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高三英语限时练习20[1]

高三英语限时练习 2
一、单项选择 1. The meeting was a follow-up to the one that had been held four days ________. A. relatively B. subsequently C. precisely D. previously 2. The negotiations took a big ________ yesterday and a lot of agreements have been reached. A. weight B. stage C. trick D. jump 3. A high public tolerance for and low public awareness of noise pollution has provided bus video advertisers with a paradise ________ their businesses. A. in which to expand B. which to expand in C. where to expand D. that they expand in 4. I have formed the habit to ________ my speech again before I present it on the stage. A. rely on B. dip into C. tear up D. bring down 5. I wanted to ________ them the trouble of buying me a present. So I didn’t tell them about my birthday party. A. dismiss B. spare C. remove D. submit 6. —Everything in my life has fallen to pieces. My life is such a mess! —________. I know how you feel. A. By no means B. I can’t agree more C. I’ve been there D. I can’t find any reasons 7. —I have been working 70 hours this week. I am totally worn out. —70 hours? I would be dead if I ________ like that. A. have been working B. worked C. had worked D. work 8. ________ her life to her son, the mother was pleased to see him ________ a famous university at last. A. Devoted, admitted to B. Devoting, being admitted to C. Devoted, admitting to D. Devoting, admitted to 9. ________ parents’ complaints, some cities have significantly cut school hours to give children more time for leisure and play. A. In exchange for B. In response to C. In harmony with D. In terms of 10. Most of the students in the Occupy Central movement in Hong Kong ________ have participated for more rights, but what they did caused serious effects on people’s living. A. might B. should C. would D. can 二、完形填空 In modern society loneliness can be seen as a social phenomenon and people can experience loneliness for many reasons. It is a very common, __11__ normally temporary, consequence of a breakup, divorce, or loss of any important __12__ relationship. In these cases, loneliness may __13__ both from the loss of a specific person or from __14__ of social circles. The loss of a significant person in one’s life will __15__ lead to a grief response; in this situation, one might feel lonely, even while in the __16__ of others. There are many different ways used to treat loneliness. The first step that most doctors __17__ to patients is treatment. Short term treatment typically __18__ over a period of ten to twenty weeks. During treatment, emphasis is put __19__ understanding the cause of the problem, thoroughly changing the __20__ thoughts, feelings, and attitudes resulting from the problem, and exploring ways to help the patient feel __21__. Some doctors also recommend group treatment a means to connect with other sufferers and establish a support system. __22__ treatment is animal-assisted treatment. Studies and surveys indicate that the __23__ of animal companions like dogs can __24__ feelings of loneliness or depression among some sufferers. __25__ the companionship the animal itself provides, there may also be increased opportunities for __26__ with other pet owners. Results of a study also suggest that __27__ improper social cognition (认知) offers the best chance of reducing loneliness. __28__, loneliness can sometimes play an important role in the creative process. In some people, temporary or prolonged loneliness can lead to remarkable artistic and creative expression, for example, as was the __29__ with poet Emily Dickinson, and many musicians. This is not to imply that loneliness itself ensures this creativity, __30__, it may have an influence on the subject matter of the artist and more likely be present in individuals engaged in creative activities. 11. A. however B. or C. but D. though 12. A. short-term B. long-term C. abstract D. concrete
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13. A. break 14. A. turning out 15. A. occasionally 16. A. charge 17. A. commit 18. A. hits 19. A. in 20. A. negative 21. A. affected 22. A. One 23. A. presence 24. A. speed 25. A. Beyond 26. A. wrestling 27. A. calculating 28. A. However 29. A. appearance 30. A. yet 三、阅读理解

B. suffer B. dropping out B. intentionally B. company B. submit B. occurs B. to B. explicit B. touched B. Other B. switch B. save B. Except B. training B. correcting B. Moreover B. case B. still

C. result C. falling out C. typically C. face C. recommend C. strikes C. for C. positive C. disconnected C. Another C. control C. ease C. Without C. popularizing C. assessing C. Therefore C. way C. just

D. benefit D. putting out D. casually D. absence D. resign D. turns D. on D. original D. connected D. The other D. management D. solve D. With D. socializing D. transmitting D. Though D. poems D. rather

