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2014高考核心考点专项训练—语法填空专题


冲刺强化核心题根训练
2014 高考核心考点专项训练—语法填空专题
一、 三年高考概况
(1)题目相对较难,考生在该专题得分率比较低. (2)从考查内容看,代词的选择、介词的使用、冠词、动词形式、名词单复数和固定短语考 查较多.

二、 马年高考策略
(1)加强单词词义记忆和词义辨析. (2)加强贴近高考的典型题训练.

三、 高考回放
语法填空是近几年广东卷的必考题型, 考查的内容多数比较简单。 但是对于新课标范围内的 考生来说是一种具有挑战性的试题,它不同于单项选择,需要考生理解较长的上下文语境, 并且根据语境猜想出合适的单词填空,并不提供备选项,这无疑增加了难度。但是只要考生 能够正确理解文章,具有一定的词汇基础,本题相对阅读理解和短文改错来说是简单的。 【2011 广东卷】 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 One Sunday morning in August I went to a local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment ___16___ (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me ___17___ the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man ___18___ (sit) at the front. He ___19___ (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be ___20___ (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to ___21___ he was trying to talk, but after some minutes ___22___ walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him ___23___ his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We had ___24___ amazing conversation. He got off the bus before me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made ___25___ of us feel good. 本文作者通过记叙了一次在公交车上遇到一个弱智的人的经历告诉我们不应歧视残疾人。 16. later 指那天晚些时候。 17. until 表示“直到” ,即“等到车来” 。 18. sitting 看见某人在做某事,用 notice sb. doing sth.。 19. was pretending 指作者看到这个人在做某事。另外,由 "and giving"也可确定,用过去进 行时,因 and giving 跟谁并列?只能是跟 pretending 并列。

20. mentally 修饰分词形容词作状语,用副词。 21. whom 由 talk to sb.可知,用 to whom 引导定语从句。 22. they 指代 the people。 23. on 因定词组 on one’s own (=alone)。 24. an 短语搭配 have a conversation (谈话)。 25. both 作 made 宾语用代词;又由上文 "We (指 I and the mentally man) had an amazing conversation"可知,作者和那个弱智者“两人都”很高兴。 【2013 广东卷】 One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He was coking some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he 16 (find) that he had run out of salt. So Nick called to his son, “Go to the

village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it: neither too much 17 too little.” His son looked surprised. “I can understand why I shouldn’t pay too much, Father, but if I can pay less, 18 not save a bit of money?” (reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small

“That would be a very 19 village like ours,” Nick said.

Nick’s guests, 20 had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt 21 a lower price

would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 22 hard to produce it.” “But such a small thing couldn’t 23 (possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only 24 very small amount of unfairness in the world, but the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very

everyone added a little, always 25 (think) that it was only small and not very important, and look where we have ended up today.” 【答案解析】 16:found。考察时态语态。 “invited”用一般过去时。由 Suddenly 可知,found 与其时间一 致,故用 found; 17:nor。考察固定搭配,表示“既不?也不?” ,故用“neither??nor??” 。 18:why。考察句意理解。该句“?”告知句子有疑问,前文中出现 why 提示表示“为什么” 之意,故用 why。

19:reasonable。考察词性转化。 “thing”需一个形容词修饰,very 也只能修饰形容词,故用 reasonable。 20:who。考察定语从句关系代词。从句不完整,指代前面“guests” 。指人,故用 who。 21:at。考察固定介词短语与 price 搭配,表示“以更低价格”用 at a lower price,故用 at。 22:for。考察介词短语搭配。表示“对某事表示尊重” ,用 show respect for sth.。故用 for。 23:possibly。考察词性转化。提示词修饰动词“destroy” ,用副词,故用 possibly。 24:a。考察冠词。amount 为单数可数名词,第一次出现,表示一个很小的数量。故用 a 25:thinking。考察非谓语做伴随状语。居中有 added 做谓语,与此同时做着什么事情,故 用 thinking。

四、
语法填空

马年高考演练

Once there lived a rich man

31

wanted to do something for the people of his town.

32

first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he

34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them . Late in the afternoon a young man 38 (be) very dark. Some

complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 came along. He saw the stone,

37 (say) to himself: “The night

neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his How great was his surprise at last! 40 39 (strong) to move it.

the stone, he found a bag of money.

语法填空 31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under 二 The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn

more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_(late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures. However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__(associate) with the Internet, there are

also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__(broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40__ their children to see.

语法填空 31. an 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while 38. restrictions 35.associated 40.for

36. One 37. what

39. be broadcast(ed)


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