A. Mondays B. Fridays C. Sundays
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 15 题。 13. What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. Rules of the school B. Course requirements C. Notices of the new term.
14. Which club will meet on Wednesdays? A. Baseball B. Dance C. Chess 15. When will the parents’ evening for Year 8 be held? A. In September B. In October C. In November 第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 听下面一段对话，完成第 16 至第 20 五道小题，每小题仅填写一个 词。听对话前，你将有 ．． 20 秒钟的时间阅读试题，听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。
Cell Phone Repair Form Customer’s Name Telephone No. Time of Purchase Problem Solution（解决方案） Thomas 16 17 18 1st,2015 Screen went19 20 it up and check the inside
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） （略） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 从每题所给的 ABCD 四个选项中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 21. ___________ the early flight, we ordered a taxi in advance and got up every early. A. Catching B. Caught C. To catch D. Catch 22.— Did you enjoy the party? —Yes, we __________well by our hosts. A. were treated B. would be treated C. treated D. had treated 23. The park was full of people, _____________ themselves in the sunshine. A. having enjoyed B. enjoyed
C. enjoying D. to enjoy 24. Opposite is St. Paul’s Church, __________ you can hear some lovely music. A. which B. that C. when D. where 25. He is a shy man, ___________ he is not afraid of anything or anyone. A. so B. but C. or D. as 26. In the last few years, China __________ great achievements in environmental protection. A. has mad B. had made C. was making D. is making 27.— Did you have any difficulty finding Ann’s house? —Not really. She _______________ us clear directions and we were able to find it easily. A. was to give B. had given C. was giving D. would give 28. You won’t find paper cutting difficult ____________ you keep practicing it. A. even though B. as long as C. as if D. ever since 29. — Can’t you stay a little longer? —It’s getting late. I really _____________ go now. My daughter is home alone. A. may B. can C. must D. dare 30.—Dr. Jackson is not in his office at the moment. —All right. I _____________ him later. A. will call B. have called C. call D. will be calling 31. If _______________ for the job, you’ll be informed soon. A. to accept B. accept C. accepting D. accepted 32. ___________ the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover. A.Until B. Unless C. Once D. Although 33. I truly believe ____________ beauty comes from within. A. that B. where C. what D. why 34. If I ____________ it with my own eyes, I wouldn’t have believed it. A. didn’t see B. weren’t seeing C. wouldn’t see D. hadn’t seen 35. _____________ we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel. A.Where B. How C. Why D. When 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项 A、B、 C 和 D 中, 选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A Welcome Gift
Dario and his mother loved their new apartment. The living room was large enough for their piano. That night, the two of them ___36___ side by side at the piano. They played jazz music to celebrate their new home. The loud ___37___ filled the room and made them feel very happy. The next morning, ___38___, their happiness disappeared. Someone had left a ___39___ under their door during the night. One of their neighbors had written to complain (抱怨) about the sound of the piano. Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent (管理员) if he knew anything about it. But he said that they were all ___40___ people and he couldn’t imagine any of them had done that. Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their ___41___ and apologize for their playing. ―Maybe we could go and ___42___ everyone in person,‖ his mother said. ―What if we invited them to come here for a ___43___ instead?‖ Dario asked. They both loved the ___44___. Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared desserts ___45___ their guests. They decorated the apartment with streams (彩带) and pretty lights. Finally, the day of the party ___46___. Some guests brought presents. Others brought flowers. Some even brought desserts to ___47___. One woman, Mrs. Gilbert, ___48___ Dario’s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin. ―I heard you playing the other night,‖ she said, ―The sounds woke me out of bed. I ___49___ that you might play like this every night. So I wrote a short note. I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.‖ Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs. Gilbert. ―I think maybe we ___50___ you an apology,‖ she said. ―I didn’t ___51___ how late it was when we were playing. Maybe we should play some quieter music at night.‖ ―You play, you play!‖ Mrs. Gilbert said. ―I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.‖ She pointed to the book she had given them. ―These songs are not such ___52___ music.‖ ―These songs are beautiful music,‖ Dario’s mother said. ―We will be ___53___ to play them in the evening.‖ ―And we won’t play so loud or late!‖ Dario said. He was already looking forward to __54___the new music. More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face. It gave him a feeling of ___55___ and made him feel that they were home at last. 36. A. sat B. stood C. lay D. walked 37.A. voice B. ring C. music D. cry 38.A. therefore B. however C. otherwise D. instead 39.A. note B. poster C. bill D. report 40.A. proud B. rich C. lucky D. nice 41.A. neighbors B. friends C. relatives D. audiences 42.A. blame B. instruct C. question D. visit 43.A. party B. concert C. show D. play 44.A. experience B. idea C. performance D. action 45.A. to B. with C. for D. from 46.A. continued B. arrived C. passed D. finished 47.A. order B. sell C. share D. advertise 48.A. treated B. presented C. helped D. served 49.A. promised B. admitted C. agreed D. worried