A The Process of Ageing At the age of twelve years, the human body is at its most vigorous. It has yet to reach its full size and strength, and its owner his or her full intelligence; but at this age the possibility of death is least. Earlier, we were infants and young children, and consequently more vulnerable (易受伤的); later, we shall undergo a progressive loss of our vigour and resistance which, though vague at first, will finally become so steep that we can live no longer, however well we look after ourselves, and however well society, and our doctors, look after us. This decline in vigour with the passing of time is called ageing. It is one of the most unpleasant discoveries which we all make that we must decline in this way, that if we escape wars, accidents and disease we shall eventually “die of old age”, and that this happens at a rate which differs little from person to person, so that there are heavy odds in favor of our dying between the ages of sixty-five and eighty. Some of us will die sooner, a few will live longer—on into a ninth or tenth decade. But the chances are against it, and there is a virtual limit on how long we can hope to remain alive, however lucky and physically strong we are. Normal people tend to forget this process unless and until they are reminded of it. We are so familiar with the fact that man ages, that people have for years assumed that the process of losing vigour with time, of becoming more likely to die the older we get, was something self-evident, like the cooling of a hot kettle or the wearing-out of a pair of shoes. They have also assumed that all animals, and probably other organisms such as trees, or even the universe itself, must in the nature of things “wear out”. Most animals we commonly observe do in fact age as we do, if given the chance to live long enough; and mechanical systems like a wound (上发条的) watch, or the sun, do in fact an out of energy in accordance with the second law of thermodynamics (热力学). But these are not similar or equivalent to what happens when man ages. A run-down watch is still a watch and can be rewound. An old watch, by contrast, becomes so worn and unreliable that it eventually is not worth mending. But a watch could never repair itself—it does not consist of living parts, only of metal, which wears away by friction (摩擦). We could, at one time, repair ourselves—well enough, at least, to overcome all but the most instantly fatal illnesses and accidents. Between twelve and eighty years we gradually lose this power, an illness which at twelve would knock us over, at eighty can knock us out, and into our grave. If we could stay as vigorous as we are at twelve, it would take about 700 years for half of us to die, and another 700 for the survivors to be reduced by half again. 31. What can be learned from this passage is that __________. A. people usually are unhappy when they are reminded of ageing B. children reach their full intelligence at the age of twelve years C. people are usually more likely to die at the age of twelve years D. our first twelve years represent the peak of human development 32. The underlined word “it” in the last sentence of Paragraph Two refers to __________. A. remaining alive until 65 B. dying before 65 or after 80 C. remaining alive after 80 D. dying between 65 and 80
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33. What does “ageing” mean according to the passage? A. It is a fact that people cannot live any longer. B. It refers to a gradual loss of vigor and resistance. C. It is usually a phenomenon of dying at an old age. D. It is a period when people are easily attacked by illness. 34. What do the examples of the watch refer to in the last paragraph? A. Normally people are quite familiar with the ageing process. B. The law of thermodynamics functions in the ageing process. C. All animals and other organisms undergo the ageing process. D. Human's ageing process is different from that of mechanisms. B Fed up with constantly having to recharge or replace batteries in your ever-expanding electronic devices? The solution may be just a few steps away. “Energy harvesting” promises to power countless consumer devices, often with nothing more than your body’s movement or heat. Dozens of companies around the world already offer such products, but many experts believe the market for the technology could explode due to electronic devices being developed for the Internet of Things. “It’s huge,” said Graham Martin, CEO of the EnOcean Alliance, a San Ramon-based group of businesses that promotes wireless energy-harvesting technologies. With the Internet of Things expected to combine billions of devices, “if they are all battery-powered, we’ll have a problem because there’s not enough lithium (锂) in the world,” he added. “So a lot of them will have to use energy harvesting.” Among the most basic forms of the technology is body power. When certain materials are squeezed or stretched, the movement of their atoms creates an electrical charge. Automatic watches have employed the concept for decades, for example, by winding themselves when their user moves their arm. Now, the concept is being considered for a number of other devices. In a contest seeking visionary ideas for wearable technologies, Intel awarded $5,000 for a concept to change the temperature difference between a person’s body and a special piece of clothing they’d wear into electricity for mobile devices. Using sound to power devices is another energy-harvesting variation. Stanford University engineers are testing smart microchips (芯片) that create electricity from ultrasound (超声波) to power implantable (可植入的) devices that can analyze a person’s nervous system or treat their diseases. A textile (纺织品) research association in Spain is proposing to obtain electricity from radio waves that flow around everyone to power sensors sewn into clothes, which can monitor a person’s heartbeat or other vital signs. Research firm IDTechEx has estimated that annual global sales of energy-harvesting products could hit $2.6 billion by 2024, while WinterGreen Research predicts sales of $4.2 billion by 2019. Obtaining stable energy from devices can be complex, however. For one thing, the motion that generates the electricity has to be constant to be useful. Moreover, the amount of power the devices produce depends on the person using them, according to a Columbia University study. It determined that taller people on average provide about 20 percent more power than shorter ones when walking, running or cycling. It’s also unclear how eagerly consumers might welcome energy-harvesting products. While such devices are expected to cost less than battery-powered alternatives when compared over many years, experts say, people may continue buying ones with batteries merely because those would be cheaper in the short term. 35. Which “explode” in the following sentences has the most similar meaning to the word “explode” in Paragraph 2? A. They were clearing up when the second bomb exploded. B. The continued tension could explode into more violence. C. The population exploded to 40,000 during the last tourist season. D. The boss exploded when he heard of the resignation of the secretary. 36. What makes “energy harvesting” necessary according to the passage? A. The waste of lithium in the world. B. The increasing number of electronic devices. C. The development of technology. D. The pollution caused by batteries. 37. It can be learned from the passage that __________. A. energy-harvesting products save money in the long run B. taller people can surely produce a larger amount of power C. automatic watches harvest energy from the users’ body heat D. two ways of harvesting energy are mentioned in the passage
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38. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A. Energy harvesting: a low-risk technology B. Energy harvesting: a high-profit technology C. Energy harvesting: a problem-free technology D. Energy harvesting: an environment-friendly technology 四、任务型阅读 Do you know your uneasy adolescent might be experiencing teen depression? Of course. Teen depression isn’t just bad moods and occasional sadness—it’s a serious problem that affects every aspect of a teenager’s normal life. The negative effects can lead to problems, such as smoking, violence and even suicide. But depression can be treated. So if your teen’s unhappiness lasts for more than two weeks and he or she displays other symptoms of depression, it may be time to seek help from a health doctor. There are multiple reasons why a teenager might become unhappy. For example, teens can develop feelings of worthlessness over their school performance. And unsatisfied family life can have a major effect on how a teen feels. Sometimes, teen depression may result from environmental stress. But whatever the cause, when friends or family—or things that the teen usually enjoy—don’t help to improve his or her sadness or sense of isolation, there’s a good chance that he or she has teen depression. There are certain signs when teenagers are suffering from teen depression. Often, kids with teen depression will have a noticeable change in their thinking and behavior. Kids with teen depression may have a change in eating habits. Teenagers are likely to eat too much or not to eat enough for long periods of time, which should not be mistaken for an eating disorder. Parents should distinguish this change from eating disorders. Changing in sleeping habits is another indication of adolescent depression. All teenagers love to sleep. However, a sudden change in sleep behavior for no good reason is what parents should be paying attention to. A reduction of favorite activities, such as sports or chatting with friends, is another sign that cannot be neglected. If a teenager loves a sport and during the middle of the season suddenly decides to stop, there is a reason to be concerned about this change. When teenagers suffer from depression, they easily get annoyed or react badly to negative things. They may become defiant as there is potential depression. The depressed teenagers may get into rude or offensive remarks as well as fighting. Making statements of despair is another sign. They have no hope for their studies, their life and their future. This is very serious since it is estimated that every year approximately 10 teenagers from every 100,000 commit suicide. How is it treated? Here are methods, including medications and psychotherapy. Family therapy may be helpful if family conflict is contributing to the depression. The depressed teens will also need support from teachers. Occasionally, hospitalization may be required for teenagers with severe depression. Title Teen Depression ◆ It is a condition that makes teenagers unhappy for a long time and prevents them from living a(n) (1)__________ life. Introduction ◆Teenage depression can cause serious problems. ◆It is important for a teen whose depression symptoms last over two weeks to (2)__________ a health doctor. ◆Worthless school performance (3)__________ ◆Unsatisfied family life ◆Environmental stress Changes in behaviors and feelings ◆Teenagers (4)__________ to overeat or eat less for long when suffering from depression, and parents should tell the (5)__________ between this change and an eating disorder. ◆ Depressed teenagers change their sleeping habits suddenly (6)__________ Phenomena a good reason. ◆A teenager who suddenly stops his favorite sport might be depressed. ◆Showing (7)__________ reactions to things and becoming defiant. ◆Making offensive (8)__________ and getting into fighting. ◆Depressed teenagers feel (9)__________ for life, study and future. ◆Medications and psychotherapy are common methods. Solutions ◆Family or school therapy may also be helpful. ◆Hospitalization for those severe patients is also a(n) (10)__________.
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1-10 DDABB CBDBA 11-30 DBCBC BCBDA DCACA DBABD 31-34 ACBD 35-38 CBAD 1. normal 2. consult/see 3. Causes/Reasons 7. negative 8. remarks/comments 9. hopeless

