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标准听力(六)—— 标准听力(十)文本


标准听力(六)

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

(35 minutes)

11. [A] It is definitely worthwhile. [B] It may not be so good now. [C] It is even more interesting now. [D] It is even more useful to students.

12. [A] The man should wait a minute. [B] It?s too late for the man to register. [C] The man should have done things earlier. [D] There might still be a chance even if it is the last minute.

13. [A] She lost Sally?s new address. [B] Sally had to move unexpectedly. [C] She?s no longer in contact with Sally. [D] She?ll be glad to take the mail to Sally?s house.

14. [A] Save time by using a dictionary. [B] Take the dictionary out of the library. [C] Borrow her English teacher?s dictionary. [D] Buy her own German-English dictionary.

15. [A] The woman didn?t make sure what kind of movie to see. [B] The woman must have seen a horror movie last week. [C] The movie left the woman a lasting impression. [D] The woman went to the movie with the man.

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16. [A] She can use his car. [C] She must get her car fixed.

[B] She can borrow someone else?s car. [D] She can?t borrow his car.

17. [A] She is confused by the man?s question. [B] She doesn?t have time to repeat the explanation now. [C] She doesn?t mind repeating her words. [D] The man shouldn?t apologize to her.

18. [A] He had to cancel his interview. [B] He?s disappointed with his interview. [C] He shouldn?t have applied for the job. [D] He doesn?t want to discuss the interview now.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. [A] Her parents love her very much. [B] Her parents never force her to do anything she doesn?t want to do. [C] She is allowed to have whatever career. [D] She has too much freedom.

20. [A] She didn?t need her parents? money any more. [B] She began to get on well with her parents. [C] She always stayed with her parents. [D] She rented a government house and lived alone.

21. [A] The two speakers are from different countries. [B] The man gets along very well with his parents. [C] British parents never interfere with their children. [D] The man doesn?t like his parents at all.

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22. [A] They allowed him to come to England immediately. [B] They thought he should go abroad as a child. [C] They were reluctant until their son persuaded them. [D] They tried to control his English study.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. [A] To see different places of the world for relaxation. [B] To work for his thesis about network management. [C] To look for some specific investment opportunities. [D] To see the effects of the technology in North America on other parts of the world.

24. [A] It is a very nice place partly because of many successful people. [B] There are lots of business opportunities in Silicon Valley. [C] Silicon Valley is the world?s best place for studying. [D] There are numerous schools in Silicon Valley.

25. [A] It makes their life easier. [B] It brings more opportunities to them. [C] It brings them more advanced technology. [D] It brings them more competition and challenges.

Section B
Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. [A] To cool down. [C] To frighten it away.

[B] To protect the boy. [D] To get ready to fight.

27. [A] They are afraid of noises.
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[B] They hesitate before they hit. [C] They are bigger than we think. [D] They like to attack running people.

28. [A] By keeping shouting and hitting. [B] By making a wall with his arms. [C] By throwing himself on the cougar. [D] By swinging his fists at the cougar?s eyes.

29. [A] Jeb held Tom across his body. [B] Jeb asked Tom to get the knife. [C] Tom struggled free of his father. [D] The cougar jumped from the rock.

Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. [A] To see her mother?s quilts. [B] To help prepare for a show. [C] To discuss her grandmother?s life. [D] To get together for the family dinner.

31. [A] The quilt looked very strange. [B] Her grandmother liked the quilt. [C] The quilt was the best she had seen. [D] Her mother had made some changes.

32. [A] A quilt show. [C] The grandmother?s quilt.

[B] The mother?s home. [D] A Monday family dinner.

Passage Three
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Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. [A] She has been Queen for many years. [B] She has a less upper-class accent now. [C] Her speeches are familiar to many people. [D] Her speeches have been recorded for 50 years.

34. [A] Dutay. [C] Hame.

[B] Citee. [D] Lorst.

35. [A] The changes in a person?s accent. [B] The Queen?s Christmas speeches on TV. [C] The recent development of the English language. [D] The relationship between accents and social classes.

Section C
The idea behind the “rule of law” is that impartial laws, not human beings with their (36) ________ and arbitrary tastes and judgments, should govern the formal aspects of social (37) ________. “We live under a rule of law, not of men,” American teachers tell their students. The students accept the idea. They believe that “no man is above the law,” that laws apply (38) ________ to all people, (39) ________ of their wealth, personal connections, or stations in life. Their faith in the rule of law explains the (40) ________ many Americans held, and many foreigners could not understand: the President Richard Nixon should be (41) ________ from office as a result of his behavior in connection with what was called the “Watergate Scandal”. Nixon had broken the law and therefore should be punished, Americans believed, even if he was the president. The belief in the rule of law goes beyond the (42) ________ of politics to the other areas of life that are governed by formal rules and (43) ________. (44)
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_________________________________________________________________ _________. Personal connections are not supposed to matter under the rule of law. (45) _________________________________________________________________ _________. They may. What is said above describes the ideal to which Americans subscribe. In reality, connections can sometimes help a person get a government job. (46)

_________________________________________________________________ _________. But in general the rule of law prevails, and Americans are proud that it does.

标准听力(七)

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

(35 minutes)

11. [A] It was rather dull. [B] It was not well-organized. [C] It was better planned in advance. [D] It made the speakers really being tired.

12. [A] Women have got as much freedom as they could want. [B] Women are struggling for their rights all the time. [C] She understands what this Women?s Lib business is all about. [D] She doesn?t think that British women have got as much freedom as wanted. 13. [A] She couldn?t talk to the consultant before two. [B] She would talk to the consultant during lunch.

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[C] She couldn?t contact the consultant?s secretary. [D] She talked with the consultant about the new program until two.

14. [A] He?ll probably quit school to play tennis. [B] He?s teaching a tennis class now. [C] He?s trying to relax this semester. [D] He?s busy with sports and study.

15. [A] To visit more places in the city. [B] To snap as many pictures as possible. [C] To leave some film for his friends. [D] To spare some time to meet his friends.

16. [A] The woman often misunderstood the man. [B] The man is a poorer driver than the woman. [C] The man had to fix the car again for the woman. [D] The man does not seem to have a good sense of time.

17. [A] She is worried about the errors made. [B] She is still searching for directions. [C] She needs someone to lend her a hand. [D] She has been doing things in a correct way.

18. [A] The two speakers are classmates. [B] The woman is majoring in psychology. [C] The man is majoring in children?s literature. [D] The woman is majoring in elementary education.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. [A] Two police officers.
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[B] Friends. [C] A police officer and an investigator. [D] A police officer and a program hostess.

20. [A] He is a good supervisor. [B] He is an experienced police officer. [C] He doesn?t like his present job. [D] He enjoys doing the patrol work.

21. [A] Detective work. [C] Patrol work.

[B] Undercover work. [D] Supervising investigations.

22. [A] A police officer is always not very alarm at the beginning. [B] It is necessary for a police officer to be familiar with his surroundings. [C] The stress is too large for a policeman at the beginning. [D] More policemen have injured during a routine stop.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. [A] In his own apartment. [C] In his grandparents. [B] In his wife?s parents. [D] In student housing.

24. [A] He works at the university housing office. [B] He has more than one child. [C] His wife is a graduate student. [D] He is a full-time student.

25. [A] She isn?t as busy in the afternoon. [B] She isn?t there in the morning. [C] Her assistant isn?t there in the morning. [D] She won?t have the forms he needs until the afternoon.
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Section B
Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. [A] The exercise of rights is a luxury. [B] The practice of choice is difficult. [C] Choice and right exist at the same time. [D] The right of choice is given but at a price.

27. [A] Professionals find it hard to decide on a suitable product. [B] Shoppers may find themselves lost in the broad range of items. [C] People are likely to find themselves overcome by business persuasion. [D] Companies and advertisers are often misleading about the range of choice.

28. [A] Everyday goods need to be replaced often. [B] Advanced products meet the needs of people. [C] Products of the latest design fold the market. [D] Competitions are fierce in high-tech industry.

29. [A] The helplessness in purchasing decisions. [B] The variety of choices in modern society. [C] The opinions on people?s right in different countries. [D] The problems about the availability of everyday goods.

Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. [A] Ms. Mellor?s English-teaching instruction. [B] Praises to Ms. Mellor from other teachers.
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[C] Teacher of the Year 2004 in the United States. [D] Ms. Mellor?s teaching skills of learning English.

31. [A] English special learners. [B] English study learners. [C] English speaking and listening. [D] English as a second language.

32. [A] Ms. Mellor?s students have no problems in learning English. [B] The American government pays much attention to education. [C] Middle school teachers in the USA have to get master?s degrees. [D] Middle school teachers from each state are honored Teachers of the Year.

Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. [A] That their daughter isn?t as lovely as before. [B] That they can?t read their daughter?s mind exactly. [C] That they don?t know what to say to their daughter. [D] That their daughter talks with them only when she needs help.

34. [A] Teenagers talk a lot with their friends. [B] Teenagers talk little about their own lives. [C] Teenagers do not talk much with their parents. [D] Teenagers do not want to understand their parents.

35. [A] Parents have suitable ways to talk with their teenagers. [B] Parents should be patient with their silent teenagers. [C] Parents are unhappy with their growing children. [D] Parents should try to understand their teenagers.
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Section C
Ironically, in the United States, a country of immigrants, prejudice and discrimination continue to be serious problems. There was often tension between each established group of immigrants and each (36) ________ group. As each group became more (37) ________ successful, and more powerful, they excluded newcomers from full participation in the society. Prejudice and discrimination are part of American history; however, this prejudicial treatment of different groups is nowhere more (38) ________ than with black Americans. Blacks had (39) ________ disadvantages. For the most part, they came to the land of opportunity as slaves and they were not free to keep their heritage and cultural (40) ________. Unlike most European immigrants, blacks did not have the protection of a support group. They could not mix easily with the (41) ________ society either because of their skin color. It was difficult for them to adapt to the American culture. Even after they became free people, they still (42) ________ discrimination in employment, housing and education. Until the twentieth century, the (43) ________ of the black population lived in the southern part of the United States. Thenere was a population shift to the large cities in the North. Prejudice against blacks is often associated with the South. (44) _________________________________________________________________ _________. Because their neighborhoods are segregated, many blacks feel that educational opportunities are not adequate for their children. (45)

_________________________________________________________________ _________. Naturally, all parents want the best possible education for their children. (46) _________________________________________________________________
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_________. Time will be the real solution to the problem of race.

标准听力(八)

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

(35 minutes)

11. [A] The woman is an unusual student. [B] The man is a rigid person. [C] The woman?s request will be granted. [D] No make-up exam will be given.

12. [A] He does want the woman to pay. [B] He doesn?t understand the woman. [C] He is wondering what the woman is thinking. [D] He is surprised that the woman would think that.

13. [A] He probably has a poor memory. [B] He is very forgiving and tolerant. [C] He is well liked by his customers. [D] He has been introduced to the staff.

14. [A] The man doesn?t want to see Mr. Williams. [B] Mr. Jones is in an inferior position. [C] Mr. Jones used to be in charge. [D] Mr. Williams doesn?t want to do it tomorrow.

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15. [A] It will probably be cold.

[B] It will be mild as usual.

[C] It will probably rarely be cold. [D] It will be warm and comfortable.

16. [A] Ask someone to help the woman. [B] Give the woman the notes for her reference. [C] Lend the woman his pencil and paper. [D] Feel sorry that he can?t help the woman.

17. [A] The dirty street. [C] The low voice of the man.

[B] The noisy place. [D] The crowded park.

18. [A] The woman should join the chess club. [B] The woman needs a lot of time to play chess. [C] He himself is not a very good chess player, either. [D] He?s willing to teach the woman how to play chess.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. [A] More work as a teaching assistant. [B] A higher salary. [C] A longer vacation period. [D] A research assignment.

20. [A] He?ll start next week.

[B] He wouldn?t enjoy it.

[C] He would like time to decide. [D] He wants his adviser?s opinion.

21. [A] Finish his degree in the fall. [B] Let someone else read his evaluation. [C] Consider taking fewer courses. [D] Get more teaching experience.

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22. [A] Frank?s talent for teaching. [B] Frank?s interesting approach to research. [C] A present Frank will receive for graduation. [D] A congratulatory letter from the department.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. [A] He is sad to have lost his job. [B] He totally supports the woman?s choice. [C] He insists that the woman major in business. [D] He doesn?t believe in his wife.

24. [A] He is out of employment. [B] He lets the woman down. [C] He has to delay the woman?s study. [D] The woman chooses the wrong major.

25. [A] In their home. [C] At a grocery.

[B] In the school. [D] On the telephone.

Section B
Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. [A] More than 12%. [C] Nearly 60%. [B] Almost 50%. [D] About 70%.

27. [A] They are self-evident. [B] They are yet to be proved. [C] They are to be further studied. [D] They are supported by scientific evidence.

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28. [A] Different Forms of Exercise [B] Exercise — The Road to Health [C] Running — A Popular Form of Sport [D] Scientific Evidence of Health Benefits

Passage Two Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. [A] To improve her computer program. [B] To find out their attitudes towards food. [C] To find out details she can make use of. [D] To predict what food they?ll like in the future.

30. [A] People believe what the computer tells them. [B] People can be led to believe in something false. [C] People tend to forget their childhood experiences. [D] People are not always aware of their personalities.

31. [A] If they learn it is harmful for health. [B] If they lie to themselves that they don?t want it. [C] If they are willing to let doctors control their minds. [D] If they think they once had a bad experience of eating it.

32. [A] Whether it is moral. [C] When it is effective.

[B] Who it is best for. [D] How it should be used.

Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. [A] Helicopters have only been worked on by man since 1940. [B] Chinese children were the first to achieve flight in helicopters.
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[C] Helicopters were considered more dangerous than the early airplanes. [D] Some people thought they would become widely used by average individuals.

34. [A] They are used for rescue work. [B] They are taking the place of high-flying jets. [C] They have been widely used for various purposes. [D] They are now used exclusively for commercial projects.

35. [A] For high-speed transportation. [B] For extremely high altitude flights. [C] For overseas passenger transportation. [D] For urgent mission to places inaccessible to other kinds of craft.

Section C
Prospective students should bear in mind that housing will be an expensive item in their budget, (36) ________ in magnitude the cost of tuition and food. In (37) ________, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to (38) ________ one-fifth or one-fourth of the total (39) ________ for living expenses (as opposed to educational expenses, such as tuition and fees). If the amount spent for housing reaches one-third of the total (40) ________ for living expenses, the student is certainly spending too much; however, if it drops to one-sixth, it is possible that the quarters are unsafe, unhealthy, and possibly (41) ________. For detailed information on local housing (42) ________, students should contact the housing office or the foreign student adviser of the institution that has (43) ________ them. (44)

_________________________________________________________________, because public transportation in many towns and cities in the United States is

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simply not adequate or convenient. (45) _________________________________________________________; the housing office of the institution; bulletin boards located in dormitories, cafeterias, libraries, etc. on the campus; the “for rent” columns of campus or community newspapers; fellow students who attend the institution; and a host family in the community. (46)

________________________________________________________________.

标准听力(九)

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

(35 minutes)

11. [A] The man must be an excellent student. [B] The man?s idea is probably a good one. [C] The man had better drop more than one course. [D] The man would not have dropped the best course of the four.

