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名词性从句考点版


名 词 性 从 句
一、找出以下句子的成分(主、谓、宾、表、定、状、补) 找出以下句子的成分( 1. Mouse loves rice. 2. God is a girl. 3. I’m Miss Chen, the head teacher of Class One. 4(1) His job is important. 4(2) What he does is important. 5(1) This is his job. 5(2) This is what he does every day. 6(1) I don’t like his job. 6(1) I don’t like what he does every day. 7(1) I don’t know the man, Mr. White. 7(2) I don’t know the fact that he is a teacher. 二、名词从句(Noun Clauses) 名词从句 ①在句子中起 名词 作用的句子,相当于 名词词组 ②在复合句中能担任 主语 、 表语 、 宾语 、 同位语 等 ③根据它在句中不同的语法功能,可分为 主语从句 (Subject Clause)、 表语从句 (Predicative Clause)、 宾语从句 (Object Clause)和 同位语从句 (Appositive Clause) 三、名词性从句考点: 名词性从句考点: 考点 1.语序:名词性从句在句中要用 陈述 语序,即________ + _________ .语序: 1) He would be back in an hour. He said…→He said _____________________________. 2) Do they speak English? We want to know…→We want to know __________________. 3) What is her name? He asks me…→He asks me _________________________. 注意:在 等动词之后, 宾语从句中谓语的否定常转移到 注意 在 think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词之后 宾语从句中谓语的否定常转移到 主句的谓语上 如:I don’t think he will see you. We don’t expect he is coming. I don’t believe he will go. 我相信他不会走。 考点 2.时态 . 1. 如果主句是过去 的时态 包括一般过去时 , 过去进行时 ) 如果主句是过去 的时态(包括 包括一般过去时 那么从句的时态一定要用相对应的过去的某种时态 那么从句的时态一定要用相对应的过去的某种时态 。 合成一个句子: 合成一个句子: 1) When will Professor Li give us a talk? We wanted to know … →We wanted to know when Professor Li would give us a talk . 2) Jim is a good student. The teacher said … →The teacher said (that) Jim was a good student . 3) Has Mr. Green been in Beijing for five years? He asked … →He asked if/whether Mr. Green had been in Beijing for five years . 2. 主句的动词用过去时, 主句的动词用过去时 从句表示客观事实, 过去时, 从句表示客观事实 格言, 客观事实, 格言, 谚语等 从句谓语动词用 从句谓语动词用_______ 谚语等, Our physics teacher once told us that light ______ (travel) faster than sound. 从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态 3. 主句的动词用一般现在时 ,从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态 主句的动词用一般现在时 Tom says that Mary ___ (go) abroad last year and _____ (be) there for nearly 5 months.
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名 词 性 从 句
考点 3. 主谓一致问题 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数 形式。 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数 形式。如果是两个或两个以上的 主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数 形式。 主语从句作主语,谓语动词则用复数 形式。由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从 谓语动词用单数 形式。 句,谓语动词用单数 形式。 1)何时开会还没有决定。 When the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet. 2)他们何时出发和他们去哪里还没有决定。 When they will start and where they will go _____ (have) not been decided yet. 3)何时何地开会还没有决定。 When and where the meeting will begin ____ (have) not been decided yet. 考点 4 名词性从句连接词的选用 1. 引导词 that 可省略的情况:单个宾语从句中的 that 可省略 可省略的情况: 不可省略的情况: 3. 同位语从句 不可省略的情况:1. 主语从句 2. 表语从句 4. 用 it 做形式宾语的宾语从句 5. 并列的宾语从句中的后几个从句的引导词 that 不能省略 1) I don’t think ______ she is coming. 2) It is a pity _____ he has made such a mistake. 3) The reason is ______ he is careless. 4) The news _____ our team won the match inspired us. 5) I don’t think it necessary _____ you should read English aloud. 6) He told me _____ his father had died and ____ he had to make a living alone. 2. 主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义 正确的选择 who、 主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义,正确的选择 which、 when、 where、 why、 、 、 、 、 、 how 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义,又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义,又起连接作用, 种成分。 