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中央广播电视大学2010-2011学年度第一学期


试卷代号 :1015

中央广播电槐大学 2010-2011 学年度第一学期"开放本轩"期末考试

高级时事英语试题
2011
年 l 月

注意事项
一、将件的学号、姓名及分校〈工作站)名称填写在答题纸的规定栏 内。考试结束后,把试卷和答题钱放在桌上。试卷和答题纸均不得营

出考场。监考人收完考卷和答题纸后才可离开考场。
二二、仔细阅读题目的说明,并按题自要求和答题示例答题。答案一 定典写在答题纸指定的位置上,写在试卷上的答案允效。

三、用蓝、黑菌珠笔或钢笔答题,使用铅笔答题定,效。

Information for the examinees: This examination consists of three sections. They are: Section Section

1

Listening 丁 ωt (3 台 points , 20

minutes)

II

:去 eading
Writing

Test (50 points , 40 minutes) Test (20 points , 30 minutes)
丁 lme

Sect?on 囚

丁 he

total marks for this examination are 100 points.

allowed for completing this examination ?s 90 minutes.

93

Section 1

Li stening Test

30 points

Instructions:

阻 酶 τhe

Listening Test will take approximately 20 minutes.
are t wo
p盯 ts

There

to 1he test and you will hear each part

twic队


?

T、七号re

wiU be a pause of 30 seconds after each part to allow you to think about your

且 ns ¥vers.



You can first write your answers
芒nd

0 到 this

test paper. You will have 10

r泣如 utes

at the

of the test to transfer your answers 10 the Answer Sheet.
ANS羽'ERS

?

ALL

MUST APPEAR ON THE ANSWER SHEET. 10 are based on this part. ( 10 points , 1
poi时 each

Part 1: Questions 1 -

)


Listen to a conversation about lifelong learning. interview. F ilI in the hear. (10 points)
We can learn about
somethin陈 for
blanlωin

The following passage summarizes the


the following passage according to the information you


1 3

from the ? for get ting

2
4

which can be used by those who want to learn
怡 lp ,

get 1? ng

and for

sh在 ring

problems with

5

learners. Traditional way of access , while the 7
gainin反 education

is

6

that not

eγery

one

can 在 fford

or have

can provide a medium of education 9 and 10 we wan t.
poi赂,

8

10 the learner' s individual

need5 50 that we can learn Part 2: Questions 11 -

20 are based on this par t. (20

2 points each )

You are going to hear an interview cn homelessness. After Ii stening , mark the following statements as True (T) or False 0 ,<) according to the tex t. 1 1. ] ohn has
beξ 到 in

London for

fiv配 months. friend 乡 s

12. When John' s hrother arrived J ohn had to leave his 13. John couldn't pay rent becau5e he had no job.

fla t.

14. Many young people slept in the park during the summer. 15. John had his nineteenth
birthd在 y

in the park.

16. John sleeps in King's Cross

station 丑ow.

17. Busking m心 ans pl的ling mus?c for money in the streets and tube stat?ons.
18.John doesn't always ea1 wel l.
19. John is a famous musician now. 20. John may go home to South Wales in 94

D廷cembe r.


This is the end of the Listening the Answer Sheet. Section

Te仗.

You will now have 10 minutes to transfer your answers to

rr : Reading Test
arεthree

50 points

Instructions , ?


There
The

parts to the test , each including one reading passage.


test w i1l take approximately 40 minutes.

ans明'ers

?

There will be NO extra time to transfer

to the Answer Sheet; therefore , you
e钱ch

should write ALL your answers on the Answer Sheet as you do Part 1: Questions 21 30 are based on the
followi 略 passage.

task.

(20 points.2 points each)

School Choice Program The United States has about
ninety~thousand

public schools.

The Department of

Education reported this month that nine percent of these schools have failed to meet learning requirements. Education Department officials say they had not expected so many schools to perform poorly. Stales identified more than
eight~thousand

schools as failing to provide a good

education. They dìd so after students in these schools did not perform well on tests for two years. Many of the failing schools are in poor areas of big cities.
Ther宅 are

about

forty-severνmillion

students in public schools in the

Unitεd

States.

Most of these students must attend earlier this year
provid伫s

th号 school

closest to their homes. Now. a law

appro飞!ed

a

n纪w

choice.
Secondary 旦ducation

President 日ush

signed the Elementary and

Act in January.

