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语法填空第五讲


语法填空

语法填空?练习(5)
用适当的连接词填空 1. (2017· 成都一模)“Moreover, most Chinese families only have one child, so many of us return to China willingly because we want to stay close to our family and friends, ”said a student surnamed Su, _______gave up his job in the UK and returned to take care of his mother in China. 2. (2017· 郑州一模)But he became known for the development of new crops for southern farmers, _______main cash crop was cotton. 3. Go away_______I’ll tell the police. 4. (2017· 长春二模)Sometimes I’m OK waiting but not this day, so I went to the nearby convenience store and came back to the station_______a junior high school girl was still standing, waiting for the bus too. 5. The novel is remarkable not only for its huge cast of characters and psychological scope, _______also for its precise and detailed observation of the life and social structures of 18th-century Chinese society. 6. Da Shuhua dates back to 300 years ago, _______local blacksmiths came up with a unique alternative to fireworks. 7. (2017· 兰州二模)Then we are really old, when we cannot move any longer, we can be proud of our achievements that we have ever experienced in happiness_______we can say we have no regret in our lives. 8. If the guests are seated at the table, the hosts may serve the food, or it may be passed so_______each person may help himself.
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9. (2017· 上饶一模)You’ve searched all over the house but you still can’t find your keys and you’re late. _______this sounds familiar, follow this advice to make sure it never happens again. 10. (2017· 昆明一模)Many people believe that they are supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, or about two liters. Why? Because that is_______they have been told all their lives. 答案:1. who 2. whose 3. or 4. where 5. but 6. when 7. and 8. that 9. If 10. what

Ⅰ. 用适当的连接词填空 As a student in Delta Middle School, I do not want school uniforms. In this paper, I will present the argument against wearing school uniforms. It will include personal opinions 1. _______others’ views. A sixth grade student, 2. _______asked about school uniforms, said, “They are uncomfortable. It’s 3. _______they make me feel like in my church clothes all the time. ”Dr. Hilfer said, “Clothes are a source of expression for children, and 4. ____ kids get older, probably they will become hateful of uniforms. By instituting a uniform policy, schools are taking away kids’ individuality. Schools need to decide 5. _______that sacrifice is worthy of being made. Personally speaking, most of the articles 6. _______I have read about 7. _______wearing school uniforms changes kids’ behavior and increases their test scores, are not convincing. Most of the time, other rules are put into place along with the rule of wearing school uniforms, 8. _______may lead to desired behavior.
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Middle school is a wonderful time for children to learn to be mature, physically, mentally, academically, and emotionally. Schools need to create an environment 9. _______encourages students’ individuality, motivates them to challenge themselves 10. _______inspires self confidence. 答案: 1. and 2. when 3. because 4. as 5. if/whether 6. that/which 7. whether 8. which 9. which/that 10. and Ⅱ. 综合填空 (2017· 济宁二模) Anvitha Vijay, who is only nine years old, has built two educational apps. One is Smartkins Animals, which helps many 1. _________(child)identify more than 100 animals and 2. _________other Rainbow Colors, which teaches kids colors. With the help of YouTube videos, the young girl from Melbourne, Australia, learned to code(编程)at age 7 all by 3. _________(she). Soon, she was trying her hand at making apps. “When I first got my iPad, I 4. _________(attract)immediately by all the apps on it, ”she told TFK. “It wasn’t long 5. _________I wanted to create my own. ”Anvitha’s skills won her a scholarship to attend a big tech conference hosted by Apple in San Francisco, California. There, she got tips from the professionals and went to workshops 6. _________she learned about the latest software for app building. All that training led to an idea for a third app. This one, 7. _________(call)GoalsHi, inspires kids to practice good habits. Anvitha’s goal is to continue creating technology that helps kids learn while 8. _________(have)fun. But what’s even more 9. _________(importance)to her is that the world sees the power of technology in kids’hands. “The more training we get
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in tech at an early age, ”she says, “the 10. _________(good)chance we will have of becoming innovation champions who will one day change the world. ” 1. 【解析】children。考查名词的单复数。根据句中的 many 可知此处应用复数 形式。 2. 【解析】the。考查冠词。one. . . the other 一个……另一个……。 3. 【解析】herself。考查反身代词。by oneself 独自地。 4. 【解析】was attracted。考查动词的时态和语态。attract 为及物动词, I 与 attract 之间为被动关系, 故用被动语态。此处叙述的是过去的动作, 故用一般过去时的 被动语态。 5. 【解析】before。考查状语从句。it wasn’t long before. . . 为固定句式, 意为“没 过多久就……”。 6. 【解析】where。考查定语从句。先行词为 workshops, 定语从句中关系词作 地点状语, 故应用关系副词 where。 7. 【解析】called。考查非谓语动词。This one 与 call 之间为被动关系, 故用过 去分词短语作定语。 8. 【解析】having。考查非谓语动词。此处为状语从句的省略。逻辑主语 kids 与 have 之间为主动关系, 故用现在分词形式。 9. 【解析】important。考查词性转换。此处作表语, 因此用形容词形式。 10. 【解析】better。考查比较等级。此处为固定句式 the+比较级. . . , the+比较 级. . . ”, 表示“越……越……”。