12. [A] The movie was really wonderful. [B] The movie was so full of violent scenes. [C] The movie wasn?t as good as he had expected. [D] The movie was overly concerned with romantic relationships.

13. [A] She wasn?t able to manage the project well. [B] She?s not sure how she was able to finish so early. [C] She?s not sure how to solve the mystery. [D] She still hasn?t heard what was shocking.

14. [A] He thinks the woman is unfair.
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[B] He agrees that the workload is heavy. [C] He feels the assignment is reasonable. [D] He won?t be able to go to the lab today.

15. [A] Lose weight. [C] Weigh himself frequently.

[B] Quit smoking. [D] Have a talk with the doctor.

16. [A] Getting dressed. [C] Trying out new clothes.

[B] Collecting old clothes. [D] Looking for her black dress.

17. [A] The man should go to bed at eleven. [B] The man should give up watching the movie. [C] The man should stay up and watch the program. [D] The man should read something exciting instead.

18. [A] She was born there. [B] Her children were born there. [C] She has lived there since 1970. [D] Her husband was teaching English there.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. [A] They are looking for an apartment to live in. [B] They are discussing living places and children?s education. [C] They are complaining about their children. [D] They are planning for the next weekend.

20. [A] There?s much to do besides work and study. [B] It?s convenient for people to go anywhere. [C] The natural environment is beneficial to children. [D] The countryside is a perfect place for weekends.
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21. [A] The children are too young to benefit from city life. [B] Even adults themselves cannot go everywhere in the city. [C] There is a lot to see and do for children and adults. [D] There isn?t a lot to see and do for children.

22. [A] She is a full-time housewife. [B] She does not care for her children. [C] She used to live in the suburbs in her childhood. [D] She will go to a museum next weekend.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. [A] She couldn?t go to Spain for holiday this summer. [B] She couldn?t communicate with Spanish people very well. [C] She didn?t learn enough Spanish vocabulary. [D] She had few chances to speak Spanish in Spain.

24. [A] By reading the BBC book. [B] By going to an evening class of BBC. [C] By watching BBC programs. [D] By going to Spain to talk with Spanish people.

25. [A] Learn more grammar and vocabulary. [B] Watch more BBC television programs. [C] Understand Spanish cultures well. [D] Do more practice in speaking Spanish.

Section B
Passage One

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Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. [A] Opera is only for rich people. [B] Opera is famous for its history. [C] Young people are not interested in operas. [D] Opera companies are trying to keep operas alive.

27. [A] Because it is hard to find long versions. [B] Because they can make people interested. [C] Because short versions are easy to perform. [D] Because they can be performed in public libraries.

28. [A] To reduce the cost. [C] To make Cinderella popular.

[B] To attract young people. [D] To celebrate its 75th anniversary.

29. [A] Opera is not so popular an art form today. [B] Students enjoy performing operas very much. [C] The tickets for opera are very expensive at present. [D] Opera is performed in a language difficult to understand.

Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. [A] Because it is part of a historical cave system. [B] Because it is the largest body of water in Tennessee. [C] Because it is the biggest underground lake in the world. [D] Because it is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records.

31. [A] By diving into the water. [B] From “The Council Room”. [C] By riding far out onto the lake. [D] From an opening in a mountainside.
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32. [A] They serve as a tourist attraction. [B] They serve as an Indian meeting ground. [C] They serve as an underground testing site. [D] They serve as a motorboat race course.

Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. [A] Because only rich people can afford the watches. [B] Because the watches were made many years ago. [C] Because only a few watches of the kind were made. [D] Because the watches were made by a Swiss watchmaker.

34. [A] Its new uses. [C] Its fashionable style.

[B] Its splendid color. [D] Its mechanical movement.

35. [A] Buy the watch. [C] Wear the watch.

[B] Return the watch. [D] Receive the service.

Section C
The family in Britain is changing. The once typical British family headed by two parents has (36) ________ substantial changes during the twentieth century. In particular there has been a rise in the number of single-person households, which (37) ________ from 18 to 29 percent of all households between 1971 and 2002. By the year 2020, it is (38) ________ that there will be more single people than (39) ________ people. Fifty years ago this would have been socially (40) ________ in Britain. In the past, people got married and stayed married (41) ________ was very difficult, expensive and took a long time. Today, people?s views on marriage are
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changing. Many (42) ________, mostly in their twenties or thirties, live together without getting married. Only about 60%of these couples will (43) ________ get married. In the past, people married before they had children, but now about 40%of children in Britain are born to unmarried parents. In 2000, (44)

_________________________________________________________________. Before 1960 this was very unusual. People are generally getting married at a later age now and many women do not want to have children immediately. (45) _________________________________________________________________. The number of single-parent families is increasing. This is mainly due to more marriages ending in divorce, (46)

________________________________________________________________.

标准听力(十)

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

(35 minutes)

11. [A] Talking about their house. [C] Walking on the campus.

[B] Looking for a place to live in. [D] Reading a newspaper.

12. [A] He lent her his extra pen. [B] He offered her a pencil. [C] He was afraid of losing his pen. [D] He said he didn?t have any extra ink.

13. [A] They should wait patiently. [B] They should ask that man to leave.

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[C] They should serve that man immediately. [D] That man is old enough to order things he likes.

14. [A] Change a partner. [B] Ask the teacher for advice. [C] Meet his partner in the mid-town. [D] Make a compromise with his partner.

15. [A] Go to the game. [C] Miss her class.

[B] Have her supper. [D] Meet her friends any minute.

16. [A] It was burned down. [C] It was blown up.

[B] It was robbed. [D] It was closed down.

17. [A] He takes it as a kind of exercise. [B] He wants to save money. [C] He loves doing anything that is new. [D] His office isn?t very far.

18. [A] The assignment looks easy but actually it?s quite difficult. [B] The assignment is too difficult for them to complete on time. [C] They cannot finish the assignment until Thursday. [D] They have plenty of time to work on the assignment.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. [A] Her roommate won?t share expenses. [B] The apartment needs a lot of repair work. [C] The apartment is too far from the campus. [D] She?s having trouble with the owner of the apartment.

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20. [A] Paula doesn?t pay the rent on time. [B] She has to buy a new dishwasher. [C] Paula repairs the dishwasher without her permission. [D] She can?t find anyone to repair the dishwasher.

21. [A] Friends. [C] Lawyer and client.

[B] Classmates. [D] Lifesaver and drowned victim.

22. [A] He can bring a lawsuit against the owner. [B] He has some knowledge of the law. [C] He once had the same problem. [D] He knows the owner.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. [A] Making a travel to Finland. [C] Reserving airline tickets. [B] How to post a letter. [D] Booking a train ticket.

24. [A] Flight 1070 and 90. [C] Flight 1070 and 19.

[B] Flight 1017 and 19. [D] Flight 1017 and 90.

25. [A] At 10:00 a.m. on the 23rd of this month. [B] At 10:00 a.m. on the 22nd of this month. [C] At 4:35 p.m. on the 29th of this month. [D] At 5:55 p.m. on the 22nd of this month.

Section B
Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. [A] Pollution in the air. [B] A lack of parking.

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[C] A lack of bridges.

[D] Accidents with bicycles.

27. [A] The law of the road. [C] Federal law.

[B] International law. [D] Local law.

28. [A] To reduce the number of cars. [B] To train bicyclists. [C] To help build special bike paths. [D] To help buy more bikes.

29. [A] Bicycles are causing all the problems. [B] Bicycling would be safer in the future. [C] There are special paths set aside for bicycles. [D] Bicycles cannot help clean up the environment.

Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. [A] Space Travel [C] Water Pollution [B] Problems of Astronauts [D] The Spaceship Earth

31. [A] The present population on earth is fourteen billion. [B] Water is recycled every seventy million years. [C] The planet earth travels around the sun at 18 miles per second. [D] The earth is compared to a spaceship because they both travel around the sun.

32. [A] The spaceship Earth cannot make a trip to the moon when its supplies are used up. [B] Man must stop abusing the environment in order to have a better future. [C] Someday human beings will be able to live on a spaceship.
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[D] Space travel will cause pollution to other planets.

Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. [A] The family was extremely large. [B] He didn?t live very long with them. [C] He was too young when he lived with them. [D] He was fully occupied with observing nature.

34. [A] He was first of all a scientist. [B] He was not only a naturalist but also a scientist. [C] He was no more than a born naturalist. [D] He was a scientist as well as a naturalist.

35. [A] He came up with solutions in a most natural way. [B] He lacked some of the qualities required of a scientist. [C] He had a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic. [D] He just read about other people?s observations and discoveries.

Section C
Perched among the highlands of western Cameroon, bordered by green mountains and cliff faces, Lake Nvos is a scene of (36) ________ beauty. But the picture cannot be trusted. A detailed study (37) ________ that the lake could release a deadly cloud of carbon dioxide, capable of wiping out entire (38) ________ around its shores. The warning, from a team of scientists, comes nearly 20 years after the lake discharged an (39) ________ 80m cubic metres of CO2 into the atmosphere. (40) ________ than air, the cloud of gas rolled down surrounding hillsides and villages. Silent and (41) ________, it exhausted the air of oxygen, killing
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hundreds of cattle and (42) ________ the lives of more than 1,700 people up to 26 kilometers away. “It was one of the most mysterious (43) ________ scientists have ever investigated,” said George Kling, an ecologist at the University of Michigan. (44) _________________________________________________________. Gas bubbling up from the Earth?s magma (岩浆) was under such pressure at the bottom of the 200?metre?deep lake that it dissolved until it reached max. (45) ________________________________________________________________. To prevent a recurrence, in 2001 engineers installed a pipe to suck CO2 from the bottom of the lake and release it harmlessly into the air. A pipe was also installed at Lake Monoun, where an outbreak of CO2 killed 37 people in 1984. (46) _____________________________________________________________. “By 2010, those five pipes would be enough to get the carbon dioxide down to safe levels,” he said.

标准听力(六)答案解析
Part III
Section A
11. M: I understand that the extra 【听前预测】 根据意思相反的两个选 mathematics course this semester 项中有一个很可能是答案的命题规 律, 答案锁定在[B]和[C]之间。 is interesting. 【解 析】选[B]。对话中女士提 W: It used to be. But now Prof. 到,It used to be(曾经是那样) ,其 中 的 It 指 的 是 男 士 说 的 Paulson has retired. the…course…is interesting,[B]是对 Q: What does the woman say about used 女士话的同义转述, 故为答案。 the course? to be…指“曾经…”, 用于表示过去 的动作或事物的状态,但现在发生 了变化。 12. M: I can?t talk for long. I?d better 【听前预测】由选项中的The man should,too late,earlier等可知,本题
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Listening Comprehension

get in my registration form if I still 考查女士对男士做某事时间早晚的 看法,女士的话为听音重点。 got time. 【解 析】选[C]。对话中女士 W: Why do you always wait till the 提到,Why do you always wait till the last minute?,指出男士总是把事情拖 last minute? 到最后一刻才办,也就是建议男士应 Q: What does the woman mean? 尽早办事,故答案为[C]。 13. M: Do you know Sally?s new 【听前预测】 由选项中重复出现的She, address? She got some mails Sally和new address,in contact with可 知,本题考查女士和Sally之间的联 and I?d like to forward them to 系。 her. 【解 析】 选[C]。 对话中女士提到, W: Sorry, we weren?t exactly on we weren?t exactly on good terms when she left(她走时我们的关系并 good terms when she left. 不好) ,可推断出女士应该没再和 Sally保持联系, forward 故答案为[C]。 Q: What does the woman mean? sth. to sb.意为“将某物转交给某人”; be on good/bad terms (with sb. )意为 “(与某人)关系好/坏”。 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 14. W: My English teacher suggested that dictionary和Take…out of,Borrow,Buy I come in and borrow a 可知, 对话与字典有关,涉及获得字典 的方式。 German-English Dictionary. 【解 析】 选[D]。 对话中男士提到, Wouldn?t it be better if you had one of M: Of course, Miss Helen. You?re your own? 你有一本自己的岂不是更 ( welcome to use our dictionaries, 好?) ,[D]的内容是对男士的话的同 but they may not be taken out of 义转述, 故为答案。 the library. Wouldn?t it be better if you had one of your own? Think how much time you could save. Q: What did the man suggest Helen do? 15. W: I still can?t get over the movie 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的The last Saturday evening. I keep woman,see/seen,movie可知,对话 having 与女士看电影有关。 【解 析】选[B]。对话中女士 frightening dreams all night. can?t get over the movie 提到,still M: So, next time before you walk last Saturday evening和keep having into a cinema, make sure you frightening dreams all night 可 推 断
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know what you are going to see. 出,女士上周六看过一部恐怖电影, Q: What do we learn from the 故答案为[B]。get over意为“度过, 从…中恢复过来”。 conversation? 16. W: I need a car this weekend, but 【听前预测】 根据意思相反的两个选 项中有一个很可能是答案的命题规 mine has broken down. 律, 答案范围锁定在[A]和[D]之间。 M: I?m sorry to hear it, but you can 【解 析】选[D]。对话中男士提 always rent one if you have a 到,but you can always rent one(但你 总可以租一辆) [D]中的can?t borrow , license. his car是男士所说话中的真实想法, Q: What does the man mean? 故[D]为答案。 17. M: Excuse me, Prof. Grey. But I?m 【 听 前 预 测 】 由 选 项 中 的 question, still confused. Could you go explanation, repeat等可知, 对话与解释 疑问有关。 由The man shouldn?t等可知, over that last point one more 女士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】选[C]。对话中女士提 time? 到,Of course!That?s what I?m here W: Of course! That?s what I?m here for. (当然能! 我在这就是干这个的) , for. 其中的what指男士问题中的go over that last point one more time,由此可 Q: What does the woman mean? 知女士并不介意再解释一遍, 故答案 为[C]。 18. W: You look different today. How 【听前预测】由选项中的He doesn?t want to和重复出现的interview可知, did your job interview go? 本题与男士参加面试有关,男士的话 M: I don?t think I came across as 为听音重点。 well as I could have. 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中男士提到, I don?t think I came across…well…(我 Q: What does the man mean? 觉 得 自 己 没 有 发 挥 好 ) [B] 中 的 , disappointed是对男士所说话的同义转 述,故答案为[B]。come across意为“使 人产生某种印象”。

Now you’ll hear the two long conversations. Conversation One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的parents,career,freedom, interfere,get on well等可知,对话双方谈论的是父母对自己的教育,涉及 对自己专业选择、职业规划的干涉以及与父母的关系。