高三英语限时练习 20
4. tend 5. difference 6. without 10. requirement/ necessity/must

1-10 DDABB CBDBA 11-30 DBCBC BCBDA DCACA DBABD 31-34 ACBD 35-38 CBAD 1. normal 2. consult/see 3. Causes/Reasons 7. negative 8. remarks/comments 9. hopeless

高三英语限时练习 20
4. tend 5. difference 6. without 10. requirement/ necessity/must

1-10 DDABB CBDBA 11-30 DBCBC BCBDA DCACA DBABD 31-34 ACBD 35-38 CBAD 1. normal 2. consult/see 3. Causes/Reasons 7. negative 8. remarks/comments 9. hopeless

高三英语限时练习 20
4. tend 5. difference 6. without 10. requirement/ necessity/must

1-10 DDABB CBDBA 11-30 DBCBC BCBDA DCACA DBABD 31-34 ACBD 35-38 CBAD 1. normal 2. consult/see 3. Causes/Reasons 7. negative 8. remarks/comments 9. hopeless

高三英语限时练习 20
4. tend 5. difference 6. without 10. requirement/ necessity/must

1-10 DDABB CBDBA 11-30 DBCBC BCBDA DCACA DBABD 31-34 ACBD 35-38 CBAD 1. normal 2. consult/see 3. Causes/Reasons 7. negative 8. remarks/comments 9. hopeless

高三英语限时练习 20
4. tend 5. difference 6. without 10. requirement/ necessity/must

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