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大学英语四级词汇汇总


大学英语四级词汇汇总
1. at the thought of 一想到… 2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 3. at will 随心所欲 4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外 Without accident(=safely) 安全地, 7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely) 自愿地 ,主动地 8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一 致 9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 11. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去 13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) 14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。 15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。 16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放 句首时句子要倒装) 17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。 19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉 20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以 适应新的需要) 23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; 28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余 地。 29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先

30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地 31. have an advantage over 胜过 have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事 32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用 33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前 36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中 37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要 的 38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总 计 39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最 重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎 40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。 42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。 43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。 44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for 45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人 有吸引力 47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for 申请; apply to 适 用。 48. apply to 与…有关;适用 49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。 51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); 53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。 55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照

顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法 59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归 因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果 60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness) 意识到,知道。 62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。 64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) 67. be based on / upon 基于 68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一 (经常用于开始语) 71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。 73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。 74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) 75. for the better 好转 76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。 77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某 人身上 79. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开花(强调动作) 80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 82. out of breath 喘不过气来 83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 85. take the floor 起立发言 86. on business 出差办事。 87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 88. last but one 倒数第二。 89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买

91. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的 92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 93. in case (=for fear that) 万一; 94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 95. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) 96. be cautious of 谨防 97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人 的注意力集中在…上 98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。 99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy 2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that… 6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development 7. 引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention 8.不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that… 9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 12.一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others… 13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 14.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on… 15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 16.双方的论点 arguments on both sides 17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in… 18.对…必不可少 be indispensable to … 19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20.…也不例外 …be no exception 21.对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on… 22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. 23.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in 24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement 26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation 27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision

28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills 29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden 30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration 31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 33. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to… 34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society 35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for… 36.综合素质 comprehensive quality 37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to… 40. 应当承认 Admittedly, 41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty 42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of… 43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information 44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources 45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母 I 大写) 46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient 47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life 48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly 49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress 50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology 51.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue 52.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in favor of the former/ latter opinion 53.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence 54.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way 55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice 56. …必然趋势 an irresistible trend of… 57 日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition 58.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest 59.长远利益. interest in the long run 60.…有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages 61.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones 62.取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs. 63.对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to 64.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information 65.跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of … 66.采取有效措施来… take effective measures to do sth. 67.…的健康发展 the healthy development of …

68.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides. No garden without weeds. 69.对…观点因人而异 Views on …vary from person to person. 70 重视 attach great importance to… 71.社会地位 social status 72.把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on… 73.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowled 74.身心两方面 both physically and mentally 75.有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to… 76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal 77. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that 78.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden 79.优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority to sth. 80.与…比较 compared with…/ in comparison with 81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary. 82.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of 83.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water 84.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities 85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress 86.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that… 87.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding 88.充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of 89.承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure 90.保障社会的稳定和繁荣 guarantee the stability and prosperity of our society 91.更多地强调 put more emphasis on… 92.适应社会发展 adapt oneself to the development of society 93.实现梦想 realize one’s dream/ make one’s dream come true 94. 主要理由列举如下 The main reasons are listed as follows: 95. 首先 First, Firstly, In the first place, To begin with 96.其次 Second, Secondly, In the second place 97. 再次 Besides,In addition, Additionally, Moreover, Furthermore 98. 最后 Finally, Last but not the least, Above all, Lastly, 99. 总而言之 All in all, To sum up, In summary, In a word, 100.我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go.


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