29

M: Do you think young people are Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. given too much freedom nowadays, 19. According to the woman, why does she respect her parents? and that as a result they?ve lost 【解析】选[B]。对话开始女士说她 respect for their parents and their 父母绝不逼迫她做自己不喜欢的事 elders generally? 情,所以她很尊重父母,故答案为 W: I don?t think so. My parents never [B]。 but转折处常为考点, 【点睛】 其后的 interfered with my plans too much. 句子为真正要表达的意思;定语从句 They advised me but never forced me I didn?t want to do修饰anything,[B] to do anything I didn?t want to do. I 是对此的同义转述。 20. What happened when the woman was allowed to take up the career I began to study nursing? wanted. I think I respect and love 【解析】选[A]。对话中女士提到, As soon as I…started my studies as a them more for this. nurse I became independent financially M: Are you quite independent of them (自从我…开始学习护士后便在经 济 上 独 立 了 ), [A] 中 的 didn?t now? need…money any more 是 对 其 中 W: Yes. As soon as I left school and became independent financially的同义 started my studies as a nurse I 转述,故为答案。 became independent financially. I 【 点 睛 】 问 题 中 的 began to study nursing是对对话中started...studies as have a government grant. It is enough a nurse的同义转述。 for my daily life. But I still stay with 21.What can we learn from the conversation? them a lot, as you know. 【解析】选[A]。对话中男士提到, M: You seem very close to your we value family life very much in my country(在我们国家,人们非常看重 parents. 家庭生活) ,由此可推断出他们来自 W: I am. Many young people today say 不同的国家,故答案为[A]。 they have nothing in common with 22. What attitude did the man’s parents have towards his study their parents, but I?m rather lucky abroad? because I get on very well with mine. 【解析】选[C]。选项均以They开头, reluctant和their son, 由其中的allowed, What about you? go abroad,study等可知,本题可能考 M: Well, we value family life very 查男士父母对他出国的态度。对话中 much in my country. I?m very fond 女 士 说 “they allow you to come to 男士回 of my family, but I don?t always get study in England on your own”, 答“but only after a lot of persuasion”, on very well with them. They try to 可推断出,男士父母起初并不情愿, control me too much. 直到男士说服他们,故答案为[C]。 W: But they allow you to come to study 【 点 睛 】 [C] 中 的 reluctant until…persuaded them是对对话中的
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in England on your own. M: Yes, but only after a lot of persuasion! Your parents treat you as an adult; my parents treat me as a child. W: As I said, I?m lucky. Some English parents are like yours. They interfere too much and they just refuse to understand our generation.

but only…persuasion的同义转述。

Conversation Two 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,结合23题中的network,24题中的Silicon Valley及25题中的advanced technology等推断,对话可能与先进的网络技术 和硅谷有关。

W: Mr. Rick Segal is an expert in Questions 23 to 25 are based on the network management and software conversation you have just heard. development. I know you?re planning 23. What is the purpose of the man’s to take a world tour. Can you tell me world tour? when you got the idea for this 【解析】选[D]。选项均以动词不定 upcoming tour? 式开头表明,本题可能考查做某事的

M: Two years ago, I thought about 目 的 。 对 话 开 头 男 士 提 到 , going going around to various places to see around…to see if all this technology if all this technology and progress in and progress in North America had any North America had any effects on the effects on the rest of the world, 即他想 rest of the world. 看看美国的科技在其他国家的效果 W: You have criticized Silicon Valley, 及影响,[D]是对此的同义转述,故 particularly its venture community for arrogance, for seemingly 为答案。 believing it is the center of the 24. Which is true about Silicon Valley according to the man? universe. Why is this? M: I have actually not criticized SV nor 【解析】选[A]。预览选项可知, 本题

31

made a big deal about the Valley?s 与对Silicon Valley的评价有关。对话 center-of-the-universe attitude. I have 中男士说“硅谷确实是个最棒的地方 been trying to make the point that I 之一,因为它拥有高质量的学校、众 believe there is life on other planets. 多帮助他人成功的成功人士, 还有一 W: Champions of Silicon Valley see it 些 其 他 原 因 ” , [A] 中 的 many as the world?s best ecosystem for successful people表述正确, 故为答 tech startups. In your view, is this 案。 still true? M: It is one of the best places because 【点睛】[B]在对话中没有提到;[C] of the quality of schools, the number 中的the world?s best place与对话中的 of successful people who hung one of the best places表述不一致;[D] around and seeded others to be 中的numerous schools是对quality of successful, and other reasons. Again, schools的错误表述。 I hope that other places can begin to 25. What effect does the connected build these required ecosystems, so world bring to entrepreneurs in we begin to see more centers of remote locations? excellence springing up around the 【 解 析 】 选 [B] 。 选 项 中 的 It world. makes/brings表明,本题考查It的影 W: How has the connected world changed the opportunities for 响。对话中女士说“联系紧密的世界 businessmen in remote locations? 是怎样为偏远地区的商人提供机会

M: In the old days, it was very hard to 的?”,紧接着男士将现在和以前的 get a voice or have that voice heard. 情况进行了对比, 表明现在的商人比 That is the single greatest barrier to 以前的机会多了,故答案为[B]。 entry. Today, a free block, or a good 【点睛】听清问题中的the connected service or idea, can get noticed and world明确选项中的It的指代内容是 take off. W: How do you see investment 解答本题的关键。 opportunities change because of the connected world? M: Companies have to think globally from the perspective of resources, customers, etc. This is important

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because with technology and a global infrastructure, making it big might mean making it big in the UK, New Zealand, and Canada.

Section B
Passage One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的Jeb,Tom,cougar,fight等可 知,短文可能与Jeb或Tom和美洲豹的搏斗有关。

Lying in the sun on a rock, the cougar saw Jeb and his son, Tom, before they saw it. Jeb put his bag down quickly and pulled his jacket open with both hands, making himself look big to the cougar. It worked. The cougar hesitated, ready to attack Jeb, but ready to forget the whole thing, too. Jeb let go of his jacket, grasped Tom and held him across his body, making a cross. Now the cougar?s enemy looked even bigger, and it rose up, ready to move away, but unfortunately Tom got scared and struggled free of Jeb. “Tom, no!” shouted his father. But Tom broke and ran and that?s the last thing you do with a cougar. The second Tom broke free, Jeb threw himself on the cougar, just as it jumped from the rock. They hit each other in mid-air and both fell. The cougar was on Jeb in a flash, forgetting about Tom, which was what Jeb wanted. Cougars are not as big as most people think and a determined man stands a chance, even with just his fists. As the cougar?s claws got into his left shoulder, Jeb swung his fist at its eyes and hit hard. The animal howled and put its head back. Jeb followed up with his other fist. Then out of the corner of his eye, Jeb saw Tom. The boy was running back to help his father. “Knife, Tom!” shouted Jeb.

33

The boy ran to his father?s bag, while Jeb started shouting as well as hitting, to keep the cougar?s attention away from Tom. Tom got the knife and ran over to Jeb. The cougar was moving its head in and out, trying to find a way through the wall Jeb was making out of his arms. Tom swung with the knife, into the cougar?s back. It howled horribly and ran off into the mountains. The whole fight had taken about thirty seconds. Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. Why did Jeb pull his jacket open when he saw the cougar? 【解析】选[C]。选项均以动词不定式开头表明,本题考查行为目的。短文 开头提到看到美洲豹时,Jeb…pulled his jacket open with both hands, making himself look big to the cougar(用两只手把他的夹克?开到最大,是自己的体 型大于美洲豹),而美洲豹面对一个体型大于它的人,就会害怕,所以Jeb 这样做是为了吓退美洲豹,故答案为[C]。 【点睛】现在分词做伴随状语,由making himself look big to the cougar可推 出,其目的是为了吓退美洲豹。 27. What do we know about cougars? 【解析】选[D]。短文中提到Tom broke and ran and that?s the last thing you do with a cougar (Tom因害怕跑了, 这是面对美洲豹时的大忌),由此可推断 出,美洲豹喜欢攻击奔跑中的人,故答案为[D]。the last thing 意为“最不应 该做的事”。 【点睛】听清问题中的cougars,明确选项中They的指代是解答本题的关键。 28. How did Jeb try to hold the cougar’s attention? 【解析】选[A]。选项均以By + doing开头表明,本题考查方式方法。短文后 面提到, Jeb started shouting as well as hitting, to keep the cougar?s attention away from Tom(Jeb开始大声叫喊,同时用?头打美洲豹,将豹的注意力从 Tom身上引开),故答案为[A]。 【点睛】问题中的try to hold the cougar?s attention是对对话中to keep the cougar?s attention away的同义转述。 29. Which of the following happened first?

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【解析】选[A]。短文中提到,Jeb将Tom十字交叉抱着后Tom挣脱父亲跑掉, Tom跑掉之后,美洲豹从岩石上跳下来,最后Tom给父亲拿来一把刀,故答 案为[A]。 【点睛】听清问题中的happened first是解题的关键。

Passage Two 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的her mother/grandmother, family,quilts等可知,短文与说话者的家庭生活有关,涉及到被子的情况。

I arrived at my mother?s home for Questions 30 to 32 are based on the our Monday family dinner. The smells of passage you have just heard. food flew over from the kitchen. My 30. Why did the speaker go to mother was pulling out quilt after quilt mother’s home? from the boxes, proudly showing me 【解析】选[D]。选项均以不定式开头 their beauties. She was preparing for a 表明,本题可能考查行为目的。短文 quilt show at the Elmhurst Church. 开头就提到I arrived at my mother?s When we began to fold and put them home for our Monday family dinner, 即 back into the boxes, I noticed something 说话者去母亲家是为了周一的家庭聚 at the bottom of one box. I pulled it out. 餐,故答案为[D]。 “What is this?” I asked. “Oh?” Mom said, “That?s Mama?s 【点睛】[D]中的family dinner是对短 quilt.” 文中family dinner的信息再现,for表

I spread the quilt. It looked as if a 目的。 group of school children had pieced it 31. Why was the speaker surprised? together: irregular designs, childish 【 解 析 】 选 [A] 。 短 文 中 提 到 , pictures, a crooked line on the right. “Grandmother made this?” I said, surprised. My grandmother was a master at making quilts. This certainly didn?t look like any of the quilts she had made. “Yes, right before she died. I brought it home with me last year and made
35

“Grandmother made this?” I said, surprised, 其中的this指的前面提到的 被子,It looked as if a group of school children had pieced it together:

irregular designs,childish pictures,a crooked line on the right,可见这条被

some changes,” she said. “I?m still 子特别奇怪,故答案为[A]。 working on it. See, this is what I?ve done 【点睛】[A]中的strange是对短文中 so far.” irregular designs, childish pictures, a I looked at it more closely. She had made straight a crooked line. In the center of the quilt, she had stitched(缝) a piece of cloth with these words: “My mother made many quilts. She didn?t get all lines straight. But I think this is beautiful. I want to see it finished. Her last quilt.” crooked line on the right的归纳概括。 32. What is mainly talked about in the passage? 【解析】选[C]。选项均为概括性强的 名词短语表明,本题可能考查短文的 主题或主旨。短文通过母亲的被子引 出姥姥的被子,讲述这条被子的制作

“Oh, this is so nice, Mom,” I said. It 等,并说明“爱的传递”是这条被子的 occurred to me that by completing my 意义所在,故答案为[C]。 grandmother?s quilt, my mother was 【点睛】 短文主旨要根据短文内容进 honoring her own mother. I realized, too, 行总结。 that I held in my hands a family treasure. It started with the loving hands of one woman, and continued with the loving hands of another.

Passage Three 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的She,a less upper-class accent, Her speeches, accents and social classes表明,短文与口音和社会地位的关系 有关。

The study

Queen?s of the

English Queen?s

is

now Questions 33 to 35 are based on the Why were the Queen’s

sounding less upper-class, a scientific passage you have just heard. Christmas 33. broadcasts chosen for the study?

broadcasts had found. Researchers have

studied each of her messages to the 【解析】选[D]。短文一开始提到一 Commonwealth countries since 1952 to 项针对女王口音的变迁的研究,接着 find out the change in her pronunciation
36

from the noble Upper Received to the 说出原因:想通过过去半个世纪的记 Standard Received. Jonathan Harrington, a professor at Germany?s University of Munich, 录来发现口音变化是否会在一个人 身上发生,而除了女王,别人都没有 50年的相关记录,故答案为[D]。 【点睛】短文中没有直接说明原因, 但通过一些关键的信息点还是能够

wanted to discover whether accent changes recorded over the past

half-century would take place within

one person. “As far as I know, there just 轻易选出答案。[D]中的50 years是对 is nobody else for whom there is this half-century的同义转述。 sort of broadcast records,” he said. He said the noble way of pronouncing 34. Which is an example of a less noble accent in English?

vowels had gradually lost ground as the 【解析】选[B]。短文中给出几个例 noble upper-class accent over the past 子 , 如 以 前 尊 贵 的 读 法 是 citay , years. “Her accent sounds slightly less dutay,hame,lorst,现在的读法是 noble than it did 50 years ago. But these citee,dutee,home,lost。[B] citee are very, very small and slow changes 是现在的读法,也就是不太尊贵的英 that we don?t notice from year to year.” “We may be able to relate it to 语口音,故答案为[B]。 changes in the social classes.” he told 【 点 睛 】 听 清 问 题 中 的 less noble The Daily Telegraph, a British accent是解答本题的关键。 newspaper. “In 1952 she would have 35. What is the passage mainly been heard saying ?thet men in the bleck about? het?. Now it would be ?that man in the 【解析】选[A]。选项均为概括性强 black hat?. Similarly, she would have 的名词短语表明,本题可能考查短文 spoken of ?the citay? and ?dutay?, rather 主旨。短文一开始就提到女王口音的 than ?citee? and ?dutee?, and ?hame? 变化,接着引出一项口音研究,以女 rather than ?home?. In the 1950s she 王的广播为研究对象,研究一个人在 would have been ?lorst?, but by the 50年中的语音变化,故答案为[A] 1970s ?lost?.” The Queen?s broadcast is a personal message countries. to the Commonwealth Christmas, the

Each

10-minute broadcast is put on TV at 3

37

p.m. in Britain as many families are recovering from their traditional turkey lunch.