50.A. give 51.A. realize 52.A. sweet 53.A. brave 54.A. changing 55.A. equality
B. send B. remember B. strange B. sorry B. practicing B. freedom
C. offer C. understand C. funny C. happy C. recording C. warmth
D. owe D. accept D. loud D. afraid D. writing D. sympathy
第三部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑 A The Boy Made It! On Sunday, Nicholas, a teenager, went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine. In the early afternoon, when he was planning to go home, a fierce snowstorm swept into the area. Unable to see far, he accidentally turned off the path. Before he knew it, Nicholas was lost, all alone! He didn’t have food, water, a phone, or other supplies. He was getting colder by the minute. Nicholas had no idea where he was. He tried not to panic. He thought about all of the survival shows he had watched on TV. It was time to put the tips he had learned to use. He decided to stop skiing. There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put. The first thing he did was to find shelter from the freezing wind and snow. If he didn’t, his body temperature would get very low, which could quickly kill him. Using his skis, Nicholas built a snow cave. He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle. Then he piled branches on top of himself, like a blanket, to stay as warm as he could. By that evening, Nicholas was really hungry. He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn’t lose too much water. Not knowing how much longer he could last, Nicholas did the only thing he could — he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept. The next day, Nicholas went out to look for help, but he couldn’t find anyone. He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave, because without shelter, he could die that night. On Tuesday, Nicholas went out again to find help. He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him. After two days stuck in the snow, Nicholas was saved. Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV. He had often watched Grylls’ survival show Man vs. Wild. That’s where he learned the tips that saved his life. In each episode (一期节目) of Man vs. Wild, Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out. When Grylls heard about Nicholas’ amazing deeds, he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive. 56. What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon? A. He got lost. B. He broke his skis. C. He hurt his eyes D. He caught a cold. 57. How did Nicholas keep himself warm? A. He found a shelter. B. He lighted some branches. C. He kept on skiing. D. He built a snow cave.
58. On Tuesday, Nicholas ______. A. returned to his shelter safely B. was saved by a searcher C. got stuck in the snow D. stayed where he was 59. Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he ______. A. did the right things in the dangerous situation B. watched Grylls’ TV program regularly C. created some tips for survival D. was very hard-working B Revolutionary TV Ears TV Ears has helped thousands of people with various degrees of hearing loss hear the television clearly without turning up the volume (音量)and now it’s better and more affordable than ever! With TV Ears wireless technology, you set your own headset volume, while other TV listeners hear the television at a volume level that’s comfortable for them. You can even listen through the headset only and put the TV on mute (静音) if the situation calls for a quiet environment—maybe the baby is sleeping. Or perhaps you are the only one who is interested in listening to the ballgame. TV Ears patented technology includes a revolutionary noise reduction ear tip, not used in any other commercially available headset. This tip reduces outside noise so that television dialogue is clear and understandable. Get the technology that has proven to help the most demanding customers. That’s why TV Ears has earned the trust and confidence of audiologists (听觉学家)nationwide as well as world-famous doctors. Doctor Recommended TV Ears! ―My wife and I have used TV Ears almost daily for the past two years and find them a great help in our enjoyment of television. As a retired ear doctor. I heartily recommend TV Ears to people with normal hearing as well as those with hearing loss.‖ —Robert Forbes, M.D.CA Customer Recommended TV Ears! ―Now my husband can have the volume as loud as he needs and I can have the TV at my hearing level. TV Ears is so comfortable that Jack forgets he has them on! He can once again hear and understand the dialogue.‖ —Darlene & Jack B. CA
Risk Free Trial! TV Ears comes with a 30-daysrisk free trail. Special Offer—Now $59.95 If you’re not satisfied, return it. Money-back guarantee! Call now! 800-123-7832 60.TV Ears helps you______. A. improve your sleeping quality B. listen to TV without disturbing others
C. change TV channels without difficulty D. become interested in ballgame programs 61.What makes TV Ears different from other headsets? A. It can easily set TV on mute B. Its headset volume is adjustable C. It has a new noise reduction ear tip D. It applies special wireless technology 62.This advertisement is made more believable by______. A. using recommendations B. offering reasons for this invention C. providing statistics D. showing the results of experiments C Life in the Clear Transparent animals let light pass through their bodies the same way light passes through a window. These animals typically live between the surface of the ocean and a depth of about 3,300 feet-as far as most light can reach. Most of them are extremely delicate and can be damaged by a simple touch. Sonke Johnsen, a scientist in biology, says, ―These animals live through their life