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黑龙江省牡丹江市第一高级中学2015-2016学年高二英语上学期期中试题


2015 年学业水平测试英语试题
本试卷共 130 分 答题时间 110 分钟 第一节:阅读理解 (共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该 选项涂黑。 A Even before my father left us, my mother had to go back to work to support our family. Once I came out of the kitchen, complaining, “ Mum, I can’t peel potatoes. I have only one hand.” Mum never looked up from sewing. “ You get yourself into that kitchen and peel those potatoes,” she told me. “ And don’t ever use that as an excuse for anything again!” In the second grade, our teacher lined up my class on the playground and had each of us race across the monkey bars, swinging from one high steel rod to the next. When it was my turn, I shook my head. Some kids behind me laughed, and I went home crying. That night I told Mum about it. She hugged me, and I saw her “we’ll see about that” look. The next afternoon, she took me back to school. At the deserted playground, mum looked carefully at the bars. “ Now, pull up with your right arm,” she advised. She stood by as I struggled to lift myself with my right hand until I could hook the bar with my other elbow. Day after day we practiced, and she praised me for every rung I reached. I’ll never forget the next time, crossing the rungs; I looked down at the kids who were standing with their mouths open. One night, after a dance at my new junior high, I lay in bed sobbing. I could hear Mum came into my room. “ Mum,” I said, weeping, “ None of the boys would dance with me.” For a long time, I didn’t hear anything. Then she said, “Oh, honey, someday you’ll be beating those boys off with a bat.” Her voice was faint and cracking. I peeked out from my covers to see tears running down her cheeks. Then I knew how much she suffered on my behalf. She had never let me see her tears. 1. Which of the following expressions can be used most suitably to describe Mum’s attitude when she made the child peel potatoes? A. Cruel B. Serious C. Strict D. Cold 2. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 imply? A. Mum believed every aim could be achieved if you stuck to it. B. The race across monkey bars was not difficult enough for a child to give up. C. Mum was determined to prove she herself was better than the teacher. D. What the child had said brought Mum great attraction and curiosity. 3. When the child looked down at the kids, they were standing with their mouths open because ______. A. they felt sorry for what they had done before. B. they were afraid the author might fall off and get hurt. C. they wanted to see what the author would do on the bars.

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D. they were astonished to find the author’s progress. 4. The most probable conclusion we can draw after reading the passage is ____. A. the last incident was sad enough to make Mum weep B. the child’s experience reminded Mum of that of her own C. Mum could solve any problem except the one in the last paragraph D. Mum suffered more in the process of the child’s growth actually B Many people in the United States like eggs for breakfast. There are many different ways to cook eggs. One of the most common kinds of eggs for breakfast is scrambled eggs. In addition, this is one of the easiest dishes to cook. Read this recipe(秘 法)for scrambled eggs and you will see how easy it is. Scrambled Eggs Utensils a a 1 a a frying pan spatula(刮勺) tea spoon fork or spoon small bowl Ingredients eggs 2 tablespoons of milk or butter salt pepper(胡椒)

Steps: 1) Melt the butter in a frying pan over medium(适中的)heat. 2) In a small bowl, mix the eggs and the milk. Use the fork (or the spoon) to mix these well. 3) Pour this mixture into the pan. 4) Stir the eggs from time to time with the spatula. Continue until the eggs are no longer liquid. 5) Add salt and pepper. Add a little or a lot, as you like. 5. For this recipe, you do not need __________. A. a knife B. a spatula C. a bowl D. a fork 6. Which of these steps comes first? A. Stir the eggs with the spatula. B. Eat the eggs for breakfast. C. Add salt and pepper. D. Mix the eggs and the milk. 7. Which of these words means “to change from solid to liquid”? A. pour B. melt C. stir D. scramble C Sports can help you keep fit and get in touch with nature. However, whether you are on the mountains, in the waves, or on the grassland, you should be aware that your sport of choice might have great influence on the environment. Some sports are resource-hungry. Golf, as you may know, eats up not only large areas of countryside, but also tons of water. Besides, all sorts of chemicals and huge amounts of energy are used to keep its courses(球场)in good condition. This causes