Section C
36. irrational。 【解析】 由空前的their和空后的and可知, 本空应填一和arbitrary 意义相近的形容词。irrational在此意为“非理性的”。 37. 解析】 social interaction interaction。 【 由空前的social可知, 本空应填一名词。 意为“社会交际”。 38.【解析】equally。由空前的apply和空后的介词to可知,本空应填一副词 来修饰apply。equally在此意为“公平地,公正地”。 39.【解析】regardless。上文中提到没有人能凌驾于法律之上,本空所在句是 对people的进一步限定,应该说的是不考虑财富、个人关系或者地位。 regardless of意为“不管,不考虑”之意。 40.【解析】conviction。由空前的explains和the可知,本空应填一名词。 conviction在此意为“信念,信条”。 41.【解析】removed。由空前be和空后的from可知,本空应填一过去分词形 式的动词。be removed from office意为“免除职务”。 42.【解析】realm。由空前的the和空后的of可知,本空应填一名词。realm 在此意为“领域”。 43.【解析】procedures。由空前的rules和and可知,本空应填一复数名词。 procedures在此意为“程序”。 44. Getting a job with a government agency or getting a government grant 【答案】 for a research project, fulfills following published requirements 【Main Points】Getting a post with a government agency or getting a government grant for a research project, fulfills following published requirements 45.【答案】This is not to say that personal contacts, wealth, and social influence do not matter where laws and rules are concerned
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【Main Points】This is not to say that personal contacts, wealth, and social influence is not important where laws and rules are concerned 46.【答案】Rich people can sometimes go unpunished for illegal behavior that poor people would likely to be punished for 【Main Points 】The rich can sometimes go unpunished for illegal behavior which poor people would likely to be punished for

标准听力(七)答案解析
Part III
Section A
11. W: Let?s talk about the preparations 【听前预测】由选项中的It,dull,not for the party. M: Right, I think we really need to plan better and get things done in advance this time. Still remember what a mess it was at the last party? well-organized, tired等可知, 对话可能 与It(极可能是某个活动或会议)的缺 点有关。 【解 析】选[B]。对话中男士提

Listening Comprehension

到上次的派对真是一团糟,[B]中的

Q: What do we know about the last not well-organized是对男士说的what party from the conversation? a mess的同义转述,故答案为[B]。in advance意为“提前”。 12. M: I?ve never understood what this 【 听 前 预 测 】 由 选 项 中 的 She Woman?s Lib business is all understands/doesn?t think , Women , about. I can understand women freedom等可知,对话与女士对妇女权 in some countries struggling for their rights. But it strikes me that here in Britain women have already got as much freedom as they could possibly want. W: You are fooling. Q: What does the woman mean?
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利的看法有关,女士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】选[D]。女士的话You are

fooling(你被愚弄了)为听音重点, 结合男士提到的Britain women have already got…freedom…they…want(英 国女性已经获得…她们…想要的…自

由)可知,答案为[D]。Woman?s Lib 意为“妇女解放”。 13. M: By the way, Jane, did you talk to 【听前预测】由选项中的She,talk, the consultant about our health consultant和时间短语可知, 对话与女 program? 士与顾问谈话的时间有关。

W: I contacted his office, but his 【解 析】选[A]。女士的转折表述 secretary said he would be out he would be out for lunch until two (他 for lunch until two. Q: What does the woman mean? 出去吃饭了, 要两点才能回来) 表明, 女士两点前不能与顾问谈话,故答案 为[A]。 14. M: Have you seen Tom at all this 【听前预测 】由选项中的He,quit semester? I used to see him school,play tennis,sports,study等可 everywhere! But now, he?s never 知,对话与 He的运动和学习有关。 around. 【解 析】选[D]。对话中女士提到 W: Well, he?s got a really heavy he?s got a really heavy course load and course load and he is on the he is on the tennis team now(他现在课 tennis team now! 程负担很重,而且他还在网球队打 Q: What does the woman say about 球) 。[D]是对女士的话的综合表述, Tom? 故为答案。 15. W: Oh, this is a beautiful city. I?m 【听前预测】选项中的for/meet his really camera. M: Yes, there are lots of things to take pictures of here. But I hope you will not plan to spend all of your time snapping. I have some friends who would like to meet you. Q: What does the man want the woman to do? 16. W: You are late again! We?ve been 【听前预测】由选项中的The man,
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glad

I?ve

brought

my friends表明,男士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】选[D]。对话中男士提到I

have some friends who would like to meet you(我有几个朋友想见你) ,由 此可知,男士暗示女士抽时间跟他的 朋友们见面,故答案为[D]。

expecting you for an hour. For driver,car等可知,对话与男士的汽车 what reason this time? M: I?m terribly sorry. I couldn?t start my car, and then I had to send for my mechanic to fix it. I really don?t know things would turn out to be like this. [D]中的not seem to have a good sense of time与女士所说的late again相对应,故 有关。 【解 析】选[D]。对话中女士提

到You are late again!(你又迟到了!, )

Q: What can we infer from the 答案为[D]。turn out to be…意为“结果 conversation? 17. M: How are you doing with your plan? 【 听 前 预 测 】 由 选 项 中 的 She is W: No one knows how to do the worried/needs等可知,女士的话为听 work correctly, so we have to 音重点。 learn how to do it by a process 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中女士提到, 是…”。

of trial and error. But I think No one knows how to do the work things are getting better and correctly…learn…by…trial and error better. Q: What do we learn from the conversation about the woman? (没人知道怎么正确开展工作,通 过…不断摸索…来学习) [B]是对女 , 士的话的同义转述,故为答案。trial and error意为“反复实验(以摸索到 好方法)”。 18. W: Hi, Peter. I was surprised to see 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 you in the class in children?s The woman,The man,majoring in可 literature yesterday. Are you 知,对话与男士和女士的专业有关。 also majoring in elementary 【解 析】选[D]。对话中女士提 education? 到Are you also majoring in elementary M: No, I?m not. But as a psychology education ( 你 的 专 业 也 是 初 等 教 major I can use this to fulfill the 育?) ,由其中的also推断出[D]的表 requirement in developmental 述正确 ,故答案为[D] 。elementary psychology. education意为“初等教育”。 Q: What do you learn from the conversation?

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Now you will hear the two long conversations. Conversation One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的police officer,Detective/Patrol work等可知,对话可能与警察的工作有关。

W: Welcome to our program, Mr. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the Smith. M: Thank you. W: Mr. Smith, how long have you been a police officer? conversation you have just heard. 19. What’s the relationship between the two speakers? 【解析】选[D]。预览选项可知,本题

M: I?ve been a police officer for thirty 考查人物关系。根据女士的开场白 years. Welcome to our program以及接下来的 W: Thirty years. And you?ve had different types of assignments on the police force, I guess. M: Yeah, I?ve done everything from patrol to undercover work, and work now detective 问题How long…a police officer?可推 测,对话双方的身份分别是电视台节 目女主持人和警察,故答案为[D]。

to 【点睛】人物关系题要根据对话双方 I?m 的语气、关键信息词进行推理判断。

supervising investigations. W: Mr. Smith, I think most people would say that being a police officer 20. What do we know about Mr. is a very stressful job. Would you agree? Smith from the conversation? 【解析】 选[B]。 对话中Mr. Smith提到,

M: Yes, it?s definitely a stressful job. 他做过patrol 巡警) undercover work ( , But it depends on your assignment. (卧底) ,detective work(刑侦工作) , W: So, what?s probably the most supervising investigations(督察) ,可 stressful job you can have? 推 断 出 他 是 一 个 经 验 丰 富 M: I?d say patrol is the most stressful (experienced) 的警察, 故答案为[B]。 assignment. W: That?s interesting! In what way? M: Well, I guess the biggest part of the stress is the fear factor, the fear of the 21. What assignment does Mr. Smith believe is the most stressful?
42

unknown. W: What do you mean, Mr. Smith?

【解析】 选[C]。 对话中Mr. Smith提到, patrol is the most stressful assignment

M: Well, in patrol work, you don?t (巡逻是最有压力的工作) 并进行了 , know from moment to moment who 解释说明,故答案为[C]。 you are talking to or what their 【点睛】最高级处常设为考点,听音 reaction is going to be to justify your 时多加留意,问题中的most stressful是 presence. Let?s say, for example, a 听音关键。 patrol officer stops someone for a traffic violation. It seems as though that would be a very low-stress situation. W: Yes, it is a very low-stress situation. M: But the truth is, there are more 22. Why are all police officers taught to be aware of their surroundings from the very beginning?

police officers injured during a 【解析】选[D]。对话中男士提到,事 routine stop. W: Really? 实上在一些例行的检查中可能会有更 多的警察受伤,那就是所有的警察在

M: Really! That?s why all police 一开始受训时就要对周围的环境时刻 officers are taught from the very 保持警惕的原因,故答案为[D]。 beginning to be aware of their 【点睛】问题原句在对话中以That?s surroundings: people back over why出现,那么其答案应该在该句之 policemen, people shoot policemen, people jump out at policemen — 前。 different kinds of things. So that?s probably the most stressful time. W: I see. Let?s take a break and then we?ll move on to our next topic. M: All right.

Conversation Two 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的apartment, student housing等 可知,对话与住宿有关。

43

W: Good morning. This is Housing Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. Office. How can I help you? M: Hi. I?m calling about the new 23. Where does the man live? subsidized low-cost housing for 【解析】选[B]。预览选项可知,本 题考查与男士有关的地点。对话中男

graduate students.

W: Are you aware that it?s only 士提到,But right now we?re living available to married graduate with my wife?s parents,由此可知,男 students and their families? M: Yes. I think my wife and I may qualify since she?s still in graduate school. But I was wondering whether there were any other requirements. W: Well, unless you have more than one child, you have to have a combined 24. Why does the man believe he’s annual income that?s less than 5,000 dollars. eligible for low-cost housing? 【解析】选[C]。对话中女士提到,申 [B]。 【点睛】But转折处常设为考点,应 注意其后的句子通常为答案所在。 士现在和妻子的父母同住,故答案为

M: I?m working as a part-time research 请低价住宿的条件是已婚研究生,男 assistant so that?s no problem. But 士说,I think my wife and I may qualify right now we?re living with my since she?s still in graduate school,由此 wife?s parents. Does that mean we 可知,男士的妻子是研究生,符合申 have to include their income too? 请条件,故答案为[C]。 W: Not necessarily. Why don?t you stop by our office so I can give you some forms to fill out and explain 25. Why does the woman suggest that the man visit her office in the afternoon? 【解析】选[A]。对话中男士提出明

everything in more detail? M: That sounds like a good idea. Would tomorrow morning be all right?

女士表示拒绝并提 W: I think the afternoon might be better. 天早上拜访女士, You know it can be pretty crazy 出在明天下午见,并解释了原因,it around here on a Friday morning. can be pretty crazy around here on a M: All right then. I?ll try to make it in Friday morning 周五上午人太多了) ( , the afternoon. Is there anyone special 也就是说,她周五上午太忙,故答案
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I should ask for?

为[A]。

W: You can ask for me, Susan 【点睛】 考查时间的题一般对话中给 Davidson, or my assistant Bill 出两个以上时间,听清问题是解答此 Brown. We?ll be glad to give you 类题目的关键。 any help you need. M: OK. Thanks a lot. See you then.

Section B
Passage One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的The right of choice,products, purchasing decisions, variety of choices等可知, 短文与商品购买的决定有关。

Almost every day we come across Questions 26 to 29 are based on the situations in which we have to make passage you have just heard. decisions one way or another. Choice, 26. What do we learn from the we are given to believe, is a right. But passage? for a good many people in the world, in 【解析】选[B]。短文中提到,The rich and poor countries, choice is a endless choice gives birth to anxiety in luxury, something wonderful but hard to people?s lives. Buying something as get, not a right. And for those who think basic as a coffee pot is not exactly they are exercising their right to make simple,由此可知,选择并不简单, choices, the whole system is merely an illusion, a false idea created by 故答案为[B]。 27. Why do more choices of goods give rise to anxiety? 【解析】选[B]。短文中提到,The lives. Buying endless choice gives birth to anxiety in people?s lives和Easy access to a wide range of everyday goods leads to a sense of powerlessness in many

companies and advertiser, hoping to sell their products. The endless choice gives birth to anxiety in people?s

something as basic as a coffee pot is not exactly simple. Easy access to a wide range of everyday goods leads to a sense of powerlessness in many people,
45

people,也就是说,商品的种类太多

ending in the shopper giving up and 了, 顾客都挑花眼了, 很难做出选择, walking away, or just buying an 从而产生了忧虑, [B]中的the broad unsuitable item that is not really wanted. range of items对应短文中的a wide Recent studies in England have shown that many electrical goods bought in almost every family are not really needed. More difficult decision-making range of everyday goods,故为答案。 【点睛】问题中的more choices of goods give rise to anxiety是对短文中

is then either avoided or trusted into the The endless choice gives birth to hands of the professionals, lifestyle anxiety的同义转述。 instructors, or advisors. It is not just the availability of the goods that is the problem, but the speed 28. What does the speaker want to prove by using computers as an example?

with which new types of products come 【解析】选[C]。短文中提到,The on the market. Advances in design and typical example is computers, which are production help quicken the process. almost out-of-date once they are

Products also need to have a short bought,该例子是为了证明前面的话: lifespan so that the public can be Products also need to have a short persuaded to replace them within a short lifespan so that the public can be time. The typical example is computers, persuaded to replace them within a short which are almost out-of-date once they time,也就是说是为了证明新设计的 are bought. This indeed makes selection 商品搅乱了市场,使人们的选择变得 a problem. Gone are the days when one 更加困难,故答案为[C]。 could just walk with case into a shop 【点睛】 注意举例处一般是为了证明 and buy one thing; no choice, no 前面的观点。 anxiety. 29. What is this passage mainly about? 【解析】选[A]。选项均为概括性强 的名词短语表明,本题可能考查短文 主旨。短文主要是讲人们在选购商品 时的困难和无助,故答案为[A]。

Passage Two
46

【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,结合第30题中多次出现Ms. Mellor, English-teaching,Teacher等可知,短文很可能与Ms. Mellor作为英语教师的相 关情况有关。

A teacher of English as a second Questions 30 to 32 are based on the language is the 2004 Teacher of the Year passage you have just heard. in the United States. Kathy Mellor of 30. What is the passage mainly Rhode Island will spend the next year as an international spokeswoman about? for 【解析】选[C]。选项均为概括性强

education. President Bush and his wife, 的名词短语表明,本题很可能考查短 Laura, honored her during a ceremony at 文主旨。由短文开头提到的A teacher the White House last week. of English as a second language is the For the past nineteen years, Kathy 2004 Teacher of the Year in the United Mellor has taught English as a second States.可知, 短文主要谈论的是“2004 language at Davisville Middle School in 年美国年度教师”的相关情况,故答 North Kingstown, Rhode Island, in the 案为[C]。 northeastern United States. She 短文主旨和标题一般在开头 redesigned the program for ESL students 【点睛】 at her school to provide each student with 或结尾有所提及,应给予足够的重 one to three periods per day in classes for 视。 English learners. How much instruction the students get depends on their level of skill in listening, speaking, reading and writing. The amount of time they spend in these classes is reduced as their level 31. What does “ESL” in the passage of English increases. stand for? A teacher describes this as the most 【 解 析 】 选 [D] 。 短文 中 多 次 出 现 successful ESL program in North English as a second language,由此可 Kingstown. She also praises Kathy Mellor for providing help to students and their families by forming a local parents group for speakers of other languages. 知ESL是其简写形式,故答案为[D]。