Th 贮 act

says children ín faílíng publíc schools can choose to attend better schools in their local school area.
T、 he school 均悦 em 自 must

help pay transportation costs for students who choose to

attend other schools. The law also ca lI s for all students in grades three througb eight to be tested each
ye在 r

ln

readìng and mathematics. Department of Education officials praise the law as especially helpful to poor families who líve in areas with failing schools. The law ís to take effect in the fa lI when the however , are
haγing
n 机可 school

year begins. Some states ,
扎1assachusetts.
identify 挂 s

diffìcu \t y deciding bow and when to
nξxt

en孔 ct it.

for

example , says it will not know untìl

winter which schools it should

failing.

That ìs when the state will receive the results of the most recent student tests.
。ther

school syslems have already put lhe law into effect.

Montgom旧 y

County.

95

Maryland , for example , has completed the process. Ten of its schools were ?udged as
faili 泣g. About 吕 ix-thousand

ehildren attend these schools. More than half of the students

eome from poor families. Sehool offieials communicated with the familìes of all students at the ten schools. They wrote letters to the parenls in severallanguages. However. only about one hundred children have changed schools. And , almost none of them are from poor families. A guida口 ce offieial in Mont 忍omery County says she believes the law is a good idea. But she says she hopes il ean be used
1号íithin

10

help more poor ehildren in the future.

the context of the passage , determine if the following statements are True or False. On

the Answer Sheet , write "T" for True and "F" for False. 2 1.
~i 时 percent

of ninety-tbousand publìe sehools

ha 时

failed

to satisfy

1仰 rnmg

req Ul rements. 22. Education Department offieials say they bad antieipated many scbools to aet poorly. 23. States found out more than eight-thou5and 5ehoo1s didn' t provide a good education. 24. T七 e Elementary and Secondary Edueatíon Act was approved by President Bush in
January惕

25. 丁 be Act 阳ys

the children in failing public 5cbool have right to choose better school
allowanc已

and they can also receive 50me transportation
饵.

All students must be tested eaeh year in reading and mathematics regulated by the law.

27. The poor families in this area would make the best of tbe law. 28. More than 1en school5 in Montgomery County , Maryland were judged a8 unqualified schoo\. 29. Scbool officials
pref盯 10

talk with the families of all students at the ten schools. of
six斗 housand

30. :\'ea r1 y one fihh of

on号 P 伫 rcen1

students have ehanged 8chools and

none of them are from poor families. Part 2: Questions 31
币一

35 are based on this par t. (10 points , 2 points each) What Good is
a 丁ree

飞N' hile

revisil ing my ehildhood elementary school , 1 encounter an old friend. We both

had grown over the decades , but my buddy now stood more tbat 30 feet tal l. We firsl mel on Arbor day when the scbool gathered to pul my friend , a blue spruce , in 1he ground. 丁 he principal lo1d same today.
llS

that planting tre号 s was importan t. Seientists tell us t he

96

丁 rees

are so common and quiet that we pay them lìttle mind. What , for instance ,
th号 bi双 gest

should we answer when asked to name

living thing the earth has ever seen'(
mOr号 than

Dinosaurs? Blue whales? No , the largest sequoias in northern California weigh blue
whales. 丁 he threεtimes

sìx

tallest redwoods and Australian eucalyptus trees tower mOre than 300 feet the length of the greatest dinosaur. or more year , giant tortoises can
live 在 long

high ,

You

think ,以 150

time? Some bris t! e cone

pine trees in the American West are more than 4 , 000 Egyptians were building 1he
pyramid 队

ye在 rs

old , seedlings at the time the

Trees sustain our líves 在 nd our planet in a thous在 nd practical w在ys.τhis morning a1
扣eakfast 一 m yo 盯 wood 一 framed

house , on your wooden kitchen table you might have come 10 us from trees. Over your French toast you

enjoyed orange juíce or a grapefruit.

B机 h

may have sprinkled cinnamon and nutmeg , the powdered b在 rk and nuts of tropícal trees. That quart of maple syrup on your
1a七 le

was boíled down from roughly 10 gallons of sap

from a sugar-maple tree. And the morning newspaper was printed in the processed wood pulp we c在 11 paper. Do you like chocolate , almonds , cola beverages? Coco在 beans , almonds and Ko\a nuts are tree products. How about gin and
to丑ic?

