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【备战2014】高考英语二轮专题教学案:冠词(重点知识归纳 考点聚焦 仿真演练)




冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。 (一)不定冠词的用法 1 2 3 4 指一类人或事,相当于 a kind of 第一次提及某人某物,非特指 表示“每一”相当于 every,one 表示“相同”相当于 the same A plane is a machine that can fly. A boy is waiting for you.有个男孩在等你。 We study eight hours a day. We are nearly of an age. —Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某 5 名人有类似性质的人或事 A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one That boy is rather a Lei Feng.(活雷锋) a couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, 6 用于固定词组中 many a time, a waste of, in a mess 用于 quite, rather, many, half, what, 7 such 之后 8 用于 so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet. success(抽象名词)→a success(具体化) 成功的人或事 a failure 失败的人或事 9 用于抽象名词具体化的名词前 a pity 可惜或遗憾的事 a shame 带来耻辱的人或事 a must 必需必备的物或事 This room is rather a big one. —Sorry, wrong number. There isn't______ Mr. Smith here.

a good knowledge of 精通掌握某一方面的知识 a pleasure 一件快乐的事 In order to find a better job, he decided to study a second 10 与序数词连用,表示“又一,再一” foreign language. 为了找到一个更好的工作,他决定再学习另外一门外语。 (二)定冠词的用法 In many places in China, ___ bicycle is still ___ popular means 1 表示某一类人或物 of transportation.
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A. a; the B. /; a C. the; a


D. the; the


用于世上独一无二的事物名词前 表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到

the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean

3 过的人或事 4 5 用于演奏乐器 用于形容词和分词前表示一类人

Would you mind opening the door?

play the violin, play the guitar the reach, the living, the wounded —Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons, please?

表示“一家人”或“夫妇”(对比上文的 6 不定冠词用法 5) A. the; the 用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最 7 高级前 用于国家党派等以及江河湖海, 山川 8 群岛的名词前 9 用于表示发明物的单数名词前 在逢十的复数数词之前, 指世纪的某 10 个年代 11 12 用于表示度量单位的名词前 用于方位名词,身体部位名词 I hired the car by the hour. He patted me on the shoulder. ①比较级+ and +比较级表示“越来越……”; The harder he works, the happier he feels. ②表示两者间“较……的一个”比较级前加 the; who is the older of the two boys? 13 与比较级和最高级连用 ③三者或三者以上相比, 表示最高程度时, 用“the + 最高级” 的结构表示。这种句式一般常有表示比较范围的介词短 语。 Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three. (三)不用冠词(又名零冠词)的用法 1 专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地 Beijing University, air, love, Jack, China in the 1990’s(二十世纪九十年代) The compass was invented in China. the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French He is the taller of the two children. B. the; a C. /; the D. the; / —Sorry, we don’t have ____ Johnson here in the village.

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名等名词前不用冠词 名词前有 this, my, whose, some, no, each, 2 every 等限制时不用冠词 季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前 3 不用冠词 4 5 表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前不用冠词 表示球类,棋类等运动的名词前不用冠词



I want this book, not that one. Whose purse is this?

Spring, March, Sunday, National Day, breakfast

Lincoln was made President of America. He likes playing football/chess. We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea

与 by 连用表示交通方式的名词前不用冠 6 词 A. the; the B.不填;the 以 and 连接的两个相对的名词并用时不用 7 冠词 8 表示泛指的复数名词前不用冠词 Horses are useful animals. husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填 instead of driving across ______ continent.