47

This improved their ability to help their children. Kathy Mellor earned a master?s 32. What can we learn from the passage?

degree in education from Rhode Island 【解析】 选[B]。 短文主要谈论的是the College. She studied teaching English as 2004 Teacher of the Year,开头提到, a second language. President Bush and his wife, Laura, She was chosen for the national honor honored her during a ceremony at the of Teacher of the Year from among top White House last week,由此可推断 teachers in each of the fifty states. As Teacher of the Year, Kathy Mellor will travel around the United States and to other countries. She will talk about the importance of education and the work of teachers. [B]。 出,美国政府很注重教育,故答案为

Passage Three 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,结合第35题中重复出现的Parents和their teenagers可知,短文可能与父母和孩子之间的关系有关。

Parents often believe that they have Questions 33 to 35 are based on the a good relationship with their teenagers. passage you have just heard. But last summer, Joanna and Henry 33. What troubles Tina and Mark most? noticed a change in their older son: suddenly he seemed to be talking far 【解析】选[B]。短文中提到,The more to his friends than to his parents. problem is figuring out which time is “The door to his room is always shut,” which,其中的The problem指的就是 Joanna noted. Tina and Mark noticed similar changes in their 14-year-old daughter. “She used to cuddle up with me on the sofa and talk,” said Mark. “Now we joke that she does this only when she 上文Tina and Mark提到的他们不知 道女儿的心思,故答案为[B]。 【点睛】 解答本题的关键是通过直接 引语(女儿什么时候需要被当作小女 孩,什么时候需要被当作一位年轻的

48

wants something. Sometimes she wants 女士)来理解The problem is figuring to be treated like a little girl and out which time is which。 sometimes like a young lady. The 34. Which statement best explains problem is figuring out which time is “the wall of silence” in the which.” Before age 11, children like to tell their parents what?s on their minds. “In fact, parents are first on the list,” said Michael Riera, author of Uncommon Sense for Parents with Teenagers. “This passage? 【解析】选[C]。the wall of silence字 面意思为“沉默的墙壁”,而根据短文 内容可推断出,此处是比喻用法,指 的是青少年跟他们父母交流不多, 故

completely changes during the teen 答案为[C]。 理解比喻处的关键是根据上 years,” Riera explained. “They talk to 【点睛】 their friends first, then maybe their 下文语境来明确比喻的深层含义。 teachers, and their parents last.” Parents who know what?s going on 35. What can be learned from the passage?

in their teenagers? lives are in the best 【解析】选[D]。短文末尾对父母应 position to help them. To break down 如何了解青春期的孩子提出建议, 给 the wall of silence, parents should create 出 了 父 母 们 具 体 的 做 法 : to be a chances to understand what their friend , not a manager , with their children want to say, and try to find children is a better way to know them, ways to talk and write to them. And they must give their children a mental 由此可推测父母应该尽量理解青春 break, for children also need freedom, 期的孩子,[D]中的understand是对其 though young. Another thing parents 中a better way to know的同义转述, should remember is that to be a friend, 故为答案。 not a manager, with their children is a better way to know them.

Section C
36.【解析】succeeding。空后的名词group表明,本空应填一形容词,与并 列连词and前的each established group of immigrants形成对比。succeeding 在此意为“新兴的,新建立起来的”。
49

37.【解析】financially。空后的形容词successful表明,本空应填一副词。 38.【解析】unjust。空前的比较级标志词more表明,本空应填一形容词。 39.【解析】distinct。空后的名词disadvantages表明,本空应填一形容词。 40.【解析】traditions。空前的形容词cultural表明,本空应填一名词。cultural traditions意为“文化传统”。 41.【解析】established。空后的名词society表明,本空应填一形容词作定语。 上文中的each established group对本空有很强的提示作用。 42.【解析】experienced。空前的became和主语they表明,本空应填一过去 式形式的动词。 43.【解析】majority。空前的定冠词the和空后的of表明,本空应填一名词, 修饰black population。 44. 答案】 the 1950s and 1960s, blacks fought to gain fair treatment, and they In 【 now have legal protection in housing, education and employment 【Main Points】In the 1950s and 1960s, blacks struggled to be treated equally, and now they have legal protection in housing, education and employment 45.【答案】Busing children from one neighborhood to another is one solution to inequality in education Busing children from one neighborhood to another is a solution 【Main Points】 to education inequality 46.【答案】The situation of blacks is better today than it was in the 1950s, but racial tension persists 【Main Points】The situation of blacks is better than in the 1950s, but racial tension still exists

标准听力(八)答案解析
Part III
Section A
50

Listening Comprehension

11. W: May I take a make-up exam 【听前预测】由选项中的 student, next week? M: It?s not my policy to give make-up exams, but the make-up exam 等可知,对话可能与 学生补考有关。 【解 析】选[C]。对话中男士提到

circumstances in your case are unusual. Q: What can be concluded from this conversation?

It?s not my policy to give make-up exams, but the circumstances in your case are unusual. (让学生补考不是 我的一贯做法,不过你的情况比较 特殊) ,即男士允许女士补考。[C] 的内容与此一致,故为答案。

12. W: I?d like to pay my share of the 【听前预测】由选项中的 He does meal, but I guess you won?t mind treating me just this time. M: Oh, that?s what you think. Q: What does the man mean? want/is wondering 可知, 女士的话为 听音重点。 【解 析】选[A]。对话中女士说 I

guess you won?t mind treating me (我 猜你不会介意请我吧)男士答 that?s , what you think 表达了相反意见,即 男士想让女士付款,故答案为[A]。 treat sb.在此意为“请某人客”。

13. M: The new sales manager says he 【 听 前 预 测 】 由 选 项 中 的 He , has never met you before. W: We?ve been introduced about three times. He seems a little forgetful. Q: What do we learn about the new sales manager? forgiving,tolerant,liked by 等可知, 本题考查对 He 的评价和看法。 【解 析】选[A]。对话中女士提

到 He seems a little forgetful 他似乎 ( 有点健忘) ,[A]是对此的同义转述, 故 为 答 案 。 [D] 中 的 has been introduced 是 针 对 女 士 提 到 的 introduced about three times 所设的 干扰。

14. M: I?d like to speak to Mr. Jones, 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的
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please. W: Sorry, sir. But Mr. Jones isn?t here any more. Mr. Williams is in charge now. Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

Mr. Williams 和 Mr. Jones 可知,对 话与这两人的情况有关。 【解 析】 选[C]。 对话中女士提到,

But Mr. Jones isn?t here any more. Mr. Williams is in charge now. (Mr. Jones 已经不在这儿了,现在负责人 是 Mr. Williams) 。由此可推知,原 来是 Mr. Jones 负责, [C]的内容与此 一致,故为答案。

15. M: It is a good place to spend my 【听前预测】根据意思相反的两个选 holidays. Many people say the winter here is usually mild. How do you feel? W: Usually? But I think this year it will be very different. Q: What does the woman imply about this winter? 项中有一个很可能是答案的命题规 律,将答案锁定在[A]和[C]之间。 【解 析】 选[A]。 对话中女士提到,

But…it will be very different 天气会 ( 大不相同) 结合男士提到的 usually , mild(通常温和)可知,答案为[A]。 mild 意为“(天气)温和的”,相当 于 warm and comfortable。

16. W: I forgot to bring paper and a 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 pencil to take notes with me in class. M: That?s all right. I have enough for both of us. Q: What will the man most probably do next? I have enough for both of us(我的足 够咱俩用) 结合女士所说的 I forgot , to bring paper and a pencil 可知,男 士要借纸和笔给女士, 故答案为[C]。 17. W: Can we go to some place and 【听前预测】选项均为名词性短语, talk? I can?t even hear my voice in here. M: Well, there?s a little park down 且含有 dirty,noisy 等消极词,可知 本题可能考查女士抱怨的对象。 【解
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help the woman 可知, 对话与男士帮 助女士有关,男士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】 选[C]。 对话中男士提到,

析】 选[B]。 对话中女士提到

the street. It?s usually quiet this time of the day. Q: What is the woman

I can?t even hear my voice in here (在这儿我连自己的声音都听不见 了) [B]是对此的同义转述, , 故为答 案。

complaining about?

18. W: I?d really like to learn how to 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 play chess, but it looks so complicated. It seems like it will take a really long time to learn. M: Well, it does take a long time to get good at it. But we can go over the basics this afternoon if you want. Q: What does the man mean? play chess 可知,对话与下棋有关。 [A]中的 The woman should 表明男士 的话为听音重点。 【解 析】选[D]。对话中男士提

到,But we can go over the basics…if you want,[D]是对此的同义转述, 故为答案。go over the basics 在此意 为“熟悉一遍(下棋的)基本规则”。 But 后的内容常设为考点和答案出 处所在,听音时应注意。

Now you will hear the two long conversations. Conversation One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的 work,higher salary,courses 等可知,对话很可能与男士的工作和学业冲突有关。

M: Hello, Prof. Diana, you wanted to Questions 19 to 22 are based on the see me? conversation you have just heard.

W: Oh, yes, Frank. Thanks for coming. 19. What does Prof. Diana offer It?s about your work as a teaching Frank? assistant. I?ve just read your 【 解 析 】 选 [A] 。 对话 中 女 士 提 到 Frank 的助教工作, 接下来对他的工 作给予了肯定, 提到希望 Frank 继续 当助教,后面的对话也都是围绕此 话题展开,故答案为[A]。

evaluations, the ones the students filled out toward the end of the semester. M: Yes? Well, how were they? W: Would you like to take a look? Out
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of a possible score of five, you got 20. What’s Frank’s answer to Prof. a 4.8. That?s very high, Frank. M: Well, what a pleasant surprise. W: When we see such a high score, we generally try to keep the teaching assistant on a little longer and perhaps even ask them to cover more classes. What do you say, Frank? Would you like this? M: I sure would, but I don?t know if I can. Next fall will be my last semester of course work for my master?s and I?ll be very busy doing research on my thesis. Could I have a few days to think about it? W: Certainly. I wouldn?t want you to fall behind in your course work, but I do think you should consider getting more experience in the classroom. You seem to have a real gift. M: Thanks for your praise, Professor. W: Let me know by the beginning of next week, will you? M: Sure thing. I?ll drop by again on Monday or Tuesday. Dianna’s offer? 【解析】选[C]。女士征求意见时,男 士表示 I sure would, 但接着又用 but 进行转折,表示自己下学期时间会 很紧张,最后要求考虑几天再给答 复,故答案为[C]。 21. What does Prof. Dianna suggest that Frank do? 【解析】选[D]。选项均以原形动词 开头表明,本题可能与建议有关。 女士说不希望男士耽误学业,接着 用 but 转折,认为男士应该 consider getting more experience in the

classroom,故答案为[D]。 【点睛】but 转折处为常考点,其后 的句子通常为答案所在。 22. What is the “gift” the professor refers to? 【解析】选[A]。对话中女士赞扬男 士 You seem to have a real gift。由对 话中提到的 teaching,evaluations, score,very high 可推断车,女士是 对男士的教书能力赞赏有加,故答 案为[A]。 在此含“天赋 gift (talent) ” 之意。 【点睛】问题中的 gift 为一词多义, 听清对话所陈述的主要内容是解题 的关键。

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Conversation Two 【听前预测】 预览三道题各选项, 由选项中的 He, his job, lost woman?s study, chooses the wrong major 等可知,对话与男士的工作和女士的专业有关。 M: Hi, honey! What?s going on?

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the

W: I have great news to tell you. I just conversation you have just heard. found out that I was accepted as an 23. Which is true about the man RA! according to the conversation? M: That?s really great news! I?m sorry 【解析】 选[B]。 对话中女士说她要修 that you had to postpone your studying abroad because I lost my job. I just interviewed at a home grocery delivery business, so we?ll see if I get hired. W: Don?t worry. Everything will be OK! 人类学,男士说 your mother and I will support your decision,故答案为 [B],同时排除[C]。由对话中男士提 到的 Don?t forget I?m an optimist 乐 ( 观主义者)可排除[A]。 24. Why does the man feel sorry?

M: I think so. Don?t forget I?m an 【解析】选[C]。选项中的 He,out of optimist. W: Eh, dad, I want to talk with you about declaring a major anthropology. Business isn?t the best choice for me. M: Well, I don?t know why you can?t declare your own major. If this is what you really want to do, then employment,lets…down 等表明, 本题考查男士做某件可能是不好的 事情。男士提到 I?m sorry that you had to postpone your studying abroad because I lost my job,即男士为因自 己的失业而推迟女士出国留学的时 间而感到抱歉,故答案为[C]。

your mother and I will support your 【点睛】[C]中的 delay 与对话中的 postpone 同义。 decision. W: Thanks, dad! I just want you to 25. Where does this conversation know that I will make you proud! most probably take place? M: Your mother and I are already 【解析】选[D]。预览选项可知,本 proud of you. W: Thanks, dad. I am really interested in anthropology and I promise that
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题考查对话发生的地点。对话末尾 女士明确说她得挂电话了,抓住关

I will become a success with my degree. M: We believe in you! W: Well, I?d better hang up. I have a lot of reading to catch up on before finals. Talk to you soon!

键词 hang up 不难选出答案为[D]。 【点睛】地点题要根据对话中的关键 信息进行推断。

Section B
Passage One 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的 Exercise,Running,Health Benefits 等可知,短文可能与运动和健康有关。

America is a country on the move. Questions 26 to 28 are based on the In unheard of numbers, people of all passage you have just heard. ages are exercising their way to better 26. According to the passage, what health. According to the latest figures, 59 percent of American adults exercise regularly, up 12 percent from just two was the percentage of American adults doing regular physical exercises two years ago?

years ago and more than double the 【解析】选[B]。本题涉及到数字。近 figure of 25 years ago. Even 年来,本题的听音重点是现在和两 年前各 自对 应的 百分 比:现 在为 59%;现在比两年前上涨 12%,所 以两年前应为 59%-12%,即 47%, 故答案为[B]。

non-exercisers believe they would be more attractive and confident if they were more active. It is not hard to get the message. The virtues of physical fitness are

shown on magazine covers, postage 【点睛】短文中一般会出现几组数 stamps, and television ads for 据,而问题的答案一般需要将几组 数字进行简单计算。

everything from beauty soaps to travel

books. Exercise as a part of daily life 27. What can be learnt about the did not catch on until the late 1960s health benefits of exercise from when research by military doctors the passage? began to show the health benefits of 【解析】选[D]。根据意思相反的两
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doing

regular

physical

exercise.