(2017· 衡水中学二模) Due to China’s vast and varied landscape, the people historically developed
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different housing styles for each particular region and climate. Usually traditional Chinese houses 1. _________(design)around the common values of shared communal and family space. Dating back to ancient times, courtyard houses, also known as Beijing Siheyuan buildings, are enclosed and inward-facing structures 2. _________a courtyard in the center surrounded by four one-story housing structures. The main 3. _________ (enter)is on the south end. The south side contains rooms 4. _________

(tradition)serving as the kitchen and servants’ quarters. The main house is on the north end, 5. _________the east and west sides are for married children and their families. One of the most interesting 6. _________(style)of Chinese houses is the so-called“cave-dwelling”. Despite the name, these are man-made structures 7. _________(dig)out of the sides cliffs or the ground. They are found along

northern China, 8. _________has dry, loess soil, and using earth helps provide comfortable temperatures. Another famous style is the earthen houses( 土楼)of the Fujian Province in southeast China. A group of Han Chinese known as Hakka built these clay houses more than a thousand years ago after they 9. _________(move)south to escape wars. These structures are three or four floors high, and are in enclosed round or rectangular designs, 10. _________(help)protect from invaders. 1. 【解析】are designed。考查动词的时态与语态。houses 与 design 之间为被动 关系, 故用被动语态。根据 usually 可知应用一般现在时的被动语态。
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2. 【解析】with。考查介词。此处表示“具有”, 应用 with。 3. 【解析】entrance。考查词性转换。此处作主语, 故应用名词形式。 4. 【解析】traditionally。考查词性转换。修饰动词应用副词形式。 5. 【解析】while/and。考查连词。两个分句之间为并列关系 , 也可以理解为前 后对比, 故用 and/while。 6. 【解析】styles。考查可数名词复数。one of 后应用可数名词复数形式。 7. 【解析】dug。考查非谓语动词。structures 与 dig 之间为被动关系, 故用过去 分词形式。 8. 【解析】which。 考查定语从句。非限制性定语从句中缺少主语, 且指代物, 故 用 which。 9. 【解析】moved。考查动词的时态。根据主句谓语动词 built 可知此处用一般 过去时。 10. 【解析】helping。考查非谓语动词。structures 与 help 之间为主动关系, 故用 现在分词短语作状语。 (2017· 宁德三模) When you think of Bali, what comes into your mind at 1. _________(one)? Clear blue waters that match perfectly with white sandy beaches 2. _________ (expand)endlessly along coastlines? If you mention the name Indonesia anywhere in the world, you will probably be 3. _________(excite)told about the amazing waves and off-the-beaten-track roads that should 4. _________(explore)in this natural wonder. Bali is a perfect 5. _________(choose)for anyone hoping to learn to surf. As a young, female, South African surfer, 6. _________ocean has always been a huge part of my life. Last year, I got to know a new friend at my local spot where I