种成分。 1)我们何时举行运动会还没有决定。 ____ we shall hold our sports meeting is not decided. 2) 我不知道昨天谁打破了玻璃。I don’t know ______ broke the glass yesterday. 3) 我不知道他长的什么样子。I have no idea _______ he looks like. 4) 这就是我忘记眼镜的地方。This is _______ I left my glasses. 3. that 和 what 的选用 that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词从句。 的选用: 都可引导所有的名词从句。 1) I think that it is unnecessary for me to speak louder. 2) His mother is satisfied with what he has done. 3) That he was able to come made us happy. 4) This is what makes us interested. 5) The reason was that Tom had never seen the million-pound note before. 所引导的从句中是否 汉语意义 能否省略 缺主语、 缺主语、表语或宾语 what that
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名 词 性 从 句
选词填空:what、 that 1) ______ he wants is a book. 2) ______ he wants to go there is obvious. 3) The result is ______ we won the game. 4) This is _____ we want to know. 5) Is _____ he told us true? 6) We should pay attention to ______ the teacher is saying. 7) I have no doubt _____ he will come. 8) I have no idea _____ he did that afternoon. 4. if 和 whether 的选用 的情况: 不能使用 if 的情况: 1)在主语从句中, 在主语从句中, 作形式主语时, 都能引导主语从句, 否则, 在主语从句中 只有用 it 作形式主语时 whether 和 if 都能引导主语从句 否则 也 只能用 whether。 。 如: Whether we shall attend the meeting hasn’t been decided yet. It hasn’t been decided whether (if) we shall attend the meeting. 2)表语从句 表语从句 如:The question is whether the film is worth seeing. 同位语从句 如:The news whether our team has won the match is unknown. 3)介词之后的宾语从句。(介词往往可以省略 介词之后的宾语从句 介词往往可以省略) 介词之后的宾语从句。 介词往往可以省略 如:It all depends (on) whether they will support us. 4)后面直接跟动词不定式时,即 whether to do。 后面直接跟动词不定式时, 后面直接跟动词不定式时 。 如:He doesn’t know whether to stay or not. 5)后面紧接 or not 时,即 whether or not。 后面紧接 。 如:We didn’t know whether or not she was ready. 选词填空: 选词填空:if / whether 1) I asked her __________ she had a bike. 2) _______ we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather. 3) We’re worried about ________ he is safe. 4) I don’t know ___________ he is well or not. 5) I don’t know ________ or not he is well. 6) The question is _________ he should do it. 7) The doctor can hardly answer the question ________ the old man will recover soon. 8) I don’t know _______ to go. 考点 5 虚拟语气 a)主语从句中的虚拟语气 主语从句中的虚拟语气 基本句型: 、过去分词 + that ... + (should) do 基本句型:It is + 形容词 、名词 形容词 : important ,necessary, natural, strange… 名词 : a pity, a shame, no wonder… 过去分词: suggested, ordered, demanded, insisted…
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名 词 性 从 句
1) It is ordered that he _____ the examination? A. takes B. has to take C. must take 2) It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. take D. has told

b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气 宾语从句中的虚拟语气 表示建议、 、 要求、 命令、 ①表示建议、 要求 命令、 坚持等动词 suggest, insist, advise, propose, demand, require, request, order, command 后的从句谓语动词用 后的从句谓语动词用_________________ We suggested that the meeting ___________ A. should put off B. be put off C. was put off D. putting off 注意:suggest 当表示 暗示、表明 讲时,insist 表示 坚持认为 之意时,从句按需要 当表示“暗示 表明”讲时 暗示、 讲时, 表示“坚持认为 之意时, 坚持认为”之意时 注意 来选择时态 The smile on his face suggested that he ______ (was/be/is) satisfied with our work. 对现在虚拟时, 从句中谓语用过去时。 ②对现在虚拟时,that 从句中谓语用过去时。 如:I wish I ______(know) the answer now. 对过去虚拟时, 对过去虚拟时,用 had+过去分词。 +过去分词。 如:I wish he __________(pass) the exam yesterday. 