个选项,其中之一很可能是答案的 命题规律,将答案锁定在[A]和[D] 之 间 。 短 文 中 提

Growing publicity for races held in American cities helped fuel a strong interest in the ancient sport of running. Although running has levelled off in recent years as Americans have discovered equally rewarding and

到 , …research…show the health benefit of doing regular physical exercises,由此可知,答案为[D], 其中的 are supported by scientific evidence 是对短文中 research…show 的同义转述。 28. Which would be the best title for the passage?

sometimes safer forms of exercise, such as walking and swimming,

running remains the most popular form of exercise. As the popularity of exercise

continues to mount, so does scientific 【解析】 选[B]。 由选项内容的实词首 evidence of its health benefits. The key to fitness is exercising the major muscle groups vigorously enough to approximately double the heart rate and keep it doubled for 20 to 30 minutes at a time. Doing such physical exercises three or more times a week will produce considerable 字母均大写可知,本题考查短文标 题。短文主要介绍了体育锻炼对健 康的好处,故答案为[B]。 【点睛】短文标题或短文主旨可先根 据选项进行推断,再根据短文内容 进行确定,短文开头和短文结尾要 给予足够的重视。

improvements in physical health in about three months.

Passage Two 【听前预测】 预览四道题各选项, 由选项中的 attitudes, like, believe, forget, minds 等可知,短文可能与人类思想的研究有关。

A study published in September Questions 29 to 32 are based on the suggests there is a surprising way to passage you have just heard. get people to avoid unhealthy foods: 29. change their memories. Scientist Why did Loftus to ask the some

volunteers questions?
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answer

Elizabeth Loftus of the University of

California at Irvine asked volunteers to 【解析】 选[C]。 选项均以不定式开头 answer some questions on their 表明,本题考查某人做某事的目的 或原因。由短文中 Loftus 所说的 “One Week Later,”和“we told those people we?d fed their answers

personalities and food experiences. “One week later,” Loftus says, “we told those people we?d fed their answers into our smart computer and it came up with an account of their early childhood experiences.” Some

into…computer…”可以推断,Loftus 让志愿者回答问题是为了收集他们 的个人信息,以使在此基础上设计 出的 false memory 更有效。[C]的内 容是对此目的的进一步概括,故为 答案。 【点睛】 feed sth. into a computer 意为 “将…输入到计算机中”。 30. What did Loftus find out from her research? 【解析】选[B]。短文指出调查结果: 41% 的 被 调 查 者 都 相 信 了

accounts included one key additional detail — “You got sick after eating strawberry ice-cream.” The researchers then changed this detail into a

manufactured memory through leading questions — Who were you with? How did you feel? By the end of the study, up to 41% of those given a false memory believed strawberry ice-cream once made them sick, and many said they?d avoid eating it. When Loftus published her

researchers 为 他 们 设 计 的 false memory, [B]的内容与此调查的结果 一致,故为答案。

findings, she started getting calls from people begging her to make them

remember hating chocolate or French 31. According to the study, under fries. Unfortunately, it?s not that easy. what circumstances may people False memories appear to work only stop having a certain food? for foods you don?t eat on a regular 【解析】选[D]。分析选项可知,此 basis. But most important, it is likely 处的 it 指代的应该是 food,该研究 that false memories can be implanted 的结果是: 41%的人都相信, 在他们 only in people who are unaware of the 的记忆当中,ice-cream once made mental control. And lying to a patient is immoral, even if a doctor believes them sick , 并 表 示 they?d avoid it?s for the patient?s benefit. Loftus says there?s nothing to stop eating, [D]是对此的抽象概括, 故为 答案。

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parents from trying it with their 【点睛】[D]中的 think 对应短文中的 overweight children. “I say, wake up — parents have been lying about Father Christmas for years, and nobody seems to mind. If they can prevent diseases caused by fatness and all the other problems that come with that, you might think that?s a more moral lie. Decide that for yourself.” believed; bad experience 对应 made them sick。 32. What is the biggest concern with the method? 【解析】选[A]。短文中提到,这种 方 法 的 缺 点 之 一 就 是 lying to a patient is immoral,而 Loftus 则举例 辩解说,这种方法是 a more moral lie,可见人们最关心的是这种方法 是否道德,故答案为[A]。 【点睛】 注意对 If 引导的虚拟语气句 的理解。

Passage Three 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中重复出现 helicopters, used for 等 可知,段文应与直升飞机有关,并涉及它的用途。

For centuries man dreamed of Questions 33 to 35 are based on the achieving vertical flight. The ancient passage you have just heard. dream was finally realized in 1940 33. when a Russian engineer piloted a What is said about the

development of the helicopter?

strange-looking craft of steel tubing 【解析】选[D]。短文中提到 People with a rotating fan on top. It rose awkwardly and vertically into the air from a standing start, hovered a few feet above the ground, went sideways and backwards, and then settled back to earth. The vehicle was called a helicopter. Imaginations were fired. Man 34. How has the use of helicopters developed?
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anticipate

that

vertical

flight

transports would carry millions of passengers as the airliners of today do, [D]的表述与此一致, 故为答案。 【点睛】问题中的 helicopter 对应短 文中的 vertical flight transports。

dreamed of going to work in their own 【 解 析 】 选 [C] 。 短 文 中 提 到 The personal anticipated helicopters. that vertical People flight helicopter has now become an

extremely useful machine. It excels in military missions…use them in police work…for site selection,由此可知, 直升飞机的用途是多种多样的,故 答案为[C] 。 【点睛】听清问题中的 helicopters, 明确选项中 They 的指代内容是解答 本题的关键。 Under what conditions are

transports would carry millions of passengers as the airliners of today do. Such fantastic expectations were not fulfilled. The helicopter has now become an extremely useful machine. It excels in military missions, carrying troops, guns and strategic instruments where

other aircraft cannot go. Corporations 35. use them as airborne offices, many metropolitan areas use them in police work, construction and

helicopters found to be absolutely essential?

logging 【解析】选[D]。选项均以“For+名词 短语”开头表明,本题可能考查某物 的用途,很可能是直升飞机。短文 中提到, Any urgent mission to a hard-to-get-to place is a likely task for a helicopter 可知答案为[D]。 【点睛】 [D]中的 places inaccessible to 是对短文中 hard-to-get-to place 的同 义转述。

companies employ them in various advantageous ways, engineers use them for site selection and surveying, and oil companies use them as the best way to make offshore and remote work stations accessible to crews and

supplies. Any urgent mission to a hard-to-get-to place is a likely task for a helicopter. Among their other

multitude of uses they deliver people across town, fly to and from airports, assist in rescue work, and aid in the search for missing or wanted persons.

Section C
36.【解析】approaching。分析句子成分,空所在句作前面主句的伴随状语, 故本空应填一现在分词形式的动词。

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37.【解析】general。分析句子结构,可知 In (37) ________构成固定短语, 在句中作状语。In general 意为“通常来讲”。 38.【解析】approximately。分析句子成分且由空后的数字可知,本空需要 填一副词来修饰。 39.【解析】available。空前 the total 与空后的介词短语 for living expenses 表明,本空很可能应填一过去分词形式的动词或一形容词。 40.【解析】budget。空前的名词短语 the total 与空后的介词短语 for living expenses 表明, 本空所填词很可能为动词的过去分词或形容词或一名词。 41.【解析】illegal。空前的 and 表明,本空应填一与 unsafe 和 unhealthy 一 样都表示负面意义的形容词。 42.【解析】alternatives。空前的 housing 表明,本空应填一名词。 43.【解析】admitted。空前的现在完成时标志词 has 表明,本空应填一动词 的过去分词。 44.【答案】Students should also be advised that commuting to campus from a distance is usually very difficult 【Main Points】Students should be advised that commuting far to campus is very hard 45.【答案】On arrival in the United States, students can usually obtain further information on local housing options from the foreign students adviser 【Main Points】Arriving in US, students can get more information on local housing options from their adviser 46.【答案】A local international hospitality organization may also be a source of assistance in finding a suitable place to live 【Main Points】A local international hospitality organization may also help in finding a suitable place to live

标准听力(九)答案解析

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Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

11. M: I?ve been taking four courses, 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 but I think I?ll drop one of them at the end of this term. W: That may be for the best. You should have done so earlier. Q: What does the woman mean? drop,course 可知,对话与放弃课程 有关。由 The man must/had better 可 知,女士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中女士提到,

That may be for the best 那或许再好 ( 不过了) [B]的内容是对女士的话的 , 同义转述,故为答案。 12. W: How was the movie that you 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 went to last night? I know how much you wanted to see it. M: Well, I was hoping for The movie 和 wonderful、good 等词 可知,对话与对电影的评价有关。 【解 析】 选[C]。 对话中男士提到,

something really wonderful. But the movie was full of

I was hoping for something really wonderful. But… (我之前一直希望 能很精彩,但是…) ,转折处说明电 影没有男士期望的那么精彩,故答 案为[C]。

stereotypes, and relationships that never fully developed. Q: What does the man mean?

13. M: I was shocked when I heard 【听前预测】根据意思相反的两个选 you?d finished your research project a whole month early. W: How I managed to do it is still a mystery to me. Q: What does the woman mean? 项中有 一个可 能是 答 案的命 题规 律,答案锁定在[A]和[B]之间,女士 的话为听音重点。 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中女士提到,

How I managed to do it is still a mystery to me.(我是怎么做到的对 我来说仍是个谜) [B]的内容是对女 , 士的话的同义转述,故为答案。 14. W: I can?t believe we have another 【听前预测】根据意思相反的两个选

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lab report due so soon. Dr. White must think that we don?t have any other classes. M: I know just what you mean. I?ll be really pressed to get it done. Q: What does the man mean?

项中有 一个可 能是 答 案的命 题规 律,答案锁定在[B]和[C]之间。男士 的话为听音重点。 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中男士提到,

I?ll be really pressed(我也很有压 力) [B]的内容为男士的话的同义转 , 述,其中的 heavy 与对话中 pressed 对应,故[B]为答案。

15. M: The doctor said if I kept 【听前预测】由选项均以原形动词开 smoking, I would increase my chances of having a heart attack. W: Did he suggest reducing weight, too? Q: What does the woman think the man should also do? 头可知,本题考查行为动作或观点 建议,且对话与身体健康有关。 【解 析】 选[A]。 对话中女士提到,

reducing weight(减肥) ,[A]的 Lose weight 是对 reducing weight 的同义 转述,故为答案。

16. W: I don?t know what I?m going to 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 wear to the party. All of my clothes look so old. It?s too bad I don?t have any money to get something new. M: Why don?t you wear your black velvet dress? Q: What is the woman doing? clothes,dress 可知,对话与穿着有 关。 【解 析】选[A]。由对话中女士

提到 I don?t know what I?m going to wear(不知道要穿什么)可知,女 士在穿衣服,故[A]为答案。

17. M: I?m really exhausted, but I don?t 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 want to miss the film that comes on at 11. W: If I were you, I?d skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow, and anyway, I?ve heard it isn?t that exciting. Q: What does the woman mean? The man should 可知, 女士的话为听 音重点。 【解 析】选[B]。女士的话 If I

were you, I?d skip it.(如果我是你, 就不看了) 为听音重点。 [B]中的 give up 与女士话中的 skip 同义,故为答

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案。 I were you, I?d…表示一种委婉 If 的建议。 18. M: Have you and your family lived 【听前预测】预览选项可知,对话可 in Chicago for a long time? W: Oh, yes, but only since 1970. My oldest child was born in Seattle and my second oldest child was born overseas when my husband was teaching English. Q: What did the woman say about life in Chicago? 能与 She 一家人在 there 的情况有 关。 【解 析】 选[C]。 对话中男士提到,

Have you…lived in Chicago…?(你 在芝加哥…住过…吗?) ,并结合女 士提到的 yes, but only since 1970 是 ( 的,但只是从 1970 年才开始)可知 答案为[C]。

Now you will hear the two long conversations. Conversation One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的 apartment,children,natural environment 等可知, 对话很可能与居住地有关, 涉及到居住地对孩子的影响、 居住地的周边环境等。 M: You like living in the city, don?t Questions 19 to 22 are based on the you? conversation you have just heard.

W: Oh,I love it. It?s so convenient. I 19. What are the two speakers talking about? can take the bus to work, or the 选[B]。 对话中提到, living in subway, or the taxi. And there is so 【解析】 much more to do. M: I know what you mean. I?d like to live in the city, but to live in the suburbs is better for children. W: Well, there are a lot of good things about suburban living. But, as a working woman, I think a city has all the conveniences, including the
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the city…It?s so convenient…There are lots of things for them(children) here,由此可知,对话双方都是围绕 居住地和孩子所受的教育展开谈话 的,故[B]为答案。 【点睛】对话话题首先可根据选项进 行推断,然后根据对话内容进行确

best food and fastest news. M: But there are more trees, grass and fresh air in the suburbs. W: Yeah, but living in a city, it?s convenient to go everywhere.

定。对话开头和对话结尾一定要给 予重视。 20. What does the man think of living in the suburbs? 【解析】选[C]。预览选项可知,本题 可能考查居住地的环境对孩子的影 响 。 对 话 中 提 到 , to live in the suburbs is better for children…there are more trees, grass and fresh air in the suburbs,由此可知答案为[C]。 【点睛】but 转折处为常考点,其后 的句子通常为答案所在。

There are lots of movie houses, theaters and so on. You can take them to weekends. M: Yeah, my children are the right age. There are lots of things for them here. W: You are right. They are at the the suburbs on the

library in Brooklyn. And they come 21. What is the man’s opinion of the back home for lunch, then go city? uptown to the Museum of Natural 【解析】 选[C]。 根据意思相反的两个 History. There is so much for young people to see and do. M: Not just for young people. What about me? I?ve never been to the Museum of Natural History. W: Neither have I. When I was a child, I used to go to the Museum of Art. M: I?ve been there several times. Twice with children. 选项中有一个可能是答案的命题规 律,答案锁定在[C]和[D]之间。短文 中 提 到 , children are the right age…lots of things for them here 和 Not just for young people, 由此可知, 男士认为在城里孩子和成年人都有 很多可看的东西和可做的事,故[C] 为答案。

W: Well, I have an idea. Next 22. What do we know about the weekend, let?s go to the Museum of woman according to the Natural History. conversation? M: OK, that?s really a very nice idea. 【解析】选[D]。对话中女士提到, Next weekend, let?s go to the Museum of Natural History 可知,女 士下周末将要去自然历史博物馆, 故[D]为答案。
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Conversation Two 【听前预测】 预览三道题各选项, 由选项中的 Spain, holiday, summer, BBC, grammar and vocabulary 等词可推知,对话很可能与女士去西班牙有关,涉及 到出国前的准备,如语言学习等。

W: Good evening, professor. My name Questions 23 to 25 are based on the is Alice Brown. conversation you have just heard. What made Alice feel

M: Good evening, Alice. What is your 23. question?

disheartened?