(四)有无冠词意义不同(常见的词组) by day 在白天 in case of 以防 in charge of 负责,管理 in office 执政 in sight(of)看见 go to sea 去当水手 out of question 毫无疑问 take advice 征求意见 be of age 成年 go to church 去做礼拜 in prison 坐牢 by the day 按天计算 in the case of 就??来说 in the charge of 由??负责 in the office 在办公室 in the sight(of)在??看来 go to the sea 到海边去 out of the question 不可能 take the advice 听从劝告 be of all age 同龄 go to the church 去教堂 in the prison 在监狱

特别提示: 当地点名词表示地点时, 其前用定冠词; 表示在这一地点所发生的活动时, 其前不加冠词。 如: He went to the bed and fetched me a magazine before he went to bed.他睡觉前到床边给我拿了本杂 志。

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冠词是历年高考的常考点。主要考查冠词在具体语境中的运用,考查内容包括定冠词和不定冠词的用 法区别,名词前不用冠词的情况,特指与泛指以及习语中的冠词用法。

①How about taking _____short break? I want to make _____call. A. the; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a

【解析】答案为 D。take a short break“休息一会儿”, make a call“打一个电话”。 ②Christmas is_____ special holiday when _____whole family are supposed to get together. A. the; the B. a; a C. the; a D. a; the

【解析】答案为 D。a special holiday 指“某一个特别的节日”;the whole family 为特指。

①I looked under_____bed and found books I lost last week. A. the; a B. the;the C. 不填;the D. the; 不填

【解析】 答案为 B。 此题中的 the bed 和 the books 都为特指。 the bed 指 “所看的床” ; the books 指 “所 丢的书”。 ②I like_____color of your skirt. It is good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the

【解析】 答案为 C。 the color 指 “你衬衫的颜色” ; a good match 泛指 “和你的外套相配的一种好颜色” 。

①George couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was everybody was at A. /; the church. B. the; / C. a; / D. /; a

Sunday because

【解析】 答案为 C。a Sunday 泛指某一个星期天;at church 为固定搭配,不用冠词,意为“在做礼拜”。 ②Many people have come to realize that they should go on _____balanced diet and make room in their day for exercise. A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a

【解析】 答案为 A。a balanced diet 泛指“一种平衡的饮食”;make room 为固定搭配,意为“腾出空 间”。

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①Many people have come to realize that they should go on in their day for exercise.? A. a;不填 B. the; a C. the; the

balanced diet and make


D.不填; a?

【解析】答案为 A。分析句子可知,第一个空用“a”表示“一种”,某些不可数的抽象名词前用不定冠 词表示某种具体的情况或概念。第二个空不用冠词,make room 意为“腾出空间(时间)”为 固定短语。 ②—How about _____Christmas evening party? —I should say it was _____success. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填

【解析】答案为 B。the Christmas evening party 为特指刚结束的圣诞晚会;a success 考查抽象名词具体 化时的不定冠词用法。 success 原为抽象名词, 不可数, 但在此处已经完全具体化而变为可数名 词。题中 a success 意为“一次成功的晚会”。当抽象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、情感、 情绪的人和事时, 这个抽象名词已经变为可数名词, 再如 What a pleasant surprise you gave us! 意为“你真的给我们带来了惊喜”。

①We went right round to the west coast by A. the; the B.不填;the

sea instead of driving across C. the; 不填



【解析】答案为 B。 by sea 意为“经海路”;by the sea 意为“在海边”;表示大陆、大洋等的名词前通 常要加定冠词。 ②George couldn’t remember when he first met Mr. Anderson, but he was sure it was everybody was at A./; the church. B. the; / C. a; / D./; a Sunday because

【解析】答案为 C。不定冠词用于表示星期的名词前,泛指“某个星期几”;at church 表示“做礼拜”, at the church 表示“在教堂”。故本题选 C。

1.—What about _______ job?? —It’s too difficult _______ job for me.? A. the; a B. the; the C. a; the D. a; a

【答案及解析】A 第一空是特指,第二空是泛指。
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2.Duncan, ______ NBA star, is one of _______ few basketball players who are very popular to many of his Chinese fans. A. an; the B. an; a C. the; the D. the; a

【答案及解析】A 第一空泛指“一个 NBA 篮球明星”;第二空考查短语中的冠词,the few 表示:特指 为数不多的几个篮球运动员。 3.Our graduation party was A. a; the B. a; an success. We sang and danced until it came to C. the; an D. / ; / end at ten o’clock.