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was working as a surf coach, 7. _________led me to start an exciting new adventure by flying to Bali in order to see him. Four months has gone8. _________, but I’m still in Bali, surfing some crazy spots, pushing my limits both mentally and physically, while improving my surfing skills. Indonesia may cater to more advanced surfers with 9. _________(it)sharp, coral reef sea floors in shallow break zones and fast-breaking waves. But wherever there are waves, there are always opportunities for new hands 10. _________(experience) and learn one of the greatest extreme sports! 1. 【解析】first。考查词性转换。at first 首先。 2. 【解析】expanding。考查非谓语动词。white sandy beaches 与 expand 之间为 主动关系, 故用现在分词短语作宾语补足语。 3. 【解析】excitedly。考查词性转换。此处修饰动词, 故需用副词形式。 4. 【解析】be explored。考查动词的语态。off-the-beaten-track roads 与 explore 之间为被动关系, 故此处应用被动语态, 根据句中的 should 可知此处应用 be explored。 5. 【解析】choice。考查词性转换。此处作表语, 且被形容词 perfect 修饰, 故用 名词形式。 6. 【解析】the。考查冠词。句意: 海洋一直是我生活中的巨大部分。此处表示 一类事物, 故用定冠词 the。 7. 【解析】who。考查定语从句。此处是一个非限制性定语从句, 引导词指代的 是 a new friend 并在从句中作主语, 故应用关系代词 who。
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8. 【解析】by。考查介词。go by 时间流逝, 为固定短语。 9. 【解析】its。考查代词。此处指代“印度尼西亚的”, 故用形容词性物主代词。 10. 【解析】to experience。考查非谓语动词。opportunity, chance, ability 等抽象 名词后常跟动词不定式形式。 【变式训练】 (2017· 济南二模) Last summer, I began the biggest adventure of my life. I moved from a tiny city in England to one of the largest 1. _________(city)in the world. As the plane touched down in Beijing, I 2. _________(feel)that I’d finally arrived after months of planning. One of the first things I did wa s visit the city’s hutongs. With the warm air filled with the smell of delicious food, I was 3. ________(happy)working my way through the restaurants, 4. _________were located in the Hutongs. I am slowly getting used to the different way of life, 5. _________I still find some habits here quite strange and 6. _________(humour). British people are raised not to make any sort of bodily noise at the dinner table or in public, so it was 7. _________funny culture shock at first to hear the sharping of Chinese dinners or the throat-clearing sounds of colleagues. Something else I have discovered is the attention that being a foreigner brings. Sometimes, some people stare and try to make secret photos of me. My dream is 8. _________(buy)a motorbike and travel from one end to the other of this beautiful country, 9. _________(take)photos and meeting new people along the way. My adventure in China is only a beginning, and I can’t wait 10. _________
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(see)how it turns out. 1. 【解析】cities。考查名词的单复数。one of 后应用名词的复数形式。 2. 【解析】felt。考查动词的时态。根据第一段中的时间状语 Last summer 和本 句中状语从句的谓语动词 touched down 可知此处应用一般过去时。 3. 【解析】happily。考查词性转换。修饰动词应用副词形式。 4. 【解析】which。考查定语从句。先行词为 restaurants, 非限制性定语从句中 关系词作主语, 故应用 which。 5. 【解析】but。考查连词。前后两个分句为转折关系, 故用 but。 6. 【解析】humorous。考查词性转换。此处与 strange 并列, 故应用形容词形式。 7. 【解析】a。考查冠词。此处表示泛指, 故用不定冠词。culture shock 文化冲 击。 8. 【解析】to buy。考查非谓语动词。此处作表语且表示将来的打算, 故应用动 词不定式形式。 9. 【解析】taking。考查非谓语动词。此处与 meeting 并列作伴随状语, 故应用 现在分词形式。 10. 【解析】to see。考查非谓语动词。can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待做某事, 不 定式作 want 的宾语。

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