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major environmental effects. For example, in the dry regions of Portugal and Spain, golf is often held responsible for serious water shortage in some local areas. There are many environment-friendly sport. Power walking is one of them that you could take up today. You don’t need any special equipment except a good pair of shoes; and you don’t have to worry about resources and your purse. Simple and free, power walking can also keep you fit. If you walk regularly, it will be good for your heart and bones. Experts say that 20 minutes of power walking daily can make you feel less anxious, sleep well and have better weight control. Whatever sport you take up, you can make it greener by using environment-friendly equipment and buying products made from recycled materials. But the final goal should be “green gyms”. They are better replacements for traditional health clubs and modern sports centers. Members of green gyms play sports outdoors, in the countryside or other open spaces. There is no special requirement for you to start your membership. And best of all, it’s free. 8. Which of the following is the author most probably in favor of? A. Cycling around a lake. B. Motor racing in the desert. C. Playing basketball in a gym. D. Swimming in a sports center. 9. What do we know about golf from the passage? A. It is popular in Portugal and Spain. B. It causes water shortages around the world. C. It pollutes the earth with chemicals and wastes. D. It needs water and electricity to keep its courses green. 10. The author uses power walking as an example mainly because______. A. it is an outdoor sport B. it improves our health C. it uses fewer resources D. it is recommended by experts 11. The author writes the passage to_______. A. show us the function of major sports B. encourage us to go in for green sports C. discuss the major influence of popular sports D. introduce different types of environment-friendly sports D Two recent studies have found that punishment is not the best way to influence behavior. One showed that adults are much more cooperative if they work in a system based on rewards. Researchers at Harvard University in the United States and the Stockholm School of Economics in Sweden did the study. They had about two hundred college students play a version of the game known as the Prisoner’ s Dilemma. The game is based on the tension between the interests of an individual and a group. The students played in groups of four. Each player could win points for the group, so they would all gain equally. But each player could also reward or punish each of the other three players. Harvard researcher David Rand says the most successful behavior proved to be cooperation. The groups that rewarded it the most earned about twice as much in the game as the groups that rewarded it the least. And the more a group punished itself, the lower its earnings. The study appeared
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last month in the journal Science. The other study involved children. It was presented last month in California at a conference on violence and abuse. Researchers used intelligence tests given to two groups. More than eight hundred children were aged two to four the first time they were tested. More than seven hundred children were aged five to nine. The two groups were retested four years later, and the study compared the results with the first test. Both groups contained children whose parents used physical punishment and children whose parents did not. The study says the IQs of the younger children who were not spanked were five points higher than those who were. In the older group, the difference was almost three points. The more they are spanked, the slower their mental development. 12.According to the first study, we mainly infer that . A.the game is called Prisoner’s Dilemma B.the less a group punished itself, the lower its earnings C.adults are much more cooperative if rewarded D.the game is introduced in the journal Science 13.Which of the following is TRUE according to the second study? A.Children's IQs have much to do with physical punishment. B.The study is about violence and cooperation of children. C.The children tested were divided into groups of four. D.Children's mental development only relies on their IQs. 14.What does the underlined word "spanked" refer to? A . Punished . B . Blamed . C. Tested. D. Praised. 15.What might be the best title for the text? A. The Best Way to Correct Misbehavior B. Punishment Is the Best Way of Education C. Cooperation Is the Most Successful Behavior D. Punishment or Reward: Which Works Better on Behavior? 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Do you know what a big dream is? 16 Or, is a big dream something that provides only entertainment? Children dream big dreams, but there are three barriers to realizing dreams. They often kill them before they ever have a chance to grow. The Self Immediately following the birth of a big dream, a negative self-talk takes over and gives all the reasons why it cannot happen. This inside voice is the ego (自 我). It’s there for protecting and should be listened to. 17 Most people are influenced by the inside voice. That’s why only a handful of people make their dream come true. 18 Family and friends are a lot like the ego. They want to protect those they love, so they will often list all the reasons why the big dreams won’t come true. Sometimes, family and friend destroy dreams of those they love most, out of their own fear of
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being left behind. The World If one gets past the first two barriers, one has to face the world. 19 In the past, big dreamers were locked up and sometimes even killed when they were shown to the world. Fortunately, in most of the world today, big dreamers just get laughed at. The way to realize a big dream is with confidence and action. When children have confidence and then take action, they will be ready to accept any failure. The truth is that every great dreamer whose dreams have never seen the light of success knows failure well. 20 A. Family and Friends B. How Big Dreams Die C. Does a big dream show one’s future ? D. They simply fail until they succeed. E. Sometimes it is right, but more often it is wrong F. It is the last and the most terrible barrier. G. And their big dream is to be a rock star or a famous artist. 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文, 从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白的最佳选 项。 It was in my high school science class. I was doing a task in front of the classroom with my favorite shirt on. A 21 came, “Nice shirt,” I smiled from ear to ear. Then another voice said, “That shirt belonged to my dad. Greg’s mother works for my family. We were going to 22 that shirt away, but gave it to her 23 .” I was speechless. I wanted to hide. I 24 the shirt in the back of the closet and told my mum what had happened. She then dialed her 25 , “I will no longer work for your family,” she told him. That night, Mom told my dad that she couldn’t clean anymore; she knew her life’s 26 was something greater. The next morning she 27 with the personnel manager at the Board of Education. He told her that without a proper education she could not teach. So Mom decided to 28 a university. After the first year in college, she went back to the personnel manager.He said, “You are 29 , aren’t you? I think I have a 30 for you as a teacher’s assistant. This opportunity deals with children who are mentally challenged with little or no chance of 31 .” Mom accepted the opportunity very 32 . For almost five years, as a teacher’s assistant, she saw teacher after teacher give up on the children and quit, feeling 33 .Then one day, the personnel manager and the principal 34 in her classroom.The principal said, “We have watched how you 35 the children and how they communicate with you and admire your hard-working 36 over the last five years. We are all in agreement that you 37 be the teacher of this class.”