将来虚拟时, 将来虚拟时,用 would (might 等)+动词原形 + 如:I wish I ________ (fly) to the moon in a few years. c)表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语气 表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语气 等名词后面的表语从句、 在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice 等名词后面的表语从句、同位语从 句中要用虚拟语气, 句中要用虚拟语气,即_______________________ ①His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try ②The order given by the commander was that they _____ until the commander allowed they to. A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop 考点 6 it 作形式主语和形式宾语 1. 当主语从句较长 而谓语较短时 常常将从句 当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时 常常将从句_____,而用 it 作为形式主语置于句首。 而谓语较短时,常常将从句 而用 作为形式主语置于句首。 用 it 作形式主语的 that-从句有以下四种不同的搭配关系: 形容词+ 名词+ ①It + be +形容词 that-从句 形容词 从句 ③It + be +名词 that-从句 名词 从句 It is necessary that… 有必要…… It is common knowledge that… …是常识 It is important that… 重要的是…… It is a surprise that… 令人惊奇的是…… It is obvious that… 很明显…… It is a fact that… 事实是…… 分词+ 不及物动词+ ②It + be + -ed 分词 that-从句 从句 ④It +不及物动词 that-分句 不及物动词 分句 It is believed that… 人们相信…… It appears that… 似乎…… It is known to all that…众所周知…… It happens that… 碰巧…… It has been decided that…已决定…… It occurred to me that … 我突然想起……
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名 词 性 从 句
1) It is certain that he will come. 2) It is said that some American friends will visit our school next week. 3) It happened that we were out for a walk yesterday evening. 2. 在接复合宾语的句子中 为了保持句子平衡 用 it 作形式宾语 将从句放于句尾 在接复合宾语的句子中, 为了保持句子平衡, 作形式宾语, 将从句放于句尾, 常接复合宾语的动词有: 常接复合宾语的动词有 make, find, see, hear, feel, think... 1) I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day. 2) I think it a pity to waste the food. 考点 7 同位语从句的引导和辨别 1. 同位语从句的格式:n. + 连接词 + 从句 同位语从句的格式: 2. 能接同位语从句的名词有:fact、idea, news, information, order, belief, advice, 能接同位语从句的名词有: 、 suggestion 等 3. 连接词通常是 that,也可根据含义选用 whether, what, when, where 等来引导同位 也可根据含义选用 语从句。 语从句。 1) I have no idea _________ he comes from. 2) He can’t answer the question ________ he got the money. 3) He gave us many suggestions ________ we should get up earlier and take more exercise. 4) I have no doubt ________ he will win. 5) I have some doubt ________ he will win. 4. 同位语从句和定语从句的区别 同位语从句说明的名词大都是抽象名词 语从句说明的名词大都是抽象名词; ① 同位语从句说明的名词大都是抽象名词 定语从句所修饰、限定的名词或代词有抽象的也有不抽象的。 定语从句所修饰、限定的名词或代词有抽象的也有不抽象的。 We express the hope that they will come to visit China again. (_______从句) Those who want to go please sign their names here. (________从句) 判断以下句子是哪种从句:同位语从句__________ 定语从句________ 判断以下句子是哪种从句:同位语从句 定语从句 1) The news that he told us made us happy. 2) The news that we won the game made us happy. 3) We will consider the suggestion that we should build a new library. 4) We will consider the suggestion that he put forward at the meeting. 5) The news that he told me is that Mike would go abroad next year. 6) The news that Mike would go abroad next year is told by him. 7) She expressed the hope that they would come to visit Shanghai again. 8) The hope (that) she expressed is that they would come to visit Shanghai again. 同位语从句所说明的名词与从句没有逻辑关系 有逻辑关系; ② 同位语从句所说明的名词与从句没有逻辑关系; The news that they won the match is true. (news 和从句没有逻辑关系) The order when we should go back hasn’t reached us. (order 和从句没有逻辑关系)
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名 词 性 从 句