W: I?ve been studying Spanish for 【解析】选[B]。对话中提到的 But I some years. I go to Spain on holiday some times. I?ve learnt quite a lot of grammar and vocabulary. But I find it very difficult to speak, and when I went to Spain this summer I couldn?t understand the Spanish people at all. I got really disheartened. M: Yes, it is a problem. How long have you been studying Spanish? W: About four years. M: Yes, how exactly? Go to an evening class, using tapes? W: I?ve been going to an evening class and I?ve watched quite a lot of the 24. What is one of the ways Alice BBC television programs. learns Spanish? M: Oh, they?re very good. Did you buy 【解析】选[C]。选项均以 By 开头及 the BBC book? W: No, we just use a different book in the class. M: Yes, I see, Alice. I always think that BBC 等词表明,此题可能与学习西 班牙语的方式有关。对话中提到, I?ve been going to…the BBC find it very difficult to speak, and when I went to Spain…couldn?t understand the Spanish peoples at all… disheartened 可知,Alice 感到 沮丧的原因是她不能跟西班牙人很 好地交流,[B]的内容与此一致,故 为答案。 【点睛】But 转折处常设为考点,其 后的句子通常为答案所在。

television programs 可知答案为[C]。

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learning a language is rather like 【点睛】 [C]是对对话中 watched quite learning to drive. Now, you a lot of the BBC television programs 的同义转述。 couldn?t learn to drive a car by sitting in a classroom or watching television. I think what you need is a lot of practice in using the language. W: That?s all very well if you live in 25. What does the professor think the country where they speak the Alice needs? language, but I don?t. 【解析】选[D]。选项均以动词原形 M: Yes, I understand the problem. 开头可知,本题可能考查方法建议。 Though even if you live in the 对话中提到,I was thinking perhaps country where the language is you might…regular conversation spoken, you have to reach a certain practice 可知,教授给 Alice 的建议 standard before you are able to have conversations with the 是让她多练习讲西班牙语,故[D]为 natives. I was thinking perhaps you 答案。

might arrange with another student 【点睛】[D]是对对话中 have regular or students to have regular conversation practice 的同义转述。 conversation practice. W: I see what you mean. Thank you very much, professor. M: You are welcome, Alice.

Section B
Passage One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,结合第 26 题和第 29 题中重复出现的 opera(s)可知,短文与歌剧有关。

For a 400-year-old art form, Questions 26 to 29 are based on the opera had a bad fame: overweight passage you have just heard. actresses singing the words which 26. What is the main idea of the

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were hard to understand in one of passage? those romance languages you were 【解析】选[D]。根据短文中提到的 But supposed to learn in high school. And with tickets costing as much as $145 a performance, opera goers also had a certain appearance in people?s minds: rich, well-dressed and old. But now opera companies around the country are loosening their ties and kicking off their shoes in an attempt to keep opera alive and take it to a younger and not so wealthy audience. Opera producers have found now opera companies around the country… in an attempt to keep opera alive… audience 以及上下文可知, 本文 主要讲述的是歌剧公司正在努力将歌 剧变“活”, 以此来吸引年轻但不富有的 观众,故[D]为答案。 【点睛】But 转折处为常考点,其后的 句子通常为答案所在。 短文主旨首先可 根据选项内容进行推断, 然后根据短文 内容进行确定。 27. Why do opera companies prefer to perform smaller versions?

that to attract this crowd, they need 【解析】选[B]。由短文中提到的 By to associate opera with the common performing smaller versions of large people. That means no formal suits, old-style theatre or bank-breaking ticket prices. And because young people don?t or won?t come to the opera, companies are bringing the opera to them, giving performances productions, producers are able to make people interested…可知,通过表演巨著 的较短剧本, 制片人在保证合理票价的 同时可以使人们对此感兴趣,故[B]为 答案。

in such usual places as parks, 【 点 睛 】 问 题 中 的 perform smaller libraries and public schools. versions 是听音关键。 The Houston Grand Opera?s 28. What is the purpose of the San choice is the public library, where it performs “mobile operas”, Francisco Opera employs young students?

shortened version of child-friendly 【解析】选[A]。选项均以 To+原形动词 operas. This summer?s production is Hansel & Cretel. By performing smaller versions of large 开头表明, 本题很可能考查做某事的目 的。由短文末尾提到的…keeping costs down by employing students from its Young Artists? Training Program 可知,
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productions, producers are able to

make

people

interested

while

旧金山歌剧院雇佣年轻学生的目的是 使演出成本降低,故[A]为答案。

keeping costs at a reasonable level.

The San Francisco Opera, which 29. What can you infer from the will be celebrating its 75th passage? anniversary this year, is staging Cinderella free of charge, keeping costs down by employing students from its Young Artists? Training Program. 【解析】选[A]。短文开头就提到了拥有 四百年历史的歌剧有一个较差的名声, 由此可推测歌剧在现在并不受人们欢 迎,故[A]为答案。 【点睛】选项内容比较分散,故听音时 要做详细的笔记。

Passage Two 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,结合 Indians, water, lake, underground lake 等词可推知,本文可能与湖和印第安人有关。

Deep inside a mountain near Questions 30 to 32 are based on the Sweet-water in East Tennessee is a passage you have just heard. body of water known as the Lost Sea. 30. Why is the Lost Sea unique It is listed by the Guinness Book of according to the passage? World Records as the world?s largest 【解析】 选[C]。 根据短文中提到的 It is underground lake. The Lost Sea is part of the extensive and historic cave system called Craighead Caverns. The caverns have been known and used since the days of the Cherokee Indian nation. The cave expands into a series of huge rooms listed…as the world?s largest

underground lake 可知,the Lost Sea 是世界上最大的地下湖,故[C]为答 案。 【点睛】问题中的 Lost Sea 是听音关 键。unique 意为“独一无二的”。

from a small opening in the side of 31. According to the passage, how can the caverns be entered? the mountain. Approximately one mile from the entrance is a room 【解析】选[D]。短文开头提到 Deep called “the Council Room”. Many inside a mountain…is a body of water

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Indian artifacts have been found. Some of the items discovered include pottery, arrow-heads, weapons, and jewelry. For many years, there were persistent rumors of a large

known as the Lost Sea,后来又提到 through a small opening 男孩发现了地 下湖,由此可知只有通过山里的一个 入口才能进入洞穴,故[D]为答案。 【 点 睛 】 [D] From an opening in a mountainside 对应短文中的 a small opening。

underground lake somewhere in a cave, but it was not discovered until

1905. In that year, a thirteen-year-old 32. What can be inferred about the boy named Ben Sands crawled through a small opening present Craighead Caverns from the passage?

选[A]。 选项均以 They serve as three-hundred-feet underground. He 【解析】 found himself in a large cave half filled with water. Today tourists visit the Lost Sea and ride far out onto it in 开头表明,本题可能考查 They 的用 途。短文末尾提到的 Today tourists visit the Lost Sea… by electric motors 表明,现在的克雷格赫德大洞穴是一 个旅游胜地,故[A]为答案。 【点睛】选项中的 They 指 the present Craighead Caverns. [A] 中 的 tourist attraction 对应短文中的 tourists visit。

glass-bottomed boats powered by electric motors. More than thirteen acres of water have been mapped out so far and still no end to the lake has been found. Even though teams of divers have tried to explore the Lost Sea, the full extent of it is still unknown.

Passage Three 【听前预测】 预览四道题各选项, watches 可推知, 由 短文涉及到表; 再由 by a Swiss watchmaker, fashionable style 等词可推知,短文可能涉及到表的制 造者和款式等。

Have you ever dreamed of having Questions 33 to 35 are based on the a fashionable watch of great value?A passage you have just heard.

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small watchmaker in Switzerland in 33. Why are the original automatic 1922 designed the first automatic watches valuable? watch to show the day, month, and 【解析】选[C]。选项均以 Because 开 date. Only seven of these splendid watches were ever made and these watches were almost lost to history. Today, it is so hard to get an original watch that some watch historians are even willing to offer $200,000 for one. These watches attracted a lot of people for their splendid color, 头表明,本题考查原因。根据短文 中 提 到 的 Only seven of these splendid watches were ever made and these watches were almost lost to history 可知[C]为答案。 【点睛】splendid 意为“豪华的”。

fashionable style, and new uses in the 1920s. The owners of the watches were admired and set apart from the crowd. Because the number of the original watches is very limited, owning such a watch will make you feel very special. Today, you are offered the same kind of watch with improvement. It has a 24?jewel mechanical movement, the kind desired by watch collectors. The watchmaker has made the 34. Which feature of the improved watch awakes watch collectors’ desire to get one? 【解析】选[D]。预览选项可知,此 题可能与表的特点有关。短文中提 到 It has a 24?jewel mechanical movement…made the movement of the watch much more modern 表明, 正是因为表独特的机械运转装置, 手表收藏者才想购买,故[D]为答 案。

movement of the watch much more modern with an automatic rotor so that the watch never needs to be wound by hand. To get a watch in such a perfect design means to get a chance to know a piece of watch?making history and to wear such a watch will show your personal taste and social position. You can get the watch either in person or by mail all at an affordable price. You will also receive good

35. What does the passage encourage the readers to do according to the passage? 【 解 析 】 选 [A] 。 前三 个 选 项 都 与 watch 有关,而[D]却没有提到,故 首先排除。 再根据文中提到的 To get

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service from the watch seller. If you are not satisfied with the watch after you get it, you may simply return it

a watch in such… taste and social position 可知, 短文鼓励读者买手表, 故[A]为答案。

within 30 days. Don?t miss the chance 【点睛】短文通篇都与表有关,且主 to realize your dream. 要介绍表的收藏价值。

Section C
36.【解析】undergone。空前的 has 表明此处应填一动词的过去分词。首句 提到英国家庭正在发生变化,接着具体介绍其变化过程。undergone 意为 “经历”。 37. 【 解 析 】 increased 。 空 所 在 句 是 一 个 定 语 从 句 , 修 饰 single-person households,空后的 from 18 to 29 percent 表明比例是在增加(increased) 。 between 1971 and 2002 表明要用动词的过去式。 38.【解析】estimated。空前的 is 表明此处应填一动词的过去分词。下文提 到 single-person households 到 2020 年还会增加,而这一趋势是被估计 (estimated)的。 39.【解析】married。空后的 people 和空前的 single people than 表明,此处 应填一类人与 than 前的一类人进行比较,根据常理,单身家庭应该与已 婚家庭进行比较。 40.【解析】unacceptable。空前的 have been 表明此处应填一动词的过去分 词或形容词。上文提到单身家庭比已婚家庭多,而这种反传统的社会现 象在 50 年前是不被社会接受的(unacceptable) 。 41.【解析】Divorce。空所在的句子缺一主语。上句提到在过去人们结婚后 就一直在一起生活,这表明离婚是很难的。 42.【解析】couples。空前的 Many 表明此处应填一复数名词。文中提到一 种现象,很多恋人(couples)在没有结婚前就同居,这也是一种变化。 下文也提到 these couples,此处属于原词复现。 43.【解析】eventually。空所在的句子成分完整,故此空应填一副词,修饰 get 。上文提到恋人同居现 象,下文提到他们中只有 60%的人最终

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(eventually)结婚。 44.【答案】around a quarter of unmarried people between the ages of 16 and 59 were living together in Great Britain 【Main Points】around 1/4 of unmarried people aged 16 to 59 were living together in Great Britain 45. 【答案】 They prefer to concentrate on their jobs and put off having babies until their late thirties 【Main Points】They prefer to focus on their jobs and delay having babies until late thirties 46. 答案】 some women are also choosing to have children as a single parent 【 but without being married 【Main Points】but some women also choose to have babies as a single unmarried parent

标准听力(十)答案解析

Part III
Section A

Listening Comprehension

11. W: Here?s an ad for an apartment 【听前预测】由选项均为动名词且概 with two bedrooms. It?s near the campus and not too high. M: What?s the number? I?ll find out if it?s available for immediate occupancy. Q: What are the speakers doing? 括性强可知,本题可能考查对话双 方正在进行的行为,再由 house 和 live in 可知,这种行为可能与房子 有关。 【解 析】 选[B]。 由对话中女士提

到 ad for an apartment(公寓广告)和 男士提到的 I?ll find out if…immediate occupancy(我看看是否能立刻入住)

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可知答案为[B]。 immediate occupancy 在此意为“立可迁入”。 12. W: Could you lend me your pen? 【听前预测】由 He lent/offered/was Mine has just run out of ink. M: I?m afraid I don?t have an extra one. Would a pencil do? Q: How did the man respond to the woman?s request? afraid/said 等可知,男士的话为听音 重点。 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中男士提到,

Would a pencil do?(铅笔行吗?) , 由此可知,男士要借铅笔给女士, 故答案为[B]。

13. M: See that man over there facing 【听前预测】浏览选项可知,对话与 the window? He comes in every Friday night and just sits there for hours. W: It?s odd, but there isn?t much we can do as long as he orders something. Q: What does the woman mean? They 应该对 that man 做什么有关。 由 serve 和 order 可知,They 可能是 服务员。 【解 析】选[A]。对话中女士提

到, there isn?t much we can do 但 but ( 我们也做不了什么) ,[A]是对此的 同义转述,故答案为[A]。as long as 意为“只要”。

14. M: My chemistry project is in 【听前预测】由选项均以原形动词开 trouble because my classmate and I had completely different ideas about how to process next. W: Why shouldn?t you meet each other halfway? Q: What does the woman suggest the man do? 头以及重复出现的 his partner 可知, 本题可能考查与搭档有关的建议。 【解 析】选[D]。对话中女士提

到,Why shouldn?t you meet each other halfway? , [D] 中 的 Make a compromise 是 对 meet each other halfway 的同义转述,故答案为[D]。 Why shouldn?t you…是一种表示建 议的委婉表达方式。 meet sb. halfway 意为“各让一步,妥协”。

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15. M: Don?t eat too fast. It?s not good 【听前预测】由选项中重复出现的 for you. W: OK, but the girls will be here any minute, and I don?t want to miss the game. Q: What will the woman probably do? her 可知,本题可能考查女士的行为 动作,女士的话为听音重点。 【解 析】选[A]。对话中女士提

到,I don?t want to miss the game. (我不想错过比赛) ,[A]的内容与 此一致,故为答案。[D]是针对 the girls will be here any minute 设的干 扰。

16. W:

Did you hear that the 【听前预测】由选项中的 It was, convenience store next to the gas station was held up last night? burned,robbed 等可知,对话与 It 的遭遇有关。 【解 析】 选[B]。 对话中女士提到,

M: Yes, I heard it on the radio this morning. Q: What happened to the

the convenience store…was held up ( 便 利 店 遭 劫 了 ) [B] 中 的 was , robbed 是对 was held up 的同义转 述,故答案为[B]。hold up 在本对 话中相当于 rob,意为“抢劫”。

convenience store?