alone. They never touch anything unless they’re eating it, or unless something is eating them. ‖ And they are as clear as glass. How does an animal become see through? It’s trickier than you might think. The objects around you are visible because they interact with light. Light typically travels in a straight line. But some materials slow and scatter(散射) light, bouncing it away from its original path. Others absorb light, stopping it dead in its tracks. Both scattering and absorption make an object look different from other objects around it, so you can see it easily. But a transparent object doesn’t absorb or scatter light, at least not very much. Light can pass through it without bending or stopping. That means a transparent object doesn’t look very different from the surrounding air or water. You don’t see it -you see the things behind it. To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light. Living materials can stop light because they contain pigments(色素) that absorb specific colors of light. But a transparent animal doesn’t have pigments, so its tissues won’t absorb light. According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy. The real challenge is preventing light from scattering. Animals are built of many different materials -skin, fat, and more -and light moves through each at a different speed. Every time light moves into a material with a new speed, it bends and scatters. Transparent animals use different tricks to fight scattering. Some animals are simply very small or extremely flat. Without much tissue to scatter light, it is easier to be see-through. Others build a large, clear mass of non-living jelly–like(果冻状的) material and spread themselves over it. Larger transparent animals have the biggest challenge, because they have to make all the different tissues in their bodies slow down light exactly as much as water does. They need to look uniform. But how they’re doing it is still unknown. One thing is clear: for these larger animals, staying transparent is an active process. When they die, they turn a non-transparent milky white.
63. According to Paragraph 1, transparent animals ______. A. stay in groups B. can be easily damaged C. appear only in deep ocean D. are beautiful creatures 64. The underlined word ―dead‖ in Paragraph 3 means ______. A. silently B. gradually C. regularly D. completely 65. One way for animal to become transparent is to ______. A. change the direction of light travel B. gather materials to scatter light C. avoid the absorption of light D. grow bigger to stop light 66. The last paragraph tells us that larger transparent animals ______. A. move more slowly in deep water B. stay see-through even after death C. produce more tissues for their survival D. take effective action to reduce light spreading D Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life, mostly for the better. However, social changes that are brought about by new technology are often mistaken for a change in attitudes. An example at hand is the involvement of parents in the lives of their children who are attending college. Surveys(调查) on this topic suggests that parents today continue to be ―very‖ or ―somewhat‖ overly-protective even after their children move into college dormitories. The same surveys also indicate that the rate of parental involvement is greater today than it was a generation ago. This is usually interpreted as a sign that today’s parents are trying to manage their children’s lives past the point where this behavior is appropriate. However, greater parental involvement does not necessarily indicate that parents are failing to let go of their ―adult‖ children. In the context(背景)of this discussion, it seems valuable to first find out the cause of change in the case of parents’ involvement with their grown children. If parents of earlier generations had wanted to be in touch with their college-age children frequently, would this have been possible? Probably not. On the other hand, does the possibility of frequent communication today mean that the urge to do so wasn’t present a generation ago? Many studies show that older parents—today’s grandparents—would have called their children more often if the means and cost of doing so had not been a barrier. Furthermore, studies show that finances are the most frequent subject of communication between parents and their college children. The fact that college students are financially dependent on their parents is nothing new; nor are requests for more money to be sent from home. This phenomenon is neither good nor bad; it is a fact of college life, today and in the past. Thanks to the advanced technology, we live in an age of bettered communication. This has many implications well beyond the role that parents seem to play in the lives of their children who have left for college. But it is useful to bear in mind that all such changes come from the technology and not some imagined desire by parents to keep their children under their wings.
67. The surveys inform us of______. A. the development of technology B. the changes of adult children’s behavior C. the parents’ over-protection of their college children D. the means and expenses of students’ communication 68. The writer believes that ______. A. parents today are more protective than those in the past B. the disadvantages of new technology outweigh its advantages C. technology explains greater parental involvement with their children D. parents’ changed attitudes lead to college children’s delayed independence 69. What is the best title for the passage? A. Technology or Attitude B. Dependence or Independence C. Family Influence or Social Changes D. College Management or Communication Advancement 70. Which of the following shows the development of ideas in this passage?