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My mom spent more than 20 years there. 38 her career, she was voted Teacher of the Year. All of this came about because of the 39 comment made in the classroom that day. Mom showed me how to handle 40 situations and never give up. 21.A.noise B.tune C.sound D.voice 22.A.throw B.take C.carry D.get 23.A.otherwise B.anyhow C.instead D.actually 24.A.settled B.pushed C.hid D.put 25.A.teacher B.director C. employer D.adviser 26.A.success B.encouragement C.purpose D.victory 27.A.went B.met C.worked D.stayed 28.A.visit B.continue C.attend D.prepare 29.A.serious B.fortunate C.careful D.responsible 30.A.career B. position C. duty D.part 31.A.judging B. learning C.obeying D.imagining 32.A.patiently B.eagerly C.successfully D.skillfully 33.A.guilty B.frightened C. upset D.ashamed 34.A.looked up B. went up C.took up D.showed up 35.A.believe B.protect C. receive D.treat 36.A.action B.intention C.spirit D.attempt 37.A.must B.ought C.might D.should 38.A.At B.On C.During D.With 39.A.worthless B.thoughtless C.hopeless D.helpless 40.A.strange B.different C.dangerous D.challenging 第三节:语法填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 There is 41 old Spanish Proverb which states, “Tomorrow is often the 42 (busy) day of the week”. How many 43 (time) have we put off our dreams until tomorrow? I’d say, too many. Our dreams should not, and cannot wait. We have to go for them now! Here are the reasons. Tomorrow is not promised. Nobody likes to talk about 44 (dead), but the reality is--- 45 is going to die at one point. None of us know the day, or the hour. Therefore, today is all we have. Don’t go to your grave 46 unfulfilled dreams. Make the decision to go after every dream, big or small right now. You’ll be much 47 (happy) if you go for it. Imagine how much happier you’ll be 48 you’re living the life you always dreamed about. The only thing 49 is stopping you is yourself. Take control of your own happiness. Don’ t keep your dreams

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50 (wait). Go after them today! 第四节:单词拼写(共 10 个小题,每小题 1 分;满分 10 分) 51. At the age of 60, my grandfather ________ (退休) from the bike factory last year. 52. It’s a great honor for me to be a ________(志愿者) during the Olympic Games. 53. At each stop for fruit, we were surrounded by ________( 好 奇 的) villagers. 54. ________(比较) with many people in the world, we are lucky to get well educated. 55. In despair, they made no ________(企图,尝试) to escape at all. 56. He is ________(遭受) from headaches because of the accident. 57. To be a world ________(冠军) is his ultimate aim as an athlete. 58. More students ________(申请) for aid, and more families expect to need student loans. 59. His enemies are ________ (坚决的) to ruin him. 60. Ever since I had my daughter, my ________( 焦 点 , 集 中 点) is not on me; it’s on her. 第五节 短文改错(共 10 处错误,每改对 1 处得 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 As we all know, travelling can be an excited experience. Let me give you some advices that you have to pay attention. You can find out more about your destination by surf the Internet before you set out. You needn’t take too many cash. Since it can be very convenient to pay in cash, using cheques is much more reliable. In additional, it will be wise of you to take an umbrella in case of it should rain. And if you are to travel abroad, you’d better understand the cultural diversity. Keep it in mind that being politely in foreign countries can help you had a wonderful trip. 第六节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是学生李华,得知好朋友 William 在学习中感到压力很大,学习效果甚微,请你给他 写一封电子邮件,帮助他放松身心,提高学习效率。 内容要点: 1. 快乐学习,保持愉快的心情; 2. 积极参加体育活动,听听歌曲音乐; 3. 多与同学交流,互相鼓励。 注意:1.词数 100 左右,开头和结尾已经为你写好

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2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear William, Recently, I have heard that you feel stressed about study. ________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Bestwishes. Li Hua

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高二学年期中考试英语试题参考答案 阅读理解: 1---4 CADD 完型填空: 21---25 DACDC 26---30 CBCAB 语法填空: 41.an 46. with 单词拼写: 51. retired 52. volunteer 53. curious 54. Compared 55. attempt 42. busiest 47. happier 43. times 48. if 44. death 49. that 45. everybody/everyone 50. waiting 31---35 BBCDD 36---40 CDCBD 5---7 ADB 8---11 ADCB 12---15 CAAD 16---20 CEAFD

56. suffering 57. champion 58. applying 59. determined 60. focus 改错: 1. excited---exciting 后加 to 4. surf---surfing Since---Though/Although 5. many---much 7. additional----addition 6. 8. in case 后 of 去掉 2. advices----advice 3. pay attention

9. politely---polite 10.had---have 书面表达: Dear William, Recently, I have heard that you feel stressed about study. Here is some advice on how to study effectively. First of all, learn in a relaxing way. This will remove our pressure, making study an easy job. Another way to keep up our spirits is to take part in sports. Not only does exercise build up the body, but also it provides us time to relax and fresh our mind, making us memorize things faster and longer. Music, too, is another effective means of refreshing and helping us concentrate better. Last but not least, we should exchange ideas with our classmates. Through the communication we can find support, which will encourage us to overcome difficulties in our study. I hope these can benefit you. Best wishes! Li Hua

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