定语从句所限定的名词是从句逻辑上的主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语等。 定语从句所限定的名词是从句逻辑上的主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语等。 The news that you told us yesterday is true. (news 是 told 的逻辑宾语) The day when New China was founded will never be forgotten. (day 是 founded 逻辑 状语) 引导同位语从句的连词不可省略; ③ 引导同位语从句的连词不可省略 The news that he has been elected monitor of our class is true. 引导定语从句的关系代词作宾语时常可省略。 引导定语从句的关系代词作宾语时常可省略。 The news (that) he told me is exciting. 引导,有时也可用 等引导; ④ 同位语从句主要由连接词 that 引导 有时也可用 when,where,who,whether 等引导 定语从句由关系代词或关系副词引导 代词或关系副词引导。 定语从句由关系代词或关系副词引导。 Then he raised the question where they were to get the machine needed. Do you know the place where he was born? ⑤ 同位语从句与先行词一般可变成一个完整句子, 谓语动词用 be 的不同形式。 同位语从句与先行词一般可变成一个完整句子 的不同形式。 He heard the news that their team had won. 此句可以变为一个表语从句: The news was that their team had won. 此句可以变为一个表语从句

Exercise:
I. 主语从句 1.他上周突然生病使我们惊讶。 That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 2.毫无疑问她考试成绩会很好。 It is certain that she will do well in her exam. 3.他是否会来这里还不清楚。 Whether he’ll come here is not clear. 4.这事怎样发生的,谁也不清楚。 How this happened is not clear to anyone. 5.他们将什么时候开始还没决定。 When they will start has not been decided yet. 6.她干了什么尚不清楚。 What she did is not yet known. 7.他所做的任何事情是正确的 Whatever he did was right. 8.不论谁来都欢迎。 Whoever comes is welcome. 9.你们当中不论哪个进来将会得到奖 Whoever of you comes in will receive a prize. 10.你所在的任何地方就是我的家----我唯一的家。 Wherever you are is my home ---- my only home.
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名 词 性 从 句
II. 表语从句 1.麻烦是我把他的地址丢了。 The trouble is that I have lost his address. 2.问题是他们是否能帮我们。 The question is whether they will be able to help us. 3.问题是我们能找到谁去替换她呢。 The problem is whom we can get to replace her. 4.问题是他是如何做此事的。 The question is how he did it. 5.那就是她今晨上了阁楼干的。 That was what she did this morning on reaching the attic. 6.这是因为他生病了。 This was because he was ill. 7.他死去的原因是他没有吃药。 The reason for his death was that he didn’t take medicine. 8.他看起来还与十年前一样。 He looked just as he had looked ten years before. 9.这都是 20 多年前的事了,但宛如昨天一样。 All this was over twenty years ago, but it's as if it was only yesterday. 10.看起来天要下雨了。 It looked just as if it was going to rain. III. 宾语从句 1.他对我们说他感到不舒服 He told us that he felt ill. 2.我怀疑他是否会成功 I doubt whether/if he will succeed. 3.我真不知道是该哭还是该笑。 I don't know whether to cry or to smile. 4.我不知它是真是假 I wonder whether it is true or not. 5.他是什么人?他是干什么的?马丁根本不知道. Who or what he was, Martin never learned. 6.我不知道他要给我写信说什么事 I wonder what he’s writing to me about. 7.我为我说的话表示歉意。 I’ m sorry for what I have said. 8.你知道他在哪里吗? Do you know where he is?
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名 词 性 从 句
9.我会告诉你我为什么要你来 I’ll tell you why I asked you to come. 10.你可做任何你想做的事 You may do whatever you want. 11.我认为你错了 I don’t think that you are right. IV. 同位语从句 1.对你生病这件事,他们都很焦虑。 They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick. 2.德国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。 Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia. 3.医生做了很多努力来减少这个病人对于死与这个疾病的恐惧。 The doctor did a lot to reduce the patient’s fear that he would die of the disease. 4.我不知道他是否来。 I have no idea whether he’ll come or not. 5.谁该干这项工作,这个问题需要考虑。 The question who should do the work requires consideration. 6.到哪儿去度暑假,这个问题我们还没有决定。 We haven't yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation. 7.我不知道他什么时候回来。 I have no idea when he will come back. 7.那是一个他如何做了此事的问题 It is a question how he did it. 8.车停下来的原因是路太滑了. The reason why the car was stopped was that the road was slippery.

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