第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 This Way to Dreamland Daydreaming means people think about something pleasant, especially when this makes them forget what they should be doing. Daydreamers have a bad reputation for being unaware of what’s happening around them. They can seem forgetful and clumsy. 71 They annoy us because they seem to be ignoring us and missing the important things. But daydreamers are also responsible for some of the greatest ideas and achievements in human history. 72 Can you imagine what kind of world we would have without such ideas and inventions?
So how can we come up with brilliant daydreams and avoid falling over tree roots or otherwise looking like a fool? First, understand that some opportunities (机会) for daydreaming are better than others. Feeling safe and relaxed will help you to slip into daydreams. 73 And if you want to improve your chances of having a creative idea while you’re daydreaming, try to do it while you are involved in another task-preferably something simple, like taking a shower or walking, or even making meaningless drawings. It’s also important to know how to avoid daydreams for those times when you really need to concentrate. ―Mindfulness‖, being focused, is a tool that some people use to avoid falling asleep. 74 Finally, you never know what wonderful idea might strike while your mind has move slowly away. 75 Always remember that your best ideas might come when your head is actually in the clouds. A. Having interesting things to think about also helps. B. They stare off into space and wander by themselves. C. Without wandering minds, we wouldn’t have relativity，Coke or Post-it notes. D. At one time, daydreaming was thought to be a cause of some mental illnesses. E. It involves slow, steady breathing for self-control that helps people stay calm and attentive. F. Daydreams are often very simple and direct, quite unlike sleep dreams, which may be hard to understand. G. Therefore, it’s a good idea to keep a notebook or voice recorder nearby when you’re in the daydream zone.
第四部分 写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节（15分） 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华，请给你的美国朋友Jim写一封邮件，告诉他你打算参加龙 舟训练营，希望他一起参加。邮件的内容包括： 1、介绍训练营的相关内容（例如：时间、地点、参加者等）； 2、说明你打算参加的原因； 3、询问对方的意向。 注意：1、词数不少于50； 2、开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 提示词：龙舟训练营Dragon Boat Training Camp Dear Jim, _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua （请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内）
第二节（20 分） 假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，介绍在―传统文化进 校园‖活动中，向面人艺术家学习捏面人的过程，并以―A Day with a Craftsman‖为题，给校 刊―英语角‖写一篇英文稿件。 注意：词数不少于60。 提示词：一个面团a piece of dough 面人dough figurine
2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷)
第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1.B 2.A 3.A 4.B 5.C
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 6. C 11. B 7.A 12.A 8.C 13.C 9.B 14.C 10.A 15.B
第三节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 每小题 1.5 分。如出现拼写错误不计分；出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分；如每小题超 过一个词不计分。 16. Tarshis / TARSHIS 19.black 17. 627935 20. Open/open 18.May
第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 21-25 CACDB 26-30 ABBCA 31-35 DCADB
第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 36-40 ACBDA 41-45 ADABC 46-50 BCBDD 51-55 ADCBC
第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节，满分 40 分) 56-60 ADBAB 61-65 CABDC 66-70 DCCAB 71-75 BCAEG
第四部分 写作 (共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节（15分） Dear Jim, How is everything going? I’m writing to tell you an exciting activity to be held soon. It is about the Dragon Boat Training Camp. I wonder if you’d like to go with me. Teenagers like you and me can take part in it. There we can learn to row dragon boats and experience Chinese traditional culture. If you are interested in joining it, please don’t hesitate to contact me, and I will offer you more information about it. Looking forward to your early reply.
Yours, Li Hua
第二节（20 分） A Day with a Craftsman Last Friday, our class invited an old craftsman to teach us how to make dough figurines, which was aimed at advocating and promoting the Chinese culture. When the craftsman came into our class, we gave him a warm welcome with wild applause. Two boys carried his tool box following him. Then he began to show us how to make figurines by pinching dough. All of us watched attentively with the purpose of memorizing all the procedures. Later on, we attempted to do it ourselves with his patient instructions. We created small animals like pigs, dogs and birds with dough, all of which looked vivid and living. Time flew and two hours had passed before we realized it. At last, with our dough figurines in our hands, we took photos with the craftsman. We were excited because not only did we learn our own culture by making dough figurines also we deepened our understanding of the traditional heritage.