17. W: Hi, Frank. I hear you walk all 【听前预测】选项中的 He wants to, the way to the office these days? M: Yes, I?ve found great pleasure in walking. That?s the type of exercise I enjoy very much. Q: Why does the man walk all the way to the office? love 等表明, 本题可能考查 He 做某 事的原因或目的,男士的话为听音 重点。 【解 析】选[A]。对话中男士提

到 That?s the type of exercise I enjoy (那是我喜欢的锻炼方式) ,[A]中 的 a kind of exercise 是对 the type of exercise 的同义转述,故答案为[A]。

18. M: Wow, that?s a big assignment 【听前预测】根据意思相反的两个选 we got for the English class. W: Well, it?s not as bad as it looks.
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项中有一个很可能是答案的命题规 律,答案锁定在[B]和[D]之间。

It isn?t due until Thursday 【解 morning. Q: What does the woman mean?

析】选[D]。对话中女士提

到 It?s not due until Thursday morning (到周四早上才交) 由 until 可知女 , 士认为能按时完成作业,[D]的内容 与此一致, 故为答案。 assignment big 在此是说作业量大。

Now you will hear the two long conversations. Conversation One 【听前预测】 预览四道题各选项, 由选项中的 roommate, share expenses, repair work,apartment,rent 等可知,对话双方很可能在商讨合租的相关事宜。

M: Hello.

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the

W: Hello, Sam. This is Paula conversation you have just heard. Hanson. Sorry to bother you. 19. Why is Paula unhappy? But I?m having a small problem 【解析】 选[D]。 根据对话中女士 (Paula) I thought you might be able to help me with. M: Sure, Paula. What is up? W: Well, you know Sarah and I moved into an off-campus 提到的 the dishwasher broke down, for less money 和 Now she?s threatening to drive us away for not paying the full rent 可知,因为修理洗碗机的费用,房东想 把她们赶出去,故答案为[D]。 20. Why is Ms. Connor angry? 【解析】选[C]。选项中的 buy,repairs, find, dishwasher 等表明,本题可能与修 理洗碗机有关。[C]信息含量大,根据 命题规律, 很可能是答案。 对话中提到, When I didn?t hear from her, I had the repair done,[C]的表述与此一致,故为 答案。 【点睛】问题中的 angry 对应对话中的

apartment in the fall, over on the west side of town. M: Yeah. What happened? W: Well, the dishwasher broke down. So we reported it to Ms. Connors, the owner, and she said she?d take care of it. But a month went by and nothing happened. M: Did you get back in touch with her?

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W: I got a repair person to give me

as a mad cow。

an estimate, then I sent it to her. 21. What is the relationship between When I didn?t hear from her, I Paula and Sam? had the repair done. And I 【解析】选[A]。选项均为表示身份的名 removed the cost from the rent check. M: So what is the problem? W: She called here as a mad cow. She said she could have gotten the repair done for less money. Now she?s threatening to drive us away for not paying the full rent. M: Hold on, Paula. It does sound pretty serious. But I?m sure you can all sit down and work this out. W: Well, you are over at the law school, so I wondered if you 词,本题可能考查人物关系。对话开始 Paula 对 Sam 说有个小问题请 Sam 帮忙 解决。她之所以求助于 Sam,是因为他 是学法律的。再根据对话中提到的 you are over at the law school 和 I haven?t studied…about contracts yet 可知,Sam 已在法律学院毕业,但他与 Paula 不是 律师与委托人的关系,由此可知,答案 为[A]。 【点睛】人物关系要根据对话中的关键 信息词进行判断。 22. Why does Paula think Sam could help her?

would mind coming with Sarah 【解析】选[B]。由选项主语均为 He 和 and me when we go to talk to 其中的 the same problem 可知,女士可 Ms. Connors. We?re supposed to meet her tomorrow night at eight. M: Sure. I haven?t studied a lot about contracts yet. But I?d be glad to help you straighten things out. Why don?t I stop by at about 17:30? W: Thanks, Sam. You are a lifesaver. 能让男士帮她解决问题。 再根据对话中 女士提到的 you are over at the law school 可知, 男士学过法律, 因此 Paula 认为他可以提供帮助,故答案为[B]。 【点睛】[B]是对对话中 you are over at the law school 的同义转述。

Conversation Two
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【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的 travel,ticket,Flight 等可知, 对话很可能与度假有关,涉及到度假出行方式、时间等。

W: Freedom Travel. May I help you?

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the

M: Yes, I?d like to make a flight conversation you have just heard. reservation for 23rd of this month. W: Okay. What is your destination? 23. What is the conversation mainly about?

M: Well, I?m flying to Helsinki, 【解析】选[C]。选项概括性强,本题 Finland. W: Okay. Let me check what flights are available. And when will you be returning? M: Uh, well, I?d like to catch a return flight on 29th. Oh, and I?d like the cheapest flight available. W: Okay. Let me see. Um, hmm… M: Yeah? W: Well, the price for the flight is 可能考查对话话题。由对话中的 I?d like to make a flight reservation 可知 答案为[C]。对话中只提到男士要订 一张去芬兰的机票,并未提到是否 去芬兰旅行,[A]属于过度推断,故 排除。 【点睛】对话主题要根据主要内容进 行总结,对话开头要给予足够的重 视。

almost half the price you would 24. What are the two flights the man pay if you leave the day before. will take? M: Whoo. Let?s go with the cheaper flight. By the way, how much is it? W: It?s only $980. M: Alright. Well, let?s go with that. W: Okay. That?s Flight 1070 from Salt Lake City to New York, Kennedy 【解析】选[A]。选项内容表明,本 题涉及到两趟不同的航班。由对话 中 的 That?s Flight 1070

from…transferring to Flight 90…可 知,答案为[A]。

注意辨清 17 和 70,19 和 90 Airport, transferring to Flight 90 【点睛】 from Kennedy to Helsinki. 的发音。

M: And what are the departure and 25. When will the man start off from arrival times for each of those Salt Lake City? flights? W: It leaves Salt Lake City at 10:00 a.m., arriving in New York at 4:35
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【解析】选[B]。选项表明,本题可能 考查离开或到达某地的具体日期和

p.m., then transferring to Flight 90 at 5:55 p.m., and arriving in Helsinki at 8:30 a.m. the next day. M: Alright. And, uh, I?d like to request a vegetarian meal. W: Sure, no problem. And could I have your name please?

时间。由对话可知,男士原计划 23 日出发,但后来选择提前一天走, 因为这样机票比较便宜,又由对话 中的 It leaves Salt Lake City at 10:00 a.m.可知,答案为[B]。 【点睛】对话中一般会给出两个以上 的时间或数字,往往需要根据问题 进行简单的计算或推断才能得出答 案。

Section B
Passage One 【听前预测】预览四道题各选项,由选项中的 Pollution in the air,bicycles, road,bike paths 等可知,短文与交通方式有关,尤其是自行车。

In an attempt to resist the Questions 26 to 29 are based on the rising cost of fuel and fight the passage you have just heard. pollution choking our cities, many 26. What is the newest problem facing outgoing students have taken to people who ride to school? riding bicycles to school. The 【解析】选[D]。短文提到,In an attempt unfortunate result of this otherwise positive trend is the traffic problems caused by bicycles having to share the same road with cars. to…fight school…traffic problems caused the by pollution…students…riding bicycles to

bicycles,为了减少空气污染,学生们 开始骑自行车上学, 但这又引起了新的 交通问题,即自行车交通事故太多,故 答案为[D]。 27. What is the basis for the law that doesn’t allow bicyclists in the middle of the street?

Unfortunately,

traffic

accidents

involving bicycles are on the increase throughout the country, so this new solution has lead to a dilemma. To solve this dilemma, special bike paths have been created on

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most roads leading to and from 【解析】选[C]。预览选项可知,本题考 college campuses. It is essential that cyclists stay on those paths. It is necessary for the safety of those of you who ride bicycles as well as the motorists that you share the road with. Obviously, it may be 查法律名称。短文中提到,The federal fines are currently running at $25 for a first-time violation…,即联邦法律规定 第一次在路中间骑自行车的人要罚 25 美元,故答案为[C]。 【点睛】 问题中的 bicyclists in the middle of the street 对应短文中的 bicyclists who ride down the middle of the street。

inconvenient to ride in the bike paths at times, but we must insist on

it. To enforce the necessity of 28. How will the money from the fines staying on the paths, there are fines be used? for bicyclists who ride down the 【解析】选[C]。选项均以不定式开头表 middle of the street. The federal fines are currently running at $25 for a first-time violation, but if the law is continually violated, the fines will increase by different amounts depending on your local orders. The money that is collected 明,本题考查将来的行为动作或目的。 短文中提到, money…from the fines The will…help build better bike paths,即罚 款将用来修建更好的自行车道,[C]是 对短文中 to help build better bike paths 的同义转述。故答案为[C]。

from the fines will go towards a 【点睛】问题中的 the money from the fund to help build better bike paths. You may have special bicycle bridges in your neighborhood right now. If not, you can count on seeing them in the future. We are fines 对应短文中的 The money that is collected from the fines。 29. What can we learn about bicycles from the passage? 【解析】选[B]。预览选项可知,本题考 查自行车的特点或作用。短文末提到, making bicycling a safe alternative, 故答 案为[B]。

committed to making bicycling a safe alternative to using cars and we appreciate your help in making that goal a reality.

Passage Two 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由选项中的 spaceship,以及第 31 题和第
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32 题选项中多次出现 earth 可知,短文可能涉及宇宙飞船和地球。

Spaceships

travel

around

the Questions 30 to 32 are based on the

earth, go to the moon, and return home passage you have just heard. safely. The astronauts carry important 30. Which would be the best title for supplies with them on the spaceship — the passage? food, water and air. Sometimes there 【解析】选[D]。选项的概括性较强 are problems on the spaceship, and the astronauts have to understand how the spaceship works in order to repair the problems. In a way, all of us are really on a spaceship, the planet Earth. We move around the Sun at 18 miles per second and never stop. On our spaceship we have four billion people and a limited supply of air, water and land. These supplies, just like the limited supplies on the astronauts? spaceship, have to be used carefully because we can?t buy new air, water or land from anywhere else. Everyone needs air, water and 31. Which is true according to the land to live — this is our environment. passage? The environment on our planet is 【解析】 选[C]。 短文中提到, move We a closed system; nothing new is ever around the sun at 18 miles per added. Nature recycles its resources. Water, for example, evaporates and rises to form clouds. This same water returns to the earth as rain or snow. The rain that falls today is actually the same water that fell on the dinosaurs 70 million years ago. Over the years, people have
81

且实词首字母基本都大写,本题可 能考查短文的标题。 短文中提到, In a way, all of us are really on a spaceship, the planet Earth,由此可 知,答案为[D]。 【点睛】短文标题首先可根据选项内 容推断,然后根据短文内容确定。 短文开 头和 结尾 要给 予足够 的重 视。

second…,由此可知,答案为[C]。 根据常识即可排除[A]。 【点睛】选项信息比较分散,故听音 时注意做好笔记。

changed the environment. We have poured back into the land, air, and 32. What can we conclude from the water more wastes than nature can passage? clean. So we have pollution today. To continue to survive, we must learn how to use the Earth?s resources wisely, without destroying them. To save the spaceship Earth, we must cooperate with nature and learn better ways to use, not to abuse our environment. 【解析】选[B]。短文末尾提到,To continue to survive, we must…To save the spaceship Earth, we must…not to abuse our environment, 由此可知,这两句点明文章主题, 答案为[B]。

Passage Three 【听前预测】预览三道题各选项,由 33 题中的 family 和 34 题中提到的各种 “职业”可知,短文可能讲述的是 He 的家庭和职业的故事。

Before World War II, we spent our Questions 33 to 35 are based on the summer holidays in Hungary. I have passage you have just heard. only the dim memory of the house we 33. lived in, of my room and my toys. Nor Why couldn’t the speaker

remember his relatives clearly?

do I recall clearly the large family of 【解析】 选[D]。 选项中的 family, live, grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered next door. But I do have a clear memory of the dogs, the farm animals, the local birds, and above all, the nature. I?m a naturalist, not a scientist. I have a strong love of the natural world and my enthusiasm has led me into with 等表明, 本题可能与 He 和家庭 成员在一起居住有关。由短文中提 到的 Nor do I recall clearly the large family of…But I do have a clear memory of…the nature 推断, 说话者 不能清晰记得亲戚的原因是他一心 只想着观察自然,故答案为[D]。

varied investigations. I love discussing 【点睛】But 转折处常设为考点,其 my favorite topics and enjoy burning 后内容常为答案。

the midnight oil while reading about 34. What can be inferred about the other people?s observations and
82

discoveries. Then something happens

speaker from the passage?

and brings these observations together 【解析】选[C]。选项表明,本题是就 in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle, because it all seems to fit together. This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books, which some might honor with the title of scientific research. But curiosity, a keen eye, a He 的身份进行提问。[B]和[D]意思 相近,根据命题规律,两项为答案 的可能性小。由短文中提到的 I?m a naturalist, not a scientist 及 A naturalist is born 可知,说话者是一 个天生的自然学家,故答案为[C]。

good memory and enjoyment of the 35. Why did the speaker think he animal and plant world do not make a scientist: one of the outstanding and essential qualities required was a naturalist rather than a scientist?

is 【 解 析 】 选 [B] 。 由 短 文 中 提 到 的 But… not make a scientist: one of the outstanding and essential qualities required is self-discipline, a quality I lack 推断,说话者认为自己缺少科 学家需要具备的一些素质,故答案 为[B]。 【点睛】[B]中的 He lacked some of the qualities 是 对 短 文 中 的

self-discipline, a quality I lack. A scientist requires but not hard only training,

self-discipline

determination and a goal. A scientist, up to a point, can be made. A naturalist is born. If you can combine the two, you get the best of both worlds.

self-discipline, a quality I lack 的同义 转述。

Section C
36.【解析】breathtaking。空后的名词 beauty 表明,本空应填一形容词。 breathtaking beauty 意为“令人惊叹的美”。 37.【解析】reveals。空前的主语 A…study 表明,本空应填一第三人称单数 形式的动词。 38.【解析】communities。空前的形容词 entire 表明,本空应填一名词。 39.【解析】estimated。空后的名词表明,本空应填一以元音音素开头形容
83

词或相当于形容词用法的动词分词。 40.【解析】Heavier。空后的 than 表明,本空应填一比较级形容词,且首字 母要大写。 41.【解析】invisible。空前的 and 表明,本空应填一与 Silent 表达场景相似 的形容词。 42.【解析】claiming。空前的 and 和 killing 表明,本空应填一动词的现在分 词。 43.【解析】disasters。空前的形容词 mysterious 表明,本空应填一名词。由 one of 可知该名词应为复数形式,书写时别漏掉词尾的 s。 44.【答案】Researchers called in after the 1986 tragedy discovered that the lake contained record levels of carbon dioxide 【Main Points】After the 1986 tragedy researchers found the lake had record levels of CO2 45.【答案】A slight shake then released the dissolved gas as a dangerous bubble 【Main Points】A slight shake released the gas as a dangerous bubble 46.【答案】The science team suggests the urgent installation of a further four pipes in each lake at a rate of one a year 【Main Points】The team suggests urgent installing a further 4 pipes in each lake at a rate of 1 a year

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