【答案及解析】B 此处 a success 抽象名词具体化,表示“一件成功的事情”;come to an end 是固定短 语,表示“结束”。 4.—Really? Who will give —Mr. Wang, A. the; / lecture?

famous professor from Nanjing University. B. a; the C. the; a D. a; a

【答案及解析】C 第一空指说话双方都知道的那个演讲,故使用 the 修饰;介绍某人表示“一个??的 人”时,名词前面应用不定冠词。 5.It was ________ surprise that my first teacher, already 90, was still living and in ________ good health. A. the; a 【答案与解析】 C B. /; a C. a; / D. a; the

a surprise 一件让人吃惊的事, 是抽象名词具体化; in good health 是固定短语, 意为“身

体好”。 6.Although everything seems to have been taken into consideration, ________ the astronauts walk in A. /; the ________ B. an; the space. C. the; the D. an; / accident can happen when

【答案与解析】D 第一空填不定冠词表泛指,第二空 space“太空”前不加冠词,故选 D 项。 7.Nowadays it is difficult for people to find ________ work because ________ economic situation in world is very serious. A. /; an B. /; the C. the; the D. a; /

【答案与解析】B work 是不可数名词,表泛指,所以第一空不用冠词;第二空特指“世界经济形势”, 故用定冠词 the。句意为:因为严峻的经济形势,现在人们找工作已经很困难了。 8.A new research suggests cutting ________ global warming pollution would not only make ________ planet healthier, but also make people healthier.
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A. the; a B. /; /

D. the; the


C. /; the

【答案与解析】C global warming pollution 是泛指概念,不用冠词;the planet 特指地球,用定冠词。 9.By ________ nature, you are an adventurer, full of amazement and curiosity about ________ world bigger than life itself. A. a; the B. the; the C. /; a D. the; /

【答案与解析】C 固定短语 by nature 表示“天生,生性”,故第一空不需要填冠词;第二空填不定冠词 a 表示泛指。 10. According to recent reports, one of the rare animals, ________ crocodile, is in ________ danger of dying out. A. a; the B. /; a C. /; the D. the; /

【答案与解析】D the crocodile 特指上文中的稀有动物之一,所以前面要加定冠词。in danger of 处于危 险之中,为一固定短语。 11.Geneva, ________ city in Switzerland, is ________ center of Switzerland’s watch and jewelry?making industries. A. the; a B. a; the C. a; / D. /; the

【答案与解析】B 第一空 a city 构成同位语;第二空用于特指。 12. If I were in ________ position of the mayor, I wouldn’t allow ________ factory like this standing in the center of the town. A. a; the B. the; / C. the ; a D. / ; the

【答案与解析】C 第一空为短语 in the position of sb.处于某人的地位/位置;第二空为 a factory like this, 像这样一座工厂。故选 C 项。 13.On September 25, ________Ukrainian ship became the victim of robbers in ________Gulf of Aden near Somalia. A. a; the B. a; / C. an; the D. an; /

【答案与解析】A 第一个空格泛指一艘乌克兰的船,乌克兰这个英语单词首字母不是发元音的,第二个 空格亚丁湾是个专用名词,应用定冠词 the。 14.In communication, a smile is usually________ strong sign of a friendly and _______ open attitude. A. the; / B. a; an C. a; / D. the; an

【答案与解析】C 句意为“在相互交流中,微笑通常是一种友好和开放的态度的明显特征。”a 用在可数 名词 sign 前,泛指一类事物;friendly and open 是并列,修饰 attitude。
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15.The sportsman didn’t manage to break ________ record, but it was ________ good try. A. a; the B. the; a C. a; / D. the; /

【答案与解析】B 由句意知第一空提到的纪录是彼此都知晓的,故用 the;而第二空则是泛指,a good try(一次很好的尝试)。综上,选 B 项。

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