Gin gets i1S flavor from juniper

tree berries , and the quinine in tonic comes from the cinchona tree. Trees do more than make life pleasant; they make life possible. 丁 rees get water through theìr roots and , primaríly through their leaves , they draw carbon dìoxide from tbe
在lr. 丁 h号n ,

with the action of sunlight on cells containing chlorophyll and other materials ,

chemical reactions occur , and oxygen is released. 丁hrough photosynthesis ,在 n acre of trees produces enough oxygen to sustaín three humans. Complete the following statements by choosing the best frorn the answers A , B , or C. Write A ,
踪,

C on yonr Answer

She时,

3 1. The sequoìas 在 re 一一一一一

人.

Californian whales


B. Californìan trees

C. Australian trees
32. Eucalyptus trees are

A. nearly as big as
B. bigger
th在 n

dinos在 urs

six blue whales

C. capab\e of growing to 300 feet
97

33. T、 rees provide people with _一一一一一…· A. furniture , spices , papers and nuts

B. carbon dioxide and chlorine
C. water ,
34.τrees su 荡在 r

and berries


take in


A. oxygen and sunlight

B. water , carbon dioxide and sunlight C. chlorophyll and oxygen and sunlighl
35. The reader may
人. the 在 uthor infεr

that


is fond of trees


B. the author is a chemist

C.

th仓 author

is a chemistry teacher 40 are based on this part. (20 points , 4 points each) Travel in space

Part 3: Questions 36 -

τravel

in

sp在 ce

presented a bìg problem. How could an object get away from the pull of

the earth? What was needed was a special engine. 1t would have to produce enough force to lift a
sp在 cecraft

weìghìng many tons. Aìrplane engines use oxygen. There ìs no oxygen in needs an engine that works without oxygen. Finding the right kind of scientists used a very old
idea 户 the

space. So a engine took

sp在 cecraft

ma口 y years. 孔10dern
is 在 n

rocket.
exh在ust

A rocket

engine that hurns fuel and moves forward by pushing

backward.

Rockets operate by burning fuel in a tube. When the fuel burns , the hot gases produced are
在 llowed

to

esc在P贮 in

one direction only. This causes a force to push in the opposite direction.

Rockets do not need the presence of air. Any oxygen they need is in the f uel mixture that they burn. Rockets can be used to
pl在 ce

satelliles in

orbi t.丁 he

rocket provides the power for the

satellite to get ?nto space. Once the satellite ?s far enou日 h away from earth , the rocket falls off. The satellite then circles around earth on its own. ln 1957 , the Soviet Union used a
rockε1

10 put the first spacecraft into orbit around

earth. It was called Sputnik 1. One year later , lhe United States sent a spacecraft named Explorer 1 into space. These events rockets have placed
heaγier marl王 ed

the start of the space age. Since then , powerful
m∞A

salellites into orbi t. They have carried astronauts to the

Rockets have launched s !J ace probes to fly near the other planels. Powerful computers help lhese spacecraft to stay on course.

98

Large spacecraft are very expensive to build.
sp在cecraft

The United

St 在 tes

has developed a

that is powerful 在 nd can he reused. 1t is the sp在ce shuttle. 丁 he space shuttle is
oth柑 spacecraft.

dìfferent from

It can do three important things. It takes off like a rocket. It

can fly in orbit 在round the earth like 在 rocke t. Most important of all , it can land like an airplane. The shuttle is used to place satellites in orhit. It can also repair satellites that are in orbit. Someday the shut t! e will carry people to orbiting space stations. 13est of all , the same shuttle will fly to space and back more than 100 times. The shuttle is made of two
p在rts:

t hεbooster and the

orbit 仅.

The booster contains

large rockets. 丁he orhiter looks líke an airplane. The orbiter is attacked to th贮 top of the rockets. A t
liftωoff

the rockets push the orbiter ahout 40

kílometεrs

(25míkes). There they

separate from the orbiter. The rockets fall to the ocean by parachute. They are picked up , cleaned , and used again. Give short
answers 协 the

following questions. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet.

36. How will a rock号 t get oxygen? 37. How , according to the author ,
do贮s

the satellite get into the space?

38. When díd the Uníted States send Explorer 1 into space? 39. According to the passage , the
spac伫 shuttle

can do three important things , what is

the most important thing it can do? 40. 13y what kind of
Scction 盟 Writing εquipment

can the rockets fall to the ocean? 20 points

Test

Instrnctions: ? ? This t est wíll take 30 minutes. W rite your essay on the Answer Sheet. You may use the space below to write an outline or a draft. Your essay should be about 150 words. 4 1. Write a short essay about computer. You may write about the development of the electronic
technol。双y

t.

?

and the advantages and dìsadvantages ín their daily
lifεand

ofηew

technology. You

m在yalso

tell how people use

comput 时s

daily wor k.

99

试卷代号 :1015

座位号亡口

中央广播电视大学 2010-2011 学年度第一学期"开放本科"期末考试

高级时事英语试题答题纸
2011 年 1 月

Section 1 : Li stening

T牵st

( 30 Points )

Part 1: Questions 1 -

10 ( 10 points. 1 points each )


1.
3.
O.

2.

4.


6.
8.


7.

9.

10.


Part 2: Questions 11 … 20 (20 points. 2 points each)


1 1.

12.

13.

14.

15.


16.

17.

18.

19.

20.


100

Sectio放在

Reading '{、est

(50

pO?I在 ts)

Part 1: Questions 21-30 (20 points , 2 points each)


21.
26.

22.
27.

23.
28.

24. 29.

25.
30.


Part 2:

QuestiOI在 s

31

~-

35 ( 10 points , 2 points each )


3 1.

32.

33.

34.

35.


Part 3: Questions

36 一主。(

20 points , 4 points each )

36.
37.
38.

39.
40.


Section

m: Writing Test

(20 points)

4 1. Write a short essay about cornputer. YOll may wrìte about the developrnent of the electronic technology and the
advant 丘ges 乳 nd

disadyantages of new technology. You may also

tell how people llse computers in theìr claìly life ancl daily wor k.

101

试卷代号 :1015
中央广播电罪大学 2010-2011 学年度第一学期"开载本科"期末考试

级时事英语试题答案及评分标准
(供参考〉
2011 年 1 月

Section

r

Listening (20 minutes) Total

(30 points Total = 10 points

poi旧的

Key to Listening Test

= 30

Part 1: One point for each correct answer

1. anything
2. Internet 3. information 4. individual 5. fellow 6. luxury 7. Internet

8. tailored (suited)
9医 what

10. whenever

(The

answ盯 9

10 are

interchan日eable)

COITξct

Part 2: True or False: Two points for each

answer
14. 丁

Tota\

= 20points

15. F
20. T
(50 points)


/1 1.

F

12. F
17.τ

13.

1、

16. F
Section

18. T

19. F

II : Reading (40 minutes)
了。tal =

Part 1: 2 points for each correct answer

20 points

24. 丁

2 1.
2 号.

1吨

22.

F

23. T

25.




F

27. F

28. F

29. F

30. F


102

Part 2: Two points for each correct answer

Total

10 points 34. B 35. A

3 1. B

32.

C

33. A

Part 3: Four points for each correct answer 36. From the
burnin祭 fuel

Total

20 points

mixture.

37. The rocket provides the power for the satellite. 38. 1958. 39. It can land 40. By Section
lik暂且 n

airplane.

parach 口 te.

m: Writing (30 minutes)
林 准

(20 points)

4 1.
分数

18-20
15 一 17

文章切题,内容充实,有强黠之处;衍文选畅,语言得体;篇幅适当;结构严|
i革;每]子结构有变化,用词有选择。避免了单调和粗俗;无谱法错误。

内容适合;语言自然得体 z 篇幅适当 s 结掬合理 z 准确地使用常用语法结构;
浩浩和选诲基本无错误。

12… 14

基本切黯;语体基本得当;篇幅适当;篇章结抱进行了适当的计划或调整;只
j 有少最语法错误:或拼写错误,不致斩草阅读困难。

基本切题,但内容有待充实;谓{本不之处较少;第幅适当;结构有待改善; 常用结持中无语法错误,其他语法和词汇错误不致引起严重的阅读困难。
大致切题,但有关内容欠缺或包含无关内容 z 缺乏活体意识 p 篇幅不够;篇章
结梅怯散不~;各种语言于错误导致严重阅 困难或误解。

6-8

。~… 5

错误过多,无法 i到 i卖。

103


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